Inventory of the Hubert Coslet Armstrong papers

Finding aid prepared by Tess McCarthy, MLIS
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2015

Title: Hubert Coslet Armstrong papers
Date (inclusive): 1918-1976
Collection Number: 92027
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 10 manuscript boxes (4.0 linear feet)
Language of the Materials : Most materials are in English with some documents in Japanese.
Abstract: Writings, correspondence, memoranda, photographs, illustrations, reports, curricular materials, and printed matte relating to education in the United States, educational programs in Japanese American internment camps during World War II, and post-war education in Japan. Includes the creator's doctoral dissertation.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Armstrong, Hubert Coslet, 1900-


Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Hubert Coslet Armstrong papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1992.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

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Duveneck collection, Hoover Institution Archives
Margaret A. Finley letters received, Hoover Institution Archives*
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Paul Robert Hanna papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Alice N. Hayes papers, Hoover Institution Archives
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Gertrude King papers, Hoover Institution Archives
W.G. Kubick papers, Hoover Institution Archives
David D. Lowman papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Edward B. Marks papers, Hoover Institution Archives
John W. Nason papers, Hoover Institution Archives
National Japanese American Student Relocation Council records, Hoover Institution Archives
Grace Nichols Pearson papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Rosenbaum-Maier collection, Hoover Institution Archives
Margaret Cosgrave Sowers, Hoover Institution Archives
Henriette B. Von Blon papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Ray Lyman Wilbur papers, Hoover Institution Archives
*at Poston Arizona War Relocation Center during the same period.

Biographical Note

Hubert Coslet Armstrong performed various roles in the United States educational system as educator, guidance counselor, and post-secondary professor at schools such as Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, Mills College, Oakland, California and Claremont College, Claremont, California.
June 22, 1900-Born in Lincoln, Nebraska.
1921-1926-United States National Guard.
circa 1926-Married first wife, Olive Dexter.
1926-1929-Teacher, Pribiloff Islands, Alaska.
1929-1931-Teaching fellow in psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
1930-1931 B.S. and M.S., University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
1931-1934-Oakland Public Schools, Oakland, California:
--Assistant Director of Research.
--Counselor, clinical psychologist and acting director of the Individual Guidance Department.
--McClymonds High School assistant principal.
1933-Summer lecturer, Mills College, Oakland, California.
1933-1938-Researcher, University of California, Berkeley Institute of Child Welfare. Berkeley, California.
1935-1939-Broadcaster, for the program, "Mindways." National Broadcasting Company, San Francisco, California.
1941-1942-Teacher and specialist, Indian Service School in Stewart, Nevada. United States Office of Indian Services and later known as the United States, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs.
1942-Specialist, Japanese War Relocation Center, Poston, Arizona, Poston II Schools.
1944-1945-Research consultant, California State Reconstruction and Redevelopment Commission.
1947-1948-Director of Research, Civil Information and Education Section, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), Japan.
1948-Advisor to the Minister of Education of the government in Korea. United States Department of the Army.
1949-Research consultant, California State Assembly Commission on Public Education, California State Legislature.
1949-Married second wife, Masago Shibuya. Mountain View, California.
1949-1951-Professor, Harvard University Graduate School of Education, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1951-1953-Director, Public Education Association, New York, New York.
1953-Ph.D., Stanford University, Stanford, California.
1956-1957-Consultant, Stanford University. Department of Rehabilitation, Hawaii.
1960-1961-Consultant and research fellow at the University of Tokyo, Japan.
1966-1971-Wrote "Charley Murphy's Montana," unpublished.
circa 1978-Died in Los Angeles County. (Source: "California Death Index, 1905-1939." Images. FamilySearch. : accessed 2015. Citing Department of Health Services. Vital Statistics Department, Sacramento).

Scope and Content of Collection

Writings, correspondence, memoranda, reports, curricular materials, and printed matter, relating to various aspects of education in the United States, educational programs and correspondence at the War Relocation Center at Poston, Arizona during World War II, articles about Japanese and Japanese Americans at internment camps, and research on post-war education in Japan as well as the creator's doctoral dissertation.
Course materials cover various aspects of education in the United States such as teacher training, guidance counseling, and school administration. The series, Research Project on Post-War Education, cover Armstrong's joint fellowship with the University of Tokyo and Stanford University. The year-long project includes materials related to post-war education in Japan and materials from the Japan Teachers' Union. Writings include professional articles written by Armstrong and personal accounts of his experience as an administrator in the public school system and as a school guidance counselor. The Radio broadcast materials series contain transcripts of broadcasted shows done for the NBC (National Broadcasting Company) network radio station KGO, San Francisco in the 1930s. Other series such as: Career files, Printed materials, and Memorabilia and ephemera are described at the series level. Correspondence includes both personal and professional with personal photographs are included in the files.
Copyrighted materials of testing instruments and curricular materials date ranges are included.

