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Register of the Juan Domingo Perón Papers
89011  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms
  • Related Material

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Juan Domingo Perón Papers
    Dates: 1931-2002
    Collection number: 89011
    Creator: Perón, Juan Domingo, 1895-1974.
    Collection Size: 10 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes (5.4 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Acquired at intervals between 1958 and 2004, the Juan Domingo Perón papers in the Hoover Institution Archives consist primarily of correspondence between Perón and his followers, conducted largely during the period of his exile in Madrid, Spain. Among the correspondents are many of the major figures of the Peronist movement, including trade union leaders in Argentina and exiled Peronist activists. The letters themselves contain detailed information about rivalries and intrigues among different Peronist factions, and they record the efforts of Perón's lieutenants as they sought both to curry favor in the eyes of their leader and to sustain the Peronist movement within Argentina. They also document the roles played by Isabel Perón and José Lopez Rega in the last years of Juan Perón's life. Also available on microfilm (11 reels)
    Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: Languages represented in the collection: Spanish

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Juan Domingo Perón Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in intervals between 1958 and 2004

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    1895 Born, Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina
    1911-1937 Enters military school, and after graduation serves in armed forces
    1938 Sent to Europe as a military observer. Visits Italy and is favorably impressed by Benito Mussolini's fascist government
    1943 Participates in military coup against civilian government of Ramón Castillo and becomes head of Department of Labor
    1945 February Becomes Vice President and Secretary of War
    1945 October Marries Eva Duarte, known as Evita Perón
    1946 Elected President of Argentina
    1952 Serves second term as president
    1955 September Overthrown in military coup
    1955-1972 Lives in exile, first in Panama and then in the Dominican Republic. Eventually settles in Madrid, Spain
    1961 Marries María Estela Martínez, known as Isabel Perón
    1973 Returns to Argentina and is elected president
    1974 Died. Isabel Perón succeeds him as president

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Acquired at intervals between 1958 and 2004, the Juan Domingo Perón Papers in the Hoover Institution Archives consist primarily of correspondence between Perón and his followers, conducted largely during the period of his exile in Madrid, Spain. Among the correspondents are many of the major figures of the Peronist movement, including trade union leaders in Argentina and exiled Peronist activists. The letters themselves contain detailed information about rivalries and intrigues among different Peronist factions, and they record the efforts of Perón's lieutenants as they sought both to curry favor in the eyes of their leader and to sustain the Peronist movement within Argentina. They also document the roles played by Isabel Perón and José Lopez Rega in the last years of Juan Perón's life.
    A significant part of the Correspondence series consists of letters exchanged between Perón and Pablo Vicente, a former colonel in the Argentinian army living in exile in Montevideo, Uruguay who acted as a conduit for mail being sent to Peron from his followers in Argentina. These letters from supporters were left as they were originally arranged, among the correspondence from Vicente to Perón. Vicente's letters to Perón also include detailed analyses of political developments in Argentina, as well as Vicente's own assessments of internal tensions within the Peronist movement.
    Other notable correspondents include John W. Cooke, who at one time seemed to be Perón's heir apparent. The major Peronist labor organizations, including the 62 Organizaciones, figure in the correspondence, as does the Consejo Coordinador y Supervisor de Peronismo. There are letters and reports sent to Perón by one of the earliest Peronist guerrilla movements, the Fuerzas Armadas Peronistas (FAP), as well as one letter from the much larger armed Peronist organization, the Montoneros. The series also has two drafts of a significant letter sent by Perón to President John F. Kennedy, then newly-elected, in 1961.
    The papers contain a number of articles and speeches by Perón, and these are described in the Speeches and Writings series. This series also includes the outlines of lectures given by Perón in the 1930s on the Russo-Japanese War of 1905. Less important writings by Perón, such as communiqués and memoranda, are grouped in the Peronist Movement File, which also contains materials relating to Isabel Perón and Jose Lopez Rega. This file has a short handwritten declaration by Evita Perón as well.

    Arrangement

    The collection is arranged into eight series: Biographical file, Correspondence, Speeches and Writings, Peronist movement file, Subject file, Photographs, Printed matter, and Oversize materials

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    Argentina--Politics and government--1943-

    Occupations

    Statesmen--Argentina.

    Related Material

    Juan Atilio Bramuglia Papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Luis Fernando Calviño Papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Américo Ghioldi Papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Hipólito Jesus Paz Papers, Hoover Institution Archives