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Jane Goodale Papers
MSS 0643  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Access
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Publication Rights
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Creator: Goodale, Jane C. (Jane Carter), 1926-
    Title: Jane Goodale Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1948-1997
    Extent: 15.72 linear feet (37 archives boxes, 3 card file boxes, 7 oversize folders.)
    Abstract: Papers of Jane C. Goodale, an American anthropologist and photographer who conducted ethnographic research on Kaulong-speaking people of New Britain Island in Papua New Guinea. Goodale studied daily life and customs, identity, gender identity, gender relations, attitudes towards sexuality and marriage, the ritual of death, and the song performances. The papers largely document her fieldwork conducted among the Kaulong during three field trips to southwest New Britain (1962-1964, 1967-1968, and 1974). They are rich in primary ethnographic data and include diaries, field notebooks, typed transcriptions, genealogies, audiorecordings, color slides, and photographs. Also included are grammars, vocabularies, and linguistic materials for Kaulong and Tok Pisin languages. A unique part of this collection are color slides (over 240 rolls) and audiorecordings documenting in detail social life, customs, and song performances of the Kaulong. In addition to ethnographic data, the papers comprise manuscripts of published and unpublished works, primarily related to Goodale's fieldwork in New Britain, and correspondence with colleagues, friends, students, editors, granting agencies, and local government officials in Papua New Guinea. Materials related to Goodale's fieldwork with the Tiwi people of North Australia are not included in the collection. Although the papers span the period of 1948 to 1997, the bulk of the collection was created between 1962-1974. The papers are arranged in thirteen series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS; 2) UMBI FIELDNOTES, 1962-1964; 3) ANGELEK FIELDNOTES, 1967-1968; 4) ANGELEK FIELDNOTES, 1974; 5) GENEALOGY NOTES; 6) LINGUISTIC MATERIALS; 7) WRITINGS BY GOODALE; 8) WRITINGS BY OTHERS; 9) TEACHING MATERIALS; 10) SUBJECT FILES; 11) CORRESPONDENCE; 12) RECORDINGS; and 13) PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS.
    Repository: University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
    La Jolla, California 92093-0175
    Collection number: MSS 0643
    Language of Material: Collection materials in English

    Access

    Letters of recommendation located in box 16, folder 21 are restricted until 2029. Master reel-to-reel and cassette audiotapes in Series 12 are restricted. Researchers must request a listening copy to be produced.

    Acquisition Information

    Not Available

    Preferred Citation

    Jane Goodale Papers, MSS 0643. Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD.

    Publication Rights

    Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.

