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Inventory of the Lietuvos SSR Valstybës Saugumo Komitetas Selected Records
2010C4  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Location of Originals
  • Related Collections
  • Separated Materials
  • Arrangement Statment
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Glossary

  • Title: Lietuvos SSR Valstybës Saugumo Komitetas selected records
    Date (inclusive): 1940-1991
    Collection Number: 2010C4
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: Russian
    Physical Description: 1075 microfilm reels and 98 pdf files (31,122 digital pages) (161.25 linear feet)
    Language of the Materials : In Russian and Lithuanian.
    Abstract: Reports, memoranda, correspondence, lists, directives, working plans, registers, and other documents, relating to secret police, its personnel, intelligence and counter-intelligence activities, dissident and anti-Soviet activities, and repatriation and nationalism issues, in Lithuania. Detailed Russian-language finding aids are available on the Hoover Institution website at http://www.hoover.org/library-and-archives/collections/east-europe/featured-collections/lietuvos-ssr  and on the microfilm at the beginning of each opisi.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Lietuvos SSR Valstybës Saugumo Komitetas.

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    Microfilm reels: [Identification of item], reel [number], Lietuvos SSR Valstybës Saugumo Komitetas selected records, Hoover Institution Archives. Originals in Lietuvos Ypatingasis Archyvas, Fond [number], opis [number], file [number].
    Digital files: [Identification of item] (Electronic Copy), [digital file name], Lietuvos SSR Valstybës Saugumo Komitetas selected records, Hoover Institution Archives. Originals in Lietuvos Ypatingasis Archyvas, Fond [number], opis [number], file [number].

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2009. Several increments were received from 2010 to 2011.

    Accruals

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2009. Several increments of microfilm were received from 2010 to 2011. An increment of digital files was received in 2013.

    Location of Originals

    Originals in: Lietuvos Ypatingasis Archyvas (Lithuanian special archives), Vilnius, Lithuania.

    Related Collections

    Dauzvardis (Petras Paulius) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Gudelis (Petras) typescript, Hoover Institution Archives
    Hertmanowicz (Joseph John) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Lithuanian subject collection, Hoover Institution Archives
    Terleckas (Antanas) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Turauskas (Edvardas) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Zukatskas (V. P.) collection, Hoover Institution Archives

    Separated Materials

    The Lithuanian special archives removed some files and pages from the materials before providing it to the Hoover Institution. The deleted files and pages contained personal names that could not be released due to personal privacy concerns

    Arrangement Statment

    The collection is organized in twelve fondy (record groups), with one or more opisi (records series) within each fondy.

