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Held (Julius S.) Papers
990056  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical / Historical Note
  • Administrative Information
  • Related Archival Materials
  • Separated Materials
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Julius S. Held papers
    Date (inclusive): ca. 1918-1999
    Number: 990056
    Creator/Collector: Held, Julius S (Julius Samuel)
    Physical Description: 168 box(es) (ca. 70 lin. ft.)
    Repository:
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles 90049-1688
    reference@getty.edu
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: Research papers of Julius Samuel Held, American art historian renowned for his scholarship in 16th- and 17th-century Dutch and Flemish art, expert on Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, and Rembrandt. The ca. 70 linear feet of material, dating from the mid-1920s to 1999, includes correspondence, research material for Held's writings and his teaching and lecturing activities, with extensive travel notes. Well documented is Held's advisory role in building the collection of the Museo de Arte de Ponce in Puerto Rico. A significant portion of the ca. 29 linear feet of study photographs documents Flemish and Dutch artists from the 15th to the 17th century.
    Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record  for this collection. Click here for the access policy .
    Language: Collection material is in English

    Biographical / Historical Note

    The art historian Julius Samuel Held is considered one of the foremost authorities on the works of Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, and Rembrandt. His advice was sought by other art history scholars, private collectors, dealers, museums, and auction houses in the United States and abroad. For many years his opinion was the final word in matters of attribution of artworks in his field of expertise.
    Held was born in 1905 in Mosbach in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He died in 2002 in Bennington, Vermont. He was married to Ingrid-Märta Pettersson (1905-1986), an art conservator, with whom he had a son and a daughter. Held studied art history at the universities of Heidelberg, Berlin, Vienna, and Freiburg. In 1930 he obtained his Ph.D. from the university of Freiburg under Hans Jantzen, writing on Dürer. In 1931 he became assistant to Max Friedländer at the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin. In 1934 Held fled Nazi Germany to the United States and became a U.S. citizen in 1940.
    Held began his academic career in 1935 as a lecturer in art history at the New York University. In 1937 he was hired as a lecturer at Barnard College, Columbia University, where he was appointed assistant professor in 1944, advanced to associate professor in 1950, full professor in 1954, and served as chairman of the Art History Department from 1967 to 1970. In 1971 Held retired from Barnard College and moved from New York to Bennington,Vermont, where he continued to teach for ten years as Clark Professor of Art in the graduate program for art history at Williams College, and at the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute.
    Held also lectured at other institutions: as Carnegie Lecturer from 1936 to 1937 at the National Gallery in Ottawa, visiting lecturer from 1943 to 1944 at Bryn Mawr College, visiting professor from 1946 to 1947 at the New School for Social Research, visiting professor in 1954 and 1958 at Yale University, lecturer with the American College Council for Summer Study Abroad in 1957, and Andrew W. Mellon visiting professor at University of Pittsburgh from 1972 to 1973. He also served as academic advisor at Marlboro College from 1965 to 1980, and as a member of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton in 1967. During the 1950s Held was asked by Luis Ferré, the Governor of Puerto Rico, to advise the new art museum in Ponce. His participation in the selection and acquisition of important European works of art elevated the museum to world recognition.
    Held published extensively. Among his most significant and influential works are Rubens in America (with Jan-Albert Goris, 1947), Rubens, selected drawings (1959), Rembrandt's Aristotle and other Rembrandt studies (1969), 17th and 18th century art (with Donald Posner, 1971), and Rembrandt studies (1991). At the age of 75 Held issued his landmark study, the two-volume critical catalog Oil sketches of Peter Paul Rubens (1980).
    Held's classical education influenced his approach to art history. At the time when the discipline was favoring iconography and other more "empirical" methods of study, Held maintained the primacy of connoisseurship as one of the tools of the art historian.
    Held was also actively engaged in matters related to the memory of the Jewish Holocaust. In 1988 he was instrumental in creating a memorial to his boyhood synagogue in Mosbach, destroyed during Kristallnacht.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Julius S. Held papers, ca. 1918-1999, Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Accession number 990056.
    http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa990056

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the repository in 1999 from Julius Held. Some letters and Held's library list were received in 2003 from Held's family. Seven boxes of Held material were received from the National Gallery in late 2004.

