California State Parks
1416 9th Street
Room 902
Sacramento, California 95814
Phone: (916) 651-6959
Fax: (916) 653-3398
Email: vytur@parks.ca.gov
URL: http://www.parks.ca.gov
© 2005
California State Parks. All rights reserved.

The Vallejo Family Papers

Collection number: 243.1

California State Parks

Sacramento, California
Processed by:
California State Parks
Date Completed:
2001
Encoded by:
Larry Bishop
© 2005 California State Parks. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: The Vallejo Family Papers
Dates: 1771-1975
Bulk Dates: 1850-1938
Collection number: 243.1
Creators: Mariano G. Vallejo

Francisca Maria Felipa Benicia Carrillo de Vallejo

Luisa Eugenia “Lulu” Vallejo Emparan

Platon Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo

Napoleon Primo Vallejo
Extent: 5 cubic feet
Repository: California. Department of Parks and Recreation
Sonoma State Historic Park, Sonoma, CA

Administrative Information

Access

The collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Property rights reside with the California State Parks. Literary rights are retained by the creators of the records and their heirs. For permission to reproduce or to publish, please contact California State Parks.

Preferred Citation

[Item] Vallejo Family papers, 243.1, California State Parks, Sacramento, California.

Biographical Notes

A prominent early native Californian, Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo (1807-1890) was born in Monterey in 1807. In 1834, with the title Military Commander and Director of Colonization of the Northern Frontier, the Mexican Army sent him to take charge of secularization of Mission San Francisco Solano at what is now Sonoma. On June 24, 1835, he founded the Pueblo of Sonoma, laying out the 8-acre plaza and structures facing the plaza such as the soldiers’ barracks and his first home Casa Grande. A portion of the site of Casa Grande, the barracks, and the Mission are now on the site of the Sonoma State Historic Park. General Vallejo’s private rancho in Petaluma was a highly productive agricultural empire. The Petaluma Adobe is one of the largest adobe structures still standing in California, and is also a State Historic Park.
General Vallejo was an advocate of United States annexation of California, and was active in early California State government. He established the new city of Vallejo as the second state capital, and was also involved in the founding of Benicia, the third state capital, which was named for his wife, Francisca Maria Felipa Benicia Carrillo de Vallejo (1815-1891). He also served twice as mayor of Sonoma.
In 1850, General Vallejo purchased the land to build his new home, Lachryma Montis. The General and his wife lived there for 35 years. During that time, he was also involved in the establishment of the Sonoma City Water Works, utilizing the spring at Lachryma Montis.
General and Mrs. Vallejo had 16 children, 10 of who survived to adulthood. (Genealogy attached; more detailed genealogy on file at Sonoma State Historic Park.) Much of the documentary artifact collection of the Vallejo family is from the papers of daughter Luisa “Lulu” Vallejo Emparan. The 15th of their children, she inherited, with her younger sister Maria Vallejo Cutter, Lachryma Montis. Mrs. Emparan was a major force in having her father’s place in early California history recognized, and acted as the first curator when her home became a State Historical Monument in 1933. With the assistance of her son, Richard Raoul ”Dal” Emparan, Mrs. Emparan also ran the Sonoma City Water Works until 1933, when ownership was transferred to the City of Sonoma.
Also represented in the collection are the other Vallejo children and their descendants as well as the Carrillo family line of Mrs. Vallejo.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
California History
Californios
Mexican-American War, 1846-1848
Sonoma (Calif.) History.
Sonoma (Calif.) History Sources
Sonoma County (Calif.)
Sonoma County (Calif.) History


Sonoma Water Works


Emparan, Luisa Eugenia
Vallejo, Francesca Maria
Vallejo, Mariano G.
Vallejo, Napoleon Primo
Vallejo, Platon Mariano

Scope and Content of Collection

The Vallejo Family Papers can be divided into 5 main categories of documents: correspondence, manuscripts and other writings, financial and legal documents, periodicals and publications, and a variety of miscellaneous documents. The collection includes facsimiles of original documents in addition to original documents, as well as research materials and specialized groupings, such as the memorabilia from Luisa Vallejo Emparan’s 1932 voyage to Panama as hostess on the S.S. Santa Rosa.
Correspondence, composed of letters, greeting cards, postcards, and telegrams, is primarily between family members, the largest groupings of which are Spanish language photostatic copies of letters from General Vallejo to his children, and a large collection of letters and greeting cards kept by recipient Luisa Emparan. The collection of almost 200 postcards to/from family members not only serves to illustrate the family relations, but can also be seen as a reflection of social and cultural history.
The family’s love of history as well as the arts (especially poetry and music) can be seen in the writings of both the immediate family and their descendants. General Vallejo himself left a diverse array of documents, from treatises on California history to poetry written on his children’s birthdays. Son Platon Vallejo wrote his “Memoirs of the Vallejo’s” in 1914. His brother Napoleon wrote a series of essays that covers a range of subjects, from defending his father’s place in history to reflections on “the ideal mate.” Platon’s daughter Francisca Vallejo McGettigan was an accomplished and published poet and composer.
Financial and legal documents also cover a wide range. Household receipts from local merchants give details of daily family life. Land deeds, titles, and mortgages show not just the history of the Vallejo family holdings but also of the evolution of the town of Sonoma. Also included are court documents in the case of Mariano G. Vallejo vs. the United States, in which he petitions for restitution in the face of the losses he sustained as a result of the Mexican American War.
The family’s interest in the intertwined subjects of their own history and California history are evident in the periodicals and other publications in the collection. From esoteric journals such as the Society of California Pioneers Quarterly and The Grizzly Bear, published by the Native Sons of the Golden West, and the literary journal The Northern Crown , to mainstream periodicals such as Motorland, family members were subjects of, contributors to, and collectors of such published material. Interest in the arts is again seen in the wide array of sheet music and music books, mostly used by Luisa Emparan but also by her oldest brother, music teacher Andronico Vallejo, and other family members.
Finally, the collection contains a variety of miscellaneous documents and research materials such as scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, invitations and programs for events and performances, and a Senate Resolution issued in 1943 honoring Luisa Emparan. Also included are 2 research documents, one that focuses on the Vallejo genealogy and the other on General Vallejo’s relationship with Native Americans in California.
The Vallejo Family papers have been organized into the following series:
  1. General Mariano G. Vallejo
  2. Francisca Maria Felipa Benicia Carrillo de Vallejo
  3. Luisa Eugenia “Lulu” Vallejo Emparan
  4. Platon Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, M.D.
  5. Napoleon Primo Vallejo
  6. Other Vallejo Descendants
  7. Sonoma Water Works

Collection Contents

 

Series I: General Mariano G. Vallejo 1771-1947

Physical Description: 21 file folders, 235 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders I/1-3

Subseries A: Correspondence 1840-1889

Physical Description: 90 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders I/4-6

Subseries B: Manuscripts and Writings 1846-1889 and undated

Physical Description: 35 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders I/7-14

Subseries C: Financial and Legal Documents 1829-1889

Physical Description: 63 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders I/15-21

Subseries D: Ephemera 1771-1947

Physical Description: 47 items
 

Subseries E: Separated / Oversized Items

 

Series II: Francisca Maria Felipa Benicia Carrillo de Vallejo 1815-1891

Physical Description: 4 file folders, 57 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folder II/1

Subseries A: Correspondence 1850-1888

Physical Description: 25 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders II/2-3

Subseries B: Financial and Legal Documents 1851-1891 and undated

Physical Description: 21 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folder II/4

Subseries C: Ephemera 1815-1891

Physical Description: 11 items
 

Series III: Luisa Eugenia “Lulu” Vallejo Emparan 1836-1943

Physical Description: 29 file folders, 479 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders III/1-10

Subseries A: Correspondence 1875-1943

Physical Description: 204 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders III/11-13

Subseries B: Manuscripts and writings 1929-1935

Physical Description: 15 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders III/14-16

Subseries C: Financial and Legal Documents 1889-1943

Physical Description: 108 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders III/17-20

Subseries D: Periodicals and publications 1891-1941

Physical Description: 12 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders III/21-23

Subseries E: Voyage to Panama 1932

Physical Description: 24 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 1, Folders III/24-29

Subseries F: Ephemera 1836-1951

Physical Description: 116 items
 

Subseries G: Separated / Oversized Items

 

Series IV: Platon Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, M.D. c1875-1925

Physical Description: 5 file folders 58 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folders IV/1-2

Subseries A: Correspondence 1888-1912

Physical Description: 36 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder IV/3

Subseries B: Manuscripts and writings 1916-1921

Physical Description: 7 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder IV/4

Subseries C: Financial and legal documents c1875-1886

Physical Description: 4 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder IV/5

Subseries D: Ephemera 1890-1925

Physical Description: 11 items
 

Subseries E: Separated / Oversized Items

 

Series V: Napoleon Primo Vallejo 1862-1923

Physical Description: 4 file folders 40 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folders V/1-2

Subseries A: Correspondence 1862-1922

Physical Description: 7 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder V/3

Subseries B: Manuscripts and writings 1916-1921

Physical Description: 34 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder V/4

Subseries C: Ephemera 1916-1923

Physical Description: 3 items
 

Subseries D: Separated / Oversized Items

 

Series VI: Other Vallejo Descendants 1862-1923

Physical Description: 4 file folders 40 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/1

Subseries A: Statements of opposition to the Bear Flag Monument 1911-1913

Physical Description: 3 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/2

Subseries B: Andonico A. Vallejo 1863-1890

Physical Description: 14 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/3

Subseries C: Fanny Vallejo Frisbie 1851-1950

Physical Description: 40 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/4

Subseries D: Adela Vallejo Frisbie 1877-1891

Physical Description: 7 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/5

Subseries E: Natalia Vallejo Haraszthy 1891-1913

Physical Description: 7 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/6

Subseries F: Jovita Vallejo Haraszthy 1858

Physical Description: 3 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/7

Subseries G: Maria Vallejo Cutter 1900-1975

Physical Description: 16 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/8

Subseries H: Anita Emparan Thomson 1902-1958

Physical Description: 20 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/9

Subseries I: Carlos H. Emparan 1896-1950

Physical Description: 6 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folders VI/10-15

Subseries J: R. Raoul Emparan 1896-1969

Physical Description: 56 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/16

Subseries K: Francisca Vallejo McGettigan 1904-1961

Physical Description: 15 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/17

Subseries L: Vallejo Gantner 1927-1949

Physical Description: 6 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folders VI/18-22

Subseries M: Robert Harris 1846-?

