Guide to the Ricardo Favela Royal Chicano Air Force Poster Collection MSS.2005.11.01

Elizabeth Lopez
Finding aid funded by the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).
SJSU Special Collections & Archives
© 2009
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library
San José State University
One Washington Square
San José, CA 95192-0028
special.collections@sjsu.edu


Language of Material: Spanish; Castilian
Contributing Institution: SJSU Special Collections & Archives
Title: Ricardo Favela Royal Chicano Air Force Poster Collection
creator: Royal Chicano Air Force
source: Favela, Ricardo
Identifier/Call Number: MSS.2005.11.01
Physical Description: 13 folders (192 posters)
Date (inclusive): 1971-2005
Abstract: The Royal Chicano Air Force Poster Collection consists of 192 posters for community-based programs and events held by the city of Sacramento and students from California State University, Sacramento.
Language of Material: Posters are in English and Spanish.

Access

The collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Ricardo Favela has assigned copyright to the San José State University Library Special Collections & Archives where he is the copyright holder. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Special Collections & Archives as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader. Copyright restrictions also apply to digital reproductions of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Preferred Citation

Ricardo Favela Royal Chicano Air Force Poster Collection, MSS-2005-11-15, San José State University Library Special Collections and Archives.

Processing Information

Collection processed and finding aid EAD encoded by Elizabeth Lopez in 2009. Reviewed by Danelle Moon.

Project Information

This finding aid was created as part of the Survey and Cataloging Project, a two-year San José State University Library grant project funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. The project began in 2008. The Project Director is Danelle Moon. The Project Archivist is Erin Louthen.

Organizational History

The Royal Chicano Air Force is an artistic collective based in Sacramento. Initially named the Rebel Chicano Art Front, the RCAF was founded in 1969 to express the goals of the Chicano civil rights and labor organizing movement of the United Farm Workers. Its mission was to make available to the Chicano community a bilingual/bicultural arts center where artists could come together, exchange ideas, provide mutual support, and make available to the public artistic, cultural, and educational programs and events.
The founding members of the RCAF include José Montoya, Esteban Villa, Juanishi V. Orosco, Ricardo Favela, and Rudy Cuellar. Montoya and Villa knew of each other through their involvement in the Mexican American Liberation Art Front and the California College of Arts and Crafts. During the Chicano Movement students pressured colleges and universities to diversify their faculties. As a result, Montoya and Villa were hired as professors of art at California State University, Sacramento. Their academic positions gave them the creative freedom to initiate programmatic exchanges between the university and the barrio community. Through this effort they initiated many programs including the Barrio Art Program, which required university students to go out into the community including senior centers to teach art courses.
In 1972 the RCAF created the not-for-profit Centro De Artistas Chicanos, a community based organization, which became the spring-board for all types of Sacramento community programs, such as La Nueva Raza Bookstore (with its Galería Posada), Aeronaves de Aztlán (Automotive Repair Garage), RCAF Danzantes (Cultural Dance venue), Barrio Art Program, and the RCAF Graphics and Design Center. By 1977, the Centro de Artistas Chicanos and Breakfast for Niños Program (a community non-profit program that fed children before school) joined forces to create the Cultural Affairs Project, which further funded their many community services.
The RCAF is best known for its mural paintings, poster art production, and individual artistic contributions. The artists of the Centro have produced murals and exhibitions from San Diego to Seattle. The success of the RCAF to engage communities to express their Chicano culture, history and struggle for equal rights, is a testament to the spirit of the collective and it's significance in the Chicano community and in American society.
While the "RCAF" originally stood for the Rebel Chicano Art Front, people confused the letters with the acronym for the Royal Canadian Air Force. Montoya and his fellow officers capitalized on the misunderstanding, and in good humor adopted the name Royal Chicano Air Force. This new identity found its way into their wardrobe, as well as their highly successful silk screen poster program, which began to disseminate the World War I aviator and brainstorming bi-winged planes as icons. The RCAF gained a well-deserved reputation for outrageous humor, fine art posters, murals, and community activism. Their pioneering spirit throughout the 1970s and early 1980s was well-known in the California Chicano community, and continues to the present.
Bibliography: Royal Chicano Air Force. The RCAF Homepage. http://www.rcaf.info/ (accessed April 1, 2009).

