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Collection Guide
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Register of the Church of Brethren, Brethren Service Commission, Civilian Public Service records
69029  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Accruals
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement Statement

  • Title: Civilian Public Service records
    Date (bulk): 1943-1945
    Date (inclusive): 1941-1946
    Collection Number: 69029
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 6 manuscript boxes (2.4 linear feet)
    Abstract: Collection includes memoranda, bulletins, newsletters, and reports, relating to compulsory non-military public service, conscientious objectors, and the work of the Brethren Civilian Public Service Committee in the United States during World War II.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Church of Brethren. Brethren Service Commission. Civilian Public Service.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Church of Brethren, Brethren Service Commission, Civilian Public Service records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1969.

    Historical Note

    Civilian Public Services Camps ran 1941 to 1947 for conscientious objectors drafted in World War II. In a joint operation between church and government, the camps operated as compulsory non-military public service for conscientious objectors. The Civilian Public Service (CPS) provided a response to low labor shortages and another option for drafted individuals who expressed their right to not take part in military services. The Brethren Service Committee operated technical agencies in over 71 CPS Camps around the country.
    Established in 1941, the Brethren Service Committee of the Church of the Brethren chose to run the CPS Camps. The Church of the Brethren has been involved with the relief of suffering from war or natural disasters with a foundational belief in peace. Church of the Brethren members relocated to CPS camps as conscientious objectors who preferred to act on their beliefs to live in peace. The World War II draft created a labor shortage and in part the CPS camps replenished the loss of labor. The Brethren Civilian Public Service camps formed a complex arrangement between churches and governments.
    In consultation with the National Service Board of Religious Objectors each camp operated to serve specific government technical agencies including forest, soil conservation, public health, fish & wildlife, agriculture and foreign services. Due to labor shortages camps provide government services deemed “work of national importance.” Over 12,000 conscientious objectors lived in Civilian Public Service Camps working in various lines of work. The program was an essential wartime program and aided the government in fundamental resources. Camp operations continued up to eighteen months after the end of World War II.
    Resource:
    Civilian Public Service Alumni, “The Civilian Public Service Story: Living Peace in a Time of War.” Accessed January 8, 2015. http://civilianpublicservice.org/.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Collection includes memoranda, bulletins, newsletters, and reports, relating to compulsory non-military public service, conscientious objectors, and the work of the Brethren Civilian Public Service Committee in the United States during World War II from 1941-1946. Series one provides a glimpse into the Civilian Public Service Camps through newsletters and bulletins written by the conscientious objectors. Series two consist of memoranda’s and papers from the Brethren Service Committee and National Board of Religious Objectors.

    Arrangement Statement

    The collection is organized into two series: Civilian Public Service Camps and Brethren Civilian Public Service Committee.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Conscientious objectors--United States.
    Peace.
    Service, Compulsory non-military--United States.
    World War, 1939-1945--Conscientious objectors.
    World War, 1939-1945--United States.