Finding aid of the Judd Marmor Papers

Michael P. Palmer
ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California 90007
Phone: (213) 741-0094
Fax: (213) 741-0220
Email: askone@onearchives.org
URL: http://www.onearchives.org
© 2007
ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives. All rights reserved.

Finding aid of the Judd Marmor Papers

Collection number: Coll2007-009

ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives

Los Angeles, California
Processed by:
Michael P. Palmer
Date Completed:
April 18, 2007
Encoded by:
Michael P. Palmer
© 2007 ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives. All rights reserved.
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Judd Marmor papers
Dates: 1943-1998
Collection number: Coll2007-009
Creator: Marmor, Judd, 1910-2003
Collection Size: 4 archive boxes. 1.7 linear feet.
Repository: ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives.
Los Angeles, California 90007
Abstract: Correspondence, journal articles, drafts, speeches, notes, legal papers, and subject files created by Los Angeles psychiatrist Judd Marmor (1910-2003), a leader in the successful movement to remove homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , in the course of his research on homosexuality. Materials include several handwritten letters from Evelyn Hooker, as well as legal affidavits, testimony, and other materials documenting Marmor's role as an expert witness on behalf of gay plaintiffs--most often to counter the testimony of Charles W. Socarides, Paul Cameron, and Harold M. Voth--in several legal cases, most importantly Baker v. Wade in Texas, and Evans v. Romer in Colorado. The collection also includes several photographs of Marmor, together with leading activists Barbara Gittings and Frank Kameny, and masked gay psychiatrist "Dr. H. Anonymous" at the May 1972 annual convention of the American Psychiatric Association.
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English

Access

The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Publication Rights

Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holder(s).

Preferred Citation

Box #, folder #, Judd Marmor papers, Coll2007-009, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

Acquisition Information

Donor and date of gift unknown.

Processing Information

Formerly boxes 103-226 and 104-36. Collection processed by Michael P. Palmer, April 18, 2007
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Biography

Judd Marmor was born in London, England, in 1910, the son of a Yiddish scholar. He grew up in Chicago, and later moved to New York, where he supported himself through Columbia College with odd jobs and debating scholarships. He earned his medical degree from Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1933, and went into private psychiatric practice in New York. In 1946, after serving in the Navy during World War II, he moved to Los Angeles, where he gained prominence as an analyst to Hollywood celebrities. He was also widely respected as an analyst and scholar, publishing more than 350 papers and writing or editing six books, including the classic text Modern Psychoanalysis, first published in 1968. He served as director of the psychiatry division at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center from 1965 to 1972. From 1972 to 1980 he was Franz Alexander Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Southern California, and from 1980 to 1985 adjunct professor of psychiatry at the University of California at Los Angeles.
Marmor had begun to treat homosexual patients who wanted to change their orientation in the 1940s. Although he originally held the belief that homosexuality was an illness, his clinical experiences with gay patients and later his social interactions with gays who were happy with their lives and emotionally well-adjusted convinced him that homosexuality was not pathological. His view was supported and influenced by the Evelyn Hooker's groundbreaking study, published in 1957, which found no measurable psychological difference between heterosexual and homosexual men. Marmor asked Hooker to write a chapter for his first book on homosexuality, Sexual Inversion, published in 1965; she in turn recruited him for the National Institute of Mental Health Task Force on Homosexuality in 1969. The two became close colleagues and friends, often lecturing together.
The evolution of Marmor's view of homosexuality as a normal condition coincided with the growth of gay and lesbian activism. At the 1972 annual convention of the American Psychiatric Association in Dallas, Marmor, then Vice President of the organization, participated in a dramatic presentation with fellow psychiatrist Robert Seidenburg, gay activist Franklin Kameny, lesbian activist Barbara Gittings, and a gay psychiatrist wearing a mask and identifying himself as "Dr. H. Anonymous". The following year, Marmor played a critical role in the campaign to remove homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . The issue was so controversial that it was placed before the full membership, which adopted the resolution to remove homosexuality from the Manual in a split vote in December 1973. The removal of homosexuality from the list of mental disorders was one of the single most important events in the modern history of the gay movement, and by taking away part of the basis for disparaging and belittling gays and lesbians was crucial in breaking down other barriers.
Marmor continued to see patients until shortly before his death. He also served for many years as advisor to Abigail Van Buren, who wrote the "Dear Abby" newspaper column and was one of the first national figures to support gay rights. He and his wife were also serious collectors of art, lending and giving many artworks to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles. He died in Los Angeles at the age of 93, on December 16, 2003, a day after the 30th anniversary of the American Psychiatric Association's vote to remove homosexuality from its Diagnostic Manual.
Source: Obituary by Elaine Woo, Los Angeles Times, December 20, 2003, p. B20.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection comprises correspondence, journal articles, drafts, speeches, notes, legal papers, and subject files created by Marmor in the course of his research on homosexuality. The majority of Marmor?s publications represented in the collection date from the early 1970s, when he was a leader in the successful movement to remove homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The correspondence includes several handwritten letters from his colleague and friend, Evelyn Hooker, as well as offprints of several of her pioneering articles. The collection also contains legal affidavits, testimony, correspondence, and other materials documenting Marmor?s role as an expert witness on behalf of gay plaintiffs--most often to counter the testimony of Charles W. Socarides, Paul Cameron, and Harold M. Voth--in several legal cases, most importantly Baker v. Wade in Texas, and Evans v. Romer in Colorado. The collection includes several photographs of Marmor, together with leading activists Barbara Gittings and Frank Kameny, and masked gay psychiatrist "Dr. H. Anonymous" at the May 1972 annual convention of the American Psychiatric Association.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Actions and defenses--Baker v. Wade
Actions and defenses--Evans v. Romer
Baker v. Wade
Cameron, Paul (Paul M.)
Evans v. Romer
Homosexuality--Law and legislation--Colorado
Homosexuality--Law and legislation--Texas
Homosexuality--Law and legislation--United States
Homosexuality--Psychological aspects
Homosexuality--Research
Homosexuality--Social Aspects
Hooker, Evelyn Caldwell
Marmor, Judd, 1910-2003
Socarides, Charles W., 1922-


