Inventory of the John Damian Murphy Papers

Processed by Aparna Mukherjee
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2006
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the John Damian Murphy Papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California
Processed by:
Aparna Mukherjee
Date Completed:
2006
Encoded by:
ByteManagers using OAC finding aid conversion service specifications
© Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: John Damian Murphy Papers
Dates: 1943-1949
Collection number: 79095
Creator: Murphy, John Damian, 1896-
Collection Size: 14 manuscript boxes (5.6 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Consists of court proceedings, investigative reports, regulations, orders, memoranda, printed matter, and photographs relating to trials held on Guam, 1946-1949, of Japanese military personnel for war crimes.
Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research. Access to audiovisual materials requires at least two weeks advance notice. Audiovisual materials include sound recordings, video recordings, and motion picture film. Hoover staff will determine whether use copies of the materials requested can be made available. Some materials may not be accessible even with advance notice. Please contact the Hoover Institution Archives Audiovisual Specialist for further information.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], John Damian Murphy Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1979

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1896 August 19 Born, Newton, Kansas
1915-1918 Student, University of Kansas
1918 Enlisted as apprentice seaman, United States Naval Reserve
1922-1923 Student, Torpedo School, United States Navy, Newport, Rhode Island
1927-1930 Associated with George Washington University Law School, Washington, D.C.
1929 JD, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
1932-1933 Executive officer, USS Mindanao, Asiatic station
1933-1936 U.S. Army Chemical Warfare School
1938-1939 Commander, USS Sicard
1939-1942 Chief of division, Office of Judge Advocate General (Navy)
1942-1944 Commander, USS Alcor, fleet repair and flagship
1945 Graduated from Joint Army-Navy Staff College, Washington, D.C.
  Legal officer, U.S. Pacific Fleet staff
  Planning officer, 7th Amphibious Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet
1946 Naval aide, Justice Frank Murphy, special U.S. representative to the Philippine Republic
1946-1949 Director, War Crimes, U.S. Pacific Fleet
1955 Bachelor of science, American University, Washington, D.C.

Scope and Content of Collection

The papers of John Damian Murphy consist of court proceedings, investigative reports, regulations, orders, memoranda, printed matter, and photographs, relating to trials held on Guam, 1946-1949, of Japanese military personnel for war crimes.
Trials of accused Japanese war criminals were held on Guam and Kwajalein by the War Crimes Branch of the Pacific Fleet, U.S. Navy, from 1945 through 1949. They were held under the auspices of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), which oversaw war crimes trials in Japan and the Asia-Pacific region until 1951.
Major accused war criminals were tried by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, also known as the Tokyo Trial. Other war crimes trials for alleged minor war criminals were held in the countries and territories invaded and occupied by the Japanese. The U.S. Navy had jurisdiction over some of these trials.
Admiral John D. Murphy, a lawyer who had risen through the ranks from enlisted man, served as War Crimes Director. Naval trials were conducted by the Office of the Judge Advocate General (Navy) under the Navy Division of the War Crimes Office. The War Crimes Office was a central agency in the War Department to coordinate with the Departments of State, War, and the Navy.
Investigations into alleged war crimes were conducted by U.S. Navy personnel. The courts were known as military commissions, and consisted of five to seven U.S. military officers. The accused were tried for minor war crimes, such as murder and ill-treatment of prisoners, and included personnel of the Imperial Japanese Navy and the Imperial Japanese Army. The accused were afforded defense counsel, both Allied and Japanese. Rules of evidence were relaxed. Summaries of trials were regularly submitted to the Japanese government via SCAP memoranda.
Related material at the Hoover Institution includes records of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. The National Archives in College Park, Maryland, holds official records of the U.S. agencies involved in these war crimes trials
The John D. Murphy papers were acquired in 1979.
Source: Welch, Jeanie M., "Without a Hangman, Without a Rope: Navy War Crimes Trials after World War II," International Journal of Naval History 1 (April 2002). Available from the International Journal of Naval History. 

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

United States. Navy--Officers.
War crime trials--Guam.
World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities.
World War, 1939-1945--Japan.