    Processing History

    The collection was rehoused in 1999. An index to the collection was made available in the Getty Research Institute's research files. Between 2001-2004, Isabella Zuralski processed the collection and wrote this finding aid. A few items (letters, a copy of Held's library catalog) were received in 2003 from the Held estate; these were integrated into the archive. Seven boxes of papers received in 2004 have not yet been processed.

    Related Archival Materials

    Microfilm of Held's correspondence with Leonard Baskin, Saul Baizerman, and J. Paul Getty is available at the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution:
    Julius Samuel Held papers concerning Saul Baizerman and Leonard Baskin, 1947-1976 , Inv. no. 20560.
    In 2002, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute in Williamstown, Mass. acquired Julius Held's collection of rare books. Many of the books were collected for their illustrations by artists such as Peter Paul Rubens, Albrecht Dürer, and Anthony van Dyck. The collection comprises ca. 280 volumes.

    Separated Materials

    22 publications, including 16 monographs, 5 issues of various periodicals, and 1 auction catalog have been transferred to the Getty Research Institute's Research Library.
    Archives of American Art journal. [New York, N.Y.] : The Archives, c1971-. Vol. 21, no. 1 (1981) Baldwin-Wallace College. The Cosla collection presented by Badwin Wallace College. [Berea, Ohio : The College, 19--] C.G. Boerner (Firm) Ausstellung A. Ostade. Düsseldorf : C.G. Boerner, [1960] Charlton, John, 1909- The Banqueting House Whitehall / John Charlton. [London] : H.M. Stationary Off., c1964. Detroit Institute of Arts. Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of the City of Detroit. [Detroit, Mich.] : The Institute, Vol. 24, no. 2 (1944) Held, Julius Samuel, 1905- The Holocaust, from a distance / by Julius S. Held. University Park, PA : Jewish Studies Program, Pennsylvania State University, c1997. Humbert de Superville, David Pierre Giottino, 1770-1849. David Pierre Giottino Humbert de Superville : virtuose et savant (1770-1849). [France : s.n., 1998] Junius,Hadrianus, 1511-1575. Hadrani Ivnii medici emblemata. Antverpiae : Ex officina Christophori Plantini, 1565. 1969 reprint. Master drawings : people and animals through five centuries. [New York : Herbert E. Feist, 1971] Methuen, paul Ayshford Methuen, Baron, b. 1886. An historical account of Corsham Court : the Methuen collection of pictures and the furniture in the state rooms / by Lord Methuen. [Corsham, England] : Corsham Estate, 1971. Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie. Bulletin du Musée national de Varsovie. Varsovie : Le Musée, Vol. 7, no. 3 (1966) Nieuwsbrief. Den Haag : Mauritshuis, jaarg. 5, nr. 2 (1992) The Parcae : two marble busts by Michaelangelo for the tomb of Julius II. New York, N.Y. : Paul Rosenberg & Co., [1980] Ponce Art Museum. El Museo de Arte de Ponce / texto, ilustraciones y presentación de René Taylor. [Ponce, Puerto Rico : Fundación Luis A. Ferré, 196-] Ponce Art Museum. Inauguración del Museo de Arte de Ponce : Fundación Luis A. Ferré. [Ponce, Puerto Rico] : El Museo, 1965. Ponce Art Museum. Nineteenth century paintings from the Museo de Arte de Ponce, Puerto Rico, Fundación Luis A. Ferré / an exhibition organized by Hayden Gallery Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 17-June 8, 1974. [Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Committee on the Visual Arts, 1974] Ponce Art Museum. Museo de Arte de Ponce. [Ponce, Puerto Rico] : El Museo, [1990?] Price, Frederic Newlin. Edward Hicks 1780-1849. [Swarthmore, Pa.] : Benjamin West Society, Swarthmore College, c1945. Robinson, Franklin Westcott. Gabriel Metsu, the letter. San Diego, Calif. : Timken Art Gallery, c1985. El Sol. Hato Rey, Puerto Rico : Asociación de Maestros de Puerto Rico, Abril 15, 1966 Sotheby Parke Bernet Inc. Old master paintings from the collection of Thomas J. Bryan (1802-1870). New York : Parke-Bernet Galleries, 1971. United States. Secret Service. Know your money. Washington : United States. Secret Service, Treasury Dept., 1946.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Julius S. Held papers constitute a comprehensive archive of a preeminent American art historian renowned for his scholarship in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Dutch and Flemish art.
    More then 70 linear feet of material, dating from the mid 1920s to 1999, provides access to a broad and detailed study of Held's professional life, his scholarly development, and his working methods.
    Ca. 27 linear feet comprises correspondence, of which the predominant portion constitutes correspondence with distinguished art historians and other scholars. Also included is Held's professional correspondence with art dealers, auction houses, museums, publishing firms, and numerous private collectors.
    Substantial material documents Held's research for his publications, his teaching and lecturing activities, extensive travel notes, and material related to his capacity as an art expert in various legal cases.
    A separate group of files concern Held's long association as an art consultant with the Museo de Arte de Ponce in Puerto Rico. The material details Held's advisory role building the collection. It also provides insight into the museum's collection development process.
    A major portion of the archive, ca. 29 linear feet, comprises study photographs and other visual documentation of artwork by Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, Jacob Jordaens, Rembrandt, and a vast number of other artists, predominantly Flemish and Dutch from the 15th to 17th centuries.
    The original arrangement of material is preserved as it was organized by Held, especially the frequent inclusion of correspondence, printed matter and handwritten notes with study photographs and other visual material. Oversize items, items shelved in cold storage, and publications transferred to other sections of the Getty Research Library were pulled and are described separately at the end of the container list.

