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Finding Aid to the Ethnological Documents of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, 1875-1958
BANC FILM 2216  
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Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Information for Researchers
  • Administrative Information
  • Introduction [to the Guide to Ethnological Documents (1-203) of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, University of California Berkeley]
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Endnotes
  • Indices
  • Bibliography

  • Collection Summary

    Collection Title: Ethnological documents of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley
    Date (inclusive): 1875-1958
    Collection Number: BANC FILM 2216
    Creators : Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology

    University of California, Berkeley. Dept. of Anthropology
    Extent: Microfilm: 139 reels Number of containers: 93 boxes, 14 oversize folders Linear feet: 36
    Repository: The Bancroft Library
    University of California, Berkeley
    Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
    Phone: (510) 642-6481
    Fax: (510) 642-7589
    Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
    URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
    Abstract: The Ethnological Documents of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, is composed of 216 separate collections of varying size, spanning the period 1875 to 1958, with the exception of a Quiché Maya manuscript leaf, dating from the 17th Century. The collection is comprised of manuscripts, field notes, and other linguistic, ethnographic and ethnobotanical documents, including card files, newsclippings, genealogical tables, charts, maps, drawings, photographs, as well as some original microfilm. Some of the data was gathered by Berkeley anthropology graduate students for the Culture Element Distribution Survey, under the direction of Alfred L. Kroeber. Many of the manuscripts contain notations in Kroeber's hand. The documents were transferred from the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology (now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology) to The Bancroft Library in 1970.
    Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English and Native American languages including, Miwok languages; Na Dené languages of Northwestern California; Cupeño; Yana and Yahi; Pomo languages; Paiute and Zuñi languages. For a complete list of languages represented, consult Index III of this finding aid (Index of Linguistic and Tribal Names).
    Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

    Information for Researchers

    Access

    Collection is available on microfilm only. Originals are not available for use.

    Publication Rights

    All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94270-6000. Consent is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html .

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Ethnological Documents of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, BANC FILM 2216 , The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Indians of North America--California
    Indians of North America--Languages
    Indians of North America--Social life and customs
    Indians of North America--British Columbia
    Indians of North America--Oregon
    Indians of North America--Washington (State)
    Indians of North America--Alaska
    Indians of North America--Nevada
    Indians of North America--Folklore
    Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology
    Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology
    University of California, Berkeley. Dept. of Anthropology

    Administrative Information

    Acquisition Information

    The Ethnological Documents of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, were transferred to The Bancroft Library from the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology (now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology) in 1970. No additions are expected.

    Processing Information

    The collection was processed by Claora Styron, Brian C. Pierini, and Lauren Lassleben.

    Arrangement

    Arrangement and Description Note to the 1997 Microfilm Edition

    The Ethnological Documents are composed of 216 discrete smaller collections of varying length. In this finding aid, the collections are referred to as "items." The collection as a whole conforms to the order imposed by Dale Valory and described by him in his 1971 Guide to Ethnological Documents (1-203) of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, University of California Berkeley . Since this is the arrangement in which the collection has been used and cited since 1971, the original order has been maintained in the microfilm edition. Unfortunately, at times this may entail some inconvenience to the researcher. For example, the papers of Edward Sapir are listed as Items 67, 71, 129, and 197, the order in which the items were listed in the 1971 Guide. As a result, Sapir's papers will appear on more than one microfilm reel, as the filming sequence follows the numerical order of the items. For more information, please consult the Note on Microfilm, with Key to the Arrangement of the Collection on Reels.
    The finding aid has been edited for clarity and consistency. Misspelled words, errata, obscure and incomplete sentences, and bibliographical inconsistencies have been corrected whenever possible. Researchers who wish to review its evolution can refer to the earlier versions ("Ethnological Manuscripts in the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology," by A. L. Kroeber and D. Valory, in The Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers, #37, 1967; and the Guide to the Ethnological Documents (1-203) of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, which is cited above).
    The finding aid has been edited so that the Container Listing matches as closely as possible the actual contents of the folders. A number of items have been re-arranged over time, and in some cases it is no longer possible to determine the original order, or to reconstruct it. Other items were incomplete due to loss. For instance, Item 159 now lacks W. L. Marsden's Notebook II, which was present in the collection in 1971. In the case where new materials have been added to the collection, a summary of their contents and source have been noted in the item description.
    Significant format modifications have been made in the 1997 version of the finding aid. Numerical reel notations have been entered in the lefthand column to signal the start of each reel. New editorial notes have been entered in square brackets, while Dale Valory's original notes in parentheses have been retained. Throughout the collection, Valory's original page count has been retained, even though it may have changed since 1971. In exceptional cases, where the page count of items has changed substantially, usually due to major additions to the item, the new count is placed in square brackets beside the former count. Variations in some page counts can be explained by Valory's inclusion of blank notebook pages in the count, whereas the count for the microfilm edition includes only surfaces with text and graphic information.

