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Automobile Club of Southern California Collection of Photographs and Negatives: Finding Aid
photCL 375  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Access
  • Administrative Information
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Contents
  • Arrangement
  • Related Material
  • Index Terms
  • Photographer Index

  • Overview of the Collection

    Title: Automobile Club of Southern California Collection of Photographs and Negatives
    Dates (inclusive): 1898-1982
    Bulk dates: 1920s-1930s
    Collection Number: photCL 375
    Creator: Automobile Club of Southern California.
    Extent: 10258 photographs (including black-and-white and color photographic prints, negatives, and slides), drawings, and ephemera in 58 boxes (45.36 linear feet)
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Photo Archives
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2129
    Email: rarebooks@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: The collection consists of over 10,000 black-and-white and color photographs, negatives, and slides, as well as pen-and-ink drawings, postcards, and ephemeral materials, dating from 1898 to 1982 (bulk 1920s-1930s), that were collected by the Automobile Club of Southern California. The materials form a general photographic reference collection, as well as a broad visual survey of topics of interest to California motorists. Included are images of sites in North and Central America (with an emphasis on California), Europe, the Pacific Islands, and portraits, as well as images related to other subjects of interest to the Club's membership. Many of the images were published as illustrations for articles in the Club's first member magazine, Touring Topics.
    Language: English.

    Access

    Advance arrangements to view the negatives and slides must be made with the Curator of Photographs. The collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, please visit the Huntington's website: www.huntington.org.  

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Photographs. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Huntington as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Preferred Citation

    Automobile Club of Southern California Collection of Photographs and Negatives. The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Provenance

    Donated by the Automobile Club of Southern California, 1986.
    The collection originally included a number of pictorialist works that were transferred to the Art Division in 1987.

    Processing Information

    The collection was inventoried, rehoused and numbered by Huntington volunteers in the mid-1990s. In 2006, Sue Luftschein performed additional rehousing, arranging and numbering, and created this finding aid based, in part, on the original inventory.

    Physical Characteristics or Technical Requirements

    In addition to photographic prints, the collection contains unprinted negatives and slides. Arrangements for viewing negatives and slides must be made with the Curator of Photographs. All negatives are housed separately from prints. Some of the slides in the collection are glass, and many others are in poor physical condition, and therefore require extra care when handling. Many of the slides have changed color.

    Historical Note

    Founded in Los Angeles in 1900, the Automobile Club of Southern California was one of the nation's first automobile clubs. Its mission included the improvement of roads and driving conditions in the State of California, and the proposing of traffic laws. In 1909, the Automobile Club began publishing its member magazine, Touring Topics, which became Westways in 1933. The magazine chronicled landscapes and destinations that included extensive photographic coverage of the deserts and coastal regions of California, the national parks of the American West, and Hawaii. Many of the photographs included in this collection may have come from the personal files of Philip Townsend Hanna (1896-1957), editor of Touring Topics from 1926-1957, an enthusiastic amateur photographer, and a supporter of local photographers.
    From the beginning, the Automobile Club of Southern California was an active participant in the creation of statewide transportation policies. It produced its own transportation planning studies as well as commentaries on public policies, programs and proposals. The Club began charting California's roads as early as 1906, at which time it began creating strip maps and road maps. In 1922, the Auto Club produced the first comprehensive traffic survey of Los Angeles, and in 1937 its engineers wrote the first detailed proposal for a regional freeway system.
    Throughout the 1920s, the Club sent teams of cartographers across the country to survey roads for the production of maps and to create a uniform system of road signage. In 1920, the Club participated in an expedition with highway commissioners and county supervisors from California, Utah, and Nevada to determine a more direct route for the Arrowhead Trail Highway. In 1921, the Club sent two of its employees on a transcontinental journey to chart 15,831 miles of roads for its strip maps. These, and other, trips were part of the growing interest across the country in the improvement of America's roadways. Members and employees of the Club took trips along some of the country's historic highways and roadways, including the Arrowhead Trail Highway; the King of Trails; the Lincoln Highway; the National Old Trails; and the Pikes Peak Ocean-to-Ocean Highway.
    During the 1930s the Club continued its mapping activities. In 1930 and 1931, the Club sponsored the First and Second Pacific International Highway Expedition that sent engineers to map a proposed intercontinental highway, the Pacific International Highway, running from Fairbanks, Alaska to Buenos Aires, Argentina. In addition to these two surveys, the Club posted thousands of porcelain-on-steel traffic signs throughout California and continued to do so until the state took over the task in the early 1950s.

