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Jay T. Last Collection of American Civil War and Military Prints
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Collection Details
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  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administration Information
  • Scope and Content
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Jay T. Last Collection of American Civil War and Military Prints and Posters
    Dates: 1835-1920
    Bulk dates: 1861-1895
    Collection Number: priJLC_MIL
    Creator: Last, Jay T.
    Extent: 332 items
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
    The Huntington Library
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: 626-405-3473
    Email: lastcollection@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: The Jay T. Last Collection of American Civil War and Military Prints and Posters consists of over 330 printed works, mostly lithographs. Intaglio and relief prints are also included. The majority of the collection, approximately 250 prints, depict or relate to the American Civil War. Collection dates range from 1835-1920 with the bulk of materials spanning 1861-1895. The military prints form part of the Jay T. Last Collection of Lithographic and Social History and provide rich resources especially for the study of nineteenth and early twentieth century American printing history, visual culture, and social history.
    Language: English.
    Finding aid last updated on April 5, 2013.

    Administration Information


    The collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, please visit the Huntington's website: www.huntington.org. 

    Publication Rights

    In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Huntington as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Preferred Citation

    [Item title, Call number]. Military Prints, Jay T. Last Collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.


    This collection forms part of the Jay T. Last Collection of Lithographic and Social History, which was donated to the Huntington Library by Jay T. Last in 2005 as a gift in progress. The bulk of the Military Prints were transferred to the Huntington Library in 2010; additional items were received and cataloged in 2012-2013.
    Two items described in this finding aid (MIL_0000004 and MIL_0000005) are of uncertain provenance and were previously included as part of the Huntington Library Historical Print Collection; they were merged with the Last Collection in 2012.


    The Jay T. Last Collection is an unparalleled archive of printed paper artifacts that documents American lithographic history. The collection began in the early 1970s when physicist and Silicon Valley pioneer Jay Last moved to Southern California and started collecting citrus box labels he found at local flea markets and rummage sales. As his collection grew, Last realized that these labels conveyed important information about commercial printing, graphic design, and social history, and he expanded his collection to include other forms of American visual culture. Today this collection contains more than 140,000 lithographic prints, posters, and ephemera of mostly 19th and early 20th century American origin and represents works by more than five hundred lithographic companies.

    Scope and Content

    The Jay T. Last Collection of American Civil War and Military Prints and Posters contains over 330 printed works, mostly lithographs as well as some intaglio and relief prints. The collection is divided into two series: American Civil War and Other Military. Each of these series is divided into four subseries: General Prints, Battle Scenes, Portraits, and Certificates & Registers. Within the General Prints subseries there are depictions of camps, hospitals, monuments, prisons, refreshment saloons, recruitment posters, news accounts and maps. The Battle Scenes subseries includes depictions of battles, including a set of commemorative battle scenes printed by Chicago lithographers Kurz & Allison from the American Civil War. The Portrait subseries includes portraits of military and political leaders. There are a few group portraits, but the majority are individual portraits. Notable holdings in the American Civil War series are the portraits printed by Cincinnati lithographers Ehrgott & Forbriger and by the Chicago lithographers Kurz & Allison. The Certificates & Registers subseries consists of discharge certificates, blank certificates, lists of officers, registers of companies or units, memorial records and association membership lists. The bulk of materials spans the years 1861-1895 with commemorative prints and military certificates dating to the 1920s.
    Some prints included in this finding aid have not yet been fully cataloged and are lacking complete artist, printer, publisher, and date information; these prints are identified at the item-level by the note "(In Process)."

    Alternative Form of Materials Available

    Visit the Huntington Digital Library Jay T. Last Collection  (http://hdl.huntington.org/cdm/landingpage/collection/p16003coll4)  to view digitized items from this collection.


    Individual items within series are arranged numerically by call number and described in the following format:
    Artist (when known). Title of print. Printer/Publisher (when known), Date of issuance.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog. For additional subject terms and specific geographic locations see individual item records in the Huntington Digital Library.


