Overview of the Sendero Luminoso Publications, 1987-2006

Finding aid prepared by Hoover Institution Archives Staff.
Hoover Institution Archives
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Stanford University
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© 2009


Title: Sendero Luminoso publications
Date (inclusive): 1987-2006
Collection Number: 2008C95
Creator: Sendero Luminoso (Guerrilla group)
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: Spanish; Castilian
Physical Description: 1 manuscript box (0.4 linear feet)
Abstract: Serial issues and pamphlets, relating to Maoist guerrilla activities in Peru. Includes issues of and supplements to the newspaper El Diario, and an interview with Abimael Guzmán Reynoso, leader of the organization. Also includes computer disc version of trial records of Guzmán and other Sendero Luminoso leaders. In part, photocopy.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Sendero Luminoso publications, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2008.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Historical Note

The self-proclaimed Maoist "Shining Path" (Sendero Luminoso or SL), a Peruvian guerrilla organization, was founded by Ayacucho philosophy professor Abimael Guzmán Reynoso. Its full name, the Communist Party of Peru in the Shining Path of José Carlos Mariátegui (Partido Comunista del Peru en el Sendero Luminoso de José Carlos Mariátegui), clearly ties the group to Mariátegui, the founder of Peruvian communism in the 1920s, as well as to Mao Zedong. The connection to Mao is ironic given that China was turning away from advocating armed revolution to promoting domestic economic growth under Deng Xiaoping. Nearly seventy thousand people died in domestic conflicts in Peru between 1980 and 2000 (estimates are that at least ten thousand more deaths may have occurred), according to a national truth commission report in 2003. The SL was responsible for the majority of the deaths up to 1992, when Guzmán was captured by the government, though state forces and other insurgents also killed many. At SL's peak of power, before Guzmán's capture, half of Peru lived in a state of emergency. Today a much-reduced SL remnant has links to the narcotics trade.
The SL was the most prominent of the political and guerrilla/terrorist groups in Peru during the past half century. It is one example of the Latin American tendency toward party fragmentation exacerbated by the breakup of the international communist movement that began in the 1960s with the Sino-Soviet dispute. In 1964 "pro-Chinese" members of the original Peruvian Communist Party (PCP) broke away from the party, which then became "pro-Soviet," to form the PCP-Bandera Roja (Red Flag). Two additional Maoist parties split off from the Red Flag: the SL and the PCP-Patria Roja (Red Nation or Red Fatherland).

Scope and Content of Collection

Serial issues and pamphlets, relating to Maoist guerrilla activities in Peru. Includes issues of and supplements to the newspaper El Diario, and an interview with Abimael Guzmán Reynoso, leader of the organization. Also includes computer disc version of trial records of Guzmán and other Sendero Luminoso leaders. In part, photocopy.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Guzmán Reynoso, Abimael, 1934-
Partido Comunista del Perú.
Communism--Peru.
Guerrillas--Peru.

Box 1

Guzmán trial proceedings September 2005 - October 2006

Physical Description: 87 digital files

Arrangement Statement

Arranged chronologically by date of session.

Scope and Contents note

File No. 560-03, Case of Manuel Ruben Abimael Guzmán Reinoso Y Otros. Talavera Elguera presiding. The Guzmán trial materials include more than five thousand pages of minutes and other documents. After his capture he was tried under emergency laws instituted by the Alberto Fujimori government, which included faceless tribunals and military courts. In 2003, Peru's Constitutional Guarantees Court annulled these trials, per a mandate of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights calling for Peru to reform its antiterrorist legislation. From September 2005 to October 2006 Guzmán underwent a retrial in a civilian court, La Sala Penal Nacional or Peruvian National Criminal Tribunal, along with other SL leaders. Guzmán and his second in command (later wife), Elena Yparraguirre, were sentenced to life in prison for terrorism, murder, and other crimes. This part of the collection was acquired by Hoover visiting fellow Gabriela Tarazona-Sevillano of the Peruvian National Criminal Tribunal in Lima.

General note

This file contains two CD-Rs and one flash drive. Each of these 3 carriers contains the same content: 87 digital files (PDF) of the trial proceedings. A set of the digital files is available on a workstation in the reading room.
Box: 1

The rest of this collection has not yet been described.