Container List

Box: 1

Records of court proceedings and related materials

Box/Folder: 1 : 1-2

Hiroo Koichi and others, 1947, undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 3-4

Ajioka Yamada, 1947, undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 5-6

Kazuo Nakamura, 1947-1948

Box/Folder: 1 : 7-10

Kazuharu Yamamoto and others, 1948

Box/Folder: 1 : 11

Masashi Kobayashi, 1948

Box/Folder: 2 : 1-3

Sadae Inoue and Tokuchi Tada, 1949

Box/Folder: 2 : 4

Susumo Kawasaki and others, 1946-1947

Box/Folder: 2 : 5-6

Chisato Oishi, 1946-1947

Box/Folder: 2 : 7-8

Takamune Kato, 1946

Box/Folder: 2 : 9-10

Yoshie Tachibana and others, Volume I, 1946-1948

Box: 3

Hiroshi Iwanami and others

Box/Folder: 3 : 1-3

Volume II, 1947

Box/Folder: 3 : 4-5

Volume III, 1946-1947

 

Shimpei Asano and others

Box/Folder: 3 : 6-7

Volume I, 1947

Box/Folder: 3 : 8-10

Volume II, 1947

Box/Folder: 4 : 1-3

Hiroshi Iwanami and others, Volume I, 1947

 

Fumio Inoue

Box/Folder: 4 : 4-6

Volume I, 1947

Box/Folder: 4 : 7-10

Volume II, 1947

Box: 5

Seisaku Wakabayashi

Box/Folder: 5 : 1-3

Volume I, 1948

Box/Folder: 5 : 4-5

Volume II, 1948

Box/Folder: 5 : 6-7

Volume III, 1948

Box/Folder: 5 : 8-10

Volume IV, 1948

Box: 6

Masashi Kobayashi

Box/Folder: 6 : 1-4

Volume II, 1948

Box/Folder: 6 : 5-8

Volume III, 1948

Box/Folder: 6 : 9-11

Volume IV, 1948

Box: 7

John D. Murphy

Box/Folder: 7 : 1-5

Public relations file, 1947-1948

Box/Folder: 7 : 6

General office file, 1942-1946.

Scope and Content Note

Memoranda and order
Box/Folder: 7 : 7

Far East Command, 1948.

Scope and Content Note

Press releases
Box/Folder: 7 : 8-10

Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 1944 May – August.

Scope and Content Note

Reports
Box/Folder: 7 : 11-14

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), 1946-1948

Box/Folder: 7 : 15

United States Pacific Fleet, 1945-1948.

Scope and Content Note

Memoranda
Box/Folder: 8 : 1

Records of court proceedings and related materials--United States of America vs. Tomoyuki Yamashita and others, 1945-1947

Box/Folder: 8 : 2

Reply of Judge Advocate, delivered by David Bolton, in support of jurisdiction of military commission with regard to administration of justice in the Marshall Islands, 1944

 

Records of court proceedings

Box/Folder: 8 : 3

Opening argument for prosecution, delivered by Edward L. Field, undated

Box/Folder: 8 : 4

Outline of opening argument for prosecution, delivered by David Bolton, undated

Box/Folder: 8 : 5-6

Closing argument for prosecution, including the case of Masashi Kobayashi, delivered by David Bolton, undated

Box/Folder: 8 : 7

Closing and final argument in the case of Masashi Kobayashi, delivered by defense counsel, Junjiri Takano, and Martin E. Carlson, 1948

Box/Folder: 8 : 8

Index to Judge Advocate General's closing argument, undated

Box/Folder: 8 : 9

Defense opening statement, part I, by Ichiro Kiyose, and part II, by Kenzo Takayanagi, undated

 

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP)

Box/Folder: 8 : 10

Reviews of war crimes cases, 1945-1947

Box/Folder: 8 : 11-12

Records of specifications, 1946-1946, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Memoranda, notes, and related materials
Box/Folder: 8 : 13

Report of John A. Duffy on Noboru Ariyama and Atsushi Sato, 1946

Box/Folder: 8 : 14-15

United States Pacific Fleet, 1946-1948.

Scope and Content Note

Brochure, memoranda, note, telegram, and related materials
Box: 9

Records of court proceedings and related materials

 

Tadashi Teraki

Box/Folder: 9 : 1-2

Volume I, 1949

Box/Folder: 9 : 3-4

Volume II, 1946-1948

Box/Folder: 9 : 5-7

Chuichi Hara, Volume V, 1944-1948

Box/Folder: 9 : 8-10

Akira Tokunaga, Yoshio Takahashi, and Shigeo Koyama, 1948-1949

Box: 10

Chuichi Hara

Box/Folder: 10 : 1-2

Volume I, 1948

Box/Folder: 10 : 3-4

Volume II, 1948

Box/Folder: 10 : 5-6

Volume III, 1948-1949

Box/Folder: 10 : 7-9

Volume IV, 1946-1948, undated

 

Seishi Katsumi

Box/Folder: 10 : 10-12

Volume I, 1948

Box/Folder: 10 : 13-14

Volume II, 1948

Box/Folder: 11 : 1-2

Tomeroku Danzaki and Yoshiharu Yoshinuma, 1946

 

Furuki Hidesaku

Box/Folder: 11 : 3-5

Volume I, 1947.

