British Women Romantic Poets

An Online Collection of Literary Texts
Finding aid prepared and encoded by Nancy Kushigian.
Digital Initiatives Program, U. California, Davis, Library. September 13, 2002
University of California, Davis.
Davis, California, 95616


Overview of the Records

Repository: UC Davis Digital Library Program.Dept. of Preservation
Creator: British Women Romantic Poets Project, University Library, University of California, Davis.
Title: British Women Romantic Poets, 1789-1832
Dates: 1997-open
Extent: 100 texts.
Abstract: The British Women Romantic Poets Online Text Collection is a growing collection,consisting in 2003 of 100 online full-text transcriptions of poetry written by women in England, Scotland, and Ireland between 1789 and 1832 and SGML encoded using the TEI-Lite dtd. The collection was created by The British Women Romantic Poets Project at the University of California, Davis Library and is available online free of charge at http://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/BWRP/.
Record Series: OACBritWomPoets
Language: English.

History of the British Women Romantic Poets Project

In January of 1997, librarians at the Shields Library began a pilot with the library's Kohler Collection, to see whether it was feasible to convert these texts to electronic formats, thus making them accessible to students and scholars over the internet. Projects at Indiana and Brown pointed to the usefulness of such E-Texts, particularly when encoded with attention to structure and accurate transcription.
Our own UC, Davis academic community reaffirmed our belief that such a collection would be useful. There was significant interest on the Davis campus in British women writers. Monica Kearney, Jane King, Kari Lokke, and Adriana Craciun, students and faculty at Davis, all presented papers based on Kohler Collection research at the Sixth Annual Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century British Women Writers Conference, held on the Davis Campus in March 1997. Their work and interest in the Kohler, were, we believed, indicative of a larger group of scholars who would benefit by greater access to poetic texts by British women poets.
While the Victorian Women Writers Project at Indiana and the Brown Women Writers' Project have generated interest in the academic community, as yet there had at that time been no systematic attempt to gather a specialized collection of E-texts by British women poets of the Romantic period. This project endeavored to meet that goal.
As of January, 2000 we had tagged fifty texts, using Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) according to Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) Guidelines. In the summer of 1997, we established styles, standard conventions, and procedures. Two LAUC-D Research grants have allowed us to purchase copies of Author/Editor sofware and to hire several student taggers. Other staffing is provided by volunteer interns. In the early stages of the project, some programming support was provided by the University Library Systems Department. Since 1999, all technical work has been provided by volunteers and project editors.
In the spring of 1998, we began work with the library cataloging department to standardize our header data so it conforms to MARC guidelines, and developed a perl program routine that converts our TEI headers to MARC records. The library is continuing to work on automating the process for cataloging project texts. In 1998 as well we began scanning and mounting illustrations and title pages. In 1999 we mounted these images in our SGML texts.
The past two years have been fruitful ones. We have launched many new texts, and will soon be mounting our 80th text. We have continued to focus our efforts on the production of accurately transcribed and carefully coded literary texts. We continue to produce our texts using SGML for our digital-archival version. Last but not least, we have benefitted greatly from the skills of Electronic Resources cataloger Jared Campbell, who is advising us as we prepare MARC records for our texts and make these available to the library community. Jared is also helping us integrate BWRP texts into the University of Michigan Digital Library Production Service's OAIster Search Interface. These efforts will make our texts more broadly available to researchers and students.
Early in 2001, we began exploring the possibility of converting our texts from SGML to XML. We are now able to do this, and we await eagerly the availability of an XML user interface architecture that will allow us to provide more sophisticated functionality. We hope to work with the California Digital Library or with another repository, to make our repository part of a larger digital collection. Meanwhile we continue to scan, encode, edit, and mount in SGML and HTML formats Kohler texts by women in the Romantic Period, and we continue to have faith that a user interface will someday be available that will allow users to search our texts.
BWRP continues to attract over 5000 users per month to our home site, and each individual text is accessed between 50 and 350 times each month. We know that users are finding our site through many sources: our library catalog, the Internet Public Library, Britannica Online, Literature Online, U. Penn.'s "A Celebration of Women Writers" website, and many others. We know that graduate students are using our texts as the basis for further editorial projects and simply as a source for rare texts. We know the site continues to draw a large general, non-academic audience.
In 2001, the project was approached by electronic publisher Alexander Street Press, who wished to work with us to create an online archive/anthology of poetry by Scottish Women in the Romantic Period. I worked with Professor Stephen Behrendt of Nebraska (a member of our Editorial Advisory Board), to choose texts, supply bibliographic and biographical contextual material, and solicit essays on the poets from other members of the BWRP advisory board and from other scholars. The result has been an electronic publication, "Scottish Women Poets of the Romantic Period" (Alexander Street Press, 2002). While this is a commercial product, the texts contributed by BWRP remain freely accessible through the BWRP website.
In 1998, we wrote that we believed there was a large group of scholars who would benefit by greater access to poetic texts by British women poets in the Kohler Collection. Our experience has shown this to be true, and has taught us as well that making literary texts available on the web brings them into the realm of students and readers who are not associated with the academic research community. In some ways, this has been the most gratifying result of our work.
What are the challenges for the future? There are three: finding a way to encode the remaining 200 texts before THIS millenium ends. Second, finding a preservation repository for the texts we've created, and providing metadata that will ensure that these texts will be available for future generations. Third, we'd like our texts to be part of a digital infrastructure that encourages students to use them in as many ways as possible.
Nancy Kushigian, Ph.D. MLIS General Editor, September 2002.
Update, June 2003. In recent months we have been working with the California Digital Library to Provide access through the Online Archive of California. This will ensure the texts are preserved with other OAC content. It will also allow the text repository to be searched through text interfaces for TEI currently in development at CDL.