    Note on Microfilm, with Key to the Arrangement of the Collection on Reels

    The Ethnological Documents Collection has been microfilmed in order to preserve fragile paper documents and to make the collection more widely available for research. The preservation of this unique collection on microfilm ensures its continued availability to researchers.
    While microfilm is currently the preservation medium of choice, it is not without limitations. Since it is a black and white medium, it does not convey information shown in color on maps or charts, for example. Other kinds of documents where legibility may be compromised on microfilm are notebooks with colored pencil, photostatic copies, carbon copies, and photographs.
    The goal in filming is to capture completely and legibly all surfaces with text or other information. In some instances, varying levels of reflectance on a single document necessitated a retake of that page at different levels of exposure. Some documents required two or three retakes in order to ensure their complete legibility. In other cases, the weak contrast of pencil script on embrittled and darkening paper in field notes may be enhanced on film. The valuable field notes in the Ethnological Documents Collection have been filmed to show the structure of the physical object itself, thus providing a surrogate of the original. The size of a document influences the way in which it was filmed. Oversized documents, such as charts, genealogical tables and maps, are usually filmed in overlapping segments, after an initial establishing shot has been taken. The photographs in this collection have been filmed as reference images only.
    Although most of the Ethnological Documents Collection is paper-based, a few items originated in the collection on microfilm only. These original films have item numbers ending with the letter m for microfilm (such as Item 12.8m). These early films have been copied onto a contemporary polyester base, and reels may be ordered for patron use in the same manner in which other reels are requested. Some of the film had deteriorated completely and was discarded. Wherever possible, the description in the Container Listing and in the Key to the Arrangement of the Collection on Reels contains notes about where to locate the information that was on the discarded reel.
    As regards the arrangement of the items on reels, it would have been simpler to film one item on one reel. But since some items consist of only a few pages, this would not have been economical. The collection has been filmed at an average of 550 images per reel. The reels have been programmed in three different ways: one item occupying one reel; several smaller items fitting on one reel; and one large item requiring multiple reels.
    To illustrate:
    1) One item on a single reel: Item 11 fits on one reel that is called Reel 11; Item 27 fits on one reel that is called Reel 27.
    2) Several small items on one reel: Items 2-10 fit on one reel that is called Reel 2-10; Items 73-77 fit on one reel that is called Reel 73-77.
    3) One item on multiple reels: Item 1 fits on two reels that are called Reel 1 (1) and Reel 1 (2); Item 82 fits on eleven reels that are called Reel 82 (1), Reel 82 (2), Reel 82 (3), and so forth.
    Special care is recommended when ordering an item that is on several reels. First locate the description of the item in the Container Listing and note the items of interest. Then turn to the Key to the Arrangement of the Collection on Reels and match the item number to the reel number. For example, after selecting Item 12.11 (Kato linguistic miscellany) in the Container Listing, go to the Key to Arrangement, and locate the item in the column marked Item Number. There you will find Item 12.11-12.14.1 listed directly across from Reel 12 (5) in the Reel Number column.