    Scope and Contents

    The collection consists of 6240 black-and-white and color photographs, pen and ink drawings, and postcards, 1412 black-and-white and color negatives, 2606 black-and-white and color slides, and ephemeral materials, 1898-1982 (bulk 1920s-1930s). The Automobile Club of Southern California collected the materials, and they form a general photographic reference collection as well as a broad visual survey of topics of interest to California motorists. Included are images of sites in North and Central America (with an emphasis on California), Europe, the Pacific Islands, and portraits, as well as images related to other subjects of interest to the Club's membership. Many of the images were published as illustrations for articles in the Club's first member magazine, Touring Topics.
    The collection is divided into three sections: a reference section, forming the bulk of the collection; images from the Club's cross-country expeditions; and slides. The reference section consists of both geographic and "subject" photographs. The bulk of the geographic images are devoted to California. These include, but are not limited to, sites in the city of Los Angeles and environs; Imperial, Kern, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Santa Barbara Counties; the San Bernardino, San Jacinto, San Gabriel and Sierra Nevada Mountains; the Mojave and Colorado Deserts; national parks located in California (Lassen Volcanic National Park, Lava Beds National Park, Sequoia National Park, and Yosemite National Park); the Sacramento River; the Saint Francis Dam (after the disaster); San Francisco; and the California coastline (including Santa Catalina Island, Big Sur, and the Monterey Peninsula). The reference section also contains images related to California Motorgraphs and Rotogravures, pull-out supplements published in Touring Topics. The Rotogravures sections contained scenic views of sites in California, and the published images were often toned. The Motorgraphs feature focused on touring in California. Both the Motorgraphs and Rotogravures include images of especial interest to California motorists, specifically landscapes and sites in the western United States and Mexico, many of which are documented in other sections of the collection.
    Locations outside of California documented in the reference section include a number of images of surrounding states, such as Arizona (with a large number of images of the Grand Canyon), Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Washington. These include miscellaneous desert scenes; national parks and monuments (including Glacier National Park, Grand Teton National Park, Yellowstone National Park, Bryce Canyon, Zion National Park, and the Olympic Mountains); Native Americans and Native American sites (with an emphasis on Arizona, the Navajo, and New Mexico, but also including Indians of Central and Latin America); and missions (in Arizona, California, Mexico and New Mexico). Other locations include western Canada (primarily British Columbia); Guatemala; and a large section devoted to Mexico. A substantial portion of the Mexican images document the First and Second International Pacific Highway Expeditions. Other Mexican images concentrate on the states of Baja California, Sonora, and Sinaloa. Other non-California locations include images of European cities and sites; New Zealand; and islands in the Pacific (including the Fiji islands and Tahiti).
    The non-geographic subjects in the reference section include such diverse topics as astronomy; automobile accessories; gift suggestions; highways and bridges; mining camps and ghost cities; paintings and prints (copies of paintings, prints, maps, and earlier photographs depicting a wide variety of subjects); road signs; transportation (including many images of the Butterfield stagecoach station and line); and western fauna and flora.
    The portraits in the reference section were used to illustrate general articles as well as editorial statements, and include portraits of the era's important cultural, literary, and artistic figures in California and the American West.