    Allegorical prints.
    Board games.
    Cityscape prints.
    Commemorative prints.
    Group portrait prints.
    Intaglio prints.
    Landscape prints.
    Letterpress works.
    Periodical illustrations.
    Political cartoons.
    Portrait prints.
    War posters.
    Wood engravings.


    United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.

    Printer, Publisher, Artist Index

    The following is a complete list of printers, publishers, and artists represented in the collection.
    A. Brett & Co.
    A. Hoen & Co.
    Bachelder, John B. (John Badger), 1825-1894
    Bachmann, John, fl. 1849-1885
    Baker & Godwin
    Baker, Joseph E., ca. 1837-1914
    Baum, C. (delineator)
    Bien, Julius, 1826-1909
    Bingham & Dodd
    Boell, William
    Boetticher, Otto, b. ca. 1816
    Bohn, Casimir
    Bross & Co.
    Brown, B. S. (publisher)
    Caldwell & Co.
    Calhoun Printing Company
    Calvert Lithographing Co. (Detroit, Mich.)
    C. Frank King Lith.
    Chapin, John R., 1827-1907
    Childs, J. (John)
    Clay, Cosack & Co.
    Craig, Finley & Co.
    Crow, Thomas & Eno
    Currier & Ives
    Dainty, John (publisher)
    Davis, W. W. H. (William Watts Hart), 1820-1910
    De La Matyr, E. B. (publisher)
    Donovan, John (delineator)
    Doolittle, H. S. (publisher)
    E. Sachse & Co.
    E. W. Smith & Co.
    Ehrgott, Forbriger & Co.
    F. A. Wenderoth & Co.
    Fabronius, Dominique C.
    Feusier & Turberg
    Feusier, Augustus (lithographer)
    Fisher, Robert J. (artist, publisher)
    Fox, Stanley (lithographer, publisher)
    Fuchs, F.
    Gay, James D.
    Gibson & Co. (Cincinnati, Ohio)
    Gibson, John
    Goff & Bro.
    Goupil & Cie
    Harper & Brothers
    Herline & Hensel
    J.H. Bufford’s Lith.
    J.H. Bufford’s Sons Lith.
    Joel, Joseph A., d. 1906
    Johnson, Chauncey A. (artist)
    Julius Bien & Co.
    Keppler, Joseph Ferdinand, 1838-1894
    Keystone Publishing Co.
    Kimmel & Forster
    King & Baird
    King, C. Frank
    Knickerbocker, Charles E.
    Kramer, L. (lithographer)
    Kurz & Allison
    Lewis & Goodwin
    Lipman, L. (Louis)
    Louis Prang & Co.
    Lyons, W. (publisher)
    M.H. Traubel & Co.
    Magee, John L.
    Magnus, Charles
    Mathews, Alfred Edward, 1831-1874
    Matson & Co.
    Mayer & Stetfield
    Mayer, Merkel & Ottmann
    McCallum, J. (delineator, publisher)
    McElroy (delineator)
    McLean, A. (lithographer)
    Middleton, Strobridge & Co.
    Milmore, Martin, 1844-1883
    The Monumental Bronze Co.
    Newman, F. (sketch artist)
    Ordway, Alfred (sketch artist)
    Queen, James, 1824-ca. 1877
    P.S. Duval & Son
    Pettibone Bros. Mfg. Co.
    Porter, George W. (artist, publisher)
    Rosenthal, L. N. (Louis N.)
    Rosenthal, Max, 1833-1918
    Sarony, Major & Knapp Lith.
    Sartain, William, 1843-1924
    Schrader, Theodor, 1812-1897 (lithographer)
    Schroeder & Sanders
    Schroeder, H. (lithographer)
    Smith, Benjamin Franklin, Jr. (lithographer, publisher)
    Smith, William, printseller
    Stetfield, Charles (lithographer)
    Strong, Thomas W.
    T. Sinclair’s Lith.
    Thomas & Eno
    Thulstrup, Thure de, 1848-1930
    Trochsler, Albert
    W. Endicott & Co.
    Walter, C. (artist)
    Welcker, T. (lithographer)
    Werner Company
    Williams, Job T. (publisher)
    Woods, Oliver Evans (publisher)
    Wynkoop, Hallenbeck & Thomas