    Key to the Arrangement of the Collection on Reels

    Item Number Reel Number
    Item 1.1-1.4 Reel 1 (1)
    Item 1.5-1.8 Reel 1 (2)
    Item 2-10 Reel 2-10
    Item 11

    [For the researcher's convenience, Item 17 has

    been filmed on this reel as well as on Reel 16-17.]
    Reel 11
    Item 12.1-12.5 Reel 12 (1)
    Item 12.6-12.7.3 Reel 12 (2)
    Item 12.8m Reel 12 (3)
    Item 12.9.1-12.10.2 Reel 12 (4)
    Item 12.11-12.14.1 Reel 12 (5)
    Item 12.14.2-12.15 Reel 12 (6)
    Item 13-15 Reel 13-15
    Item 16-17 Reel 16-17
    Item 18-19 Reel 18-19
    Item 20-21 Reel 20-21
    Item 22-25.5.4 Reel 22-25
    Item 26.1.1-26.1.7c Reel 26 (1)
    Item 26.1.8-26.2.2b Reel 26 (2)
    Item 27.1.1-27.3.2 Reel 27
    Item 28.1.1-28.2.2 Reel 28
    Item 29.1.1-29.2.2 Reel 29 (1)
    Item 29.3.1-29.3.5 Reel 29 (2)
    Item 29.4.1-29.4.4 Reel 29 (3)
    Item 29.4.5-29.4.7 Reel 29 (4)
    Item 29.5.1-29.5.6 Reel 29 (5)
    Item 29.5.7-29.5.12b Reel 29 (6)
    Item 29.5.13-29.6 Reel 29 (7)
    Item 29.7.1-29.7.6 Reel 29 (8)
    Item 29.8.1-29.8.4 Reel 29 (9)
    Item 29.8.5-29.8.7 Reel 29 (10)
    Item 29.9.1-29.9.6; 30 Reel 29 (11)-30
    Item 31-36.5 Reel 31-36
    Item 37.1-45.4 Reel 37-45
    Item 46-51 Reel 46-51
    Item 52m Reel 52m
    Item 53.1-53.4 Reel 53
    Item 54m Reel 54m (1)

    Reel 54m (2)
    Item 55-59 Reel 55-59
    Item 60-61 Reel 60-61
    Item 62-64 Reel 62-64
    Item 65.1-65.5 Reel 65 (1)
    Item 65.6-65.10 Reel 65 (2)
    Item 66m

    [This reel was defective and was discarded in 1996.

    For a copy of the contents, see Reel 113-117.]
     
    Item 67-69.5 Reel 67-69
    Item 70-72 Reel 70-72
    Item 73-77 Reel 73-77
    Item 78.1 Reel 78 (1)
    Item 78.2-80 Reel 78 (2)-80
    Item 81.1-81.8 Reel 81
    Item 82.1-82.3.2 Reel 82 (1)
    Item 82.4 Reel 82 (2)
    Item 82.5.1 Reel 82 (3)
    Item 82.5.2 Reel 82 (4)
    Item 82.6.1 Reel 82 (5)
    Item 82.6.2 Reel 82 (6)
    Item 82.6.3 Reel 82 (7)
    Item 82.6.4 Reel 82 (8)
    Item 82.7-82.11 Reel 82 (9)
    Item 82.12.1-82.12.13 Reel 82 (10)
    Item 82.13.1-82.14. Reel 82 (11)
    Item 83 Reel 83
    Item 84 Reel 84
    Item 85.1-85.6 Reel 85
    Item 86.1-87.3 Reel 86-87
    Item 88-91.1 Reel 88-91
    Item 92.1-98 Reel 92-98
    Item 99.1-99.4.5 Reel 99 (1)
    Item 99.4.6-99.4.16 Reel 99 (2)
    Item 99.4.17-103.2 Reel 99 (3)-103
    Item 104.1-106 Reel 104-106
    Item 107.1-112 Reel 107-112
    Item 113.1-117 Reel 113-117
    Item 118.1-118.6 Reel 118 (1)
    Item 118.7-118.11.3 Reel 118 (2)
    Item 118.11.4-121 Reel 118 (3)-121
    Item 122.1.1-122.3 Reel 122 (1)
    Item 122.4.1-122.7 Reel 122 (2)
    Item 123-127 Reel 123-127
    Item 128.1-128.20 Reel 128 (1)
    Item 128.21-128.28 Reel 128 (2)
    Item 128.29-128.38 Reel 128 (3)
    Item 129.1.1 Reel 129 (1)
    Item 129.1.2 Reel 129 (2)
    Item 129.2.1 Reel 129 (3)
    Item 129.2.2 Reel 129 (4)
    Item 129.3.1 Reel 129 (5)
    Item 129.3.2 Reel 129 (6)
    Item 129.3.3 Reel 129 (7)
    Item 130.1-130.5 Reel 130 (1)
    Item 130.6-130.13 Reel 130 (2)
    Item 131-133 Reel 131-133
    Item 134.1 (Folder 1)-134.1 (Folder 8) Reel 134 (1)
    Item 134.1 (Folder 9)-134.1 (Folder 15), 134.2m