Scope and Content

The Ricardo Favela Royal Chicano Air Force collection was donated by artist and activist, Ricardo Favela in 2005. The Royal Chicano Air Force (RCAF) , a Sacramento-based Chicano artist collective, was established in 1969 by José Montoya, Esteban Villa, Juanishi Orosco, Ricardo Favela, and Rudy Cuellar. The collection consist of 192 posters produced by the founding members, as well as posters by Xico González and Manuel Rios dating 1971- 2005 (bulk 1974-1980). The collection represents the 40 years of poster art production by the RCAF.
The RCAF Poster Collection primarily consists of announcement posters for community-based programs and events held by the community of Sacramento and students at the California State University, Sacramento. These posters reflect the historical, cultural, and political expressions of the Chicano community in Sacramento. Other posters in the collection include posters from two calendar series, Calendario de Comida [Calendar of Food] and Calendario de Amor [Calendar of Love] , which promote Chicano culture and history and a series of posters sponsored by the California State Department of Mental Health.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged into three series: Series I: Announcement Posters, 1974-2005; Series II: Calendars, 1976 and 1978; Series III: California State Department of Mental Health Posters, 1981.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Mexican American artists -- California
Mexican American posters
Royal Chicano Air Force -- Posters
Mexican American art
Royal Chicano Air Force
Favela, Ricardo

 

Series I. Announcement Posters 1974-2005

Scope and Contents

This series consists of announcement posters for community-based programs and events held by the community of Sacramento and students at the California State University, Sacramento.

Arrangement

This series is arranged alphabetically by artist's last name.
drawer 05-15, Folder 1

