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Inventory of the Resistencia Nicaragüense records, 1983-1989
92001  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Collection Summary

    Title: Resistencia Nicaragüense records, 1983-1989.
    Dates: 1983-1990
    Collection Number: 92001
    Creator: Resistencia Nicaragüense (Organization)
    Collection Size: 28 manuscript boxes (11.2 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: The records pertain to an umbrella organization uniting the main components of the armed resistance to the Sandinista government in Nicaragua in the 1980s. They are comprised largely of correspondence, communiqués, clippings, memoranda, press releases, proposals, programs, and reports. Additionally, there are case files relating to legal proceedings involving some Resistencia Nicaragüense officials.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: In English Spanish

    Administrative Information

    Access

    One box (Box 28) is closed. The remainder of the collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Resistencia Nicaragüense records (Organization), [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1992.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Related Materials

    Resistencia Nicaragüense (Ejercito), Hoover Institution Archives

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Resistencia Nicaragüense records pertain to an umbrella organization uniting the main components of the armed resistance to the Sandinista government in Nicaragua in the 1980s. They are comprised largely of correspondence, communiqués, clippings, memoranda, press releases, proposals, programs, and reports. Additionally, there are case files relating to legal proceedings involving some Resistencia Nicaragüense officials.
    Established in May 1987, Resistencia Nicaragüense succeeded an earlier coalition, Unidad Nicaragüense Opositora. As the political wing of what was generally referred to as the contra movement, Resistencia Nicaragüense was primarily concerned with public relations-disseminating information on the armed resistance, and documenting what it considered to be the repressive nature of the Sandinista government. It was also responsible for formulating policy positions for the resistance, including the elaboration of the negotiating stance of the contras in various peace talks conducted with the Nicaraguan government.
    The records are arranged in the order that they were received. The first eight boxes of the records contain detailed files from the period leading up to the signing of the Sapoá Agreement between the Resistencia Nicaragüense directorate and the Nicaraguan government. These files document the mediation efforts made at the time by Cardinal Miguel Obando y Bravo, and include proposals from both the Resistencia Nicaragüense directorate and the Sandinista leadership, as well as the text of the Sapoá Agreement. There is information on the implementation of the agreement, and the subsequent breakdown of the cease fire that had resulted from the accord.
    The records also contain files relating to the case of Linder v. Calero, a lawsuit brought against four contra officials by the family of Benjamin Linder, an American aid worker killed in Nicaragua. More generally, the records include many press releases and statements issued by the directorate of Resistencia Nicaragüense, as well as a number of reports on military operations conducted by contra forces. There are internal documents that reveal various disagreements between military commanders and the political leadership of the resistance. The records also contain a substantial number of clippings relating to the Nicaraguan civil war and to other political developments in Central America.
    Some of the earlier materials in the records were generated by Unidad Nicaragüense Opositora. There are also numerous materials in the records relating to the individual organizations that comprised Resistencia Nicaragüense, including the Fuerzas Democráticas Nicaragüenses (FDN) and YATAMA (Yapti Tasba Masraka Nanih Aslatakanka), a resistance group formed by Indians from the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua. There is little in the records about the various controversies relating to the Reagan administration's supplying of arms to the contras, nor is there documentation of the broader question of American financial and logistical aid to the resistance.
    A separate collection of materials from the armed wing of the resistance, Ejército records, is closed, although a portion of the collection is available for use on microfilm.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Nicaragua--Politics and government--1979-1990.
    Nicaragua--History--1979-1990.
    Nicaragua--Foreign relations--United States.
    United States--Foreign relations--Nicaragua.