    [This reel contains everything except 134.2m,

    which deteriorated and was discarded in 1978.]
    Reel 134 (2)
    Item 134.3-134.7.3 Reel 134 (3)
    Item 134.8.1-134.9 Reel 134 (4)
    Item 134.10-135 Reel 134 (5)-135
    Item 136m

    [This reel was defective and was discarded in 1996.

    For a copy of the original, see Reel 31-36.]
     
    Item 137m Reel 137m
    Item 138m Reel 138m
    Item 139-143.1

    [This reel contains only a record of Items 139-142,

    which were returned to the owner in 1970-1971.

    Most of this reel is Item 143.1.]
    Reel 139-143 (1)
    Item 143.2-143.8 Reel 143 (2)
    Item 144.1.1 Reel 144 (1)
    Item 144.1.2-144.1.4 Reel 144 (2)
    Item 144.1.5-145m

    [This reel contains only a record of Item 145m,

    which was returned to the owner in 1974.

    Most of the reel is 144.1.5-144.2.4.]
    Reel 144 (3)-145m
    Item 146.1.1-146.1.8 Reel 146 (1)
    Item 146.2.1-146.2.9 Reel 146 (2)
    Item 147.1-147.2 Reel 147 (1)
    Item 147.3-147.5.15 Reel 147 (2)
    Item 148.1-148.9 Reel 148
    Item 149-152.4 Reel 149-152
    Item 153.1-155 Reel 153-155
    Item 156.1-156.2.7 Reel 156 (1)
    Item 156.3.1 Reel 156 (2)
    Item 156.3.2 Reel 156 (3)
    Item 156.3.3 Reel 156 (4)
    Item 156.3.4 Reel 156 (5)
    Item 156.3.5 Reel 156 (6)
    Item 157-160 Reel 157-160
    Item 161-163 Reel 161-163
    Item 164 Reel 164
    Item 165-168 Reel 165-168
    Item 169 Reel 169
    Item 170-172 Reel 170-172
    Item 173-174 Reel 173-174
    Item 175-181 Reel 175-181
    Item 182-186.5 Reel 182-186
    Item 187-203 Reel 187-203
    Item 204.1-204.11 Reel 204 (1)
    Item 204.12-204.24 Reel 204 (2)
    Item 204.25-204.36.1 Reel 204 (3)
    Item 204.37-204.47 Reel 204 (4)
    Item 205.1-206.7 Reel 205-206
    Item 207.1-207.6 Reel 207
    Item 208.1-208.9 Reel 208
    Item 209.1-209.10 Reel 209
    Item 210.1-210.7 Reel 210
    Item 211.1-211.4 Reel 211
    Item 212.1-212.11 Reel 212
    Item 213.1-213.5 Reel 213
    Item 214-216 Reel 214-216

    Acknowledgments to the 1997 Microfilm Edition

    We are grateful to many people for their assistance in the archival processing, preservation and conservation treatment and microfilming of the Ethnological Documents Collection.
    We would particularly like to thank the following linguists for giving generously of their time in authenticating and describing the following Native American languages: Dr. Catherine Callaghan, Miwok languages; Dr. Victor Golla, Humboldt State University, Na Dené languages of Northwestern California; Dr. Jane Hill, University of Arizona, Cupeño; Dr. Leanne Hinton, U.C. Berkeley, Yana and Yahi; Dr. Sally McLendon, Hunter College, Pomo languages; and Dr. Michael Nichols, Miwok, Paiute and Zuñi languages.
    Staff members Jan Hawley, Dody Van Dyke, Robert Piercy, Muoi Huynh, Dennis Jefferson and Meg Cudal at BMI Imaging Systems, Inc., in Sunnyvale, California did an outstanding job of microfilming the collection, a task made more difficult by the fragility of some documents and their wide range of size and format.
    The staff of the University of California, Berkeley Library Preservation Department, including Barclay Ogden, Lynn Jones, Ann Swartzell, Cameron Olen, Nancy Harris, Charles Stewart and Robert Byler, provided funding as well as expertise in conservation and preservation and microfilmed some of the most difficult items.
    William M. Roberts, University Archivist and Curator of the Ethnological Documents Collection, gave us the benefit of his wise counsel. We had intelligent and diligent help from our student assistants, Brian C. Pierini, Benjamin C. Scott, and Jessica Lage. Bancroft Technical Services staff member Jenny Yoshida made corrections and prepared the final version of the finding aid.