    Arrangement

    The papers are arranged in 9 series: Series I. Correspondence, 1925-1999; Series II. Publication research, 1931-1999; Series III. Occasional papers, 1918-1998; Series IV. Legal cases and Art expertising (Fake experts), 1927-1998; Series V. Teaching and lectures, 1935-1991; Series VI. Travel notes, sketches, and letters, 1925-1983; Series VII. Ponce Art Museum, 1954-1999; Series VIII. Photographs (Artists' files), ca. 1921-1999; Series IX. Oversize material, color photography and negatives, 1937-1999.

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Names

    Stimmer, Tobias
    Suttermans, Justus
    Swart, Jan
    Teniers, David
    Sweerts, Michiel
    Teniers, David
    Teniers, David
    Terbrugghen, Hendrik
    Seghers, Hercules
    Sellaer, Vincent
    Sittow, Michel
    Snyders, Frans
    Steen, Jan
    Vermeyen, Jan Cornelisz
    Vermeulen, Jan
    Vermeer, Johannes
    Victors, Jan
    Vinckeboons, David
    Vos, Paul de
    Vos, Maarten de
    Vos, Cornelis de
    Volmaryn, Pieter Crynse
    Thomas van Ypern, Johannes
    Thulden, Theodoor van
    Titian
    Velde, Esaias van den
    Velde, Jan van de
    Van Dyck, Anthony, Sir
    Vellert, Dirck Jacobsz.
    Venne, Adriaen Pietersz. van de
    Velde, Willem van de
    Velde, Willem van de
    Wolfert, Artus
    Witz, Konrad
    Wtewael, Joachim
    Wouters, Frans
    Wouwerman, Philips
    Vos, Simon de
    Vrancx, Sebastiaen
    Wildens, Jan
    Willeboirts Bosschaert, Thomas
    Weyden, Rogier van der
    Wierix, Jan
    Wierix, Jeronimus
    Zurbarán, Francisco
    Master of the Legend of St. Ursula
    Bruegel, Jan
    Brouwer, Adriaen
    Broeck, Crispin van den
    Bruegel, Pieter
    Bruegel, Pieter
    Bruegel, Jan
    Campen, Jacob van
    Cats, Jacob
    Coninxloo, Gillis van
    Cranach, Lucas
    Crayer, Gaspar de
    Cornelisz van Oostsanen, Jacob
    Coxcie, Michel
    Dalem, Cornelis van
    David, Gérard
    Cuyp, Aelbert
    Baldung, Hans
    Balen, Hendrick van
    Benson, Ambrosius
    Rubens, Peter Paul
    Bles, Henri
    Bloemaert, Abraham
    Boekhorst, Johannes
    Bol, Ferdinand
    Borch, Gerard ter
    Bosch, Hieronymus
    Bouts, Dieric
    Boyermans, Théodore
    Bril, Paul
    Aertsen, Pieter
    Altdorfer, Albrecht
    Allori, Alessandro
    Juan, de Flandes
    Jordaens, Jacob
    Keil, Bernhard
    Janssens, Abraham
    Jegher, Christoffel
    Honthorst, Gerrit van
    Hooch , Pieter de
    Huber, Wolf
    Huygens, Constantijn
    Isenbrant, Adriaen
    Holbein, Hans
    Holbein, Hans
    Hollar, Wenceslaus
    Hondecoeter, Gillis Claesz.
    Hondecoeter, Melchior de
    Hemessen, Jan Sanders van
    Hoecke, Jan van den
    Hicks, Edward
    Heemskerk, Martin van
    Heemskerck, Egbert van
    Heem, Jan Davidsz. de