    The collection's second section is composed of photographs taken on some of the Club's cross-country tours in the 1920s. Many of these tours followed the routes of some historic roadways in various parts of the country, and the collection contains images of roadways and historic sites in 31 states, Canada, and Mexico, and including parts of the National Old Trails (in Arizona and New Mexico); the Lincoln Highway (in Iowa, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, and Wyoming); the King of Trails (in Minnesota, Nebraska, Texas, and Winnipeg, Canada); Arrowhead Trail Highway (in Nevada); and various eastern highways and roadways. Also depicted are a "test highway"; road signs in the Midwest and the South; an unidentified trip undertaken in the 1920s (recognizable by the license plate of the Auto Club vehicle); and miscellaneous unidentified roadways and sites.
    The collection's third section is composed of slides in a variety of formats and sizes that primarily depict landscapes in California, Colorado, Nevada, Oregon, and other western United States locales. These were either sent to the Auto Club, or collected by the Automobile Club's Travel Research and Publications Department from both individuals and public venues throughout California. The pictures depict downtown Los Angeles, museums, theme parks, tourist attractions, state and national parks, and other sites in California. These are accompanied by letters that can be found with the collection's ephemeral materials at the end of box 35.
    A large portion of the photographs (boxes 1-35) were taken by authors of articles that appeared in Touring Topics; others were commissioned by the Club; and others appear to have been sent to the Club. The majority of the photographs in boxes 1-35 have names and addresses of photographers on the verso. Photographers (and authors) include, but are not limited to, Ansel Adams, Fred Archer, Viroque Baker, George Hugh Banning, Adelbert Bartlett, Virginia S. Bartlett, Andrew R. Boone, Julius Cindrich, Norman Clyde, Will Connell, Loyd Cooper, Imogen Cunningham, Asahel Curtis, Edward Sheriff Curtis, Fred Dapprich, E.H. Davis, E.E. East, John Anson Ford, Frasher, Ewing Galloway, Forman G. Hanna, Phil Townsend Hanna, Hoag and Ford, John Edwin Hoag, Bert W. Huntoon, Philip Johnston, Dr. Frederick Monsen, Dave Packwood, C.C. Pierce, Ernest M. Pratt, Putnam Studios, E. Willard Spurr, and John L. Von Blon. See the Photographer's Index at the end of the Container List for images associated with the aforementioned photographers. A card file in the office of the Curator of Photographs provides a complete list of specific item numbers associated with all photographers. Many of the original articles in which the photographs appeared have been identified; this information is listed on the envelopes. Other photographs appear to have been published, and possess captions or identifying information on the verso. However, a large number of the photographs are unidentified as to location and/or content.
    The photographs resulting from the cross-country tours (boxes 36-37) seem to have been taken by the participants, engineers and draftsmen who worked for the Auto Club.
    Original negatives exist for a number of the photographs; these can be found in boxes 41-47 and are housed separately in cold storage. Of these, approximately fifty percent were not printed; this is indicated in the Container List. Some images exist in duplicate.
    The majority of the slides (boxes 48-58) appear to be taken by the same individual(s) on an unspecified number of trips throughout the western United States.
    Ephemeral materials accompanying the photographs include captions, brochures, letters, press releases, and original envelopes. The collection is also accompanied by a photographer index compiled by Huntington volunteers.
    In 1987, 206 prints by photographers generally working in the Pictorialist style were removed from the collection and transferred to the Huntington's Art Division. Information about these prints is not included in this finding aid. For more information about these holdings, contact the Art Division. Some of the prints were reproduced in Pictorialism in California (1994) (see Related Material).