    Introduction [to the Guide to Ethnological Documents (1-203) of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, University of California Berkeley ]

    This Guide represents the culmination of some five years' work by the compiler which was initiated in December, 1965. In excess of 50,000 pages of manuscripts and field notes, and thousands of plates and photographs, were sorted, researched, indexed and archived in a decimal system. In 1957-1958, A. L. Kroeber had compiled the first catalog of Museum manuscripts, then numbering but thirty-nine. Beside these relatively few items remained an enormous quantity of collections stored then in the mezzanine of the Anthropology Library of Kroeber Hall. In 1967, Kroeber's list was augmented and edited by the writer, and was then published (Kroeber and Valory 1967) to initiate knowledge of the collection's existence in the academic community at large.
    In 1969, a joint committee of Department of Anthropology faculty and Lowie Museum staff met and decided to accept an offer by the University Archives to absorb the collections. By this time, in excess of 150 of the collections had been archived, and their value was becoming known to scholars throughout the United States; numerous scholars came to Berkeley thereafter to examine and utilize the mainly unpublished sources. The lack of adequate facilities to store and use the collections, however, severely hampered this activity, and the Department/Museum "Archives" had merely unofficial status.
    The accumulation of these collections began as early as the Department of Anthropology itself (1901), and the Guide, together with the important endnotes, is in itself a meandering history of both the Department and of the course and development of ethnology in California. The collections are significant mainly for their relevance to North American Indian--and California Indian in particular--studies, although there are as well significant Pacific collections. Notable among the archival items are the collections of works by P. E. Goddard, E. W. Gifford, to some extent those of A. L. Kroeber and T. T. Waterman. The private correspondence and scientific papers of A. L. Kroeber and R. H. Lowie are not a part of this collection and are now located in The Bancroft Library. Department and Museum official correspondence to 1958 was also shifted to the University Archives in 1969.
    The ethnological documents of the Department and Museum are now available for use to serious scholars, and individuals interested in them should contact the University Archivist, for rules respecting the examination and reproduction of the contents. As a courtesy, permission for citation or publication, in part or in whole, of the collections should be secured, in writing, in advance from the authors where living. In many cases, living authors' addresses can be obtained from either the Lowie Museum files or from the Department of Anthropology in Kroeber Hall; authorization for the use of the collections per se is not necessary on the part of the Museum or Department, however. The University Archivist has sole authority in this matter.
    It is hoped that in years to come, the collections now in the University Archives will be utilized to their capacity, as fresh field sources and opportunities for research on traditional cultures of North American Indian societies are swiftly drying up, and the domain of historical Indian civilizations is slipping into the realm of paleoanthropology, and the traditional American Indian is disappearing. As this phenomenon increasingly becomes the general rule, scholars will turn ever increasingly in kind to library and archival sources for new insight and data, and such collections as those in the Archives will gain new and deeper significance.
    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    The writer is grateful to many individuals who responded to queries during the researching of the collections. I would like to especially acknowledge the assistance of the following persons: Mr. Robert Pfeiffer, Anthropology Librarian; Dr. V. K. Golla of George Washington University; Dr. John Rowe, Dr. Robert Heizer, Dr. J. N. Anderson, the late Dr. T. D. McCown, Dr. N. H. H. Graburn, and Dr. Alan Dundes of the University of California, Berkeley; Dr. William Bright and Dr. Harry Hoijer of the University of California, Los Angeles, Dr. Cora Du Bois of Harvard University; Dr. Catherine McClellan of the University of Wisconsin; Dr. T. S. Kauffman of the University of Pittsburg; Dr. Frank J. Essene of the University of Kentucky; Dr. F. S. Hulse of the University of Arizona; Mrs. Delila Gifford; Mrs. Theodora Kroeber-Quinn; Dr. A. B. Elsasser, Mr. Frank Norick, Mr. Gene Prince, and Miss S. R. Gudmundsen of the R. H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology; Dr. W. W. Elmendorf, Dr. J. H. Steward, Dr. Reo Fortune, Dr. C. D. Forde, Dr. Isabel T. Kelly, Dr. Julius Moshinsky, Dr. Shirley Silver, Mr. J. R. K. Kantor of the University Archives; and Dr. Margaret Mead of the American Museum of Natural History.
    Berkeley, California