Methodology and Technology

Selection Criteria
Texts are being selected in consultation with our Editorial Advisory Board, consisting of scholars in the United States and Canada. Our aim is to make complete texts available that are not readily accessible from other sources, many of which are not well known, or who are only beginning to be of interest to the scholarly community. Texts are drawn from the UC, Davis Library's Kohler Collection of British Poetry, housed in the Department of Special Collections.
Procedures
Texts are scanned on a basic flatbed scanner, then converted to ASCII format using OCR software, which we have found to be accurate in its recognition of archaic and small typefaces. Texts are then proofed initially with the OCR proofing utility, then saved as text files. Finally, they are imported into Author/Editor, where they are tagged. Finally, they undergo a rigorous proofing process. Each text is proofed by Managing Editor, Charlotte Payne, before it is mounted on the BWRP Website.

Project Participants

GENERAL EDITOR:
Nancy Kushigian, Shields Library, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of California, Davis
MANAGING EDITOR:
Charlotte Payne, Shields Library, Preservation Department, University of California, Davis
Editorial Advisory Board
Meena Alexander, Dept. of English, Hunter College
Stephen Behrendt, Dept. of English, University of Nebraska
Betty T. Bennett, Dept. of English, American University
Adriana Craciun, Dept. of English, Loyola University
Harriet Linkin, Dept. of English, New Mexico State University
Kari Lokke, Dept. of Comparative Literature, University of California--Davis
Laura Mandell, Dept. of English, Miami University of Ohio
Anne K. Mellor, Dept. of English, University of California--Los Angeles
David Simpson, Dept. of English, University of California--Davis
Patricia Srebrnik, Dept. of English, University of Calgary
METADATA CONSULTANT:
Jared Campbell, Shields Library
PROGRAMMING SUPPORT:
Michael Bavister (1997-1999)
Anne Bressler (1996-1999)
Bruce McEachern (1999)
Jim Sylva (1996-1997, 2002)
Bruce Rosenstock (2001-2002)
EDITORIAL ASSISTANTS:
Miriam Hull (1998-2001)
Farida Khosh (1997-2001)
EDITORIAL INTERNS:
Andrea Ramirez (1997-1998)
Summer Silveira (1997-1999)
Mary Tomanaga (1998)
Wen-Lin Tsai (summer 1997, summer 1998)
Ophelia Yim (1997-1998)
Edmond Kwok (1999)
Seth Williams (summer 1999)
Leigh Rios (2000-continuing)
Rianna Au (2000-2002)
Janelle Vargas (2000-continuing)

