INVENTORY OF THE MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS REGARDING AMBROISE VOLLARD, 1890-1939, bulk 1890-1910

Finding aid prepared by J. Gibbs.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Miscellaneous papers regarding Ambroise Vollard
Date (inclusive): 1890-1939 (bulk 1890-1910)
Number: 2001.M.24
Creator/Collector: Getty Research Institute
Physical Description: 6.0 linear feet (11 boxes)
Repository:
The Getty Research Institute
Special Collections
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles, California, 90049-1688
(310) 440-7390
Abstract: Collection comprises original and photocopied letters and records related to the French art dealer Ambroise Vollard and the artists he represented.
Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record  for this collection. Click here for the access policy .
Language: Collection material is in French

Biographical / Historical Note

Ambroise Vollard, the pioneer French art dealer, patron and publisher, can be said to be the first of the ‘modern' art dealers. Malcolm Gee calls Vollard the "most notable contemporary art dealer of his generation in France." Born 1867 in Réunion, he moved to Paris to study law in 1890 and soon began buying and selling prints and drawings. After working at L'Union Artistique for Alphonse Dumas, Vollard set up his own business and in 1894 opened a gallery near the Opéra on the Rue Laffitte, then the center of the Paris art business.
Vollard organized Cézanne's first one-man exhibit and, as was his habit, bought works directly from the artist, building a collection of enormous value. He also bought work from van Gogh, Gauguin, Bonnard, Denis, Redon, Vuillard, Derain, Rouault, Vlaminck, Rousseau, Picasso, Maillol, and Matisse, often holding back the work for years to take advantage of rising prices.
Vollard is also known for his print publishing business (1890s through 1900) and for establishing the genre of the illustrated art book (livre d'artiste). After 1915 Vollard launched over 40 publishing projects with artists, many of which were incomplete when he died in 1939. Vollard wrote several books on artists (Cézanne, Renoir, Degas, among them) as well as his memoir, published in English with the title Recollections of a Picture Dealer (1936, 1978).

Administrative Information

Access

Open for use by qualified researchers. Read only. May not be copied or printed. Restricted.

Publication Rights

Preferred Citation

Miscellaneous papers regarding Ambroise Vollard, 1890-1939, bulk 1890-1910, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 2001.M.24.

Acquisition Information

The collection was assembled from various sources by Gerrard White, who also made the transcriptions in the collection. Acquired by the Getty Research Library in 2004.

Processing History

Processed by J. Gibbs and Lily Tsukahira.

Scope and Content of Collection

Collection comprises original and photocopied letters and records related to the art dealer Ambroise Vollard and the artists he represented. Also included are transcriptions of photocopied materials.
Included are: 83 items of correspondence, 3 documents, 18 b&w photographs, 12 publications, 1 sketchbook, 2 watercolors, and 1 lithograph. The photocopies of stockbooks, account books, and correspondence, were made from original materials, some of which are now in the Musee D'Orsay. The transcriptions were made by Gerrard White from the photocopies.
Correspondence centers on artists Paul Gauguin, Georges Rouault, Pierre Bonnard, Edouard Vuillard, Théophile Alexandre Steinlen, Daniel de Monfreid, Henri Gabriel Ibels, and Maurice Denis; prominent critics such as Felix Feneon, Roger Marx, Andre Mellerio, Gabriel Mourey, and Jules Laforgue; dealers such as Vollard, Edouard Kleinmann, and Durand Ruel; collectors such as Chaudet, Gabriel Frizeau, and Alexandre Natanson; publishers such as Floury and Marty; and the print dealer André Clot.
This collection was assembled by Gerrard White from various sources including Maurice Malingue, the family of André Mellerio, Baron Benys Cochin, the heirs of André Clot, John Rewald, and Vollard heir Lucien Sébastien.

Arrangement note

Arranged in 5 series: Correspondence concerning Paul Gauguin, 1897-1917; Other correspondence, 1891-1939; Correspondence regarding Vollard's painters and the art market, 1887-1924; Ambroise Vollard dealer's records and related records in other repositories, ca. 1894-1935; Catalogues, monographs and exhibition documentation

Indexing Terms

Subjects - Names

Bonnard, Pierre, 1867-1947
Clot, André
Denis, Maurice, 1870-1943
Floury, Henri
Frizeau, Gabriel
Fénéon, Félix, 1861-1944
Gauguin, Paul, 1848-1903
Ibels, Henri-Gabriel, 1867-1936
Kleinmann, Edouard
Laforgue, Jules, 1860-1887
Marty, Andre, 1857-
Marx, Roger, 1859-1913
Mellerio, André, b. 1862
Monfreid, Daniel de, 1856-1929
Mourey, Gabriel, 1865-1943
Natanson, Alexandre, d. 1936
Rouault, Georges, 1871-1958
Steinlen, Théophile Alexandre, 1859-1923
Vollard, Ambroise, 1867-1939