    October 1971

    [Dale Valory

    Archeological Research Facility

    Department of Anthropology

    University of California at Berkeley

    Berkeley, California]

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Ethnological Documents of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, is composed of 216 separate collections of varying size, spanning the period 1875 to 1958, with the exception of a Quiché Maya manuscript leaf, dating from the 17th Century. The collection is comprised of manuscripts, field notes, and other linguistic, ethnographic and ethnobotanical documents, including card files, newsclippings, genealogical tables, charts, maps, drawings, photographs, as well as some original microfilm. Some of the data was gathered by Berkeley anthropology graduate students for the Culture Element Distribution Survey, under the direction of Alfred L. Kroeber. Many of the manuscripts contain notations in Kroeber's hand. The documents were transferred from the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology (now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology) to The Bancroft Library in 1970.
    As originally described in Dale Valory's 1971 Guide to Ethnological Documents (1-203) of the Department and Museum of Anthropology, University of California Berkeley, the collection is particularly rich in cultural and linguistic information about California Indians. Noteworthy documents include Pliny E. Goddard's notes and manuscripts on California Athabaskan (Na Dené) languages, as well as Edward Sapir's celebrated work with Ishi, the last speaker of Yahi, and on other Yanan languages. The work of Thomas T. Waterman on the Yurok, Diegueño and Yana languages is well represented, as is that of Paul L. Faye on the Cupeño and Philip S. Sparkman on the Luiseño languages. There is a substantial quantity of Edward W. Gifford's much sought-after field notes and manuscripts concerning linguistic groups from throughout California. Documentation of several Paiute languages and cultures figures prominently in the notebooks compiled by Frederick S. Hulse and Frank J. Essene, which are unusual in that Native Americans were sometimes employed to record as well as to supply information. Also worth noting are Abraham M. Halpern's Pomo-Patwin field notes, and the myths, tales and vocabulary collected by Waterman, Charles F. Voegelin and Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin from Tubatulabal informants. There are many smaller yet still significant collections, including information on Nisenan and other Maidu languages, recorded during the brief anthropological career of Hugh W. Littlejohn.
    In addition to California languages, the Ethnological Documents Collection also contains linguistic and cultural information from other parts of the country, as well as from abroad. Examples include the seminal work on the Tohono O'Odham language of Arizona by Juan Dolores and Kroeber; Halpern's detailed Yuma linguistic and Papago ethnographic notes; William W. Elmendorf's lengthy Twana and Skokomish field notes; Ronald L. Olson's papers on the Kwakiutl and Tlingit; and Waterman's research on the tribes of the Puget Sound region. From further afield come John Garvan's manuscripts on linguistics and ethnology from the Philippine Islands, as well as documentation of Gifford's work in Oceania.
    Since the appearance of Valory's Guide in 1971, the Ethnological Documents Collection has doubled in size. Recent additions to the collection include over 100 field notebooks, containing interviews with Pomo, Wailaki, Nomlaki, Konkow, Yuki, Maidu, Paiute, and Lone Pine Shoshoni informants, which were conducted under the auspices of the United States Works Projects Administration and the California State Employment Relief Administration during the 1930s. Some of these notebooks are remarkable for the level of detail of the information. More recently, multiple drafts of The Sparkman Grammar of Luiseño have been transferred from the Albert L. Kroeber Papers (BANC MSS C-B 925) and added to Sparkman's extensive documentation of the grammar and vocabulary of the Luiseño. Manuscripts on the culture and language of the Yurok and the Diegueño also have been transferred to the Ethnological Documents Collection from the Kroeber Papers. Two late additions to the collection are Arden R. King's field notes on the Mountain (Northeast) Maidu and Gifford's notes on the Karok. The collection's expanded size has been caused in part by careful conservation work and improved housing of documents, including the mylar encapsulation of fragile documents, and the creation of custom-sized acid-free boxes for fragile items.
    The final part of the finding aid consists of four indices, three of which were provided by Valory. The Index of Authors [and Compilers] (I) has been updated to reflect recent additions to the collection. Further expanding and enriching access to the holdings of the Ethnological Documents Collection is a newly-created Index of Informants (II), with over 2,200 names. This new index augments Dale Valory's original Author-Persons Index, which had excluded the names of Native American consultants. The Index of Linguistic and Tribal Names (III) has been modernized to show current as well as historic names. The Subject Index (IV) has been left as Valory created it. The finding aid concludes with Valory's bibliography of works cited.