    Arrangement

    The images in boxes 1-35 remain primarily in their original order, which consists of geographic and topical subjects arranged alphabetically at the folder level, and portraits arranged alphabetically. During initial processing, some folders were renamed and reordered in order to facilitate access. A number of subjects are documented in more than one location within the collection. For example, images of missions can be found in the section dedicated to Missions, as well as in sections dedicated to Arizona, California, Mexico and New Mexico.
    The photographs in boxes 36 and 37 were taken on the Automobile Club's cross-country tours and are arranged by location and subject, with unidentified images placed at the end.
    Negatives are in boxes 41-47. Boxes 48-58 contain slides.
    The collection also contains ephemeral materials. These have been preservation photocopied and the originals are in box 35.

    Related Material

    Many of the pictorialist works were featured in a 1994 joint exhibition organized by the J. Paul Getty Museum and the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, Pictorialism in California: Photographs 1900-1940.
    See also: Wilson, Michael G. and Dennis Reed. Pictorialism in California: Photographs 1900-1940. Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum and the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, 1994
    See also:
    Title: Automobile Club of Southern California collection, 1892-1963, University of Southern California Digital Archive.

    Index Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

    Persons:

    Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984.
    Alexander, George D.
    Archer, Fred Robert, 1889-
    Baker, Fred L.
    Baker, Viroque.
    Balch, Allan Christopher, 1864-1943.
    Banning, George Hugh, b. 1895.
    Bartlett, Adelbert.
    Bartlett, Virginia Stivers.
    Barton, Loren Roberta.
    Bauer, Harry J.
    de Belderrain, Francisca Lopez.
    Bell, Horace, 1830-1918.
    Berkeley, Busby, 1895-1976.
    Bissell, Harvey Sutherland.
    Boone, Andrew R.
    Borg, Carl Oscar, 1879-1947.
    Brown, Benjamin Chambers, 1865-1942.
    Carew, Harold D. (Harold David), b. 1890.
    Carr, Harry, 1877-1936.
    Cindrich, Julius, 1890-1981.
    Clark, Alson Skinner, 1876-1949.
    Cleland, Robert Glass, 1885-1957.
    Clyde, Norman, 1885-1972.
    Connell, Will, 1898-1961.
    Cook, Ted, b. 1891.
    Cooper, Loyd.
    Crooks, Richard, 1900-1972.
    Culver, Harry H.
    Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976.
    Curtis, Asahel, 1874-1941.
    Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952.
    Dapprich, Fred R.
    Davis, E.H., 1862-1951.
    DeForest, Lee.
    Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935.
    Disney, Walt, 1901-1966.
    Dixon, Maynard, 1875-1946.
    Doelter, Ernest (Pop).
    Dorsey, Susan Almora (Miller), 1857-
    East, E.E.
    Douglass, A. E. (Andrew Ellicott), 1867-1962.
    Flint, Frank P. (Frank Putnam), 1862-1929.
    Ford, John Anson.
    Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890.
    Frost, John, 1890-1937.
    Galloway, Ewing.
    Gillis, William R. (William Robert), 1840-1929.
    Goetz, Dr. Alexander, 1897-1970.
    Haneman, H.W.
    Hanna, Forman, 1882-1950.
    Hanna, Phil Townsend, 1896-1957.
    Harrison, Nathaniel (Uncle Nate).
    Hayes, Catherine, 1825-1861.
    Hill, Andrew P.
    Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956.
    Hogg, John Edwin.
    Houghton, Eliza Poor Donner.
    Hubbell, John Lorenzo.
    Huntoon, Bert W., 1869-1947.
    Huxley, Aldous, 1894-1963.
    Johnston, Arthur, 1898-1954.
    Johnston, Philip, ca. 1892-1978.
    Jones, Idwal, 1890-1964.
    Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931.
    Judy, Clinton K.
    Justo, Juan Bautista, 1865-1928.
    Kendall, Marie Boening, 1885-1953.
    King, Clarence, 1842-1901.
    Kirkman, George Wycherly, 1867-
    Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960.
    Leake, Edward.
    Leighton, Kathryn W.
    Livingston, George Emerson.
    Lowrey, Daniel (Buck) Crocket.
    Mannheim, Jean, 1861-1945.
    Matches, Margaret.
    McCarthy, John Russell, b. 1889.
    McCrackin, Josephine Woempner Clifford, b. 1838.
    Meade, Elwood.
    Monsen, Frederick, 1865-1929.
    Miller, Evelyn Nunn.
    Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953.
    Moulton, Lewis F.
    Muir, John, 1838-1914.
    Murchie, Guy, 1907-
    Navarro, Rafael, Don.
    Norris, Frank, 1870-1902.
    Owens, Charles Hamilton.
    Packwood, Dave.
    Patigian, Haig.
    Pierce, C. C. (Charles C.), 1861-1946.
    Pleasants, Joseph E. (Joseph Edward), 1839-1934.
    Pratt, Ernest Mitchell, 1876-1945.
    Prudhomme, Charles J., 1854-1934.
    Prudhomme, Maria Merced.
    Puthuff, Hanson.
    Rains, John, d.1862.
    Rains, Maria Merced Williams.
    Reche, Charles P.
    Rogers, David Banks.
    Sabin, Edwin L. (Edwin Legrand), 1870-1952.
    St. Clair, L.P.
    St. John, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1857-1935.
    Sarazen, Gene.
    Scherer, James A. B. (James Augustin Brown), 1870-1944.
    Seares, Frederick Hanley, 1873-
    Sepulveda, Ygnacio.
    Sheets, Millard, 1907-
    Simpich, Frederick.
    Smith, Jack Wilkinson.
    Spurgeon, William H., Mrs.
    Spurr, E. Willard.
    Steffens, Lincoln, 1866-1936.
    Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968.
    Struss, Karl, 1886-1981.
    Tibbett, Lawrence, 1896-1960.
    Truesdale, Roger, Dr.
    Twain, Mark, 1835-1910.
    Vischer, Edward.
    Vollbehr, Otto H. F. (Otto Heinrich Friederich), b. 1869.
    Von Blon, John L.
    Wachtel, Marian Kavanagh.
    Watkins, Gordon S., b. 1889.
    Watson, Jacob, Sr.
    Weber, Kem, 1889-1963.
    Wendt, William, 1865-1946.
    West, Nathanael, 1903-1940.
    Wetherill, John.
    Weymouth, Frank Elwin, 1874-1941.
    Widney, J. P. (Joseph Pomeroy), 1841-1938.
    Winters, Raymond P.
    Wright, Lloyd, 1890-1978.

