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INVENTORY OF THE WILLIAM BUTTERFIELD ARCHITECTURAL AND DESIGN DRAWINGS, ca. 1838-1892
850998  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical / Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: William Butterfield architectural and design drawings
    Date (inclusive): 1838-1892
    Collection number: 850998
    Creator: Butterfield, William, 1814-1900
    Extent: 290 items
    Repository: Getty Research Institute
    Research Library
    Special Collections and Visual Resources
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles, California 90049-1688
    Abstract: British architect. Butterfield's drawings and estimates partially document 25 architectural projects (churches, schools, and hospitals), and 67 drawings are designs for ecclesiastical objects. The collection represents the types of commissions Butterfield received and illustrates his promotion of the Gothic Revival style.
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    Language: Collection material is in English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    William Butterfield architectural and design drawings, 1814-1900, Library, The Getty Research Institute, Accession no850998.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired in 1985.

    Processing History

    Processed by Alan Tomlinson.

    Biographical / Historical Note

    William Butterfield (1814-1900) was a British architect known for the Gothic revival style he championed. He studied with E. L. Blackburne and set up his own practice in 1840. A member of the Cambridge Camden Society, later the Ecclesiastical Society, he contributed designs to their journal The Ecclesiologist. Most of his work was for church designs, apart from that for schools and colleges (Rugby School and Keble College Oxford), and the Winchester County Hospital. Perhaps his best-known building is the All Saints Church, Margaret Street, London (1849-1859). The Royal Institute of British Architects awarded the Gold Medal to Butterfield in 1884.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    A broadly representative selection of drawings and 21 estimates for building and manufacture of designs, representing the various types of commissions Butterfield received and illustrating his work in promoting Gothic Revival. Also included are record drawings (measured drawings) of buildings not designed by Butterfield.
    Building designs include drawings for 25 projects: churches and chapels, schools and hospitals. 58 plans, elevations, sections, and details (altars, screens, choir stalls, pavement patterns, pulpits, fonts, etc.) document the following church and chapel buildings: Severn-Stoke Church, 1838-1839; All Saints, Babbacombe, Devon, 1865-1874 (3); All Saints, Hastings, 1888-1889 (1); Ault Hucknall, Derbyshire, 1885-1888 (1); Balliol College Chapel, Oxford, ca. 1856 (1); Caterham Barracks Chapel, 1885-1887 (3); Christ Church, Albany St., London, 1883-1884 (2); Dalton, Yorkshire, 1868 (1); Fulham Palace Chapel, ca. 1864-1867; St. Andrew's, Rugby, ca. 1877 (4); St. Alban's, Baldwins Gardens, ca. 1855 (1); St. Augustine's, Bournemouth, 1891-1892 (1); St. Augustine's, South Kensington, London, ca. 1870 (5); St. Bartholomew Hyde, Winchester, 1865 (1); St. Bee's, Cumberland, 1886 (1); St. Clement's, Hastings, 1872-1876 (1); St. Denis, East Hatley, Cambridgeshire, ca. 1874 (8); St. Mary Magdalene, Enfield, 1881-1883 (3); St. Mary's Warwick, 1886 (1); St. Michael's, Winchester, 1879-1882 (1); Sedgebarrow, Worcestershire, 1867-1868 (1); Shaw, Berkshire, 1875-1878 (1); Tottenham All Hallows Church, 1875 (1); Winchester College, Large Chapel (1); also unidentified designs, including a design for a sculpture on the theme of the Passion, 1877. 120 drawings document designs for St. Michael's Hospital, Axbridge, Somerset (1878-1882) and Rugby School (1867-1885).
    Ecclesiastical objects designed by Butterfield are documented with drawings of furnishings and ritual objects. Butterfield's designs for church plate were adapted for use internationally, representative examples having been published by the Ecclesiological Society (formerly the Cambridge Camden Society) between 1847 and 1856. Many have materials and sizes indicated. The types represented: alms dish (3); altar frontal (1); candlestick (9); cathedra (1); chalice, paten and alms dish (3); communion service (1); cruet (1); desk (3); ewer (1); flagon (5); hinge (1); lectern (11); lighting fixture (16); litany stool (1); memorial (6); vase (4).
    Estimates include 11 letters about manufacture of objects and work with contractors. A few drawings in other series include attached estimates.
    Memorials include six identified designs and a memorial in Romsey Abbey for an unidentified person.
    Record drawings, not by Butterfield, document Great Mongeham Church, Kent (14 drawings) and St. John the Baptist, Shottesbrooke, Berkshire (17 items), prepared for the 1844 publication on the building by the Oxford Architectural Society as an example of the English Gothic style. Also, one original print after a drawing by Butterfield of the Shottesbrooke Church.

    Arrangement

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Names

    Rugby School

    Subjects - Topics

    Architecture—Great Britain—19th century
    Architecture, Medieval—Great Britain.
    Church architecture—Designs and plans
    Church buildings
    Church decoration and ornament
    Hospital buildings—Designs and plans.
    Schools—Designs and plans.

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Architectural drawings
    Design drawings