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Finding Aid to the George Marshall Papers, 1836-1993, bulk 1945-1980
BANC MSS 79/95 c  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Information for Researchers
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Collection Summary

    Collection Title: George Marshall papers
    Date (inclusive): 1836-1993,
    Date (bulk): bulk 1945-1980
    Collection Number: BANC MSS 79/95 c
    Creators : Marshall, George, 1904-2000
    Extent: Number of containers: 56 cartons, 3 oversize folders, 1 tube Linear feet: 72 linear ft
    Repository: The Bancroft Library
    University of California, Berkeley
    Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
    Phone: (510) 642-6481
    Fax: (510) 642-7589
    Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
    URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
    Abstract: The George Marshall Papers(1836-1993) consists of Marshall's professional materials accumulated during his lifelong career as a leading conservationist. The bulk of the collection includes correspondence and records of three conservation organizations; the Adirondack Mountain Club, The Wilderness Society, and Sierra Club; where he served in official positions and as a member of various committees. Resource files compiled by Marshall relating to National Parks and conservation issues consist of correspondence, statements, testimonies, legislative and legal documents, organization records, press releases, announcements, newsletters, brochures, maps, and photographs. The collection contains writings of Robert Marshall, George Marshall's brother, who died at an early age. There are both published and unpublished drafts of articles by Robert Marshall, articles written about Robert Marshall, and correspondence and materials relating to the posthumously published book, Alaska Wilderness: Exploring the Central Brooks Range, which was compiled and edited by George Marshall. Also included are records of the Robert Marshall Foundation and the Robert Marshall Wilderness Fund. George Marshall's personal papers contains correspondence with his family and friends, published writings and typescript drafts, childhood memorabilia, school papers, and miscellany. It should be noted, the collection does not includes George Marshall's professional papers as an economist or materials relating to his political activities in the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties and the Civil Rights Congress.
    Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
    Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

    Information for Researchers

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Materials in this collection may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of University of California gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
    All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley 94720-6000. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html .

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], George Marshall Papers, BANC MSS 79/95 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

    Alternate Forms Available

    There are no alternate forms of this collection.

    Related Collections

    Robert Marshall papers, BANC MSS 79/94pz, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Sierra Club records, BANC MSS 71/103c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Marshall, George, 1904-2000--Archives
    Wilderness Society (U.S.)
    Sierra Club
    Conservation of natural resources--United States--History
    Forests and forestry
    Conservation of natural resources--Alaska
    Adirondack Mountains (N.Y.)
    Forests and forestry
    United States. National Park Service
    Marshall, Robert, 1901-1939
    Uncovering California's Environmental Collections Project

    Administrative Information

    Acquisition Information

    The George Marshall Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by George Marshall 1978-1979. Additions were made on August and October 1993.

    Accruals

    No additions are expected.

    System of Arrangement

    Arranged to the folder level.

    Processing Information

    Processing of the George Marshall Papers was generously funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and administered by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). The Bancroft Library was awarded a Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives grant from 2010-2012, "Uncovering California's Environmental Collections," in collaboration with eight additional special collections and archival repositories throughout the state and the California Digital Library (CDL). Grant objectives included processing of over 33 hidden collections related to the state's environment and environmental history. The collections document an array of important sub-topics such as irrigation, mining, forestry, agriculture, industry, land use, activism, and research. Together they form a multifaceted picture of the natural world and the way it was probed, altered, exploited and protected in California over the twentieth century. Finding aids are made available through the Online Archive of California (OAC).

    Biographical Information

    George Marshall, born in 1904, was the son of Louis Marshall, noted constitutional lawyer and co-founder of the American Jewish Committee, and Florence Lowenstein. He was raised in Manhattan with his sister, Ruth, and brothers, James and Robert. Marshall attended the Ethnical Culture School, continued his education at Columbia University and the Brookings Institution, where he received his PhD in economics. From 1934 to 1937, Marshall worked as an economist for the National Recovery Administration under Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. Along with his wife, Elisabeth Dublin, Marshall shifted focus to left-wing politics in New York City and served as chairman of the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties and the Civil Rights Congress. In 1950, he was convicted of contempt for refusal to turn over records of the organization and sent to federal prison for three months. During the 1950s and 1960s, Marshall lived in Los Angeles where he raised his son, Roger, and daughter, Nancy.
    George Marshall also had a career as a leading conservationist. He spent his childhood along the shores of Saranac Lake, New York, where he and his brother, Bob, climbed all 46 Adirondack peaks taller than 4,000 feet, an accomplishment that made him a charter member of the "46ers." After his brother's early death, Marshall became a trustee of the Robert Marshall Wilderness Fund, which supported conservation activities. Marshall made major contributions for over 50 years to both The Wilderness Society, which was founded by his brother, and the Sierra Club. Throughout those years, he served in many official capacities as well as editing The Wilderness Society's magazine, The Living Wilderness. He also compiled and edited Bob Marshall's notebooks on the Alaskan wilderness and published, Alaska Wilderness: Exploring the Central Brooks Range.
    Marshall moved to London, England until late in his life and returned to the United States following the death of his wife in 1993. He died on May 2000 in Nyack, New York.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The George Marshall Papers (1836-1993) consists of Marshall's professional materials accumulated during his lifelong career as a leading conservationist. The bulk of the collection includes correspondence and records of three conservation organizations; the Adirondack Mountain Club, The Wilderness Society, and Sierra Club; where he served in official positions and as a member of various committees. Resource files compiled by Marshall relating to National Parks and conservation issues consist of correspondence, statements, testimonies, legislative and legal documents, organization records, press releases, announcements, newsletters, brochures, maps, and photographs. The collection contains writings of Robert Marshall, George Marshall's brother, who died at an early age. There are both published and unpublished drafts of articles by Robert Marshall, articles written about Robert Marshall, and correspondence and materials relating to the posthumously published book, Alaska Wilderness: Exploring the Central Brooks Range, which was compiled and edited by George Marshall. Also included are records of the Robert Marshall Foundation and the Robert Marshall Wilderness Fund. George Marshall's personal papers contains correspondence with his family and friends, published writings and typescript drafts, childhood memorabilia, school papers, and miscellany. It should be noted, the collection does not includes George Marshall's professional papers as an economist or materials relating to his political activities in the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties and the Civil Rights Congress.