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Inventory of the Eunice Burton Armstrong papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Related Collections
  • Accruals
  • Biographical and Historical Note
  • Separated Materials
  • Arrangement Statement
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Eunice Burton Armstrong papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1932-1941
    Collection Number: 2011C28
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 5 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes, 2 card file boxes (5.8 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, notes, bulletins, newsletters, clippings, other printed matter, and mailing lists and address cards, relating to efforts of the America First Committee to ensure American neutrality during World War II. Includes issuances of and correspondence with other peace organizations.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Armstrong, Eunice Burton, 1887-


    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Eunice Burton Armstrong papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2011.

    Related Collections

    America First Committee records, Hoover Institution Archives.
    Fight for Freedom Committee records, Hoover Institution Archives.
    Ruth Sarles typescript : A history of America First, Hoover Institution Archives.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical and Historical Note

    Eunice Burton Armstrong was born 1887 in Waterford, New York and married Donald Budd Armstrong, a physician. They raised four sons, Donald Budd Armstrong, Jr., Lincoln Armstrong, a Conscientious Objector to war, Burton Armstrong and Stewart Armstrong.
    Armstrong majored in English with a B.A. from Mt. Holyoke College, Massachusetts and an M.A. in Economics, Social Legislation and Psychology from Columbia University. She finished her post graduate education at the New York School of Social Work and later became a psychologist. Eunice Armstrong's career led her to teaching, writing and speaking engagements on womens' suffrage, public health and psychology.
    Armstrong was assistant editor of the Archives of Psychoanalysis and, performed research for the Encyclopedia of Social Forces. In addition to her professional writing, Armstrong became involved with writing editorials "for small town papers...during and after [the] last war." She also wrote publicity for the amendment to the Selective Service Act prohibiting use of drafted men outside the United States.
    Eunice Armstrong’s work experience included performing taxation and housing studies as well as serving as a New York State Factory Inspector which included sweat shop inspections and court work. As field director of the New York City Department of Welfare, Armstrong was in charge of 140 inspectors who were investigating orphan asylums. She later was a consultant psychologist for school and private patients for 15 years.
    Armstrong became Educational Director of the America First Committee’s New York Chapter in 1941. The America First Committee was a non-interventionist, political pressure group that existed from 1940 to 1941 urging United States government from entering World War II. Some members were Charles Lindberg, Burton K. Wheeler, Dr. George H. Whipple and Chester Bowles. According to an appeal letter written December 1941, the America First Committee defined itself as "a non-partisan, non-profit-making, non-sectarian organization which believes in the impregnable defense of the Americas and opposes the sending of an American Expeditionary Force" to Europe.
    Member affiliations:
    Board of Directors, Massachusetts Suffrage Committee
    Westchester Planned Parenthood League
    District Nursing Association, Ossining, New York
    Eunice B. Armstrong papers, Hoover Institution Archives.

    Separated Materials

    For ease of use, the bulk of mailing labels have been separated and placed in separate box numbers 8 and 9.

    Arrangement Statement

    Files are grouped according to the creator's original file system. Un-filed materials were placed in existing series and file structure chronologically then alphabetically. AFC Bulletin is also arranged numerically and chronologically.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Correspondence, memoranda, notes, bulletins, newsletters, clippings, other printed matter, mailing lists and address cards relating to efforts of the America First Committee to ensure American neutrality and other anti-war campaigns during World War II. Collection contains newspapers and printed materials published by the America First Committee. Other peace organizations include National Council for the Prevention of War (NCPW) and the People's Lobby. Womens' peace organizations include Women Investors in America that included Armstrong's involvement, Women Patriots of the Republic, Women United to Preserve America, and other womens' organizations involving mothers such as Silver Star Mothers and We, the Mothers, Mobilize for America.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    America First Committee. New York Chapter, Inc.
    America First Committee.
    United States--Neutrality.
    United States--Non-interventionalism.
    Women--Political activity--United States.
    World War, 1939-1945--Peace.
    World War, 1939-1945--Protest movements.
    World War, 1939-1945--United States.