Arrangement Statement

Titles of folders are maintained throughout the boxes in the collection following the creator's original order and physical format of materials. Some materials are alphabetized and arranged chronologically where there were no instances of previous arrangement. Photographs have not been separated from correspondence materials.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Japan Teachers' Union.
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers. Civil Information and Education Section.
Education--United States.
Educational counseling.
Japan--History--Allied occupation, 1945-1952.
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945.
Military government.
Oakland (Calif.)--Public schools.
School management and organization--California--Oakland.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Arizona--Poston.
World War, 1939-1945--Education and the war.
World War, 1939-1945--United States.


Course Materials, 1940-1965

Scope and Contents note

Course materials include syllabi, correspondence, research articles, writings and research methodology on school administration, guidance counseling, and clinical information on the human brain damage and neurological disorders. Includes A case study analysis and review for the Covina School District's Principal Selection Committee. Includes handbook for school officials and materials from the Educational Testing Service (ETS) of Princeton, New Jersey.
Box/Folder 1 : 1

Language Development, May 1940-May 1965

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Guidance, January 1950-May 1956

Box/Folder 1 : 3

Case Study Method in School Administration, circa March, 1940-October 1953

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Case Study: Selection of administrative candidates, Covina School District, Covina, California, October 1958-November 1959

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Research Design and Methodology, Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, California, circa 1958-April 1964

Box/Folder 1 : 6

Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders, February 1954- December 1955

Box/Folder 1 : 7

California Governor’s Conference on Education, August 1955-October 1955


Research Project on Post-War Education, 1950-1961

Scope and Contents note

Series contain correspondence where indicated. Administrative files include correspondence about the coordination of the project, plans for research and project materials. Also includes research materials and dissertations from individuals about education in Japan and its reform.
Box/Folder 2 : 1

Administrative files and research materials, 1950-1961

Box/Folder 2 : 2

Translation of "Onna Diagaku" by Ekken Kaibara, correspondence and notes, 1960-1961

Box/Folder 2 : 3

Arthur P. Coladarci articles; final report to Coladarci on Japan, and "Present Status of Educational Research in Japan," 1959-1961

Box/Folder 2 : 4

Ikeda-Robertson Issue: Materials from the Japan Teachers' Union, 1953-1961

Language of the Materials : Contains French excerpts translated into English.
Box/Folder 2 : 5

Reports on Japanese school administration and education, 1945-1961


Writings, 1926-1976

Scope and Contents note

Reports, notes, statistics, outlines, list of articles by Hubert C. Armstrong. Student accounts of the Japanese educational system and other case studies. Files include correspondence and printed materials
Academic papers include papers, graded tests, and illustrations of the human brain.
Biographic materials include:
American Men of Science: The Social and Behavioral Sciences, Tenth Edition, 1962.
Who's Who in American Education, Volume XVI, 1953-1954.
Who's Who in the West, Ninth Edition, 1965-1966.
Box/Folder 3 : 1

Academic materials, 1926-1930

Box/Folder 3 : 2

Anecdotes, writings, thoughts, circa 1934-1951

Box/Folder 3 : 3

Biographical materials and early days in Montana, 1938-1965

Box/Folder 3 : 4

"Charley Russel's Montana," original, 1970-1971

Box/Folder 3 : 5

"Charley Russel's Montana," typed manuscripts, circa 1971

Box 8

Armstrong, Hubert Coslet. "The Relationship of the Auditory and Visual Vocabularies of Children." (PhD diss., Stanford University, School of Education, 1953)

Box/Folder 8 : 1

Education, pedagogy, and school guidance, no date-1949

Box/Folder 8 : 2

Armstrong bibliographic matter, drafts and New York experiences, 1943-1959

Box/Folder 8 : 3

Drafts and hospital experiences, 1950-1966

Box/Folder 8 : 4

Articles for publication, 1955-1971


Career files, 1931-1965

Scope and Contents note

Series encompasses articles by Armstrong along with case studies, conference materials, drafts, research notes, learning and language skills reports, plans for governance, and miscellany. Research materials include case studies of individuals, clippings, printed matter, and reports. Armstrong's published articles and drafts as well as research notes, agenda and project planning materials are included.
Materials on the following subject matter:
--Poston, Arizona internment camp: correspondence from persons interned and administration along with progress reports on Poston II Schools.
--United States, Department of the Interior, Office [Bureau] of Indian Affairs correspondence.
--Research materials on education.
--Public school administration, pedagogy in California.
--The American public education system, school guidance counseling, and curricula.
--Auditory and visual learning.
--Parent-teacher meetings and manuscripts.
--Post-secondary education in Japan.
--Public school administration, pedagogy and materials on the California.
--The American public education system such as school guidance counseling, curricula, testing, textbooks, and the Public Education Association (PEA) advocating for New York City's schools and colleges.
Box/Folder 4 : 1

Oakland Public Schools, Oakland, California files, 1931-1943

Box/Folder 4 : 2

Department of Individual Guidance (Oakland Public Schools): Auditory and visual learning case study, 1934-1942