Cuellar, Rudy

Folder 1

1st Prize “65 Chevy”,

Folder 1

3 Pianos 3 Xicanos,

Folder 1

3rd East Yolo Concilio Baile,

Folder 1

5 de Mayo Celebración,

Folder 1

10 y 6 de Septiembre,

Folder 1

Bailen con los Elegantes,

Folder 1

Benefit Dance Sociedad Guadalupana,

Folder 1

Bilingual Education Says Twice as Much,

Folder 1

Chicano Graffitti,

Folder 1

Cinco de Mayo,

Folder 1

Dia de la Raza,

Folder 1

Día de Salud Rural,

Folder 1

Easter Tardeada,

Folder 1

Emiliano Zapata Park,

Folder 1

Fiesta del Maíz,

Folder 1

Guatemala Earthquake,

Folder 1

HUPA-Benefit Dance,

Folder 1

In the Country Workshops (DQU),

Folder 1

Jumping Contest,

Folder 1

Kermes,

Folder 1

La Carpa de los Rasquachis,

Folder 1

Lowrider Carrucha Show,

Folder 1

Menudo Benefit,

Folder 1

Mercado de las Flores Lowrider Show,

Folder 1

Mexican American Awards Night CUNA,

drawer 05-15, Folder 2

Favela, Ricardo

Folder 2

16th de Sept.,

Folder 2

Dance Benefit for Yes on 14,

Folder 2

Dia de las Madres,

Folder 2

Dia de las Madres button prints,

Folder 2

Dia de las Madres Celebración,

Folder 2

El Partido de la Raza Unida Benefit Dance,

Folder 2

El Shorty Penney de Dina,

Folder 2

ESC,

Folder 2

In Search of Mr. Con Safos,

Folder 2

¡Justicia para los Campesinos! No Compren en Safeway,

Folder 2

Pan Dulce,

Folder 2

San Pedro es Chicano,

Folder 2

Student Development Center,

Folder 2

Tardeada,

Folder 2

UFW Community Meeting,

Folder 2

Willie Brown

Folder 2

Donate

Folder 2

Día de los Muertos #3

Folder 2

Rivera, Orozco, Siqueiros

Folder 2

A Rebirth in the Barrio

drawer 05-15, Folder 3

Gonzalez, Louie

Folder 3

7th Annual Operation X-Mas Unity,

Folder 3

8 Días del Mundo Chicano,

Folder 3

Adelante con Café,

Folder 3

Breakfast for Niños at Curbstone

Folder 3

Calendario Cinco de Mayo

Folder 3

Club Social Los Lobos

Folder 3

Comprehensive Youth Program

Folder 3

Demonstration and March

Folder 3

Día de los Muertos

Folder 3

Día de los Muertos

Folder 3

Diogenes

Folder 3

DQU

Folder 3

Fiesta del Maiz

Folder 3

Free Narciso Perez

Folder 3

Image

Folder 3

International Women’s Year

folder 3

Jamaica

Folder 3

La MECHA Club

Folder 3

La Voz de Aztlán

folder 3

Los Lupeños de San José

Folder 3

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla

Folder 3

Operation Christmas Unity

Folder 3

Rally March for Narciso Perez

Folder 3

Salsa Series Dance # Four

Folder 3

Salsa Night

Folder 3

Teatro de CSUS Bilingüe

Folder 3

Youth Awareness Workshop

Folder 3

La Raza Bookstore

Folder 3

A Tribute to José Guadalupe Posada

Folder 3

Mexican Independence

Folder 3

Murales

drawer 05-15, Folder 4

González, Xico

Folder 4

1st Annual Dolores Huerta Activitst Recognition Dinner

Folder 4

2nd Annual Dolores Huerta Activist Recognition Dinner

Folder 4

2nd Annual César Chávez Day

Folder 4

A.Chican.Arte Exhibit

Folder 4

Arafat

Folder 4

Arte Revoltoso

Folder 4

César Chávez Day

Folder 4

Cinco de Mayo: Feria de la Primavera

Folder 4

Defeat Bush Compañía

Folder 4

Diga ¡No! a la Prop. 54 / Vote No on Prop.54

Folder 4

El Terminator

Folder 4

Enrique Chagoya

Folder 4

Favela

Folder 4

La Mano Fea

Folder 4

Latino Festival

Folder 4

Maíz (Pa’ Phil)

Folder 4

Montoya

Folder 4

Noche D’ Cultura

Folder 4

Royal Chicano Air Force Poster Art Exhibition

Folder 4

Semana de la Raza

Folder 4

Thai Art

Folder 4

Ultima Cena

Folder 4

Walk out to a Teach-In

Folder 4

We Want You To Join The Brown Syndicate (El Sindicato)

drawer 05-15, Folder 5

González, Xico (Spray Paint posters)

Folder 5

CHE

Folder 5

EZLN (Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional)

Folder 5

Fidel

Folder 5

Frida

Folder 5

Malcolm Equis

Folder 5

My Soul is My Witness

Folder 5

Paz

Folder 5

¡Vive la Intafada! Free Palestine

drawer 05-16, Folder 6

Miscellaneous

Folder 6

Impudent Young Pilots

Folder 6

Valentine Baile - Dance

Folder 6

Viva la Huelga, Viva la Causa

Folder 6

¡Celebracion Cinco de Mayo!

Folder 6

Mercado de las Flores

Folder 6

Third World Film Series

Folder 6

Christmas Art Sale

Folder 6

Dia de las Bellas Artes

Folder 6

Friends of the River

Folder 6

Cesar Chavez

Folder 6

Muchisimas Gracias to the City

Folder 6

3rd Annual Raza Legal Info[rmation] Conf[erence]

Folder 6

El Malcriado

Folder 6

73 Summer

Folder 6

Image J.A.L.A.(Jobs in Action for Latin Americans)

