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Register of the Ivo D. Duchacek Papers
81063  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content Note
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Ivo D. Duchacek papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1939-1988
    Collection number: 81063
    Creator: Duchacek, Ivo D., 1913-
    Extent: 25 manuscript boxes, 7 phonotape cassettes (10.8 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Radio broadcast recordings and transcripts, writings, diaries, dispatches, correspondence, and printed matter, relating to Czechoslovakia during World War II, wartime diplomacy, Soviet annexation of Ruthenia in 1945, the communist coup of 1948, and American broadcasting to Czechoslovakia.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: Czech, and English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    Access to audiovisual materials requires at least two weeks advance notice. Audiovisual materials include sound recordings, video recordings, and motion picture film. Hoover staff will determine whether use copies of the materials requested can be made available. Some materials may not be accessible even with advance notice. Please contact the Hoover Institution Archives Audiovisual Specialist for further information.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Ivo D. Duchacek Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired.

    Accruals

    Increments may have been received since this finding aid was prepared. Please check Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat   to find the full extent of the collection.

    Alternative Form Available

    Also available on microfilm (25 reels).

    Biographical Note

    1913 February 27 Born, Prostejov, Czechoslovakia
    1936-1939 Correspondent for Lidove noviny in Paris
    1939-1945 Diplomatic officer, Government in Exile, London
    1940-1944 Broadcast weekly commentaries on BBC to German-occupied Czechoslovakia
    1941-1945 Chef de cabinet to the deputy minister of foreign affairs, Hubert Ripka
    1945 Returned to Czechoslovakia as a liaison officer with General Patton's third army
    1945-1948 Chief-editor and co-founder (with Pavel Tigrid) of Obzory
      Leader of the Czechoslovak People's Party, Member of the Czechoslovak Parliament, and chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the National Assembly
    1948 February Dismissed from the Czechoslovak People's Party, and after the Coup d'Etat emigrated to Great Britain, and later to the United States
    1948-1953 Professor of political science, Yale University
    1949-1954 Editor-in-chief, Czechoslovak Service, Voice of America, New York
    1949 October 30 - 1988 Broadcast weekly political commentaries, known as "Zapisnik," on Voice of America, under the name of Martin Cermak
    1951-1953 Research Consultant on the Yale Human Resources Project, sponsored by the U.S. Army
    1954-1980 Professor of political science, The City College of the City University of New York
    1955-1956 Broadcast commentaries on international politics on Radio Free Europe
    1981-1984 Member, Executive Committee, Center for European Studies, the City University of New York
    1984 spring Visiting scholar, Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California, Berkeley
    1988 March 1 Died, Kent, Connecticut

    Scope and Content Note

    The Ivo Duchacek papers were donated to the Hoover Institution Archives by Ivo Duchacek himself over a period of several years. The first installment, consisting of typewritten transcripts of his broadcasts on Voice of America and of cassettes of voice rehearsals of broadcasts, arrived in 1984. Duchacek's diaries covering the years 1939-1945 were accessioned in 1985, and additional radio broadcast transcripts were added to the collection in the years 1986 to 1988.
    The bulk of the collection consists of Ivo Duchacek's speeches and writings and his radio broadcasts, mostly on Voice of America. For 39 years until his death, Duchacek delivered a weekly commentary over Voice of America, broadcast to Czechoslovakia under the pen name Martin Cermak. From 1949 to 1988, "The Sunday Notebook," as it was called, offered analyses of important world developments, evaluated American domestic and international policies, and in an informal and witty style interpreted life in the United States. At the same time, Duchacek's commentaries examined Czechoslovak history and conditions under Soviet domination, and with scathing criticism and sarcasm uncovered the true face of the Stalinist doctrine and practices (see his parody of the Slansky and Gottwald trials in the radio broadcasts file).
    Of significant importance in the speeches and writings file are Duchacek's memoirs based on his political diaries kept throughout World War II, in which he exercised his intimite knowledge of the political scene and developments in Central Europe before and during the war (see, "In the Funnel of Two Tornadoes: The Nazi and Soviet Captures of the Heart of Europe. Political Diaries"). Equally important are his writings on the communist coup (see, "The Strategy of Communist Infiltration: Czechoslovakia, 1944-1948. The February Coup in Czechoslovakia") and the annexation of Ruthenia (see, "Soviet Annexation of Ruthenia: A Lesson in Soviet Browbeat Politics").
    Also of great importance are documents in the government service file relating to the Soviet annexation of Ruthenia, and Duchacek's internal reports of discussions with foreign diplomats, agents, and journalists.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    Radio broadcasting--Czechoslovakia.
    World War, 1939-1945.
    World War, 1939-1945--Czechoslovakia.
    Czechoslovakia.
    Czechoslovakia--History--Coup d'état, 1948.
    Ruthenia.
    World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history.
    Voice of America (Organization)

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Phonotapes.