    Corporate Bodies:

    Butterfield Overland Stage Line--Photographs.
    Frashers Inc.
    Glacier National Park (Agency : U.S.)--Photographs.
    Grand Teton National Park (Agency : U.S.)--Photographs.
    Hoag and Ford.
    International Pacific Highway Expedition (1st: 1930)--Photographs.
    International Pacific Highway Expedition (2nd: 1931)--Photographs.
    Lassen Volcanic National Park (Agency : U.S.)--Photographs.
    Putnam Studios.
    Yellowstone National Park (Agency : U.S.)--Photographs.

    Places:

    Arizona--Photographs.
    Arrowhead Trail Highway--Photographs.
    Baja California (Mexico : Peninsula)--Photographs.
    Big Sur (Calif.)--Photographs.
    British Columbia--Photographs.
    Bryce Canyon National Park (Utah)--Photographs.
    Canada, Western--Photographs.
    Colorado--Photographs.
    Colorado Desert (Calif. and Mexico)--Photographs.
    Europe--Photographs.
    Fiji--Photographs.
    Guatemala--Photographs.
    Imperial County (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Grand Canyon (Ariz.)--Photographs.
    Islands of the Pacific--Photographs.
    Kern County (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Lava Beds National Monument (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Lincoln Highway--Photographs.
    Los Angeles (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Mexico--Photographs.
    Mexico--Tours--Photographs.
    Mojave Desert (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Monterey Peninsula (Calif.)--Photographs.
    National Old Trails Road--Photographs.
    Nevada--Photographs.
    New Mexico--Photographs.
    New Zealand--Photographs.
    Olympic Mountains (Wash.)--Photographs.
    Orange County (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Oregon--Photographs.
    Riverside County (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Sacramento River (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Saint Francis Dam (Calif.)--Photographs.
    San Bernardino County (Calif.)--Photographs.
    San Bernardino Mountains (Calif.)--Photographs.
    San Diego County (Calif.)--Photographs.
    San Francisco (Calif.)--Photographs.
    San Gabriel Mountains (Calif.)--Photographs.
    San Jacinto Mountains (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Santa Barbara County (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Santa Catalina Island (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Sequoia National Park (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)--Photographs.
    Sinaloa (Mexico : State)--Photographs.
    Sonora (Mexico : State)--Photographs.
    Tahiti--Photographs.
    United States--Tours--Photographs.
    United States Highway 75--Photographs.
    Utah--Photographs.
    Washington (State)--Photographs.
    Yosemite National Park (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Zion National Park (Utah)--Photographs.

