Register of the Bruce Hadley Billings papers

Finding aid prepared by Yuan Tien and Tess McCarthy
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2008, 2015

Title: Bruce Hadley Billings papers
Date (inclusive): 1944-2004
Collection Number: 82086
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 8 manuscript boxes, (3.4 linear feet)
Date (inclusive): 1944-2004
Abstract: Programs, writings and proposals on developing computer technology and its role as well as agriculture its effects in the economic development of Taiwan.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of the Materials : English and Chinese.
Creator: Billings, Bruce Hadley, 1915-


Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Bruce Hadley Billings papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1972.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

American physicist, Bruce Hadley Billings earned his Ph.D. at Johns Hopkins University in 1943.
Billings later served as the American Commissioner of the Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction (JCRR) in China, and concurrently served as the Special Assistant for Science and Technology to the United States Ambassador to the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 1968 to 1973.
In 1970, Billings worked with Bell Telephone Laboratories (Bell Laboratories) and made observations about building telephone components and electronic systems thus having impact on trade between Taiwan and the United States aiding in Taiwan's economic growth. In 1972, Billings was decorated with the Order of Brilliant Star--a civilian order from Taiwan for outstanding contributions to the development of its nation given to both domestic and foreign nationals.
In the 1980s, Billings served as director of optical companies such as Bell and Howell and Taiwan Electro-optical Systems. Billings was assigned five United States patents including an improved Bolometer that he co-invented with Walter Hyde and Edgar Barr.
Bruce Hadley Billings papers, Hoover Institution Archives.

Arrangement Statement

Files are named and arranged according to the original order imposed by the creator.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection contains maps, photographs, illustrations, correspondence, reports, proceedings, news clippings and printed materials relating to the role of technology in programs and projects associated with Taiwanese economic development, agriculture, optics and marine science. The selection of computer technology and industrial equipment as well as materials on aerial mapping for forestry, highway and the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport.
Correspondence files include reports on Billings' visits to institutions in the Republic of China (Taiwan). Reports cover proceedings and conferences in joint effort with the government of the United States of America as well as independent reports and findings from agencies within the Republic of China. Writings cover the programs that Billings spearheaded in Taiwan.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Taiwan--Economic conditions.


Correspondence files, 1966-2004

Box/Folder 1 : 1

Aerospace, 1973

Box/Folder 1 : 2

February-March, 1973

Box/Folder 1 : 3

March-April, 1973

Box/Folder 1 : 4

May, 1973

Box/Folder 1 : 5

June, 1973

Box/Folder 1 : 6

July, 1973

Box/Folder 1 : 7

August, 1973

Box/Folder 1 : 8

September, 1973

Box/Folder 1 : 9

October, 1973

Box/Folder 1 : 10

Billings' Taiwan trip, 1974

Box/Folder 1 : 11

Billings' visit to National Taiwan War College, 1966-1967

Box/Folder 1 : 12

Chungshan Research Institute Material Science United States Air Force, 1970-1972

Box/Folder 2 : 1

Dr. K. T. Li, January-June 1988

Scope and Contents note

Includes March 1988 biography of Dr. K. T. (Kwoh-Ting) Li.
Box/Folder 2 : 2

Platt, Joseph, 1970-1972

Box/Folder 2 : 3

Platt, Joseph--Yang,Tsui-hua, 1998-2004

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence primarily between Joseph Platt, Alison Allstate, and Robert H. Sheeks.
Box/Folder 2 : 4

Seitz, Frederick, 1986-1987


Reports file, 1957-1989

Scope and Contents note

Series is composed of reports and in uniform titles: "ROC-STAG (Republic of China, Science and Technology Advisory Group," "ROC-USA (Republic of China - United States of America)" and "Sino-American."
Box/Folder 2 : 5

Aerial Photography in Taiwan and Hawkins L. Slattum proposal, February-September, 1970

Scope and Contents note

Includes map of Taiwan entitled, "New Programs Requiring Aerial Photography and Photogrammetry 1970-1971 for Planning and Regional Development."
Box/Folder 2 : 6

Comments and Reports, 1957-1973

Box/Folder 2 : 7

Commission on International Relations, 1981

Box/Folder 2 : 8

Computer program in Taiwan and Ruth Davis proposal, 1969-1972

Box/Folder 2 : 9

Edward David's visit to Taiwan, April-June, 1972

Box/Folder 3 : 1

Frankel's Report on Graduate Studies in Taiwan, July-August, 1970

Box/Folder 3 : 2

National Academy of Science (NAS) Academia Sinica Seminar, June-August, 1975

Scope and Contents note

Text begins at page 13 and ends at page 29.
Box/Folder 3 : 3

Patent Project, 1958-1975

Box/Folder 3 : 4

Patent System, 1973-1974

Box/Folder 3 : 5-6

Joseph Platt files, 1968-1975

Box/Folder 3 : 6

"Report on Graduate Centers in Engineering and Science, Republic of China," May 1971