Scope and Contents

The British Women Romantic Poet's Project is producing an online scholarly archive consisting of E-text editions of poetry by British and Irish women written (not necessarily published) between 1789 (the onset of the French Revolution) and 1832 (the passage of the Reform Act), a period traditionally known in English literary history as the Romantic period.
Texts are being selected in consultation with our Editorial Advisory Board, consisting of scholars in the United States and Canada. Our aim is to make complete texts available that are not readily accessible from other sources, many of which are not well known, or who are only beginning to be of interest to the scholarly community. Texts are drawn from the UC, Davis Library's Kohler Collection of British Poetry, housed in the Department of Special Collections.
Dublin Core and MARC records for texts in the British Women Romantic Poets series are availailable at http://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/BWRP/Works/.

Related Material

Texts from the British Women Romantic Poets Project were used as the basis for an online anthology: Scottish Women Poets of the Romantic Period (Alexander Street Press, 2002). Some BWRP texts are also housed on the University of Michigan Humanities Text Initiative Server. Finally, texts are available locally at Davis in XML Format.

Arrangement

Texts are listed alphabetically by author.

Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms. English poetry--19th centuryEnglish poetry--18th centuryPoets, English--Women AuthorsPoets, Scottish--Women AuthorsScottish Poetry--19th century.Scottish Poetry--18th century.Romanticism, England--18th centuryRomanticism, Scotland--19th centuryRomanticism, Scotland--18th centuryRomanticism, England--19th century

Restrictions on Access

©2001, University of California Online texts from the British Women Romantic Poets Project are the property of the University of California. They are available free of charge, with no access restrictions.

Restrictions on Use

Texts may be copied freely by individuals for personal use, research, and teaching (including distribution to classes) as long as this statement of availability is included in the text. They may be linked to by internet editions of all kinds, so long as proper attribution is present. Scholars interested in changing or adding to these texts by, for example, creating a new edition of the text (electronically or in print) with substantive editorial changes, may do so with the permission of the publisher. This is the case whether the new publication will be made available at a cost or free of charge. BWRP texts may not be not be reproduced as a commercial or non-profit product, in print or from an information server.

Preferred Citation

Use citation from source text, then add "Electronic Edition published by the British Women Romantic Poets Project, Margaret B. Harrison Preservation Department, Library, University of California, Davis, [year.]"

Detailed Description of Texts

 

[Anon.] "A Lady" Original Fables 1810 SGML  HTML 

 

Acton, Eliza [1799-1859] Poems 1826 SGML  HTML 

 

Addison, Mrs. R. Poetry on Different Subjects [1812?] SGML  HTML 

 

Aikin, Lucy [1781-1864] Epistles on Women 1810 SGML  HTML 

 

Baillie, Joanna [1762-1851] A Collection of Poems 1823 SGML  HTML 

 

Baillie, Joanna [1762-1851] The Family Legend 1810 SGML  HTML 

 

Baillie, Joanna [1762-1851] Fugitive Verses 1840 SGML  HTML 

 

Baillie, Joanna [1762-1851] The Martyr: A Drama 1826 SGML  HTML 

 

Baillie, Joanna [1762-1851] Metrical Legends of Exalted Characters 1821 SGML  HTML 

 

Bannerman, Anne [d. 1829] Tales of Superstition and Chivalry 1802. SGML  HTML 

 

Barbauld, Anna Letitia Aikin [1743-1825] Eighteen Hundred and Eleven, A Poem by Letitia Barbauld 1812 SGML  HTML 

 

Barrell, Miss P. The Test of Virtue and Other Poems 1811 SGML  HTML 

 

Betham, Mary Matilda [1776-1852] Elegies and Other Small Poems by Matilda Betham [1797] SGML  HTML 

 

Beverley, Elizabeth A Poetical Olio 1819 SGML  HTML 

 