    Biography

    Jane C. Goodale, American anthropologist, photographer, and carver was born on May 18, 1926. Goodale attended Radcliffe College (B.A., 1948), continued her Ph.D. study at Harvard University (M.A., 1951) and at the University of Pennsylvania (Ph.D., 1959). She studied with and was influenced by Carlton Steven Coon, A. Irving Hallowell, Loren Eiseley, and Ward Goodenough.
    Her first independent fieldwork was at Melville Island in North Australia in 1954, where Goodale stayed for ten months among the Tiwi and conducted research for her dissertation (1959) and book TIWI WIVES (1971). In 1962, she went to southwest New Britain with her colleague in anthropology, Ann Chowning, and they conceived a joint fieldwork project. They found two inland areas with people speaking two distinct Austronesian languages and practicing traditional ways of life and rituals. Goodale focused on Kaulong-speaking communities and Chowning studied Senseng-speaking people. The study areas were located north of the administrative headquarters at Kandrian. The initial objective of fieldwork was the holistic ethnographic description of culture, social, economic, and religious organization, as well as beliefs and practices. With support from the National Science Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, National Institute for Mental Health, National Geographic Society, and American Council of Learned Societies, Goodale made a total of four visits to New Britain, spending about three years among the Kaulong people.
    During her first visit to the village of Umbi, in 1963-1964, Goodale focused on studying the nature of gender differences and gender relations and learning Kaulong and Tok Pisin languages. During her second visit to the village of Angelek in 1967-1968, Goodale studied gender differentiation and attitudes towards sexuality and marriage even more closely and also focused on politics, the ritual of death, and song performances accompanying rituals. During her final visit to Angelek in 1974, Goodale continued to study song performances and solely focused on transcribing 300 recorded songs that were in her possession by that time. With extensive photographic support from the National Geographic Society, Goodale was able to take over 240 rolls of color slides documenting in detail daily life and customs in Umbi and Angelek. A fair number of slides were later published in "Blowgun Hunters of the South Pacific" in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE (Vol. 129, No. 6, 1966) and in her other books and articles.
    Goodale has published extensively on social life and customs, self-perception, identity, gender identity, and gender relations among the Tiwi of North Australia and Kaulong people of New Britain Island. Goodale is especially known for her three monographs TIWI WIVES: A STUDY OF THE WOMEN OF MELVILLE ISLAND OF NORTH AUSTRALIA (1971), TO SING WITH PIGS IS HUMAN: THE CONCEPT OF PERSON IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA (1995), and THE TWO PARTY-LINE: CONVERSATIONS IN THE FIELD (1996). In addition to books, she has also published chapters in books, articles, and given numerous conference presentations.
    Goodale taught anthropology at Bryn Mawr College from 1961 until her retirement in 1995. She has also taught at the University of Pennsylvania and at Barnard College, Columbia University. From 1950 to 1961 she was a research assistant at the University of Pennsylvania Museum.
    Jane Goodale is professor emeritus at Bryn Mawr College and resides in Massachusetts.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Jane Goodale Papers document Goodale's fieldwork with the Kaulong speaking people of New Britain Island of Papua New Guinea conducted in 1962-1964, 1967-1968, and 1974. Goodale studied Kaulong and Tok Pisin languages, the nature of gender differences and gender relations, attitudes towards sexuality and marriage, the ritual of death, and the song performances accompanying rituals of Kaulong speaking communities. Well represented in the papers are primary ethnographic data collected in diaries, field notebooks, notebook typed transcriptions, genealogies, audiorecordings, color slides, and photographs. Also included are grammars, vocabularies, and other linguistic materials for Kaulong and Tok Pisin languages. Of special value are over 240 rolls of color slides and audiorecordings (99 reel-to-reel tapes and audio cassettes) documenting daily life, customs, and song performances of the Kaulong. A significant part of the collection are published and unpublished manuscripts, articles, and conference papers, based on the data generated from the fieldwork in New Britain, and correspondence with colleagues, friends, students, editors, grant agencies, informants, and local government officials in Papua New Guinea.
