Register of the Jack Kramer papers

Finding aid prepared by Issayas Tesfamariam
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2014

Title: Jack Kramer papers
Date (inclusive): circa 1960-1969
Date (bulk): 1968-1969
Collection Number: 68016
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 1 manuscript box (0.4 linear feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, writings, printed matter, photographs, and one sound recording relating to the Eritrean Liberation Front and the movement for Eritrean independence. Also available on microfilm (1 reel).
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Kramer, Jack.


Collection is open for research.
Use copies of all sound recordings in this collection are available.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Jack Kramer papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1968.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the library catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Alternative Forms of Material Available

Also available on microfilm (1 reel).

Biographical/Historical Note

Jack Kramer is an American journalist and author. He graduated from Stanford University with a B.A. in English in 1965 and completed graduate work in journalism at Columbia University in 1970. Kramer worked as a staff reporter for The Wall Street Journal, contributing editor for Time magazine, and Middle East Bureau chief for Bloomberg Businessweek. He covered a variety of subjects as a journalist in the 1960s, including Alabama during the Civil Rights Movement, Vietnam, Laos, Egypt, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tunisia, Algeria, Sudan, the Western Sahara, Greece, and Turkey. Kramer's publications include: Travels with the Celestial Dog, a memoir of the 1960s; Rwanda Means the Universe,with Louise Mushikiwabo, the current foreign minister of Rwanda; and business-related books.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Jack Kramer papers include correspondence, memoranda, writings, printed matter, photographs, and one unique sound recording recorded in Eritrea in September 1968. The recording has interviews with rank and file independence fighters and commanders such as Osman Mohammed Idris (aka Abu Shenab) of the Eritrean Liberation Front (E.L.F.), who were fighting for independence from Ethiopia. The correspondence include letters to and from Eritrean nationalists such as Woldeab Woldemariam, Kidane Kiflu, Mohamud Dinai, and Osman Saleh Sabbe.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Eritrean Liberation Front.
Tagādlo hārnat 'Értrā.



Box/Folder 1 : 1

Dinai, Mohamud, 1968

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Duignan, Peter, 1960s

Box/Folder 1 : 3

Kiflu, Kidane, 1968-1969

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Sabbe, Osman Saleh, 1968

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Salih, Fathy Mohamed Ahmed, 1969

Box/Folder 1 : 6

Woldemariam, Woldeab, 1969



Box/Folder 1 : 7

By the Eritrean Liberation Front for the Ethiopian Students Union in Europe, 1967

Box/Folder 1 : 8

On Eritrea from the Eritrean Liberation Front office, Damascus, 1960s


News Bulletins

Box/Folder 1 : 9

Eritrea News Bulletin, nos. 73-76, 78-81, Eritrean Liberation Front, 1968-1969

Box/Folder 1 : 10

L'Erythrée Bulletin d'Information, nos. 76-83, Le Front de la Libération Érythréenne (F.L.E.), 1969



Box/Folder 1 : 11

Eritrean refugees, statement by Mr. J. Jamison of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (U.N.H.C.R.), 1967

Box/Folder 1 : 12

Memorandum submitted by the delegations of Guatemala and Pakistan, United Nations Commission for Eritrea, republished by the Eritrean Liberation Front, 1960s



Box/Folder 1 : 13

The United Nations Federal Resolution for Eritrea, 390 A (V), 1950, republished by the Eritrean Liberation Front, 1960s



Box/Folder 1 : 14

A brief description of the progress of the "Battle of Halhal" camp, 1968

Scope and Contents note

Includes ambush map and pictures with the Eritrean Liberation Front fighters.
Box/Folder 1 : 15

"A Letter to the United Nations Secretary General (U.N.S.G.)," Eritrean Liberation Front, 1960s

Box/Folder 1 : 16

"Close to Million Victims: Sudan's Bloody Struggle Hushed," The Plain Dealer, 1969 February 21

Box/Folder 1 : 17

"Constitution of Eritrea: Text of the Constitution of Eritrea as Adapted by the Eritrean Assembly on 10 July 1952," republished by the Eritrean Liberation Front, 1960s

Box/Folder 1 : 18

"Crossroads of Africa: Ethiopia's Unknown War," The Nation, 1969 August 11

Box/Folder 1 : 19

"Ethiopia's War of Extermination in Eritrea: Facts and Figures," Eritrean Liberation Front, 1960s

Box/Folder 1 : 20

"Gallows in Eritrea: A Dramatic Grab of Bloody Reality, Narrated by a Swedish Journalist, Part One," Eritrean Liberation Front, 1960s

Box/Folder 1 : 21

"Hidden War in Ethiopia," Venture, 1969 May

Box/Folder 1 : 22

Jack Kramer's report of his travel with members of the Eritrean Liberation Front, 1960s

Box/Folder 1 : 23

"Peking Reds: Guerrilla College on a Spice Island," San Francisco Chronicle, 1968 December

Box/Folder 1 : 24

"The Ethiopian Unilateral Abrogation of United Nations Federal Resolution," by Tedla Bairu, Eritrean Liberation Front, 1960s

Box/Folder 1 : 25

"The Progressives Demand Radical Changes in the Eritrean Liberation Front," 1968

Box/Folder 1 : 26

"Soviets Dispatch Navy Task Force to Suez Canal," San Francisco Sunday Examiner and Chronicle, 1968 December 15

Box/Folder 1 : 27

Transcription of interviews with Eritrean Liberation Front members and a map showing plan for the Front's attack, 1968 September

Box/Folder 1 : 28

"Truths about the Decimation War in Eritrea," Eritrean Liberation Front, 1960s

Language of the Material: Arabic.
Box/Folder 1 : 29

"War South of Khartoum," San Francisco Examiner and Chronicle, 1969 February 16


Sound Recordings

Box/Folder 1 : 30

Interview by Jack Kramer with Eritrean Liberation Front members, 1968 September

Scope and Contents note

Original magnetic tape cassette (sides 1 and 2) and open reel tapes #1 and #2 (copies). Includes voices, music, and interviews. Side 1: Kidane Kiflu, Jack Kramer, Abdella Hassan, Mohammed Ali Idris, atrocities testimonials from residents of Adi Ibrahim, Adi E'kut. Side 2: Introduction by Aberra Mekonnen, music by Mohammed Tahir, Tigre poetry reciting by Garfo, Saadia and Osman Mohammed Idris/Abu Sheneb.


Use copy reference number: 68016_a_0011504