Beverley, Elizabeth The Actress's Ways and Means [1818?] SGML  HTML 

 

Biller, Sarah Hilham Holkham, the Scenes of my Childhood, and other Poems 1839 SGML  HTML 

 

Blamire, Susanna [1747-1794] The Poetical Works of Miss Susanna Blamire 1842 SGML  HTML 

 

Blanchard, Anne Midnight Reflections and other Poems 1822 SGML  HTML 

 

Burton, Harriet Emma The White-Rose Wreath 1833 SGML  HTML 

 

Carter, Mary Ann The Deluge, the General Resurrection, and other Poems 1838 SGML  HTML 

 

Chalmers, Margaret Poems 1813 SGML  HTML 

 

Champion de Crespigny, Mary Clarke [d. 1812] A Monody to the Memory of the Right Honourable the Lord Collingwood 1810 SGML  HTML 

 

Cockle, Mary Elegy on the Death of His Late Majesty George III 1820 SGML  HTML 

 

Cockle, Mary Elegy to the Memory of Her Royal Highness the Princess Charlotte of Wales 1817 SGML  HTML 

 

Cockle, Mary Lines Addressed to Lady Byron 1817 SGML  HTML 

 

Cockle, Mary Reply to Lord Byron's "Fare the Well" 1817 SGML  HTML 

 

Cockle, Mary Lines to a Boy Pursuing a Butterfly 1826 SGML  HTML 

 

Dacre, Charlotte [b. 1782] Hours of Solitude. A Collection of Original Poems. Volume I. 1805 SGMLSGML  HTML 

 

Dacre, Charlotte [b. 1782] Hours of Solitude. A Collection of Original Poems. Volume II. 1805 SGML  HTML 

 

Day, Esther Milnes [d. 1792] Poems and Fugitive Pieces 1796 SGML  HTML 

 

Daye, Eliza [b. ca 1734] Poems on Various Subjects 1798 SGML  HTML 

 

Dixon, Charlotte Eliza Bread Cast Upon the Waters 1830 SGML  HTML 

 

Dunnett, Jane. Poems on Various Subjects 1818 SGML  HTML 

 

Elizabeth, Charlotte. [1790-1846] Osric: a Missionary Tale; with The Garden, and Other Poems [18--] SGML  HTML 

 

Evance, S[usan][fl. 1808-1818] Poems by Miss S. Evance, selected from earliest productions to those of the present year 1808 SGML  HTML 

 

Franklin, Eleanor Anne Porden [1795-1825] The Veils, or, The Triumph of Constancy : a poem, in six books by Miss Porden 1815 SGML  HTML 

 

Fry, Caroline [1787-1846] Serious Poetry 1822 SGML  HTML 

 

Grant, Anne (nee Macvicar) [1755-1838] Eighteen Hundred and Thirteen. A Poem 1814 SGML  HTML 

 

Grant, Anne (nee Macvicar) [1755-1838] The Highlanders and Other Poems 1808 SGML  HTML 

 

Grant, Anne (nee Macvicar) [1755-1838] Poems on Various Subjects 1803 SGML  HTML 

 

Gray, Mary Anne Browne [1812-1844] The Coronal; Original Poems, Sacred and Miscellaneous 1833 SGML  HTML 

 

Gray, Mary Anne Browne [1812-1844] Mont Blanc and Other Poems by Mary Anne Browne 1827 SGML  HTML 

 

Hawkins, Susannah [1787-1868] The Poetical Works 1829 SGML  HTML 

 

Hemans, Felicia Dorothea Browne [1793-1835] Poems 1808 SGML  HTML 

 

Hemans, Felicia Dorothea Browne [1793-1835] England and Spain: or, Valour and Patriotism 1808 SGML  HTML 

 

Hemans, Felicia Dorothea Browne [1793-1835] The Domestic Affections and Other Poems 1812 SGML  HTML 

 

Hemans, Felicia Dorothea Browne [1793-1835] Wallace's Invocation to Bruce 1819 SGML  HTML 

