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Kondo Family Papers
99.334.1  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biography / Administrative History
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms
  • Related Material

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Kondo Family papers
    Dates: circa 1912-1980
    Bulk Dates: (bulk 1942-1945)
    Collection number: 99.334.1
    Creator: Kondo Family
    Collection Size: 0.5 linear ft.
    Repository: Japanese American National Museum (Los Angeles, Calif.)
    Los Angeles, California 90012
    Abstract: This collection contains more than 50 letters written by Yasaku Kondo and his children Henry Kondo and Yuri Kondo Morimoto during World War II. The letters between Henry Kondo and Yasaku Kondo were written from 1943 to 1944, and letters from Yuri Kondo Morimoto to her husband Frank Morimoto were written in 1942. Photographs and ephemera from the pre-war period document life in Pasadena, California, and include a number of panoramic images. There are also a number of photographs and postcards from the post-war period. There are several legal documents relating to economic losses stemming from World War II forced incarceration.
    Physical location: Japanese American National Museum 369 East First Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012

    Access

    By appointment only. Contact the Hirasaki National Resource Center by e-mail (hnrc@janm.org) or telephone (213.830.5680)

    Publication Rights

    All requests for permission to publish, reproduce, or quote from materials in this collection must be submitted to the Hirasaki National Resource Center at the Japanese American National Museum (hnrc@janm.org).

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Kondo Family papers. 99.334.1, Japanese American National Museum. Los Angeles, CA.

    Biography / Administrative History

    Yasaku Kondo (1887-1963) emigrated from Niigata-ken to the United States in 1905 and settled in Pasadena, California, where he lived in a boarding house with other single Japanese men and worked as a laborer packing oranges. He eventually became a strawberry farmer and married Kiyomi Ichise (1899-1983), who immigrated to the United States in 1916. They became florists and continued to make their home in Pasadena, where they raised four children, Yuri (1917- ), Misa (1919- ), Henry (1921-1944) and Harvey Tsuneo (1923-1988).
    As a teenager, Yuri Kondo participated in the YWCA Girls Reserve and Adelphians, two social clubs active before the war. She attended Pasadena Junior College (now Pasadena City College) from 1934 to 1935 and planned to attend USC to study music in the hope of becoming a piano teacher. Her studies were curtailed by the wartime removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast. Yuri married Frank Morimoto (1915-2006) of Monrovia, California, in 1941. Frank's father was the proprietor of a fruit market and Frank was the fifth of eight children.
    Frank Morimoto enlisted in the army before the war and intended to serve for one year. When war broke out, his service was extended to five years. Yuri initially stayed in Pasadena while Frank was in training, and eventually the couple moved to Fort Custer, Michigan, where Frank was stationed for additional training. When Frank was deployed with the 442nd Regimental Combat Team in 1944, Yuri took their new baby and joined her parents in Gila River Relocation Center, Arizona. In letters from Yasaku to Henry, it appears that they were the only ones in the family to spend the war at Gila River and that Misa and Harvey also moved elsewhere. Yuri left Gila River as soon as the West Coast reopened to Japanese Americans in 1945.
    Henry Kondo volunteered for the army in 1943 and served in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team. He was killed in action in France on October 19th, 1944, liberating Bruyeres and Biffontaine in the Vosges Mountains, days prior to the famed rescue of the "Lost Battalion" of Texans.
    Yasaku and Kiyomi Kondo and Frank and Yuri Morimoto eventually returned to Southern California after the war and settled in Monrovia. Frank Morimoto became an aeronautical engineer, building jet engines and delta rockets, while Yuri stayed home and raised their four daughters.
    Yuri Morimoto has been a longtime supporter of the museum and has donated correspondence, photographs and ephemera. There are several other collections from Yuri Morimoto in the museum collections. They can be found under the following ID numbers: 89.18, 99.202, 2000.289, 2000.312, 2001.6, 2001.116, 2001.261, 2001.284, 2002.40, 2003.33, and 2004.40.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    This collection contains correspondence, photographs, legal documents and ephemera. It is divided into four series: Correspondence, Legal Documents and Correspondence, Photographs, and Ephemera.
    Series 1: Correspondence (2 folders)

    This series is divided into two subseries. The first contains personal letters between Henry Kondo and his father written from 1943 to 1944, when Henry was in the army and his parents were in Gila River Relocation Center. The second is comprised of personal letters from Yuri Kondo Morimoto to her husband Frank Morimoto, all written in 1942 shortly after Frank joined the army.
    Series 2: Legal Documents (1 folder)

    This series contains a detailed Economic Loss Survey of Pacific Evacuees form, attorney correspondence from 1949, and a copy of the court statement. It also contains several documents and correspondence from the war years relating to monetary compensation and real estate transactions.
    Series 3: Photographs (11 folders)

    This series is divided into three subseries. The first series consists of portraits and photographs given to the family during the pre-war years. The second series consists of pre- and post-war family photographs. Included among these are several formal group photographs from Pasadena Union Presbyterian Church and Altadena Presbyterian, Lincoln Elementary School, and women's clubs. The third series consists of pre-war panoramic photographs documenting groups and activities such as a funeral, Niigata kenjinkai picnic lunches, church anniversaries, and both public school and Japanese school groups.
    Series 4: Ephemera

    This series includes a fan, a wall hanging, books, photocopies of magazine articles and several phonograph records.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Kondo Family
    Kondo, Yasaku
    Kondo, Kiyomi
    Kondo, Henry M.
    Morimoto, Yuri
    Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
    Forced exclusion
    World War, 1939-1945
    Gila River Relocation Center (Ariz.)
    Japanese American soldiers
    Camp Shelby (Miss.)
    Fort Custer (Mich.)
    United States. Army. Regimental Combat Team, 442nd
    Issei
    Nisei
    Concentration camps, Gila River
    Concentration camp life
    Pasadena
    Japanese Americans

    Related Material

    Yuri Morimoto has donated several other collections. They can be found under the following ID numbers: 89.18, 99.202, 2000.289, 2000.312, 2001.6, 2001.116, 2001.261, 2001.284, 2002.40, 2003.33, and 2004.40