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Inventory of the Eunice Burton Armstrong papers
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement Statement
  • Related Collections

  • Title: Eunice Burton Armstrong papers
    Date (inclusive): 1932-1941
    Collection Number: 2011C28
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 5 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes, 2 card file boxes, 1 oversize folder (5.8 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, notes, bulletins, newsletters, clippings, other printed matter, mailing lists, and address cards relating to the efforts of the America First Committee to ensure American neutrality during World War II. Includes issuances of, and correspondence with, other peace organizations.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Armstrong, Eunice Burton, 1887-


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Eunice Burton Armstrong papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2011.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    Eunice Burton Armstrong was born in 1887 in Waterford, New York. She received a BA in English from Mt. Holyoke College, Massachusetts in 1908 and an MA in economics, social legislation and psychology from Columbia University in 1912. Armstrong finished her post-graduate education at the New York School of Social Work and later became a psychologist. Her career included teaching, writing, and speaking on womens' suffrage, public health, and psychology. Armstrong married Donald Budd Armstrong, a physician, in 1913. They raised four sons, Donald Budd, Jr., Stewart, Lincoln, and Burton.
    Armstrong was assistant editor of the Archives of Psychoanalysis and performed research for the Encyclopedia of Social Forces. In addition to her professional writing, Armstrong became involved with writing editorials for small town newspapers. She also wrote publicity for the amendment to the Selective Service Act prohibiting use of drafted men outside the United States.
    Armstrong’s work experience also included performing taxation and housing studies, as well as serving as a New York State Factory Inspector (1910-1913). As field director of the New York City Department of Welfare, Armstrong was in charge of 140 inspectors who were investigating orphan asylums. She later was a consultant psychologist for school and private patients for 15 years.
    Armstrong became Educational Director of the America First Committee’s New York Chapter in 1941. The America First Committee was a non-interventionist, political pressure group that existed from 1940 to 1941, urging the United States government not to enter World War II. Armstrong's other affiliations included the Massachusetts Suffrage Committee, the Westchester Planned Parenthood League, and the District Nursing Association (Ossining, New York).

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Correspondence, memoranda, notes, bulletins, newsletters, clippings, other printed matter, mailing lists, and address cards relating to the efforts of the America First Committee to ensure American neutrality during World War II and other anti-war campaigns.
    The collection contains newsletters and printed matter published by the America First Committee, as well as materials from other peace and womens' organizations, including: the National Council for the Prevention of War (NCPW), the People's Lobby, Women Investors in America, Women Patriots of the Republic, Women United to Preserve America, Silver Star Mothers, and We, the Mothers, Mobilize for America.

    Arrangement Statement

    Files are grouped according to Armstrong's original file system. Un-filed materials were placed in existing groupings and filed chronologically, then alphabetically. For ease of use, the bulk of the mailing labels have been separated and placed in boxes 8 and 9.

    Related Collections

    America First Committee records, Hoover Institution Archives.
    Fight for Freedom Committee records, Hoover Institution Archives.
    Ruth Sarles typescript : A history of America First, Hoover Institution Archives.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    America First Committee. New York Chapter, Inc.
    America First Committee.
    United States--Neutrality.
    United States--Non-interventionalism.
    Women--Political activity--United States.
    World War, 1939-1945--Peace.
    World War, 1939-1945--Protest movements.
    World War, 1939-1945--United States.