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James D. Hutton Drawings 1847-1860
HM 63328 (1-16) FAC 1402  
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Of the sixteen sketches Hutton prepared while with the Raynolds' expedition, five are pencil on paper and measure 7 x 16 cm., and ten are pen-and-ink on paper and measure 14 x 22 cm. The drawings include landscape scenes throughout Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming, including Bear Butte, the Bighorn River, the Little Missouri River, the Powder River, the Teton Range, the Wind River, and the Yellowstone River Valley. There is one drawing not from the expedition and it is of Cabo Blanco, Costa Rica. It was probably drawn in 1847, and has on its verso: W R Hutton and a New York City address. Also included is a photostat of a daguerreotype of James D. Hutton.
James D. Hutton, artist, photographer, topographer, and younger brother of the notable topographical artist William Rich Hutton, was born in Washington D.C. around 1828. When James' uncle, William Rich, was assigned duty in California as a U.S. Army Paymaster, both James and his brother William went with him. After traveling through the U. S. South, and Central and South America, they arrived in San Francisco in April 1847. In July of that year, James was commissioned to survey the pueblo lands of San Jose. In 1850, he successfully ran for county clerk of San Luis Obispo County and resigned in 1852. He was a member of the 1855 expedition of Lt. R. S. Williamson and Lt. Henry L. Abbott to find a route for a railroad from San Francisco to the Columbia River. In 1859 he signed on as a topographer for Capt. William Raynolds' exploration of the Yellowstone River Valley. In addition to his duties as artist and topographer, Hutton also performed the function of the expedition's photographer. The expedition was completed in October 1860. When the Civil War broke out, Hutton joined the Confederate Army and in August 1861, Hutton was the chief engineer at White Sulphur Spring, Virginia, under General Henry A. Wise. In September 1864 he saw action at the Battle of Pilot Knob. After the Civil War, Hutton moved to Mexico where he died in 1868.
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