Folder 6

RCAF Royal Chicano Air Force

Folder 6

American-Mexican War Veterans

Folder 6

Fiesta de los Colores

Folder 6

Tesoros de la Raza - Folk Art of Mexico

Folder 6

10th Annual Junta del Nopal

Folder 6

Feliz Cumpleaños Abuelita Querida

Folder 6

Música, Locura, Comida y Mas! para la Gente

Folder 6

16 de Septiembre Mercado

Folder 6

Cinco de Mayo Semana de la Raza

Folder 6

M.A.P.A. Mexican American Political Association

drawer 05-16, Folder 7

Montoya, José

Folder 7

First Annual Indian American-Chicano Unity

Folder 7

El Centro de Artistas Chicanos

Folder 7

Pachuco

Folder 7

Ceasar [sic] Chavez

Folder 7

Raza

Folder 7

Cesar E. Chavez Unity March

Folder 7

50 años - 50th Anniversary Washington Barrio Center

drawer 05-16, Folder 8

Orosco, Juanishi

Folder 8

1st Annual Mexican American Hall of Fame

Folder 8

2nd Annual Mexican American Hall of Fame

Folder 8

Comma Benefit Dance

Folder 8

Dedication of the New Washington School

Folder 8

Día de los Muertos Art Show

Folder 8

Dinner Dance

Folder 8

Festival Folklorico

Folder 8

Fiesta de Colores

Folder 8

Gran Baile

Folder 8

Las Bellas Artes

Folder 8

Los Uniques

Folder 8

Marcha Pa’L’Agua

Folder 8

Mujeres en Careers Symposium

Folder 8

Need Assistance in Landlord Tenant Rights?

Folder 8

One More Canto

Folder 8

Programa Educativo Vocacional

Folder 8

Progreso New Year’s Dance

Folder 8

Royal Chicano Air Force Band

Folder 8

Solidaridad con la Union de Campesinos

Folder 8

The RCAF’s Art Sale

Folder 8

Tierra Sol Madre Santa

drawer 05-16, Folder 9

Rios, Manuel

Folder 9

Mujer of the Sun

Folder 9

My Family, My Religion

Folder 9

Self-Portrait

Folder 9

Song Book

Folder 9

Tears of Juarez Woman

Folder 9

The Happy Dead

Folder 9

WNC [Washington Neighborhood Center]

Folder 9

La Folklorista

drawer 05-16, Folder 10

Villa, Esteban

Folder 10

Cannery Workers Committee

Folder 10

Chicanos 1st Annual Film Series

Folder 10

Chicano Chrismes Art Sale

Folder 10

Dia de Salud

Folder 10

Environmental Open House Festival

Folder 10

Fiesta Internacional

Folder 10

Galeria Posada Sacra Prints

Folder 10

Justice for Farmworkers

drawer 05-16, Folder 11

Unknown Artists

 

Series II. Calendars 1976 & 1978

Subseries Scope and Content Summary

This series includes posters from two calendar series, Calendario de Comida [Calendar of Food] and Calendario de Amor [Calendar of Love].

Arrangement

This series is arranged chronologically.
drawer 05-16, Folder 11

Calendars

Folder 11

Para mis Jefitas Since the Dawn of Time from Calendario de Comida 1976,

Folder 11

Hijos de la gran Tortilla, from Calendario de comida 1976,

Folder 11

Yerbabuena, I Know, from Calendario de comida 1976

Folder 11

The Last Papa with the Big Potatoe [sic], from Calendario de Comida 1976

Folder 11

Chicana, from Calendario de Comida 1976

Folder 11

La Carmen Por Vida, from Calendario de Amor

 

Series III. California State Department of Mental Health Posters 1981

Scope and Contents

This series includes a series of posters sponsored by the California State Department of Mental Health.

Arrangement

This series is arranged alphabetically by artist's last name.
drawer 05-16, Folder 12

Mental Health Posters

Folder 12

Veteranos,

Folder 12

Familia Cultura Familia,

Folder 12

¡¡Sus Consejos Valen!!

Folder 12

There is a Tomorrow

Folder 12

Hazlo [Do It] for Better Mental Health