Llano del Rio Colony Records: Finding Aid

Processed by Marisa Diehl in July 2002; supplementary encoding and revision by Diann Benti in 2017.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
© 2002
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.


Overview of the Collection

Title: Llano del Rio Colony Records
Dates (inclusive): 1896-1967
Bulk dates: 1930s
Collection Number: mssLlano del Rio
Creator: Llano Colony (Secular community)
Extent: 516 pieces in 4 boxes; 1 oversize folder; 1 oversize volume
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: This collection contains papers pertaining to the socialist cooperative Llano del Rio Colony, founded by Job Harriman in the Antelope Valley, California, in 1914, and its successor, Newllano, located in Louisiana, with the bulk dating from the 1930s. Subjects represented include the Llano and Newllano colonies, socialism in the United States, and socialist societies.
Language: English.

Access

Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

Administrative Information

Publication Rights

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. Llano del Rio Colony Records, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Provenance

Gift of Mellie Calvert, 1969-1972, and Knox Mellon, December 1975.

Historical Note

The Llano del Rio Co-operative Colony was incorporated in 1914 by Los Angeles attorney Job Harriman, the socialist nominee for mayor of Los Angeles in 1911. The settlement was located in the Antelope Valley of California near Pearblossom, where an agricultural community was developed. Because of problems with water rights, transportation for produce, and internal dissension, the colony was discontinued in 1918. One group of the colonists went to Louisiana and reestablished a community under the name Newllano.

Scope and Content

The collection contains correspondence, documents, minutes, newspaper clippings, photographs, poetry, and printed materials pertaining to the Llano del Rio Colony and its successor, Newllano.
Most of the items donated by Mellie Calvert (Box 1) pertain to the history of the Llano del Rio Colony and the experiences of its colonists. Some of this material looks at the influence Job Harriman and the Young People's Socialist League of California had upon the founding of Llano, while other items represent the lives and daily struggles of individual Llano members.
The vast majority of the Knox Mellon addenda items (Boxes 2-4, plus two oversized items) pertain to Newllano and its various problems. Although the collection spans from 1896 to 1967, the greatest concentration of items were written in the 1930s, a turbulent time in Newllano's development. During the mid-1930s a power struggle arose in Newllano between its elected Board (headed by George T. Pickett, 1876-1959) and a band of individuals who attempted to revoke Pickett's leadership and declare a new Board. Letters and documents reflecting each side of the divide exist within the collection, although more of the materials reflect the pro-Pickett stance. Sidney Young authors many of Pickett's defenses and is a strong voice throughout the collection. Other Knox Mellon items reflect the pre-history of Llano, including copies of late nineteenth century letters penned by Job Harriman and Morris Hillquit (1869-1933).
Subjects represented throughout the collection as a whole include the Llano and Newllano colonies, socialism in the United States, socialist societies, Job Harriman, Morris Hillquit (1869-1933), George T. Pickett (1876-1959) and Sidney Young.

Organization and Arrangement

The collection is arranged in the following series:
  1. Materials given to the Huntington by Mellie Calvert (Box 1)
  2. Materials given to the Huntington by Knox Mellon (Boxes 2-4, plus 2 oversized items)
Within each series the materials original order has been maintained wherever discernible. Items in each series have been arranged in chronological order and grouped by format.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

Subjects

Harriman, Job, 1861-1925.
Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933.
Pickett, George T., 1876-1959.
Llano Colony (Secular community)
Cooperative societies -- California, Southern -- History -- Sources.
Cooperative societies -- Louisiana -- History -- Sources.
Socialism -- Societies, etc.
Socialism -- United States.
Socialists -- Correspondence.

Forms/Genres

Administrative records -- California.
Administrative records -- Louisiana.
Letters (correspondence) -- California.
Letters (correspondence) -- Louisiana.
Minutes -- California.
Minutes -- Louisiana.