    Historical Note

    Lithuanian branch of the Soviet secret police organization Komitet gosudarstvenno? bezopasnosti.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    This collection consists of selected opisi (records series) from what were the fifty-four opisi in Fond No. K-1, Lietuvos SSR Valstybës Saugumo Komitetas (Committee of State Security of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic, LSSR KGB), 1940-1991, held at the Lietuvos Ypatingasis Archyvas (Lithuanian special archives).
    Over the years that Hoover acquired this microfilm, the Lithuanian special archives renamed many of the opisi in Fond K-1 and assigned them new fond and opis numbers. As a result, the microfilm at Hoover is described in three categories: (1) Fond No. K-1 opisi that are unchanged; (2) Fond No. K-1 opisi that Hoover received before new numbers were assigned; and (3) Fond No. K-1 opisi that Hoover received after new numbers were assigned. The numbering used at Hoover is outlined below. In all cases, the alternate numbers and titles are provided parenthetically in the series descriptions.
    CATEGORY NUMBERS USED AT HOOVER ACTIONS TAKED BY LIETUVOS YPATINGASIS ARCHYVAS
    1 Fond K-1, opis 2, 10 Fond and opis numbers unchanged
    2 Fond K-1, opis 3, 14, 45 Renumbered as new fondy after Hoover received microfilm
    3 Fond K-16 through K-31 (with gaps) Renumbered as new fondy before Hoover received microfilm
    The collection contains reports, memoranda, correspondence, lists, directives, and other documents related to intelligence and counter-intelligence activities of the secret police against dissident and anti-Soviet movements and to problems with repatriation and nationalism in Lithuania.
    Nearly two decades after the collapse of the Soviet Union the Lithuanian KGB-MVD archives are the largest accessible holdings of the Soviet political police (Russian and Ukrainian holdings are for all practical purposes closed), which were left almost intact in Vilnius, Lithuania, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. The materials document the establishment and operation of the Soviet punitive organizations from 1940 to 1991 in a key Soviet republic that was both a frontier region and a bridge to the West. They cover key subjects such as the initial annexation of the Baltic republics; World War II; the postwar struggle against anti-Soviet nationalist guerillas; collectivization of the countryside; reform of the Soviet system after Stalin's death; reactions to upheaval in Hungary in 1956, Czechoslovakia in 1968, Poland in 1980-81, and the 1989 revolutions in Eastern Europe; reactions to increasing exposure to the West; and the final collapse of the Soviet power.
    The opisi cover different aspects of the establishment, operation, and demise of the KGB in Lithuania: operational material on the struggle against individual and collective political dissent, anti-Soviet guerrillas, foreign intelligence and radio broadcasts (Fond K-1, Opis 3); the NKVD-NKGB-MGB-KGB secretariat, which gathered information on political community spirit and activities from local organizations and transferred them to Moscow (Fond K-1, Opis 10); political information gathered by the local NKGB-KGB departments, chiefly in Vilnius and Kaunas (Fond K-1, Opis 14); and a vast collection of material on dissidents, their investigation, interrogation, and trials (Fond K-1, Opis 2).
    The opisi were chosen by the Hoover Institution from records already microfilmed by the Lithuanian special archives. Before sending the microfilm to Hoover the Lithuanian special archives removed some files and pages from the microfilm. Deleted files and pages contained personal names that could not be released due to personal privacy concerns. Entire files removed from the microfilm are indicated in the reel contents list on the microfilm at the beginning of each opis. Pages removed from files on the microfilm are indicated by a splice on the microfilm, but splices can also occur for technical microfilming reasons. In many cases gaps in the sequential pagination in the original file indicate where pages were deleted, as well as how many were deleted.
    Russian-language finding aids created by the Lithuanian special archives are included in the microfilm at the beginning of each opisi and on the Hoover Institution website at http://www.hoover.org/library-and-archives/collections/east-europe/featured-collections/lietuvos-ssr . The finding aids are arranged by file number and provide a description, number of pages, and the inclusive dates of each file.
    The reel numbers used are those originally assigned by the Lithuanian special archives. They do not always run in a continuous, logical sequence, but they contain the entire opis. In addition, the microfilm often refers to the original fond and opis numbers, before the Lithuanian special archives renamed and renumbered much of the collection.

    Glossary

    GO
    Gorodskie otdely (Municipal departments)
    GUGB
    Glavnoe upravlenie gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti Main Directorate of State Security
    KGB
    Komitet gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (State Security Committee)
    KGB LSSR
    Komitet gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti Litovskoi sovetskoi sotsialisticheskoi respubliki (State Security Committee of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic)
    MGB
    Ministerstvo gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (Ministry of State Security)
    MVD
    Ministerstvo vnutrennikh del (Ministry of Internal Affairs)
    NKGB
    Narodnyi kommissariat gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (People's Commissariat of State Security)
    NKGD
    Narodnyi kommissariat gosudarstvennykh del (People's Commissariat of State Affairs)
    NKVD
    Narodnyi kommissariat vnutrennikh del (People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs)
    OGPU
    Ob''edinennoe glavnoe politicheskoe upravlenie United Main Political Directorate
    SSSR
    Soiuz Sovetskikh sotsialisticheskikh respublik (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Soviet Union. Komitet gosudarstvenno? bezopasnosti.
    Dissenters--Lithuania.
    Lithuania--History--Soviet occupation, 1940-1941.
    Lithuania--Politics and government--1945-1991.
    Nationalism--Lithuania.
    Police--Lithuania.
    Police--Soviet Union.
    Secret service--Soviet Union.