    The papers are arranged in thirteen series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS; 2) UMBI FIELDNOTES, 1962-1964; 3) ANGELEK FIELDNOTES, 1967-1968; 4) ANGELEK FIELDNOTES, 1974; 5) GENEALOGY NOTES; 6) LINGUISTIC MATERIALS; 7) WRITINGS BY GOODALE; 8) WRITINGS BY OTHERS; 9) TEACHING MATERIALS; 10) SUBJECT FILES; 11) CORRESPONDENCE; 12) RECORDINGS; and 13) PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS.
    SERIES 1: BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS
    The BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS series contains her curriculum vitae and newspaper articles mentioning Goodale's fieldwork.
    SERIES 2: UMBI FIELDNOTES, 1962-1964
    The UMBI FIELDNOTES series documents Goodale's fieldwork conducted in the Kaulong village of Umbi on New Britain Island and is arranged in five subseries: A) Field Notebooks, B) Field Notebook Typescripts, C) Murdock's Human Relations Area Files, D) Grant Materials, and E) Miscellaneous Materials.
    A) The Field Notebooks are arranged chronologically and contain shorthand handwritten notebooks with descriptive observations of people, daily activities, customs, rituals, genealogical notes, vocabulary lists, notes on song performances, and references to recorded tapes. The subseries also includes a diary with notes on patrol reports and genealogy and it is placed in the beginning of the subseries.
    B) The Field Notebook Typescripts are arranged chronologically and include one typewritten transcription and two summaries of the diary.
    C) The Murdock's Human Relations Area Files contain typewritten notes extracted from notebooks and compiled by Goodale according to subject categories described in Murdock's classification system for cultural anthropology. Goodale brought together all pages dealing with a particular subject or aspect of culture and compiled them preserving the chronological order in which they appear in notebooks. The files are arranged in numerical order using numbers assigned to subject categories in Murdock's classification system.
    D) The Grant Materials contain grant application guidelines, drafts of grant proposals and final reports, receipts of supplies, check books, and air tickets documenting fieldwork expenses.
    E) The Miscellaneous Materials contain notes on a spherical object (stone artifact) found in Papua New Guinea, meteorological observations and charts of weather, notes on food eaten in Umbi, notes on fieldwork expenses, and drawings of the plan for Jane Goodale's house in Umbi.
    SERIES 3: ANGELEK FIELDNOTES, 1967-1968
    The ANGELEK FIELDNOTES series documents Goodale's first visit to the village of Angelek in New Britain and is arranged in five subseries: A) Field Notebooks, B) Field Notebook Typescripts, C) Murdock's Human Relations Area Files, D) Grant Materials, and E) Miscellaneous Materials.
    A) The Field Notebooks are arranged chronologically and contain shorthand notebooks with handwritten descriptions of daily activities, interviews with informants, details from conversations, vocabulary lists, notes on songs, references to tape recordings, and observations of rituals and customs. The subseries also includes two diaries and Kaulong chronology notes on the history of the Kaulong speaking region of New Britain.
    B) The Field Notebook Typescripts are arranged chronologically and contain typewritten copies of notebooks. The subseries also includes typescript summaries of diaries and notebooks, and election notes. Typescripts summaries are placed in the beginning of the subseries and election notes conclude the subseries.
    C) The Murdock's Human Relations Area Files contain typewritten notes extracted from notebooks and compiled by Goodale according to subject categories described in Murdock's classification system for cultural anthropology. The files are arranged in numerical order using numbers assigned to subject categories in Murdock's classification system.
    D) The Grant Materials contain drafts of grant proposal, preliminary report, final report, and budget notes.
    E) The Miscellaneous Materials subseries contains children's drawings from the village of Angelek.
    SERIES 4: ANGELEK FIELDNOTES, 1974
    The ANGELEK FIELDNOTES series documents Goodale's second visit to Angelek where she transcribed about 300 audiorecordings that were in her possession by that time. The series is arranged in four subseries: A) Field Notebooks, B) Field Notebook Typescripts, C) Murdock's Human Relations Area Files, and D) Grant Materials.
    A) The Field Notebooks are arranged chronologically and contain shorthand notebooks with Goodale's notes on daily activities, interviews with informats regarding music transcriptions, vocabulary lists related to tape recordings, transcriptions of songs, and references to tapes.