Collection Contents

Box 1

Mellie Calvert items

 

Llano del Rio Colony's Board of Commissioners minutes and correspondence

Folder 1

1915 February-March

Physical Description: 19 pieces
Folder 2

1915 April

Physical Description: 13 pieces
Folder 3

1915 May

Physical Description: 12 pieces
Folder 4

1915 June

Physical Description: 14 pieces
Folder 5

1915 July-August

Physical Description: 26 pieces
 

Llano del Rio Colony documents

Folder 6

Agreement to purchase stock and agreement of employment

Physical Description: 1 piece
Folder 7

Constitution of the Llano del Rio Community

Physical Description: 1 volume
Folder 8

Statement and purpose of Wellfare League of Llano del Rio Colony

Physical Description: 1 piece
Folder 9

To the General Assembly and Commission - Survey and Inventory

Physical Description: 1 piece
 

Llano Colonists - Correspondence

Folder 10

Gentry Purviance McCorkle to Mellie Calvert

Physical Description: 1 piece
Folder 11

Mr. and Mrs. F. W. (Frank W.) Miller to Mellie and Herbert S. Calvert

Physical Description: 33 pieces
 

Llano Colonists - Manuscripts

Folder 12

Mellie Calvert - The Llano del Rio Co-operative Colony

Physical Description: 1 piece
Folder 13

Experiences of F. W. (Frank W.) Miller during the first three months at Llano

Physical Description: 1 volume
 

Miscellaneous

Folder 14

Undated correspondence and documents

Physical Description: 16 pieces
Folder 15

Photographs and miscellaneous items

Physical Description: 13 pieces
 

Knox Mellon items

Box 2

Correspondence

Folder 1

1915-1933

Physical Description: 6 pieces
Folder 2

1934

Physical Description: 3 pieces
Folder 3

1935 April-May

Physical Description: 19 pieces
Folder 4

1935 June

Physical Description: 21 pieces
Folder 5

1935 July

Physical Description: 28 pieces
Folder 6

1935 August

Physical Description: 23 pieces
Folder 7

1935 September

Physical Description: 6 pieces
Folder 8

1935 November-December

Physical Description: 10 pieces
Folder 9

1936 January-June

Physical Description: 12 pieces
Folder 10

1936 September-December

Physical Description: 6 pieces
Folder 11

1937

Physical Description: 4 pieces
Folder 12

1938

Physical Description: 6 pieces
Box 3

Documents; Newspaper Clippings; Photographs

 

Documents

Box 3, Folder 1

Crisis at Llano Colony

Physical Description: 1 piece
Box 3, Folder 2

The Crisis at Llano Colony: In Lighter Vein

Physical Description: 1 piece
Box 3, Folder 3

Legal Documents

Physical Description: 5 pieces
Box 3, Folder 4

Llano Colony Documents and Notices

Physical Description: 21 pieces
Box 3, Folder 5

Llano Poetry

Physical Description: 12 pieces
Box 3, Folder 6

Morris Hillquit Papers

Physical Description: 1 piece
Box 3, Folder 7

Report of Meeting of George T. Pickett and a portion of his Board with the Board of Advisors to the Receiver

Physical Description: 1 piece
Box 3, Folder 8

Reports on Fogman No. 1

Physical Description: 3 pieces
Box 3, Folder 9

Sidney Young - Diary and Statements

Physical Description: 3 pieces
Box 3, Folder 10

Miscellaneous notes and documents

Physical Description: 67 pieces
Folder 11

Newspaper Clippings on Los Angeles mayoral election of 1911

Physical Description: 7 pieces
Folder 12

Photographs

Physical Description: 5 pieces
Box 4

Oversize

 

Correspondence

Folder 1

1896-1901

Physical Description: 21 pieces
Folder 2

1935 October

Physical Description: 17 pieces
Folder 3

1936 July-August

Physical Description: 24 pieces
 

Documents

Folder 4

The Class War in Idaho by Job Harriman [excerpt]

Physical Description: 2 pieces
Folder 5

Llano mailing lists and reunion information

Physical Description: 14 pieces
Folder 6

Report on the Llano del Rio Co. of Nevada

Physical Description: 1 piece
 

Newspaper Clippings and Ephemera

Folder 7

Newspaper clippings and printed materials

Physical Description: 8 pieces
Folder 8

Ephemera

Oversize Folder

Photographs

Physical Description: 4 pieces
Volume

Llano del Rio Board of Directors Minutes. 1917 April 1-1918 March 1