    Subjects:

    Amusement Parks--California--Photographs.
    Animals--West (U.S.)--Photographs.
    Astronomy--Photographs.
    Automobile travel--Canada--Photographs.
    Automobile travel--East (U.S.)--Photographs.
    Automobile travel--Mexico--Photographs.
    Automobile travel--West (U.S.)--Photographs.
    Automobiles--Photographs.
    Automobiles--Equipment and supplies--Photographs.
    Bridges--United States--Photographs.
    Coasts--California--Photographs.
    Deserts--United States--Photographs.
    Ghost towns--California--Photographs.
    Gifts--Photographs.
    Indians of Central America--Antiquities--Photographs.
    Indians of North America--Arizona--Photographs.
    Indians of North America--New Mexico--Photographs.
    Indians of North America--Antiquities--Photographs.
    Indians of South America--Antiquities--Photographs.
    Landscape--United States--Photographs.
    Mining camps--California--Photographs.
    Missions--Arizona--Photographs.
    Missions--California--Photographs.
    Missions--Mexico--Photographs.
    Missions--New Mexico--Photographs.
    Museums--California--Los Angeles--Photographs.
    National monuments--United States--Photographs.
    National parks and reserves--California--Photographs.
    Navajo architecture --Photographs.
    Navajo art--Photographs.
    Navajo Indians --Photographs.
    Navajo Indians--Dwellings--Photographs.
    Paintings--Reproductions.
    Plants--West (U.S.)--Photographs.
    Prints--Reproductions.
    Roads--United States--Photographs.
    Route surveying--United States--Photographs.
    Route surveying--Mexico--Photographs.
    Rotogravures--California.
    Stagecoaches--California--Photographs.
    Tourism--California--Photographs.
    Traffic signs and signals--United States--Photographs.
    Transportation--California--Photographs.
    Transportation--United States--Photographs.

    Document Types:

    Brochures.
    Captions.
    Envelopes.
    Letters.
    Negatives.
    Photographs.
    Press releases.
    Slides.

