Manuscript/memoir of Atushi Archi Miyamoto on the diplomatic exchanges between the United States and Japan
(1942-1943) known as The Gripsholm Exchanges. This document reflects upon and shares personal hardships
experienced by detainees during World War II.
Manuscript. Atushi Archie Miyamoto memoir entitled The Gripsholm Exchanges: a short concise report on the
exchanges of the hostages during WWII between the United States and Japan as it relates to Japanese Americans.
These hostage exchanges took place between July 1942 and August 1943 in Lourenço Marques, Mozambique and Mormugao,
India respectively. The author was a child passenger of the second exchange aboard the Swedish liner S.S. Gripsholm
which was used as repatriation ship between the warfaring nations. Mr. Miyamoto returned to the United States
as a teenager in 1948 and served as a lieutenant colonel in the US army until his retirement.
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