Collection Contents

Box 1 : 1 - 15

Series 1.  Research 1955-1998

Physical Description: 0.4 linear feet

Series Scope and Content

This series contains correspondence, offprints, drafts, notes, journal articles, and newspaper clippings relating to Marmor's research on homosexuality. Marmor's correspondents include longtime lesbian activist Barbara Gittings and researcher Charlotte C. Taylor; his correspondence with Evelyn Hooker, which includes offprints of several of her articles from the 1950s, several handwritten letters from Hooker from the 1990s, and materials relating to her obituary and memorial service in 1996, forms a separate file. Most of the articles and reviews date from the early 1970s, when Marmor was a leader in the movement to remove homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic Manual. Several of the articles contain strong rebuttals of the work of Charles W. Socarides and Paul Cameron, in particular. The files include drafts, and photocopies of sources Marmor used. The series also includes a file of several speeches, two sets of handwritten notes by Marmor, and a file of journal and newspaper clippings containing references to Marmor (journal and newspaper articles by and about Marmor are in the "Short Articles and Reviews" folder).
Box 1 : 1 - 2

Correspondence 1955-1997

Box 1 : 1

General 1966-1994

Box 1 : 2

Evelyn Hooker 1955-1997

Box 1 : 3 - 11

Publications 1969-1998

Box 1 : 3

NIMH Task Force on Homosexuality 1969-1972

Box 1 : 4

Homosexuality and objectivity. SIECUS [Sex Information and Education Council of the U.S.], vol. 6, no. 2 December 1970

Box 1 : 5

Homosexuality in males. Psychiatric Annals, vol. 1, no. 4 December 1971

Box 1 : 6

Homosexuality--mental illness or moral dilemma? International Journal of Psychiatry , vol. 10, no. 1 1972

Box 1 : 7

Etiological roots of male homosexuality [draft] circa 1983

Box 1 : 8

Homosexuality: nature vs nurture. Harvard Medical School Mental Health Letter October 1985

Box 1 : 9

Homosexuality: is etiology really important? Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy , vol. 2, no. 4 1998

Box 1 : 10

Reply to Review by D'Elia. Draft no date

Box 1 : 11

Short Articles and Reviews 1972-1980

Box 1 : 12

Speeches 1964-1987

Box 1 : 13

Symposia programs 1982 1987

Box 1 : 14

Handwritten Notes no date 1987

Box 1 : 15

References to Marmor 1972-1982

Box 1 : 16 - 3 : 12

Series 2.  Legal Consulting 1972-1993

Physical Description: 0.8 linear feet

Series Scope and Content

This series, which comprises half the collection, consists of correspondence and legal papers relating to Marmor's role as an expert witness on behalf of gay plaintiffs in several legal cases. The most prominent cases are Baker v. Wade (1980-1984), a challenge to Section 21.06 of the Texas Penal Code, which prohibited sodomy and oral sex between people of the same sex, and Evans v. Romer (1993), a challenge to Amendment 2 to the Colorado State Constitution, enacted in 1992, that prohibited state and local governments from enacting any law, regulation, or policy that would, in effect, protect the civil rights of gays, lesbians, and bisexuals. Marmor appeared as an expert witness for the plaintiff in both cases, in the first to refute the testimony of Paul Cameron, and in the second, of Charles W. Socarides and Harold M. Voth. The papers include Marmor's correspondence with plaintiffs' counsel, affidavits and transcripts of testimony of defendants' expert witnesses (often with Marmor's notes), and transcripts of Marmor's own testimony and detailed affidavits.
Box 1 : 16 - 17