Scope and Content Note

Prefixed documents
Box/Folder: 11 : 6-8

Volume II, 1947.

Scope and Content Note

Appended documents--Exhibits
Box/Folder: 11 : 9-10

Commander, Marianas Area, United States Pacific Fleet, 1946-1947

Box/Folder: 11 : 11

Nasayoshi Takano, 1946

Box/Folder: 12 : 1

Navy News, 1947

Box/Folder: 12 : 2

Final ramp report of Commander, Marianas Area, Guam, undated

Box/Folder: 12 : 3-4

Civil Affairs Handbook, Japan, sections I, XIII, XIV, and XVI, 1943-1944

Box/Folder: 12 : 5

Japan and the Japanese: A Military Power We Must Defeat: A Pacific Problem We Must Solve, 1944; What Shall Be Done with the War Criminals? 1944; and Misconduct and Line of Duty, 1945

Box/Folder: 12 : 6

International Law Documents, 1943, Naval War College, 1945

Box/Folder: 12 : 7

Radio report of the Far East, Number 73, Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service, Federal Communications Commission, 1945, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Includes list, "Japanese Ministries: Table of Administrative Structure"
Box/Folder: 12 : 8

Department of Navy, 1947.

Scope and Content Note

List of officers, Bureau of Naval Personnel, and memorandum
Box/Folder: 12 : 9

Printed matter, 1945-1947

Box/Folder: 12 : 10

Miscellaneous official documents, 1946, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Includes analysis of documentary evidence, memoranda, personal letters, and related materials
Box/Folder: 12 : 11

Miscellany, 1947, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Includes 7 photographic prints depicting Kisaku Daigen
Box/Folder: 13 : 1

Clippings and printed matter, 1945-1947

 

Department of the Navy

Box/Folder: 13 : 2

Address by James J. Robinson, 1945

Box/Folder: 13 : 3

Lectures, 1947. "The Determination of Over-all Logistic Requirements," by E. E. Geiselman, and "National Policy and Naval Strategy," by J. E. Wallace

Box/Folder: 13 : 4

Letter to John Murphy from Lewis S. Parks, 1948

Box/Folder: 13 : 5

Lists of flag officers on active duty, naval personnel, and flag and general officers in Guam, 1947-1949

Box/Folder: 13 : 6

Memoranda, 1947-1949

 

Speeches

Box/Folder: 13 : 7

Unidentified, undated

Box/Folder: 13 : 8

Outline of speech on war crimes prepared for Arthur G. Robinson, undated

Box/Folder: 13 : 9

"The First Year of Unification," W. John Kenney, Navy Industrial Association, San Francisco, 1948

Box/Folder: 13 : 10

Statement by John L. Sullivan before the President's Air Policy Commission, Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., 1947

Box/Folder: 13 : 11

Speakers' kit, parts II and III, 1947.

Scope and Content Note

Includes list of suggested speech topics
Box/Folder: 13 : 12

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), 1947-1948.

Scope and Content Note

Memoranda
 

Telephone directories

Box/Folder: 13 : 13

General, 1946-1949

Box/Folder: 13 : 14

Guam area, 1948

Box/Folder: 13 : 15

Miscellany, 1945-1948

Box/Folder: 14 : 1

Chronology of liquor laws and regulations, undated

Box/Folder: 14 : 2

Clippings, 1946

Box/Folder: 14 : 3

Commonwealth of Australia, 1945.

Scope and Content Note

Legal document relating to trial and punishment of war criminals
 

United States Navy--Military Government of Guam

Box/Folder: 14 : 4

Legal records and memoranda, 1945-1946

Box/Folder: 14 : 5

Records of proclamations, 1946, undated

Box/Folder: 14 : 6

11 photographic prints depicting wrecked plane, undated

Box/Folder: 14 : 7

List of Japanese rules, laws, and regulations pertaining to prisoners of war, 1947.

Scope and Content Note

Certified translated copy from Japanese
 

Reports

Box/Folder: 14 : 8

Undated.

Scope and Content Note

Includes one on command responsibility in war crime situation
Box/Folder: 14 : 9

Japanese violations of the laws of war, 1944

Box/Folder: 14 : 10

Conferences and Pearl Harbor operation, 1945

 

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP)

Box/Folder: 14 : 11

General, 1945-1946.

Scope and Content Note

List of specifications and memoranda
Box/Folder: 14 : 12

"Japan's Decision to Fight," 1945.

Scope and Content Note

Research report
Box/Folder: 14 : 13

United States Army, 1945-1947, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Legal record, memoranda, and special orders. Includes court proceedings relating to the determination of outline of procedure for trial of accused war criminals
Box/Folder: 14 : 15

Miscellany, undated