ROC-STAG (Republic of China, Science and Technology Advisory Group) reports and conference materials, 1984-1989

Scope and Contents note

Organization is also known as Science and Technology Advisory Group to the Executive Yuan, Republic of China and ROC STAG.
Box/Folder 3 : 7


Box/Folder 6 : 1


Box/Folder 6 : 4


Box/Folder 6 : 5


Box/Folder 6 : 6


Box/Folder 6 : 2

1986 Interim Consultative Conference, 1986-1988

Box/Folder 6 : 3

1987 Conference files, August-December, 1987


ROC-USA (Republic of China-United States of America) material, 1980-1983

Box/Folder 4 : 1

Workshop on Renewable Energy proceedings, May 1982

Box/Folder 4 : 2

Colloquium on Marine Science, 1983

Box/Folder 4 : 7

Industrial Energy Conservation proceedings, 1980

Box/Folder 4 : 8

Workshop on Food Safety in ROC, proceedings, February, 1981


Sino-American material, 1968-1975

Box/Folder 4 : 3

Cooperative Mapping and Map Exchange Agreement, January, 1972

Box/Folder 4 : 4

Colloquium on Ocean Resources, 1968-1971

Box/Folder 4 : 5

Workshop on Industrial Innovation and Product Development, April, 1975

Box/Folder 4 : 6

Workshop on Scientific and Technology Information, February, 1973-July, 1974

Box/Folder 5 : 1-2

Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction Computer Program (JCRRC) prepared by Edward Floyd Pope, 1968-1971


Subject file, 1947-1975

Box/Folder 5 : 3-4

Oceanography Program on Research Vessel Chiu-Lien, 1947-1975

Scope and Contents note

Includes proposals, news clippings, correspondence, and reports on oceanography and the RV Chiu Lien.
Box/Folder 5 : 5

Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, 1971-1973

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence, reports, reference materials and tables on the purchase of industrial products and machinery.

Writings, 1960-1982

Box/Folder 7 : 1

"Science and Technology Advisory Group Meeting," draft transcription, undated

Scope and Contents note

Meeting minutes and reports covering hepatitis-b prevention, chemical science, and technology.
Box/Folder 7 : 2

"Role of Science and Technology in Taiwan," 1973-1981

Scope and Contents note

Includes, "The Republic of China and America: Seven Decades of Science and Technology Relations," dated September 1981 by Dr. Bruce Billings.
Box/Folder 7 : 3

"Science in Taiwan," 1960-1974

Box/Folder 7 : 4

"Study of The Role of Science and Technology in Taiwan," 1972-1973

Box/Folder 7 : 5

"Technology Transfer," 1972-1976

Box/Folder 7 : 6

"Transfer of Science and Technology to Taiwan," 1968-1975

Box/Folder 7 : 7

"Energy, Economics, and Policies," 1982

Scope and Contents note

Sponsored by the Committee for Scientific and Scholarly (sic) in cooperation with the United States of America and Academia Sinica, Republic of China.

Printed material, 1944-1997

Box/Folder 8 : 1-2

Newspaper clippings, 1944-1990

Scope and Contents note

Contains news from Taiwanese publications and articles about Bruce Billings. Some clippings include Chinese to English translations.
Box/Folder 8 : 3

Chinese-American Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction (JCRR): Its organization, policies and objectives, and contributions to the agricultural development of Taiwan, December, 1970

Box/Folder 8 : 4

Newsweek Magazine, October 17, 1949

Scope and Contents note

Contains section on foreign affairs highlighting Communist People's Republic Independence Day and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's critique on Formosa (Taiwan) and United States far east policy.
Box/Folder 8 : 5

History of Technology in Taiwan in the 1900's, Volume I: Sisal Industry, by Fannie Billings, July, 1993

Scope and Contents note

Includes photographs and illustrations.
Box/Folder 8 : 6

History of Technology in Taiwan in the 1900's, Volume II: Straw Rope/Bag, by Bruce H. Billings and Fannie Billings, July, 1994

Scope and Contents note

Includes photographs and illustrations.
Box/Folder 8 : 7

China and the West: Information Technology Transfer from Printing Press to Computer Era, by Bruce Billings, November, 1997

Scope and Contents note

Includes illustrations.
Box/Folder 8 : 8

Bruce Hadley Billings mimeograph: A study of the role of science and technology in Taiwan, July, 1973

Scope and Contents note

Relating to the role of technology in Taiwanese economic development, especially in agriculture.