Allan Lewis Rock 1972-1973

Box 1 : 16

Correspondence 1972-1973

Box 1 : 17

Testimony December 6, 1972

Box 1 : 1 - 10

Baker v. Wade 1980-1984

Box 2 : 1

Correspondence and legal papers 1980-1981

Box 2 : 2

Memorandum of opinion August 17, 1982

Box 2 : 3

Paul Cameron testimony (Exhibit 8) November 1982

Box 2 : 4

Motion and brief in support of motion to set aside final judgment April 1983

Box 2 : 5

Affidavit of Judd Marmor May 10, 1983

Box 2 : 6

Exhibits 5 and 6 May 19, 1982 May 20, 1983

Box 2 : 7

Defendant's reply to plaintiff's brief in opposition to motion to set aside final judgment June 8, 1983

Box 2 : 8

Affidavit of Paul Cameron and affidavit of Judd Marmor July 5, 1983

Box 2 : 9

Correspondence August, 1983

Box 2 : 10

Supplemental opinion April, 1984

Box 2 : 11

Morales 1990

Box 2 : 12 - 16

Curran v Mt. Diablo Council of the Boy Scouts of America 1990

Box 2 : 12

Correspondence 1990

Box 2 : 13

Expert witness declarations July, 1990

Box 2 : 14

Deposition of Judd Marmor August 10, 1990

Box 2 : 15

Statement of decision November 6, 1990

Box 2 : 16

Transcript of proceedings, volume 4 December 13, 1990

Box 2 : 17 - 3 : 12

Evans v Romer 1993

Box 2 : 17

Correspondence August 12, 1993

Box 2 : 18

Certificates of disclosure--plaintiffs August-September, 1993

Box 3 : 1

Certificates of disclosure--defendants August, 1993

Box 3 : 2

Expert witness summaries and resumes. Broadus-Knight 1993

Box 3 : 3

Expert witness summaries and resumes. Paul Cameron 1993

Box 3 : 4

Expert witness summaries and resumes: MacMullen-Woodard 1993

Box 3 : 5

Brief for defendants September 27, 1993

Box 3 : 6

Deposition of Edward Eichel October 7, 1993

Box 3 : 7

Affidavit of Anthony A. Falzarano October, 1993

Box 3 : 8

Deposition of Robert H. Knight October 7, 1993

Box 3 : 9

Affidavit of Charles W. Socarides October 8, 1993

Box 3 : 10

Affidavit of Charles W. Socarides. Exhibits A-C October 8, 1993

Box 3 : 11

Affidavit of Harold M. Voth October 8, 1993

Box 3 : 12

Affidavit of Harold M. Voth. Attachments C-D October 8, 1993

Box 4:1-8

Series 3.  Subject Files 1943-1997

Physical Description: 0.5 linear feet

Series Scope and Content

This series comprises subject files compiled by Marmor in the course of his research on homosexuality. The materials consist of journal and newsletter articles, convention/symposium presentations, and clippings from newspapers and popular periodicals. The series retains the titles used by Marmor; the papers in each file are arranged chronologically.
Box 4 : 1

Homosexuality--general 1943-1959

Box 4 : 2

Homosexuality--general 1960-1969

Box 4 : 3

Homosexuality--general 1970-1979

Box 4 : 4

Homosexuality--general 1980-1989

Box 4 : 5

Homosexuality--general 1990-1997

Box 4 : 6

Homosexuality--female 1962-1982

Box 4 : 7

Transexualism/transvestism 1955-1982

Box 4 : 8

Magazines 1966-1968

Box 4 : 9

Series 4.  Photographs 1972-1998

Physical Description: 10 photographs

Series Scope and Content

This series comprises four photographs from the 1972 American Psychiatric Association convention at Dallas, showing Marmor, Barbara Gittings, Franklin Kameny, and the masked "Dr. H. Anonymous", and two sets of three photographs from 1998 showing Marmor with John O'Brien and Theodore Lee McEvoy.
Box 4 : 9

Photographs 1972 1998