 

Hemans, Felicia Dorothea Browne [1793-1835] The Sceptic, A Poem 1820 SGML  HTML 

 

Hemans, Felicia Dorothea Browne [1793-1835] The Forest Sanctuary and Other Poems 1825 SGML  HTML 

 

Hitchener, Elizabeth Enigmas, Historical and Geographical 1839 SGML  HTML 

 

Hunter, Anne Home, (Mrs. John) [1742-1821] Poems by Mrs. John Hunter 1802 SGML  HTML 

 

Lefanu, Alicia [fl. 1812-1826] Rosara's Chain: or, the Choice of Life. A Poem> 1812 SGML  HTML 

 

Lickbarrow, Isabella >Poetical Effusions 1814 SGML  HTML 

 

Little, Janet [1759-1813] The Poetical Works of Janet Little, the Scotch Milkmaid 1792 SGML  HTML 

 

Lyon, Emma Miscellaneous Poems 1812 HTML 

 

Maxwell, Caroline Feudal Tales, being a collection of Romantic Narratives, and Other Poems [1810] SGML  HTML 

 

Milne, Christian Ross [b. 1773] Simple Poems on Simple Subjects 1805 SGML  HTML 

 

Morgan, Lady (Sydney) [also Owenson, Sydney] [1783-1859] Lay of an Irish Harp 1807 SGML  HTML 

 

Morgan, Lady (Sydney) [also Owenson, Sydney] [1783-1859] The Mohawks, a Satirical Poem with Notes 1822 SGML  HTML 

 

Northampton, Margaret Clephane Compton [d. 1830] Irene, a Poem in Six Cantos 1833 SGML  HTML 

 

Opie, Amelia Alderson [1769-1853] The Warrior's Return, and Other Poems 1808 SGML  HTML 

 

Philipps, Janetta Poems 1811 SGML  HTML 

 

Pilkington, Mary Hopkins, (Mrs.) [1766-1839] Original Poems by Mrs. Pilkington 1811 SGML  HTML 

 

Reid, Mrs. M. A. The Harp of Salem; A Collection of Historical Poems from the Scriptures. Together with Some Reflective Pieces. By a Lady. 1827 SGML  HTML 

 

Robinson, Ellen Poem, Written on the Death of the Rev. Thomas Spencer 1812 SGML  HTML 

 

Robinson, Mary [1758-1800] Sappho and Phaon 1796 SGML  HTML 

 

Robinson, Mary [1758-1800] Lyrical Tales 1800 SGML  HTML 

 

Robinson, Maria Elizabeth [Mary Elizabeth Robinson] [ca. 1775-1818] The Wild Wreath 1804 SGML  HTML 

 

Ryves, Mrs. F. Cumbrian Legends; or, Tales of Other Times 1812 SGML  HTML 

 

Scot, Elizabeth [1729-1789] Alonzo and Cora 1801 SGML  HTML 

 

Seward, Anna. [1742-1809] Llangollen Vale, with Other Poems 1796 SGML  HTML 

 

Smith, Charlotte Turner [1749-1806] Beachy Head: With Other Poems 1807 SGML  HTML 

 

Smith, Charlotte Turner [1749-1806] Elegiac Sonnets, and Other Poems 1827 SGML  HTML 

 

Smith, Charlotte Turner [1749-1806] The Emigrants: A Poem 1793 SGML  HTML 

 

Taylor, Jane [1783-1824] Essays in Rhyme on Morals and Manners 1840 SGML  HTML 

 

Temple, Laura Sophia Poems 1805 SGML  HTML 

 

Turner, Margaret [fl. 1790] The Gentle Shepherd, by Allan Ramsay; attempted in English by Margaret Turner 1790 SGML  HTML 

 

Walker, Mrs. Spencer Commemorative Feelings, or Miscellaneous Poems 1812 SGML  HTML 

 

Wedderburn, Margaretta Mary Queen of Scots 1811 SGML  HTML 

 

Williams, Helen Maria [1762-1827] Poems on Various Subjects 1823 SGML  HTML