Subjects - Corporate Bodies

Galerie Durand-Ruel
Galerie Vollard

Subjects - Topics

Art dealers--France--Paris
Art--Collectors and collecting--History
Art--Marketing--History
Artists' illustrated books
Artists--France--Paris
Collectors and collecting--France--History

Genres and Forms of Material

Correspondence
Photographic prints
Photographs, Original
Prints

Contributors

Getty Research Institute. Research Library
Getty Research Institute
Monfreid, Daniel de, 1856-1929
Steinlen, Théophile Alexandre, 1859-1923
Vollard, Ambroise, 1867-1939
Vuillard, Edouard, 1868-1940


Container List

 

Series I. Correspondence concerning Paul Gauguin, 1897-1917

Scope and Content Note

Letters concern the sale of Gauguin's art, the critical reception of his work, and the handling of his personal and business affairs, dating mostly from the last decade of the artist's life. The correspondence reveals the roles played in Gauguin's career by his dealer, Ambroise Vollard, and his close friends, particularly Daniel de Monfreid. The provenance of the majority of letters is Maurice Malingue.
Box 1, Folder 1

Georges Chaudet to Paul Gauguin, 1897

Physical Description: 1.0 item
Box 1, Folder 2

Jean Dolent to Roger Marx

Physical Description: 1.0 item
Box 1, Folder 3-5

Gustave Fayet to Paul Gauguin, 1900-1902

Physical Description: 3.0 items
Box 1, Folder 3

Oct 1900

Box 1, Folder 4

Nov 1901

Box 1, Folder 5

1902

Box 1, Folder 6

Paul Gauguin to Georges Chaudet

Physical Description: 1.0 item
Box 1, Folder 7

Mette Gauguin to Daniel de Monfreid, 1893, 1907

Physical Description: 2.0 letters
Box 1, Folder 8

Daniel de Monfreid to Paul Gauguin, 9 Juin 1903

Physical Description: 1 letter, 2 leaves, 4 pp.
Box 1, Folder 9

Daniel de Monfreid to Mette Gauguin, 1907

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf, 3 pp.
Box 1, Folder 10

Annette Monfreid to Mette Gauguin, Avril 1907

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf, 2 pp.
Box 1, Folder 11

Daniel de Monfreid to Alexandre Natanson, 1908

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf, 3 pp.
Box 1, Folder 12

Daniel Monfreid to Emile Shuffenecker, 1903

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf, 4 pp.
Box 1, Folder 13-19

Vollard to Daniel de Monfreid

Physical Description: 7.0 items, 10 leaves
Box 1, Folder 13

Receipt for four Gauguin paintings 1898

Box 1, Folder 14

Dec 1900

Box 1, Folder 15

1901

Box 1, Folder 16

1901

Box 1, Folder 17

18 Sept 1901

Box 1, Folder 18

Oct 1901

Box 1, Folder 19

23 Dec 1901

Box 1, Folder 20-22

Vollard to Paul Gauguin

Physical Description: 3.0 items
Box 1, Folder 20

Fev 1902

Box 1, Folder 21

Avril 1902

Box 1, Folder 22

Mai 1902

Box 1, Folder 23-27

Vollard to Daniel de Monfreid

Physical Description: 5.0 items
Box 1, Folder 23

1903

Box 1, Folder 24

Sept 1903

Box 1, Folder 25

Oct 1903

Box 1, Folder 26

Mai 1905

Box 1, Folder 27

1917

Box 1, Folder 28

Vollard to unidentified, undated

Physical Description: 1.0 item
 

Series II. Other correspondence, 1891-1939

Physical Description: 15.0 items

Scope and Content Note

Contains Vollard's correspondence with Andrè Clot, Gabriel Frizeau, Georges Rouault, and Dr. Goubert, a contract between Vollard and Rouault, and a receipt from Marc Chagall to Vollard. Also, letters from Emile Bernard to Ary Leblond.
Box 1, Folder 29

Emile Bernard to Ary Leblond

Physical Description: 6.0 letters
Box 1, Folder 30

Marc Chagall to Vollard, receipt and letter

Physical Description: 2.0 leaves
Box 1, Folder 31-32

Georges Rouault to Vollard, undated

Physical Description: 2.0 letters
Box 1, Folder 33

Vollard to Dr. Goubert, 1891

Physical Description: 1.0 letter, 6 leaves

Scope and Content Note

Regarding Raffaëlli.
Box 1, Folder 34

Vollard to Gabriel Frizeau, 1903

Physical Description: 1.0 item
Box 1, Folder 35

Vollard to André Clot, 1911

Physical Description: 1.0 item
Box 1, Folder 36

Vollard to Gabriel Frizeau, 1917

Physical Description: 1.0 item
Box 1, Folder 37

Vollard to Georges Rouault, 1935

Physical Description: 1.0 letter, 5 leaves

Scope and Content Note

Missing one leaf.
Box 1, Folder 38

Vollard to Georges Rouault: contract, 1939

Physical Description: 9.0 leaves

Scope and Content Note

Typed, carbon; pages taped together along 1 edge to form binding
 

Series III. Correspondence regarding Vollard's painters and the art market, 1887-1924