    Heem, Cornelis de
    Heimbach, Wolfgang
    Hals, Dirck
    Hals, Frans
    Grünewald, Matthias
    Haensbergen, Johan van
    Haarlem, Cornelis Corneliszoon van
    Haecht, Willem van
    Grimmer, Abel
    Goudt, Hendrik
    Gossaert, Jan
    Goyen, Jan van
    Goltzius, Hendrik
    Goeree, Jan
    Goes, Hugo van der
    Gelder, Aert de
    Geertgen, tot Sint Jans
    Geest, Cornelis van der
    Fruytiers, Philip
    Fyt, Jan
    Francken, Jerome
    Francken, Frans
    Franchoys, Lucas
    Floris, Frans
    Fabritius, Carel
    Fabritius, Barent
    Eyck, Jan van
    Elsheimer, Adam
    Elliger, Ottmar
    Egmont, Justus van
    Dürer, Albrecht
    Duck, Jakob
    Dujardin, Karel
    Drost, Willem
    Dou, Gerard
    Diepenbeeck, Abraham van
    Savery, Roelant
    Schongauer, Martin
    Schut, Cornelis
    Scorel, Jan van
    Seghers, Gerard
    Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn
    Reymerswaele, Marinus van
    Rombouts, Theodor
    Rottenhammer, Hans
    Ruisdael, Jacob van
    Sallaert, Anthonis
    Ruysdael, Salomon van
    Panneels, Willem
    Ponder, Jacob de
    Poubus, Frans
    Pourbus, Frans
    Quellinus, Erasmus
    Provost, Jan
    Mijtens, Jan
    Neer, Aert van der
    Ochtervelt, Jacob
    Ostade, Isack van
    Ostade, Adriaen van
    Orley, Bernard van
    Miereveld, Michiel van
    Moeyaert, Claes Cornelisz
    Metsu, Gabriel
    Metsys, Quentin
    Moreelse, Paulus
    Mostaert, Jan
    Molenaar, Jan Miense
    Momper, Josse de
    Meckenem, Israhel van
    Maître de Flémalle
    Maître du Saint-Sang
    Maître de la Légende de Sainte Lucie
    Meister von Messkirch
    Memling, Hans
    Meester van de Virgo inter virgines
    Meester van de Magdalena-legende
    Meister von Frankfurt
    Maes, Nicolaes
    Lucas, van Leyden
    Lombard, Lambert
    Lint, Pieter van
    Master of the Mansi Magdalene
    Master of 1518
    Master of the Female Half length figures
    Malo, Vincent
    Koninck , Philips
    Key, Willem
    Lievens, Jan
    Lastman, Pieter

    Subjects - Corporate Bodies

    Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute
    Sotheby Parke Bernet & Co.
    Sotheby's (Firm)
    Williams College
    Carnegie Museum of Art
    Christie, Manson & Woods International Inc.
    Columbia College (New York, N.Y.)
    Christie, Manson & Woods
    Barnard College
    J. Paul Getty Museum
    Historians of Netherlandish Art
    Heim Gallery
    Gruner + Jahr AG
    Galerie Meissner (Zurich, Switzerland)
    Dorotheum (Firm)
    Richard L. Feigen & Company
    Ponce Art Museum
    Pierpont Morgan Library
    Princeton University Press
    National Gallery of Art (U.S.)
    Norton Simon, Inc. Foundation
    Newhouse Galleries
    Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)

