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Register of the Vrangel' family papers
95012  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms
  • Related Material

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Vrangel' family papers
    Dates: 1849-2003
    Collection number: 95012
    Creator: Vrangel' family
    Collection Size: 9 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box 6 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: The Vrangel' family papers include correspondence, printed matter, and photographs, relating to Russian military activities during World War I, White Russian military activities during the Russian Civil War, and especially to Russian émigré affairs in the interwar period. Includes obituaries of Petr Vrangel' and letters of condolence following his death. Mainly in Russian.
    Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: Languages represented in the collection: Russian and English

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Microfilm use only.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Vrangel' family papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1995

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    A veteran of the Russian-Japanese War (1904-1905) and World War I General Baron Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' joined the anti-Bolshevik armies in Southern Russia in late 1917. He was known for many years in Russia as the "black baron" and "the last enemy of the Soviet Republic", while on the other hand he was honored as "the last knight of the Russian Empire" by his comrades. Vrangel' was the commander-in-chief of the White Army in the final stage of the Civil War and leader of the White émigré movement.
    After the rout in early 1920 of the Denikin forces, Vrangel' succeeded Denikin in command and soon whipped the demoralized remains of the White Army into shape. He also tried to win popular support with a program for land reform. Vrangel' was successful for a while on the Crimean front, but after the Russian armistice with Poland in October 1920, the Communists were able to concentrate larger forces against him. Vrangel' was forced back into the Crimea, and in November 1920, he had to evacuate his forces to Constantinople. The Russian Civil War thus came to an end. Vrangel' died in exile at Brussels. His children believed he had been poisoned by the Soviet secret police. He is buried in the Russian Cathedral in Belgrade.
    This collection contains personal papers of the members of the Vrangel' family: General Baron Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel', his wife Baroness Ol'ga Mikhailovna Vrangel' (including papers relating to her grandfather, conservative Russian journalist Mikhail Katkov), their son Baron Alexis (Aleksei Petrovich) Vrangel', and grandson Baron Petr Petrovich Vrangel', as well as his mother Baroness Maria Dmitrievna Vrangel', his brother Baron Nikolai Nikolaevich Vrangel', and granddaughter Natal'ia.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Vrangel' family papers include correspondence, photographs, and military papers relating to Russian military activities during World War I, White Russian military activities during the Russian Civil War, and especially to Russian émigré affairs in the interwar period and after. They include obituaries of Petr Vrangel' and letters of condolence following his death. The materials are mainly in Russian.
    This collection contains personal papers of the members of the Vrangel' family: Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel', his wife Ol'ga Mikhailovna Vrangel', their son Alexis (Aleksei Petrovich) Vrangel', and grandson Petr Petrovich Vrangel', as well as his mother Baroness Maria Dmitrievna Vrangel', his brother Nikolai Nikolaevich Vrangel', and granddaughter Natal'ia.
    A significant part of the collection are the letters from Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' to his wife Ol'ga during his time in the Army. The original correspondence was sent over an extensive time period; starting in pre-revolutionary times, through the Russian Revolution and Civil War period, and ending with the emigration. The letters give a unique picture of the dynamic situation in the Russian Army in exile with information on various people, military units and schools in emigration.
    Baroness Olga Mikhailovna Vrangel' worked as a volunteer nurse with the Russian Army during World War I, and after the revolution headed a group of volunteers who organized a tuberculosis sanitarium in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. During the 1930s, while living in Belgium, she raised funds for the support and education of young Russian refugees. She later came to the United States, where she died in 1968. Olga Mikhailovna served as chairman of the Ladies Welfare Committee at Our Lady of Kazan Russian Orthodox Church in Long Island. Her papers include personal documents and correspondence.
    The papers of Baron Alexis (Aleksei Petrovich) Vrangel' contain materials on their family genealogy, correspondence, and a memoirs relating to the Russian Civil War and his grandfather Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel'.
    The increment received in 2009 contains material relating to conservative Russian journalist Mikhail Katkov, grandfather of Olga Vrangel.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized into four series: Family file, Photographs, Mlitary Archive, and Katkov Family file.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    World War, 1914-1918-Russia
    Refugees
    Russia. Armiia--Officers
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921
    Russia--Emigration and immigration
    Vrangel', Petr Nikolaevich, baron, 1878-1928.

    Related Material

    There are two additional Vrangel' collections in the Hoover Institution. One originates with General Baron Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' and another with Baroness Maria D. Vrangel'.
    Vrangel' collection, 1916-1929, Hoover Institution Archives
    Baronessa Mariia Dmitrievna Vrangel' collection, 1915-1944, Hoover Institution Archives