    B) The Field Notebook Typescripts are arranged chronologically and contain typewritten copies of notebooks.
    C) The Murdock's Human Relations Area Files contain typewritten notes on one subject category from Murdock's classyfication system - Tillage (241), extracted and compiled by Goodale from notebooks.
    D) The Grant Materials include grant applications guidelines, drafts of submitted applications, and correspondence.
    SERIES 5: GENEALOGY NOTES
    The GENEALOGY NOTES series contains notebooks with notes on households, people's names, and kinship charts.
    SERIES 6: LINGUISTIC MATERIALS
    The LINGUISTIC MATERIALS series documents Goodale's study of Kaulong language in the field and is arranged in three subseries: A) Kaulong Language Notes, B) Reference Materials, and C) Kaulong Language Dictionaries.
    A) The Kaulong Language Notes contain typescripts with vocabulary lists extracted from notebooks and compiled by Goodale. Vocabulary lists preserve the same order in which they appear in notebooks.
    B) The Reference Materials contain photocopies and typescripts with grammar and vocabulary information on Melanesian languages used by Goodale in New Britain.
    C) The Kaulong Language Dictionaries contain compiled and handwritten notebooks of Kaulong-English and English-Kaulong dictionaries and a box of note cards with Kaulong words along with their meanings in English which are arranged alphabetically.
    SERIES 7: WRITINGS BY GOODALE
    The WRITINGS BY GOODALE series is arranged in five subseries: A) Books and Chapters in Books, B) Articles, C) Conference Papers, D) Graduate Papers, and E) Miscellaneous Writings.
    A) The Books and Chapters in Books include drafts and production materials for two of Goodale's books, TO SING WITH PIGS IS HUMAN: THE CONCEPT OF PERSON IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA (1995) and THE TWO-PARTY LINE: CONVERSATION IN THE FIELD (1996). Also included are her writings for encyclopedias and books authored and edited by others. Materials documenting production of Goodale's books are placed in the beginning of the subseries and followed by materials related to the production of chapters in books, which are arranged alphabetically by the title.
    B) The Articles subseries includes folders typically containing the reprint and typed drafts of the paper.
    C) The Conference Papers include handwritten and typed paper drafts, paper outlines, or notes.
    D) The Graduate Papers contain two papers one of which was submitted for an anthropology class at Harvard University and another at the University of Pennsylvania.
    E) The Miscellaneous Writings subseries includes unpublished notes on various topics related to fieldwork in New Britain and a review for a book by Gilbert Herdt.
    SERIES 8: WRITINGS BY OTHERS
    The WRITINGS BY OTHERS series is in alphabetical order by the last name of the author and arranged in two subseries: A) Articles and B) Bibliography Cards.
    A) The Articles subseries contains typescripts, reprints, or photocopies of articles that were very important for or related to Goodale's research in Papua New Guinea. The subseries includes unpublished works of Ann Chowning and articles discussing archaeological findings in New Britain.
    B) The Bibliography Cards refer to publications that Goodale consulted and contain note cards with author's name, title of the publication, publication information, and, occasionally, library call numbers.
    SERIES 9: TEACHING MATERIALS
    The TEACHING MATERIALS series is arranged alphabetically by the folder title and contains course materials related to her teaching career at Bryn Mawr College such as notes, syllabi, exam questions, and lists of suggested readings.
    SERIES 10: SUBJECT FILES
    The SUBJECT FILES series is arranged alphabetically by the subject and contains primarily research materials related to Goodale's fieldwork in New Britain. Included are fieldwork area maps, maps of the South Pacific Islands, maps of open electorates in Papua New Guinea, and correspondence, notes, newspaper clippings, documents, and memorandums related to the Papua New Guinea House of Assembly Elections 1968 Study in which Goodale participated while in Papua New Guinea.
    SERIES 11: CORRESPONDENCE
    The CORRESPONDENCE series, arranged chronologically, contains letters from colleagues, friends, students, informants, and local government officials in Papua New Guinea. Among most frequent correspondents are Ann Chowning, Judith W. Huntsman, H. L. Alexander, Nancy Williams, Ann Smith, Bob Tonkinson, and Longina Jakubowska.
    SERIES 12: RECORDINGS