    Subjects - Topics

    Art, German -- 17th century -- Expertising
    Art, Dutch -- 16th century -- Expertising
    Art, Flemish -- Ghent -- Belgium -- Expertising
    Art, German -- 16th century -- Expertising
    Art, Dutch -- 17th century -- Expertising
    Museum directors -- Correspondence
    Museum curators -- Correspondence
    Authors and publishers -- United States
    Art -- Private collections -- United States
    Painting, Modern -- 17th century -- Expertising
    Painting, Flemish -- Expertising
    Painting, Dutch -- Expertising
    Painting -- Conservation and restoration
    Art, Netherlandish -- Expertising
    Art, Flemish -- 16th century -- Expertising
    Art, Flemish -- 17th century -- Expertising
    Art, Flemish -- Bruges -- Belgium -- Expertising
    Art -- Private collections -- Europe
    Art dealers -- Correspondence
    Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Correspondence
    Art historians -- Correspondence
    Art -- Expertising

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Color transparencies
    Color photographs
    Color slides
    Diffusion transfer prints
    Notebooks
    Photographic postcards
    Picture postcards
    Radiographs
    Black-and-white prints (photographs)

    Contributors

    Sterling, Charles
    Stighelen, Katlijne van der
    Stewart, J. Douglas (John Douglas)
    Strauss, Walter L.
    Styhr, Jørgen
    Sutton, Peter C.
    Tennenbaum, Silvia
    Serkin, Rudolf
    Skutsch, Otto
    Slive, Seymour
    Sloane, Joseph C.
    Sluijter, Eric Jan
    Smith, David R. (David Ross)
    Spear, Richard E.
    Stechow, Wolfgang
    Steinberg, Leo
    Vergara, Lisa
    Vey, Horst
    Vertikoff, Alexander
    Veronee-Verhaegen, Nicole
    Volk, Mary Crawford
    Voet, Léon
    Vlieghe, Hans
    Tharp, Twyla
    Thaw, Eugene Victor
    Tietze-Conrat, E. (Erika)
    Tietze, Andreas
    Tietze, Hans
    Varshavskaia, M. IA.
    Wolf, Emile E.
    Wohl, Alice
    Wolf, Robert Erich
    Winner, Matthias
    Winkler, Friedrich
    Wittkower, Rudolf
    Wulc, Stanley S.
    Zimmer, Jürgen
    Wuttke, Dieter
    Wood, Jeremy
    Wright, Virginia
    Warnke, Martin
    Weber, Gregor J. M.
    Weinberg, H. Barbara (Helene Barbara)
    Welu, James A.
    Voss, Hermann
    Walsh, John
    Wilkin, Karen
    White, Christopher
    Brown, Christopher
    Burchard, Ludwig
    Béguin, Sylvie
    Burchard, Otto
    Chaīkin, Nathan
    Cattaneo Adorno, Carlotta
    Colie, Rosalie Littell
    Ciechanowiecki, Andrzej S.
    Constable, W. G. (William George)
    Coolidge, John
    Comini, Alessandra
    Cunningham, Charles Crehore
    Arbitman, Kahren Jones
    Barron, Stephanie
    Barnouw, Adriaan Jacob
    Baudouin, Frans
    Bauch, Kurt
    Bautier, Pierre
    Baumstark, Reinhold
    Belkin, Kristin Lohse
    Behrman, Cynthia Fansler
    Benesch, Otto
    Bevers, Holm
    Berend-Corinth, Charlotte
    Bevington, David M.
    Bialostocki, Jan
    Block, Herbert
    Bober, Phyllis Pray
    Boggs, Jean Sutherland
    Bolten, J.
    Boon, Karel G.
    Allentuck, Marcia