    Photographer Index

    The following is a selected list of photographers, both amateur and professional, who contributed images to Touring Topics or submitted photographs to the Automobile Club of Southern California. The numbers refer to specific item numbers within the collection.
    Adams, Ansel: 4655-4663, 5748
    Archer, Fred Robert: 620, 621, 4355, 4488, 4498, 4541, 5290-5305, 5375-5384
    Baker, Viroque: 3366, 3375, 3376
    Banning, George Hugh: 4078-4082, 4740, 4742, 4744, 4751, 4753-4757, 4761-4771, 4774-4776
    Bartlett, Adelbert: 628-629, 4313-4314, 4316-4334, 4571, 4677-4685
    Bartlett, Virginia Stivers: 5674-5675, 5677-5681
    Boone, Andrew R.: 302-303, 1721, 2036-2041, 3227, 3241-3345, 3361, 3749, 3753-3357, 3758-3762, 3763-3769, 4340-4341, 4521, 4523-4525, 4538, 4572, 5152-5153, 5158-5159, 5248, 5307
    Cindrich, Julius: 4482
    Clyde, Norman: 1065-1159, 1177-1191, 1263-1317, 1319-1326, 1328-1337, 1354, 1362-1369, 1376-1482, 1818-1825, 3210-3215
    Connell, Will: 2118-2135, 4120-4127, 4494, 4608, 5616, 5637-5637.4, 5778, 5780-5781, 5811-5815, 5845, 5866, 5884, 5907
    Cooper, Loyd: 1055-1057, 1172, 3109, 3150-3152, 4487, 4514, 4519-4520, 4542-4547, 4570
    Cunningham, Imogen: 4135-4145
    Curtis, Asahel: 899, 4930, 4934, 4972, 4985, 4994, 5006
    Curtis, Edward Sheriff: 5524-5527, 5765-5771, 5785-5787, 5914
    Dapprich, Fred R.: 1562, 5529, 5756, 5759, 5797, 5822, 5823, 5829, 5849, 5883
    Davis, E.H.: 2477-2487, 3061-3062, 3064-3066, 3068-3069, 3103-3107, 3156, 3193, 3227, 3303.2, 3410, 3416
    East, E.E.: 2155-2166, 2683-2696, 2735-2777, 5648
    Ford, John Anson: 650, 652, 4515, 5730
    Frashers Inc.: 544, 857, 1255-1257, 2671, 5328-5329
    Galloway, Ewing: 46-47, 1728, 2146-2154, 2994, 3424, 3963, 435-4368, 4670, 4669-4676, 4697-4701, 4777
    Hanna, Forman: 4465, 4474-4476
    Hanna, Phil Townsend: 64, 67, 710-717, 872, 1515-1518, 1658-1660, 1844-1850, 2176, 2274, 2279, 2454-2462, 2558, 2561-2562, 2567, 2778-2779, 2853-2991, 3002-3010, 3070-3096, 3181-3192, 3218, 4531, 4556-4560, 4581-4588, 4589-4592, 4609-4623, 4664, 4902-4903, 4910-4911
    Hoag and Ford: 971, 1791, 1957-1972, 1976-1977, 1982, 1984, 1990, 1992-1995, 1997-1998, 2001-2004, 3303.5, 3938, 3940, 3948, 3959-3962, 4711-4723, 5257-5259
    Hogg, John Edwin: 54, 70, 519-522, 726, 729-730, 815, 870-871, 895, 900, 908-912, 1731-1733.2, 1768, 1780-1790, 2213, 2226, 2230, 2235, 2275-2278, 2343-2359, 2491-2499, 2529, 2563, 2586-2588, 2727-2734, 3060, 3067, 3194-3204, 3289, 3897-3917, 3928-3929, 3931-3934, 4109, 4112-4114, 4116-4119, 4736-4739, 4772-4773, 5061, 5063, 5066, 5067, 5168, 5263, 5432, 5535, 5536, 5630-5635, 5671, 5687, 5713, 5763, 5875, 5897, 5900-5901, 5903-5904
    Huntoon, Bert W.: 885-886, 898, 4442, 4445, 4533, 4924, 4926-4927, 4929, 4932, 4939-4945, 4947-4949, 4953-4954, 4956, 4958, 4960-4963, 4970, 4975, 4977-4981, 4993.1
    Johnston, Philip: 43-45, 55-62, 111-130, 336, 362, 545-547, 549-555, 658, 660-690, 700, 703-709, 731.1-731.8, 761-762, 1483, 2388-2403, 2466-2474, 2506-2516, 2537-2538, 2543-2551, 2592-2596, 3253-3254, 3290-3293, 3779, 3787-3800, 3802-3808, 3810-3845, 3847-3848, 3850-3853, 3855, 3857-3859, 4102-4108, 4880-4901, 5261
    Monsen, Frederick: 2489-2490, 2500, 3866
    Packwood, Dave: 315-318, 496, 498, 767-769, 774-774.1, 833, 1703-1705, 1729, 5430, 5595, 5647, 5737-5739, 6129-6132
    Pierce, C.C.: 609, 820, 823, 979, 1707-1708, 3400-3400.1, 3401, 5638, 5676, 5722, 5876
    Pratt, Ernest M.: 309-314, 3366, 3375-3376, 4466, 4469, 4565, 4578-4579, 5079-5087, 3303.13
    Putnam Studios: 530, 571, 980, 994-995, 1012, 1025, 4731
    Spurr, E. Willard: 5001, 5570, 5603, 5645, 5841, 5921
    Von Blon, John L.: 2321-2324, 2332-2342, 2409-2410, 2540, 3396-3399, 5740