Physical Description: 42.0 letters

Scope and Content Note

Letters between artists, collectors, and dealers in Vollard's circle. In addition to Vollard, the art market, and art criticism, letters touch on printmaking and publication. Arranged alphabetically by writer, however the letter from Kleinmann is filed with the Steinlen correspondence.
Box 2, Folder 1

Pierre Bonnard to André Clot, 30 Jan 1902

Physical Description: 1.0 p.
Box 2, Folder 2

George Bottini to Edouard Kleinmann, undated

Physical Description: 11.0 letters
Box 2, Folder 3

Gustave Caillebott to Edmond de Bellio (collector), 2 fevr 1887

Physical Description: 1.0 postcard
Box 2, Folder 4

Paul Cézanne to Emile Bernard, 24 aoüt 1904

Physical Description: 2.0 pp.

Scope and Content Note

Pages stuck together; need conservation treatment.
Box 2, Folder 5

Maurice Denis and Maurice Dumont to André Marty, 7 Nov 1894

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf, 2 pp.
Box 2, Folder 6

Maurice Denis to André Clot, undated

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf, 2 pp.
Box 2, Folder 7

Maurice Denis to Edouard Vuillard, undated

Physical Description: 2.0 calling cards

Scope and Content Note

Message written on cards.
Box 2, Folder 8

Marcellin Desboutins to Roger Marx, 27 fevr 1888

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf, 3 pp.
Box 2, Folder 9

Joseph Durand-Ruel to André Mellerio, jan 1924

Physical Description: 2.0 letters, 2 pp.
Box 2, Folder 10

Henri Fantin-Latour to Roger Marx, 16 jan 1892

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf
Box 2, Folder 11

Henri Fantin-Latour to Roger Marx, 2 mars 1892

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf
Box 2, Folder 12

Felix Fénéon to Alexandre Natanson, 17 juin 1915

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf
Box 2, Folder 13

Henri Gabriel Ibels to Henri Foury, 20 mai 1914

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf
Box 2, Folder 14

Charles Lacoste to Gabriel Frizeau, 2 avril 1921

Physical Description: 4.0 pp.

Scope and Content Note

With envelope.
Box 2, Folder 15

Jules Laforgue to André Mellerio, 8 mars 1901

Physical Description: 2.0 pp.

Scope and Content Note

With envelope.
Box 2, Folder 16

Odilon Redon to Joseph Durand-Ruel, 16 juillet 1889

Physical Description: 2.0 pp.
Box 2, Folder 17

Odilon Redon to Gabriel Mourey, 19 Dec 1910

Physical Description: 2.0 pp.
Box 2, Folder 18

Georges Rouault to A. Athis, Galerie Druet, 25 fev 1925

Physical Description: 1.0 p.
Box 2, Folder 19-26

Théophile Alexandre Steinlen correspondence, 1886-1929

Physical Description: 8.0 items
Box 2, Folder 19

Letter to Edouard Kleinmann, 14 Oct 1896

Physical Description: 3.0 pp.
Box 2, Folder 20

Letter to Henri Floury, 21 mars 1903

Physical Description: 1.0 p.
Box 2, Folder 21

Letter to Edouard Kleinmann, 9 juillet, 1901

Physical Description: 4.0 pp.

Scope and Content Note

Written from Norway
Box 2, Folder 22

Letter to André Clot, 12 mars 1903

Physical Description: 1.0 p.
Box 2, Folder 23

Postcard to Edouard Kleinmann, 28 Jul 1922

Physical Description: 1.0 item
Box 2, Folder 24

Letter from Edouard Kleinmann, 1929

Physical Description: 2.0 leaves
Box 2, Folder 25

Letter to Edouard Kleinmann, undated

Physical Description: 1.0 leaf, 2 pp.
Box 2, Folder 26

Note to Roger Marx, undated

Physical Description: 1.0 item

Scope and Content Note

One calling card with handwritten message.
Box 2, Folder 27

Edouard Vuillard letters to Pierre Bonnard, undated

Physical Description: 3.0 items

Scope and Content Note

One 4 pp. letter, 1 postcard with image of Versailles dated 6 fevrier, 1 postcard, image of Place Clichy.
Box 2, Folder 28

Edouard Vuillard to Roger Marx

Physical Description: 1.0 item

Scope and Content Note

1 calling card with handwritten message.
Box 2, Folder 29

Photographic portraits of Vollard, 1934, undated

Physical Description: 4.0 photographs

Scope and Content Note

Includes 1 Brassai photograph, dated 1934.
 

