Scope and Content of Collection
Roth, Raymond F.
Title: Raymond F. Roth Papers,
Date (bulk): (bulk 1940-1966)
7.3 linear feet
Abstract: Raymond F. Roth (1915-1991) spent much of his career working for farm labor programs. After a brief stint from 1941 to 1942
working for the Farm Security Administration, Roth joined the U.S. Navy during World War II. After his return to civilian
life, Roth worked in different capacities for the California Department of Employment, Farm Labor Service. His work included
the administration of migrant labor and housing programs for U.S. citizens as well as Mexican Nationals in the Bracero Program.
Physical Location: Researchers should contact Special Collections to request collections, as many are stored off site.
University of California, Davis. General Library.
Department of Special Collections.
100 North West Quad
Davis, California 95616-5292
Collection Number: D-234
Language of Material: Collection materials in
After graduating, in 1939, from the Nebraska State College at Kearney (now part of the University of Nebraska system), Raymond
F. Roth (1915-1991) moved to Oakland, California where he worked from 1939 to 1941 as an Assistant Department Head at Montgomery
Ward and Co. In the spring of 1941, Roth began working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture in the Resettlement Division
of the Farm Security Administration. He oversaw maintenance and operations of various Mobile Labor Projects for farm workers
until December 1942, when he resigned to join the U.S. Navy.
Roth served as Assistant Supply Officer at Naval Air Station, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii for the U.S. Naval Supply Corp until May
1945. From May 1945 to March 1946, he worked as Assistant Supply Officer at Naval Air Station, Quonset Point, Rhode Island.
By the end of his active military duty in March 1946, Roth attained the rank of Lieutenant Commander. He served until 1955
as an officer in the U.S. Naval Reserves at the Naval Reserve Training Center, Stockton, California.
Roth returned to work for the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1946 as a Farm Labor Project Manager, managing farm labor
supply centers throughout California and Arizona for the Production and Marketing Administration. After the Department of
Agriculture ended the program in 1947, Roth took the position of General Manager for Westside Producers Cooperative, Inc.
Roth began his career with the California State Department of Employment, Farm Placement Service in July 1948 as a Farm Placement
Representative for San Joaquin County. Roth's work involved the migrant labor force, with an emphasis on the Bracero Program
for Mexican Nationals. In February 1952, he was assigned to a newly created Operations Review team, which assisted area managers
in determining if local offices were conforming to the Department's prescribed standards for operation. In October 1953, he
became the Farm Placement Supervisor for the northern half of the San Joaquin Valley. In August 1959, Roth began work as Field
Assistant for Farm Placement in the Department's Technical Section at the Central Office in Sacramento. Roth was named Acting
Chief, Farm Placement Technical Section, in March 1960. By 1961, he became Chief of the Farm Placement Technical Section and
responsible for administering the program throughout California.
In 1964, Farm Placement Service was renamed Farm Labor Service, and Roth's title changed to Chief, Farm Labor Service. In
1969, when the Department of Employment was renamed the Department of Human Resources Development, and Farm Labor Service
became Farm Labor Services Division, Roth was named Administrator, Farm Labor Services Branch. The objective of Farm Labor
Services was to expedite employment contacts between agricultural workers and employers to their mutual advantage and satisfaction.
Farm Labor Services had a joint obligation to serve the employer in need of workers and workers in need of jobs.
The Farm Labor Services Division was renamed the Rural Manpower Services Division in July 1971, and Roth became Administrator,
Rural Manpower Services Division. Needs had changed and advances in technology and mechanization in agriculture had caused
a decline in job opportunities. There were difficulties in serving rural areas due to remoteness of many residents from offices
providing complete services. Rural Manpower Services aimed to provide the agricultural community with equitable access to
manpower services, comparable to that available to residents of urban areas. Rural Manpower Services delivered manpower services
to both agricultural and nonagricultural workers and employers in rural communities.
In November 1972, the Department of Human Resources Development was renamed the Employment Development Department and responsibilities
for rural manpower services and urban employment services were combined in the Operations Branch, which took on responsibility
for both placement and insurance payment functions. The Operations Branch of the Employment Development Department was divided
into five regions, each headed by a Regional Administrator. Roth retired, circa 1977, as Regional Administrator, Region I,
the rural Northern California region.
Scope and Content of Collection
The collection includes reference files, publications, and photographic material on the Department of Employment, Farm Labor
Service and the Bracero Program. The collection also contains annual reports, speeches, correspondence, memoranda, internal
reports and bulletins, financial records, and training manuals. The Military Service series contains both Roth's naval records
and his wife Marcella M. Lantz's army records and includes training orders, medical records, transfer and promotion records,
certificates, and release documents. Items span the years 1936 to 1977, but the bulk of the collection dates from 1940 to
The Raymond F. Roth Papers are arranged in five series organized by place of employment: 1. Montgomery Ward, 2. Military Service,
3. Westside Producers Cooperative, Inc., 4. United States, Farm Security Administration, and 5. California State Dept. of
Employment, Farm Labor Service.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog:
Roth, Raymond F.--Archives.
Lantz, Marcella M.
California. Employment Development Dept.
California. Rural Manpower Services Division.
Seasonal Farm Laborers Program.
United States. Dept. of Agriculture.
United States. Farm Security Administration.
Agricultural laborers--Labor unions--California
Mexican American migrant agricultural laborers--Social conditions--20th century
Migrant agricultural laborers--California
Strikes and lockouts--Agricultural laborers--California
Collection is open for research under regular Reading Room rules and copyright restrictions.
In 1991, Marcella M. Roth donated this collection to the Library.
In 2004, Lola Aguilar, Special Collections Intern, processed this collection and created its finding aid, under the direction
of University Archivist, John Skarstad and Manuscript Curator, Melissa Tyler. In 2005, Tyler added a detailed list of photographs
and encoded Aguilar's finding aid.
[Identification of item], Raymond F. Roth Papers, D-234, Department of Special Collections, General Library, University of
Copyright is protected by the copyright law, chapter 17, of the U.S. Code. All requests for permission to publish or quote
from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf
of the Department of Special Collections, University of California, Library, Davis as the owner of the physical items and
is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.