Guide to the Douglas Gunn Papers MS 220
Finding aid prepared by Jody ValenteCollection processed as part of grant project supported by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) with generous funding from The Andrew Mellon Foundation.
San Diego History Center Document CollectionNovember 7, 2011
1649 El Prado, Suite 3
San Diego, CA, 92101
Title: Douglas Gunn Papers
Identifier/Call Number: MS 220
Contributing Institution: San Diego History Center Document Collection
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 0.25 Linear feet (1 box)
Date (inclusive): 1873-1889
Abstract: This collection contains information on Douglas Gunn who was the owner of the San Diego Union newspaper (1873-1886) and served as San Diego’s first mayor (1889-1891). It includes essays, speeches, correspondence, and information on Gunn’s business affairs.
creator: Gunn, Douglas
This collection is open for research.
The San Diego History Center (SDHC) holds the copyright to any unpublished materials. SDHC Library regulations do apply.
Collection processed by Jody Valente on November 7, 2011.
Collection processed as part of grant project supported by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) with generous funding from The Andrew Mellon Foundation.
Douglas Gunn Papers, MS 220, San Diego History Center Document Collection, San Diego, CA.
Douglas Gunn was born in Southern Ohio in 1841 to Dr. and Mrs. Lewis C. Gunn. He had three sisters along with a brother, Chester C. Gunn. The Gunn family moved from Ohio in 1852 and settled in Sonora, California. Douglas’ father, Lewis, was involved in the newspaper business and became editor of the San Francisco Times. In 1868, the Gunn family moved to San Diego. Initially Gunn served as a reporter and printer for the San Diego Union, and in June 1873 he purchased the newspaper interest from Edward Bushyhead, becoming the seventh owner. Gunn introduced the first steam printing press to San Diego, which greatly increased printing speed and efficiency. He served as the newspaper’s owner for thirteen years, selling it in 1886.
Gunn was involved in various aspects of San Diego civic affairs. He worked to promote the railway line that linked the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe system to San Diego and purchased interest in the rail line. He wrote several literary pieces on San Diego, including a Historical Sketch of San Diego, Picturesque San Diego and San Diego Illustrated. In May, 1886, a new city charter was adopted, which organized San Diego as a city of the sixth class . In December, 1888 fifteen freeholders were elected to frame a new charter and Douglas Gunn was one of the appointees. In 1889, he was elected the first mayor under this new charter and served until 1891. He passed away in 1891 from a heart condition.
The collection contains documents related to Gunn’s involvement in the newspaper, the railroad and the municipality of San Diego. Correspondence for the San Diego Union Newpaper includes letters from Charles Nordhoff, who worked as a New York journalist. Several letters mention the politician Horace Greeley, who served as the newspaper editor for the Jeffersonian in New York. Of particular interest is the sale of interest for the San Diego Union newspaper, signed by Edward Bushyhead.
Documents related to the railroad include a promissory note dated August 13, 1880 to E.W. Morse in the amount of one hundred dollars to connect the rail line with the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. Once the railway connected to San Diego, Gunn invited various politicians and businessmen to a celebration of its completion. Correspondence declining the invitation to attend includes letters from: George Stoneman, Governor of California; Lucius G. Pratt, railroad representative; and E.F. Spence, Mayor of Los Angeles.
Various literary pieces written by Gunn are in the collection, including essays on the freedom of the press and the role of newspapers, and a copy of Gunn’s publication "A Historical Sketch of San Diego." Thank you letters acknowledge receipt of Gunn’s book "Picturesque San Diego" which he mailed as a gift to colleagues.
The collection also contains a number of speeches, including one that Gunn gave in 1887, making his endorsements for the upcoming city elections, and another that was given on the day of President Benjamin Harrison’s visit to San Diego in 1891.
Items in the collection are arranged by subject.
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company.
Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872
Greely, Henrietta Hudson Cruger Nesmith
Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901
Nordhoff, Charles, 1830-1901
Stoneman, George, 1822-1894
San Diego (Calif.)
Speeches, addresses, etc.
Correspondence, 1888 January 2–1891 February 22