Series IV. Ambroise Vollard dealer's records and related records in other repositories, ca. 1894-1935

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies made from original materials now in other repositories, including the Musée D'Orsay. Includes transcriptions made by Gerrard White. No original materials, except the photographs and Forain sketchbook and prints. Photocopies of Vollard's account books and correspondence books were acquired by Gerrard White from John Rewald.
Box 3, Folder 1

Stock book/ledger, 1894

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies.
Box 3, Folder 2

Carnet Cézanne, 189?

Scope and Content Note

Ledger; photocopy.
Box 3, Folder 3

Stock book, 1895-1900

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy.
Box 3, Folder 4

Stock book/ledger, 1900-1902

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy.
Box 3, Folder 5

Financial ledger, 1904

Scope and Content Note

Monies owed to dealers and artists; photocopy.
Box 3, Folder 6

Stock book, 1904-1909

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy.
Box 3, Folder 7

Another copy of Stock book, 1904-1909

Scope and Content Note

Unbound, annotated; photocopy.
Box 3, Folder 8

Shipping ledger, 1912-1923

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy.
Box 3, Folder 9

Consignments ledger, 1925-1933

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy.
Box 4

Vollard letters, 1899-ca. 1920

Scope and Content Note

Spiral bound. See Box 5, folder 3 for Gerrard White's transcriptions of these letters. Photocopies.
Box 5, Folder 1

Letters to Vollard, ca. 1917-1935

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies.
Box 5, Folder 2

Letters to Vollard, ca. 1895-1935

Scope and Content Note

Seem to be organized alphabetically from Sequin to Zola. Photocopies.
Box 5, Folder 3

Gerrard White's transcriptions of the Ambroise Vollard letters, 1899-ca. 1920

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies. See also photocopies of originals in Box 4.
Box 5, Folder 4

André Clot letters received

Scope and Content Note

Several hundred letters addressed to the printer/printmaker from the artists with whom he worked. Photocopies.
Box 5, Folder 5

Baron Denys Cochin papers

Scope and Content Note

Circa 120 pp of documents concerning the Cochin collection, with receipts and letters from dealers, invoices, lists of paintings sold. Photocopies.
Box 5, Folder 6

Sketchbook by Jean Louis Forain, undated

Scope and Content Note

Pencil and watercolor sketches; annotation on 1st page: "Croquis de Riki et de Forain." See also watercolors in Box 5, f.7, and lithograph in Box 10*, folder 1.
Box 5, Folder 7

2 watercolors, by Jean Louis Forain (?), undated

Scope and Content Note

Portraits of Vollard. See also Forain lithograph portrait of Vollard in Box 10*, f.1
Box 10*, Folder 1

Lithograph by Jean Louis Forain, undated

Scope and Content Note

Portrait of Vollard.
Box 10*, Folder 2

Photographs of Renoir paintings, authenticated by him

Physical Description: 4.0 photographs

Scope and Content Note

Mounted on board, signed and dated by P.-A. Renoir.
Box 10*, Folder 3

Photographs of paintings

Physical Description: 10.0 photographs

Scope and Content Note

Includes work by Degas, Cézanne, Mary Cassatt, Henri Rousseau.
Box 11

Gerrard White's complete transcription of the Ambroise Vollard dealer archive

Physical Description: 1.0 cartridge

Scope and Content Note

Includes transcriptions of the account books and correspondence books. On 2.5 megabyte Jaz cartridge. Read only. May not be copied or printed. Restricted.
 

Series V. Catalogues, monographs and exhibition documentation, 1915-1930

Physical Description: 12.0 items

Scope and Content Note

Printed ephemera and catalogues from Galerie Vollard.
Box 6, Folder 1

Printed exhibition lists/brochures from Galerie Vollard

Physical Description: 5.0 items
Box 6, Folder 2

Ambroise Vollard. Le Père Ubu à l'hopital. Paris: Editions Georges Crès et cie, 1918

Box 6, Folder 3

Ambroise Vollard. La Politique Coloniale du Père Ubu. Zurich: Editions Georges Crès et cie, 1919

Box 6, Folder 4

Ambroise Vollard. Paul Cezanne. Paris: Ambroise Vollard, 1915

Box 6, Folder 5

Ambroise Vollard. Sainte Monique. Paris: Ambroise Vollard, 1930

Box 7

Catalogue complet des Editions Ambroise Vollard, 1930

Scope and Content Note

Number 74 of an edition of 625.
Box 8

Ambroise Vollard. La vie & l'oeuvre de Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Paris: Chez Ambroise Vollard, 1919

Box 9

Ambroise Vollard. Le Père Ubu à la Guerre. Paris: Ambroise Vollard, 1923