Physical Description: 14 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/23

Subseries N: Henry D. and Josefa Fitch 1840-1924

Physical Description: 6 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folders VI/24-26

Subseries O: Various 1815-1964

Physical Description: 23 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VI/24

Subseries P: Vallejo family associats 1878-1914 and undated

Physical Description: 30 items
 

Subseries Q: Separated / Oversized Items

 

Series VII: Sonoma Water Works 1874-1932

Physical Description: 10 file folders 61 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folder VII/1

Subseries A: Correspondence 1875-1876

Physical Description: 3 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folders VII/2-6

Subseries B: Financial and legal documents 1873-1921

Physical Description: 51 items
File Cabinet D, Drawer 2, Folders VII/7-10

Subseries C: Ephemera 1874-1932

Physical Description: 7 items
 

Appendix A: Separated Items - by Container

Scope and Content Note

These tables list the items separated out from the collection as noted within the individual series.

Flat File, Drawer A

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Mariano Vallejo Correspondence 1840-1889 1
Mariano Vallejo Manuscripts and writings undated 3
Robert Harris Ephemera 1907 1

Flat File, Drawer B

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Mariano Vallejo Financial and legal documents 1857 1
Mariano Vallejo Ephemera 1849-1947 5

Flat File, Drawer D

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Luisa Emparan Periodicals 1891 1
Maria Cutter Manuscripts and writings 1929-1932 5

Box 2P-1-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Luisa Emparan Postcards 1905-1943 139
Platon Vallejo Postcards 1912 and undated 3
Napoleon Vallejo Postcards 1906-1907 2
Maria Cutter Postcards 1908 1
Anita Thomson Postcards 1907 1
Carlos Emparan Postcards 1907-1909 8
Raoul Emparan Postcards 1907-1924 15
Vallejo family, various Postcards 1906-1911 and undated 26

Box 5-1-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Mariano Vallejo Financial and legal documents 1867 1
Luisa Vallejo Periodicals and publications 1906-1935 9
Raoul Emparan Periodicals and publications 1936 1

Box 7-33-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Mariano Vallejo Correspondence 1882-1889 1
Mariano Vallejo Financial and legal documents 1875-1876 1
Luisa Emparan Financial and legal documents 1904-1943 6
Luisa Emparan Periodicals and publications 1934 1
Luisa Emparan Ephemera 1935-1943 2
Napoleon Vallejo Ephemera 1916 1
Francisca McGettigan Ephemera 1914 1
Vallejo family, various Unatributed undated 1

Box 8-1-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Luisa Emparan Periodicals and publications   2
Maria Cutter Manuscripts and writings 1930 1

Box 8-2-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Luisa Emparan Sheet music and music books 1910-1942 and undated 12

Box 8-3-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Luisa Emparan Sheet music and music books 1898-1915 and undated 5

Box 9-13-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Robert Harris Albums/scrapbooks undated 3

Box 9-25-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Mariano Vallejo Manuscripts and writings undated 25

Box 14-1-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Mariano Vallejo Financial and legal documents 1829-1887 3
Mariano Vallejo Ephemera 1829 1
Luisa Vallejo Periodocals and publications 1927 2
Luisa Vallejo Ephemera 1902 and undated 2

Box 14-3-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Sonoma Water Works Financial and legal documents 1888-1918 2

Box 14-6-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Platon Vallejo Correspondence 1909 1
Platon Vallejo Ephemera undated 1
Jovita Haraszthy Ephemera 1857 1

Box 16-7-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Maria Cutter Manuscripts and writings 1924-1929 5

Box

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Carlos Emparan Periodicals and publications 1910-1949 5
Raoul Emparan Periodocals and publications 1910-1911 4

Box 16-13-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Luisa Emparan Sheet music and music books 1857-1935 92
Andronico Vallejo Sheet music 1867 and undated 4
Jovita Haraszthy Sheet music 1859-1868 and undated 6
Maria Cutter Sheet music (prior to)1878 and undated 2
Franciscas McGettigan Poetry and music 1925-1948 13
Vallejo Gantner and family Sheet music 1932 5

Box 20-1-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Mariano Vallejo Financial and legal documents 1851-1866 3
Mariano Vallejo Ephemera 1861-1890 4
Luisa Emparan Voyage to Panama 1932 1
Adele Frisbie Ephemera 1876-1889 2
Vallejo family - various Ephemera 1857-1860 2

Box 20-2-243

Family Member Description Date(s) No. of items
Mariano Vallejo Financial and legal documents 1846-1882 23
Benicia Vallejo Financial and legal documents 1851-1881 6
Luisa Emparan Financial and legal documents 1916 1
Fanny Frisbie Financial and legal documents 1854-1871 5