Overview of the Enrique Bermúdez Varela papers, 1980-1990
Processed by Hoover Institution Archives Staff.
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Overview of the Enrique Bermúdez Varela papers, 1980-1990Hoover Institution Archives
- Processed by:
- Hoover Institution Archives Staff
- Date Completed:
- Encoded by:
- Machine-readable finding aid derived from MARC record by Rita Morin.
© 2011 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.
Title: Enrique Bermúdez Varela papers
Collection Number: 2011C43
Creator: Bermúdez Varela, Enrique, 1932-1991
Collection Size: 5 manuscript boxes (2.0 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Reports, memoranda, clippings, and other printed matter, relating to political conditions and civil war in Nicaragua.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: English, Spanish
Collection is open for research.
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[Identification of item], Enrique Bermúdez Varela papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2011.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.
Bermúdez was the founder and for ten years the the top official military commander of the Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense (FDN-Northern Front), also known as the contras. In that capacity he met with US president Ronald Reagan and other top officials, as did more overtly political leaders, including Alfonso Robelo, Adolfo Calero, and Arturo Cruz. The contras' target was the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN), or Sandinista, government.
Bermúdez graduated from the US Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth and from the Inter-American Defense College in Washington. He served as chief of the Nicaraguan Delegation at the Inter-American Defense Board in Washington, DC, in 1976 and as military attaché of the Nicaraguan Armed Forces at the Nicaraguan Embassy in Washington during the country's civil war, which formally ended in 1987 with the Esquipulas II Peace Agreement, brokered by Costa Rican president Oscar Arias. In 1991 Bermúdez was lured back to Managua, where he was shot in a hotel parking lot with a small-caliber East German assassination pistol, one of several that had been delivered to Sandinista defense minister Humberto Ortega some years earlier.
Reports, memoranda, clippings, and other printed matter, relating to political conditions and civil war in Nicaragua.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense.