Scope and Content
Title: Legal and Exchequer Document
Date (inclusive): 1541-1754
Collection number: MS.1976.019
Creator: William Andrews
Clark Memorial Library
University of California, Los Angeles. Library.
William Andrews Clark Memorial Library
Los Angeles, California 90095-1490
Abstract: The bulk of this collection consists of Exchequer records and
legal documents from England, 1541-1754. Includes
documents and fragments bearing the signatures of Exchequer officials
and other public officials. Also includes indentures regarding property in
the village of Sulgrave, ancestral home of George Washington's family,
and copies of documents relating to the city of Lille, France.
Physical location: Clark Library
Language of Material: Collection materials in English, Latin, French
Collection is open for research.
Copyright has not been assigned to the William Andrews Clark Memorial
Library, UCLA. All requests for permission to publish or quote from
manuscripts or printed items must be submitted in writing to the Clark
Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the William
Andrews Clark Memorial Library, UCLA as the owner of the physical items
and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright
holder, which must also be obtained.
[Identification of item], Legal and Exchequer Document Collection, MS.1976.019,
William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, Los
Some of the items described in this finding aid originated in
accessions MS.1960.013 (Edwards), MS.1976.015 (Hofmann and Freeman),
MS.1976.016 (Hofmann and Freeman), MS.1976.016 (Myers), MS.2003.02, and MS.1976.20 (Thomas).
Accession MS.2003.02 was the gift of Kenneth Karmiole, 2003.
For many items, provenance and accession information is unclear.
Indentures are legal contracts written in multiple copies (usually in
duplicate) on one sheet. The resulting parts of the sheet are separated
along a toothed or curved line. The parties to the contract each keep
one part of the indenture. The authenticity of the documents is
established by realigning the separated parts.
The Exchequer was responsible for receiving, recording and dispersing
the public revenue. It was divided into two parts: the Upper Exchequer,
or Exchequer of Account, and the Lower Exchequer, or Exchequer of
Four Tellers of the Receipt recorded payments into the Exchequer. In
this process, three records of payments were created: one in the
Teller's book, one in the Teller's Rolls, and a third in the form of a
Teller's Bill or Exchequer Receipt. Payments to be made by the
Exchequer, such as repayments of loans, were authorized by Orders on the
Exchequer created in the office of the Auditor of the Receipt.
The offices of the Exchequer were abolished in 1834 by Act of
Parliament. Their functions were transferred to the Comptroller General
of the Receipt and Issue of the Exchequer.
Scope and Content
This is an artificial collection, composed of several distinct accessions.
It is primarily comprised of legal documents and
Exchequer records from England (after 1707, Great Britain), 1541-1754.
The collection features some interesting examples of calligraphy and
many documents and fragments bearing the signatures or autographs of key
The collection includes indentures and other sealed legal documents;
inventories and wills; records of jury verdicts; orders on the Exchequer
and Exchequer receipts; personal and political correspondence; and
drafts and copies of acts of Parliament, correspondence, and legal
documents. It also includes a collection of documents regarding land in
Sulgrave, the ancestral home of George Washington's family, and
several copies of extracts from letters and privileges related to the city of Lille.
This collection is a composite of several accessions and lacks a
clear, organic original order. The arrangement scheme for this
collection was therefore imposed during processing. The collection is
arranged in twelve series, by monarch's reign or regnal chronology.
Within these series items are arranged chronologically. There are three
exceptions to this chronological arrangement within series. First, items
from different accessions will be found in separate folders within the
relevant series. Within the separate folders, items are arranged in
chronological order. Second, small sub-collections comprised entirely of
a particular document type (e.g. verdicts) are placed in separate
folders within the relevant series. Finally, the collection of documents
concerning Sulgrave are treated as a subgroup within Series 3 (James I).
The collection is organized into the following series:
- Series 1. Henry VIII, 1509-1547
- Series 2. Elizabeth I, 1558-1603
- Series 3. James I, 1603-1625
- Series 4. Charles I, 1625-1649
- Series 5. Charles II, 1649-1685
- Series 6. James II, 1685-1688
- Series 7. William III and Mary II, 1689-1694
- Series 8. Willliam III, 1695-1702
- Series 9. Anne, 1702-1714
- Series 10. George I, 1714-1727
- Series 11. George II, 1727-1760
- Series 12. Undated and Miscellaneous
The following terms have been used to index the description of this
collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Charles, 1640 or 41-1711
Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, 1562-1630
De la Warr,
John West, Baron, ca. 1663-1723
George, Sir, 1623?-1684
Alexander Montgomerie, Earl of, 1723-1769
John, Sir, d. 1697
Charles Montagu, Earl of, 1661-1715
George Montagu, Earl of, ca. 1684-1739
Henry Fox, Baron, 1705-1774
Robert, Sir, 1626-1698
Thomas Osborne, Duke of, 1631-1712
Robert, ca. 1602-1673
George Lyttelton, Baron, 1709-1773
Marlborough, James Ley, Earl of, 1550-1629
Richard Onslow, Baron, 1654-1717
Robert Harley, Earl of, 1661-1724
Genres and Forms