Box/Folder 4 : 3

Department of Individual Guidance files and "Education--Open for Inspection," 1941-1948

Box/Folder 4 : 4

United States, War Relocation Authority, Poston, Arizona and, United States Department of Interior, Office [Bureau] of Indian Affairs files, 1942-1944

Box/Folder 4 : 5

War Relocation Authority, Poston, Arizona: Research materials and progress reports on Poston Schools, 1941-1943

Box/Folder 5 : 1

War Relocation Authority, Poston, Arizona: printed materials on Japanese relocation and internment, 1942-1943

Box/Folder 5 : 2

California State Department of Education: "Teacher-Parent Conferences" and files, 1945-1946

Box/Folder 5 : 3

Director of Research, General Headquarters (GHQ), Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), Civil Information and Education Section (CI&E): Education in Japan and educational report on the Ministry of Education in Korea, 1946-1947

Box/Folder 5 : 4

Harvard University, School of Education: Correspondence, writings, and research materials on education, 1949-1951

Box/Folder 5 : 5

Director, Public Education Association (PEA), New York, New York: Issues on New York public schools, 1951-1953

Box/Folder 5 : 6

Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, California: Public school administration and pedagogy, 1953-1965


Radio broadcast materials, 1936-1939

Scope and Contents note

Folders include indices of broadcasts complete with date aired, the title of the program and the age of the case study on topic. Transcripts of radio broadcasts of Hubert R. Stolz, M.D. (HRS) from 1932 to 1934, and later Hubert Coslet Armstrong (HCA) from 1934 to 1939 on the National Broadcasting Company radio network broadcast over stations KGO and KLX. The radio show, "Mindways" was written and produced by Armstrong covering human behavior and on parenting, education, child growth and development issues. Some episodes cover topics such as thumb sucking, fighting, adolescence, left-handed children, and exceptional children.
Box/Folder 6 : 1

October 25, 1932-October 30, 1933

Box/Folder 6 : 2

November 27, 1933-June 14, 1934

Box/Folder 6 : 3

July 28, 1934-December 21, 1934

Box/Folder 6 : 4

January 11, 1935-June 21, 1935

Box/Folder 6 : 5

July 19, 1935-December 27, 1935

Box/Folder 6 : 6

January 10, 1936-June 12, 1936

Box/Folder 6 : 7

July 3, 1936-December 18, 1936

Box/Folder 6 : 8

January 1, 1937-June 18, 1937

Box/Folder 6 : 9

July 2, 1937-November 25, 1939

Box/Folder 7 : 1

Radio broadcast research materials, correspondence and transcripts,


Printed materials, 1949-1962

Scope and Contents note

Printed materials include information on the Japanese education system after World War II along with clippings about the Armstrongs and Japanese internment camps.
Box 7

Education in the New Japan, Volume I, General Headquarters, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, Civil Information & Education Section, Education Division. Tokyo, May 1948.

Box 7

Education in the New Japan, Volume II and appendix, General Headquarters, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, Civil Information & Education Section, Education Division. Tokyo, May 1948.

Box/Folder 7 : 2

Japanese Ministry of Education and other agency publications, 1949-1959

Box/Folder 7 : 3

Armstrong article in Japanese, 1961

Box/Folder 8 : 5

Miscellaneous materials on Japan, 1942-1959

Box/Folder 8 : 6

Clippings from Hawaii, Sacramento and New York publications, 1951-1962

Box/Folder 10 : 7

Ephemera, memorabilia and pamphlets, 1924-1954

Box/Folder 10 : 8

Clippings, Harvard University Gazette, materials on education and other topics, 1940-1951


Correspondence, 1918-1967

Scope and Contents note

Family files contain correspondence including cards, post cards, photographs and telegrams with some printed matter.

Armstrong family files, 1918-1967

Box/Folder 9 : 1

Family files, 1925-1940

Box/Folder 9 : 2

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew J. Armstrong, 1918-1939

Box/Folder 9 : 3

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew J. Armstrong, 1940-1949

Box/Folder 9 : 4

Mr. Hubert C. Armstrong, Jr., 1930-1957

Box/Folder 9 : 5

Mrs. Hubert C. (Olive) Armstrong, 1930-1955

Box/Folder 9 : 6

Mr. and Mrs. Philip C. Armstrong, 1926-1949

Box/Folder 9 : 7

Mr. and Mrs. Earl E. Hetrick, 1922-1949

Box/Folder 9 : 8

Dexter family files, 1929-1945

Box/Folder 10 : 1

General, 1918-1945

Box/Folder 10 : 2

Friends, 1920-1944


Professional correspondence and materials,

Box/Folder 10 : 3

Miscellaneous notes recieved, circa 1928

Box/Folder 10 : 4

Correspondence and other materials, 1929-1954

Box/Folder 10 : 5

University of Washington (Seattle) and Mills College (California), 1937-1941

Box/Folder 10 : 6

California Teachers' Association: "Ham and Eggs" retirement files, 1938-1939