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Inventory of the Klaus Barbie pre-trial records
95008  
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Description
Trial instruction, including depositions and exhibits, in the case of Klaus Barbie before the Tribunal de grande instance de Lyon, relating to German war crimes in France during World War II. Photocopy.
Background
Born to a Roman Catholic family in Bad Godesberg, Germany, Klaus Barbie joined the SS (Schutzstaffel) in September 1935. By 1940, he was posted to Holland, where his main task was to arrest Jews and German emigres. In 1942, Barbie arrived in recently captured Lyons as head of the Gestapo, commanding a force of 25 officers. There, Barbie prevented sabotages and persecuted Jews with unmatched brutality, for which he was presented the military award "First Class Iron Cross with Swords" by Adolf Hitler. After the war, Barbie escaped prosecution in France and relocated to Bolivia, South America in 1950. He lived in Bolivia as a businessman until 1983 when the Bolivian government extradited Barbie to France to stand trial for war crimes. In 1987 Klaus Barbie was sentenced to life imprisonment for crimes against humanity. Nine jurors and three judges found Barbie, known as the "Butcher of Lyons" guilty of the 341 separate charges that were brought against him at the court in Lyon. He died of cancer in 1991 while in prison.
Extent
8 manuscript boxes (3.2 linear feet)
Restrictions
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
Availability
Collection is open for research.The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.