    Andrews, Keith
    Antal, Friedrich
    Anderson, Laurie
    Andersson, Christiane
    Ames, Winslow
    Alpers, Svetlana
    Getty, J. Paul (Jean Paul), 1892-1976
    Kauffmann, Hans
    Kahr, Madlyn Millner
    Kaufmann, Thomas DaCosta
    Kaufmann, Emil
    Keck, Caroline K. (Caroline Kohn)
    Jaeger, Wolfgang
    Jaffé, Michael
    Jaffé, David
    Janson, H. W. (Horst Woldemar)
    Jantzen, Hans
    Huemer, Frances
    Hugelshofer, Walter
    Hulst, Roger Adolf d'
    Hofmann, Werner
    Müller Hofstede, Cornelius
    Hollander, Anne
    Hibbard, Howard
    Herklotz, Ingo
    Herbst, Hans, Dr.
    Stoner, Joyce Hill
    Held, Jutta
    Held, Julius S (Julius Samuel)
    Hammer, Armand
    Harris, Ann Sutherland
    Haverkamp Begemann, Egbert
    Heckscher, William S. (William Sebastian)
    Hartford, Huntington
    Hartt, Frederick
    Gudlaugsson, S. J. (Sturla J.)
    Grund, Norbert Joseph Carl
    Haeger, Barbara
    Greindl, Edith
    Gregori, Mina
    Grigaut, Paul L.
    Grafe, I.
    Golffing, Francis
    Goris, Jan Albert
    Gombrich, E. H. (Ernst Hans)
    Glück, Gustav
    Golahny, Amy
    Geuer, Gisela
    Gibson, Walter S.
    Gilbert, Creighton
    Gelder, Jan de
    Gerold, Susanne
    Gerson, H. (Horst)
    Gay, Peter
    Geissler, Heinrich
    Panofsky, Erwin
    Garlick, Kenneth
    Friedländer, Max J.
    Friedenberg, Daniel M.
    Freedberg, David
    Frankl, Paul
    Fenyo, Iván
    Fenwick, Kathleen M.
    Elsen, Albert Edward
    Einem, Herbert von
    Eisler, Colin T.
    Egorova , K. S. (Kseniia Sergeevna)
    Dulière, Gaston
    Downes, Kerry
    Carroll, Margaret D. (Margaret Deutsch)
    Delen, A. J. J. (Adrien Jean Joseph)
    Demus, Klaus
    Sandy, Stephen
    Sauerländer, Willibald
    Schade, Werner
    Schama, Simon
    Schapiro, Meyer
    Scheyer, Evelyn
    Schilling, Edmund
    Schulz, Juergen
    Schwartz, Gary
    Schöne, Wolfgang
    Scribner, Charles
    Renger, Konrad
    Roethlisberger, Marcel
    Ring, Grete
    Rosand, David
    Rosenberg, Jakob
    Rose, Patricia
    Rosenberg, Pierre
    Panofsky-Soergel, Gerda
    Pariset, François-Georges
    Parkhurst, Charles
    Porter, Katherine Anne
    Posner, Donald
    Puyvelde, Leo van
    Nash, Ray
    Müller Hofstede, Justus
    Nordenfalk, Carl Adam Johan
    Oberhuber , Konrad
    Novak, Barbara
    Noske, Frits
    Osten, Gert von der
    Millar, Oliver
    Millen, Ronald
    Meulen, Marjon van der
    Mielke, Hans
    Moser, Liselotte
    Muller, Jeffrey M.
    Lipchitz, Jacques
    Mongan, Agnes
    Mont, Frederick
    McGrath, Elizabeth
    McCurry, H. O.
    McIntosh, Millicent C.
    Mayer, Annelise
    Mellinkoff, Ruth
    Meiss, Millard
    Lugt, Frits
    Lowenthal, Anne W.
    Logan, Anne-Marie S.
    Mathey, Jacques
    Martin, Gregory
    Martin, John Rupert
    Marsh, Reginald
    Kuznetsov , IU (IUrii)
    Kurz, Otto
    Kultermann, Udo
    Kristeller, Paul Oskar
    Klemm, Christian
    Kelch, Jan
    Liedtke, Walter A.
    Liebermann, Max
    Lieberman, Ralph
    Levine, David
    Lehrs, Max
    Lavin, Irving