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Inventory of the Demokraticheskaia Rossiia records, 1989-1993
93008  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Collection Summary

    Title: Demokraticheskaia Rossiia records, 1989-1993
    Dates: 1989-1993
    Collection Number: 93008
    Creator: Demokraticheskaia Rossiia (Political party)
    Collection Size: 11 manuscript boxes (4.4 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: The records relate to politics in Russia and to the 1991 presidential campaign of Boris Yeltsin. They include minutes of meetings, resolutions, statements, appeals, stenographic records, press reviews, and video recordings.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: In Russian

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    The collection is open for research.
    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Demokraticheskaia Rossiia records, 1989-1993, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1993.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Related Materials

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    Historical Note

    The Demokraticheskaia Rossiia (DR) movement was founded in October 1990, toward the end of the Soviet era, when opposition to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), the only party at the time, emerged. It united the anti-communist opposition parties in the USSR: the Sotsial-demokraticheskaia partiia Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Respublikanskaia partiia Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Partiia konstitutsionnykh demokratov, Svobodno-demokraticheskaia partiia Rossii, Rossiiskoe khristianskoe demokraticheskoe dvizhenie, Konstitutsionno-demokraticheskaia partiia, Partiia narodnoi svobody, Partiia svobodnogo truda, and other organizations. In January 1991 Demokraticheskaia partiia Rossii also joined the movement.
    The participants supported the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) president Boris Yeltsin in his struggle against the CPSU leadership and the CPSU General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev.
    In June 1991 the Russian Republic held its first presidential election. Boris Yeltsin was elected president of the RSFSR with 57% of the vote, becoming the first popularly elected president.
    Yeltsin offered to cooperate with the Baltic republics, which were seeking freedom from the USSR. This contributed to Gorbachev's decision to start negotiations with 15 Soviet republics on enhancing their self government. A draft treaty was scheduled for signing at the end of August 1991. However, on August 19, 1991, eight conservative party and governmental leaders attempted to take control of the country from Gorbachev while he was on vacation. Yeltsin headed the dramatic opposition to the coup and secured Gorbachev's return to Moscow.
    After the coup Boris Yeltsin consolidated his own power and led the movement to dissolve the Soviet parliament and outlaw the Communist Party. In the fall of 1991 Yeltsin and other leaders of Soviet republics declared independence for their respective republics. Yeltsin became the head of the post-Soviet Russian Federation.
    The DR was one of the most consistent pro-Yeltsin organizations in 1992-1993, although the meetings in support of Yeltsin attracted fewer and fewer participants. This was due to the failure of his ambitious economic reforms known as "shock therapy," which caused inflation and currency devaluation without increasing industrial and agricultural production.
    At that time two groups struggled within the DR movement, one favoring a coalition of parties and organizations, and the other, a single organization. As a result, at the end of 1994 many organizations resigned their membership.
    Given the absence of a comprehensive program, other than opposition to the CPSU and support of Yeltsin, after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent dissolution of the CPSU, the split in the DR became unavoidable.
    As a result, Demokraticheskii Vybor, a hybrid of social movements and governmental organizations, was created. The remaining segments of the Democraticheskaia Rossiia movement either disappeared from the public scene or became part of the democratic opposition party Yabloko.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The records relate to politics in Russia and to the 1991 presidential campaign of Boris Yeltsin. Documents present minutes of meetings, resolutions, statements, appeals, stenographic records, press reviews, and video recordings.
    The collection contains data on the formation of the movement, its internal affairs, social functions, organizing activities, and political activities from 1989, when organizations opposing the Communist party united, through 1993, when the movement dissolved.
    Included in the collection are pre-union materials from regional and Moscow-based political groups such as appeals, statements, and leaflets calling for a coalition. Other materials document important political events in Russia, such as the Uchreditel'nyi S"ezd (1990), the first presidential election (Boris N. Yeltsin campaign, 1990-1991), and the "avgustovskii putch" (August coup) by the Gosudarstvennyi Komitet po Chrezvychainomu Polozheniiu (GKChP) (19-21 August 1991).
    Other events reflected in the documents are the first democratic mayoral election in Moscow in 1991, the military suppression of the resistance in Lithuania and Latvia in 1991, and forums, congresses, conferences, and referendums conducted between 1989 and 1993 that document the development of democracy in Russia.

    Arrangement

    The collection is arranged as originally received from Demokraticheskaia Rossiia.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich, 1931-2007.
    Elections--Russia (Federation)
    Russia (Federation)--Politics and government--1991-
    Soviet Union--Politics and government--1985-1991.