Scope and Content Note
Title: Arne Swabeck papers
Date (inclusive): 1913-1999
Collection Number: 87019
Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material:
21 manuscript boxes
(8.4 linear feet)
Memoirs, other writings, correspondence, resolutions, bulletins, minutes, pamphlets, and serial issues, relating to socialist
and communist movements in the United States, and especially to the Socialist Workers Party and other Trotskyist groups in
the post-World War II period.
The collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], Arne Swabeck papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1987.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number
of boxes listed in this finding aid.
||Emigrates to the United States. Joins the Socialist Party and the Industrial Workers of the World
||Participates in Seattle General Strike
||Attends Fourth Congress of the Third International
||Elected to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the United States of America
||Expelled from the Communist Party, along with James Cannon and other Trotskyists
||Participates in the American Trotskyist movement, first in the Communist League of America and then in the Socialist Workers
||Meets with Trotsky in Prinkipo, Turkey
||Expelled from the Socialist Workers Party
||Continues political activity as a supporter of Maoism, participating briefly in the Progressive Labor Party
Scope and Content Note
Received in the Hoover Institution Archives in 1987, the papers of Arne Swabeck provide an insight into the history of American
radicalism in the 20th century. Over a lifetime of political activity, Swabeck participated in such events as the 1919 Seattle
General Strike and the founding of the Communist Party of the United States of America, and was involved in the American Trotskyist
movement from its very beginnings. Swabeck's unpublished autobiography, which includes a chapter on his meeting with the exiled
Leon Trotsky in 1933, is part of the collection (see "From Debs to Mao," 1975, in the SPEECHES AND WRITINGS series).
The Swabeck papers contain articles, theoretical writings, and speeches from the whole of his political career, tracing his
evolution from trade union militant to Trotskyist activist. During his many years as a member of the Socialist Workers Party,
Swabeck contributed to various Trotskyist publications, and by the late 1950s, both he and his wife identified themselves
as supporters of a kind of Maoism, becoming part of a small "Pro-Chinese Tendency" within the S.W.P. Following his expulsion
from the S.W.P., Swabeck continued to attempt to reconcile Trotskyism and Maoism, and was briefly a member of the Progressive
Swabeck conducted an extensive political correspondence, and these letters detail many of the internal debates of the American
Trotskyist movement. The collection contains letters mainly from the "Pro-Chinese" phase of Swabeck's activity. The PRINTED
MATTER series includes an extensive selection of Trotskyist publications, as well as some material relating to China and the
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Socialist Workers Party.
United States--Politics and government.