    The RECORDINGS series documents song performances recorded by Goodale in Umbi and Angelek during her three visits to New Britain Island. Included are tape transcriptions, notes on tapes, and audiorecordings in reel-to-reel and cassette formats. The series is arranged in four subseries: A) Umbi Fieldwork Tapes and Notes, 1962-1964, B) Angelek Fieldwork Tapes and Notes, 1967-1968, C) Angelek Fieldwork Tapes and Notes, 1974, and D) Miscellaneous Tapes.
    A) The Umbi Fieldwork Tapes and Notes, 1962-1964 subseries, contains an index to tapes and reel-to-reel tapes recorded in Umbi. The subseries includes 7 source tapes and 2 sets of duplicate tapes. The source tapes are arranged chronologically with the index to tapes placed in the beginning of the subseries.
    B) The Angelek Fieldwork Tapes and Notes, 1967-1968, contain a handwritten and typed index to tapes and notes on tapes, 35 original reel-to-reel tapes recorded in Angelek and 13 reel-to-reel tapes later compiled by Goodale from the originals. Index to tapes and notes on tapes are placed in the beginning of the subseries, followed by original tapes, and then by compiled tapes. Both sets of tapes are arranged by the number originally assigned by Goodale to each tape.
    C) The Angelek Fieldwork Tapes and Notes, 1974 contain an index to tapes, notes on tapes, 18 cassette tapes compiled by Goodale from source tapes recorded in Angelek in 1967-1968, 3 cassette tapes compiled from source tapes recorded in Umbi in 1962-1964, and 15 cassette source tapes recorded in Angelek in 1974. Compiled tapes were created in 1974 and used by Goodale for transcriptions during her visit to Angelek. The subseries is arranged in numerical order using Goodale's original numbering system. In the beginning of the subseries are indexes, notes on tapes, followed by series of compiled tapes, and concluded by source tapes.
    D) The Miscellaneous Tapes contain unidentified and undated reel-to-reel tapes.
    SERIES 13: PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS
    The PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS series documents daily life of Kaulong speaking communities in New Britain, as well as regional costumes, rituals, dance, and song performances. Also included are slides and photographs of other Papua New Guinea regions and Melanesia Islands. The series is arranged in six subseries: A) Umbi Fieldwork Slides, 1963-1964, B) Angelek Fieldwork Slides, 1967-1968, C) Selections of Slides Arranged by Topic, 1963-1968, D) Selections of Slides Used in Publications, and E) Miscellaneous Slides of Melanesia, 1962 and 1987.
    A) The Umbi Fieldwork Slides, 1963-1964, were taken during Goodale's fieldwork in Umbi of New Britain Island. The subseries contains an index to slides and 170 rolls of film. The subseries is arranged numerically using roll numbers assigned by Goodale with the index to slides placed in the beginning of the subseries.
    B) The Angelek Filedwork Slides, 1967-1968, were taken during Goodale's fieldwork in Angelek of New Britain Island. The subseries contains an index to slides and 29 rolls of film. The subseries is arranged numerically using roll numbers assigned by Goodale with the index to slides placed in the beginning of the subseries.
    C) The Selections of Slides Arranged by Topic, 1963-1987, includes slides from both field trips and from Cruz Illiria to Melanesia in 1987. The subseries preserves Goodale's original arrangement and includes two series of selections. Each selection in the series has an assigned number. Selections are grouped by topic and document various aspects of daily life and customs of Kaulong people.
    D) The Selections of Slides Used in Publications includes selections of slides pulled by Goodale primarily for her two books TWO PARTY LINE and TO SING WITH PIGS IS HUMAN. The slides for TWO-PARTY LINE are placed in the beginning of the subseries followed by slides for TO SING WITH PIGS, which are grouped by chapters.
    E) The Miscellaneous Slides of Melanesia, 1962 and 1987, document Goodale's trip to Melanesia Islands with Cruz Illiria. The subseries includes color slides and photographs documenting daily activities of trip participants, nature, and Melanesian people. Also included are slides of Goodale's and Nancy Bower's visit to highland villages in New Britain. The subseries is arranged alphabetically by the title of the folder.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    Goodale, Jane C.(Jane Carter), 1926- -- Archives
    Ethnology -- Papua New Guinea -- West New Britain Province -- Field work
    Kaulong (Papua New Guinea people) -- Social life and customs
    Sengseng (Papua New Guinea people) -- Social life and customs
    West New Britain Province (Papua New Guinea) -- Social life and customs
    Papua New Guinea -- Pictorial works
    Photographic prints -- Papua New Guinea -- 20th century.

    Contributors

    Chowning, Martha Ann. -- correspondent
    Huntsman, Judith -- correspondent
    Tonkinson, Robert -- correspondent
    Williams, Nancy M. -- correspondent