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Inventory of the Harry Roscoe Snyder papers
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Related Materials
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Harry Roscoe Snyder papers
    Date (inclusive): 1927-1998
    Collection Number: 97022
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 36 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes (15.7 linear feet)
    Abstract: Datebooks, correspondence, speeches and writings, notes, memoranda, reports, studies, printed matter, maps, posters, and photographs relating to Arabian American Oil Company personnel training and education in Saudi Arabia, American educational assistance in the Middle East, the promotion of Arab-American cultural ties, and the establishment of American military installations in Saudi Arabia during and immediately after World War II.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Snyder, Harry Roscoe, 1906-1988


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Harry Roscoe Snyder papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1997.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Related Materials

    Arthur A. Cervi miscellany, Hoover Institution Archives
    J.C. Hurewitz collection, Hoover Institution Archives
    Philip C. McConnell papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Harley C. Stevens papers, Hoover Institution Archives

    Biographical Note

    1906 January 18 Born, Chicago, Illinois
    1925-1927 Minister, First Methodist Church, Bear Creek, Wisconsin
    1927 B.A., economics and geology, Lawrence University, Wisconsin
    1927-1929 Adjunct professor of commerce, American University of Beirut
    1930-1942 Assistant manager and editor, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., San Francisco and New York
    1939-1942 M.A., geography, Teacher's College, Columbia University
    1942-1946 Military service (Intelligence Officer, Section Chief, Persian Gulf Area, Islamic Specialist; Military Intelligence Service, War Department, General Staff)
    1942 Lecturer on Iran, School of Military Government, University of Virginia
    1945 Negotiated an agreement with King 'Abd al-'Aziz Ibn Saud for U.S. airfield in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia
    1946-1947 Associate director, Near East College Association, New York
    1947-1949 U.S. Air Force, Chief, Saudi Arabian Training Mission and Commanding Officer, 1414th Training Squadron (Dhahran)
    1949-1952 Director of education and Arab training, Arabian American Oil Company (Aramco)
    1952-1955 Coordinator of general and industrial education, Aramco
    1955-1956 Leave of absence to pursue EdD at Teacher's College, Columbia University
    1956 Acting coordinator, general and industrial education, Aramco
    1956-1957 Education liaison for Saudi Arabian government, Aramco
    1957-1965 Coordinator, Saudi Arabian government/Aramco Education Services
    1963 Ed.D., college administration and educational foundations, Columbia University
      Author, Community College Education for Saudi Arabia, Ann Arbor, Michigan, University Microfilms, Inc. (Ed.D. dissertation)
    1965-1972 Professional consultant service of the Saudi Arabian government to the College of Petroleum and Minerals, Aramco
    1972 Educational consultant and lecturer on Middle Eastern affairs
    1988 April 6 Died, Tucson, Arizona

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The papers of Harry Roscoe Snyder, consisting of datebooks, correspondence, speeches and writings, notes, memoranda, reports, charts, clippings, printed matter, maps, posters, and photographs, relate to Arabian American Oil Company personnel training and education in Saudi Arabia, American educational assistance in the Middle East, promotion of Arab-American cultural ties, and the establishment of American military installations in Saudi Arabia during and immediately after World War II.
    The papers reflect Snyder's lifetime of engagements in Middle Eastern, particularly Saudi Arabian, affairs and education. The correspondence and printed matter of the American Friends of the Arabs ( Career File), a short-lived organization started by Snyder and Elihu Grant, attempts to open up conversations among academics and journalists regarding Palestine and Zionism in the U.S. and abroad.
    While serving in the military, Snyder helped negotiate an agreement for a U.S. airfield in Dhahran for use during World War II. Because the agreement was not settled until after the war's end and with a brand new airfield built, Snyder was chosen to command the United States Air Force 1414th Training Division in their Saudi Arabian Training Mission. This portion of the Career File consists of materials from the development and implementation of this training program, including correspondence, memoranda, and photographs.
    To meet the demands of oil production, the Arabian American Oil Company (Aramco) developed industrial training centers in Abqaiq, Dhahran, and Ras Tanura. Snyder's role as education coordinator in the Training Department of Aramco required him to deliver training and educational services to maintain these centers and encourage the growth of skilled trade workers in Saudi Arabia.
    Among the materials relating to industrial training in the Aramco Education and Arab Training File are records of the company's efforts to build elementary and secondary schools in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. Reports to the Saudi Arabian government on the state of operations in the company, correspondence and memoranda regarding projects, and charts relating to enrollment and curriculum development of company-built/Saudi Arabian government schools are among the highlights of these records. Other materials relating to education in Saudi Arabia, including schools for girls, can also be found in the Subject File.
    As a result of his work as a consultant for architecture firms in the United States and Saudi Arabia ( Educational Consulting File), Snyder's papers include materials relating to the development, construction, and operation of several academic institutions in Saudi Arabia. Although not all of these projects materialized, the records in this series add to the understanding of educational developments within the kingdom. In addition, the series includes materials from the development of a Saudi Arabian airline cadet program, directed by Hamzah Dabbagh in consultation with Snyder.
    The Datebooks include diary entries, notes, contacts, and schedules. There is a single book for each date, with the exception of 1968 and 1971, which each have two.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Arabian American Oil Company.
    United States. Air Force.
    Arab countries--Relations--United States.
    Education--Middle East.
    Education--Saudi Arabia.
    Petroleum industry and trade--Saudi Arabia.
    Saudi Arabia--Military relations--United States.
    United States--Military relations--Saudi Arabia.
    United States--Relations--Saudi Arab countries.
    World War, 1939-1945--Saudi Arabia.