    Endnotes

    Note

    Note 1. Intended for use in her publication (1932).

    Note

    Note 2. Found at Mission Santa Inés (California) by Walsh and transferred to the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology [now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology] by Professor Bolton on May 23, 1930. While it appears to have been composed in the Inezeño Chumash dialect, it may not be. Professor Madison Beeler, who examined and copied this document in 1969, is quite sure that it is Barbareño and not Inezeño. He speculates that since Santa Inés was utilized as a retirement retreat for missionaries after the secularization of 1835, the document may have been brought there from Mission Santa Barbara.

    Note

    Note 3. An outline of the contents is included in Kroeber and Valory 1967:2.

    Note

    Note 4. Compiled for verification of the identity of tribes under survey. Cf. Kroeber and Valory 1967:14, f. 3.

    Note

    Note 5. With an explanatory note by Barrett to A. L. Kroeber, written on November 11, 1955.

    Note

    Note 6. Dated June 22, 1931.

    Note

    Note 7. Cf. A. L. Kroeber and D. Valory 1967:14, ff. 4-5.

    Note

    Note 8. Cf. also Item 81 and Item 82.

    Note

    Note 9. Regarding Benson and the controversy surrounding his reliability as well as the status of this collection, cf. Kroeber and Valory 1967:14-15, f. 7.

    Note

    Note 10. Apparently dictated by the informant in English.

    Note

    Note 11. This was originally intended by Gifford to be included in his monograph (1967) on the Southwestern Pomo, but the monograph, including only the Russian account of the Coastal Pomo by Peter Kostromitinov (Gifford 1967, 1-4), was published posthumously without it. Collection #10 [in Kroeber, A. L. and Valory, D., Ethnological Manuscripts (1-39) in the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology, Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers, 37:1-22, 1967] was the original number for the microfilm material on the Philippine Negritos by John Garvan, which is now numbered Item 52m.

    Note

    Note 12. Cf. von Baer and von Helmersen 1839.

    Note

    Note 13. Gathered originally from the University of California, the American Museum of Natural History, the Southwestern, Peabody, Field, and Los Angeles County Museums for a dissertation project which later was abandoned. For further background data, cf. Kroeber and Valory 1967:15, ff.10-11. [For copies of photographs, please contact the institution listed on the back of each photograph.] The original collection contained the following number of prints: Cahuilla (85), Luiseño (36), Chemehueve (20), Gabrileño (4), Diegueño (22), Juaneño (8), Serrano (6), Coahuila (2), Chumash (15), and unidentified Mission Indian baskets (474).

    Note

    Note 14. Item 17, a list of specimens which corresponds to this collection [of photographs], also contains notes on (1) Paiute, (4) Yokuts, (1) Pima, and (1) Washo baskets in this item number. [Notation as recorded in 1968 Guide. These notes are missing.] The list does not fully match the item's contents.

    Note

    Note 15. Among the most valuable holdings in the Department's archives is Pliny E. Goddard's collection of linguistic and mythological manuscript materials. Most of them are unpublished. They are mainly the yield of his ambitious and indefatigable study of the Athapaskan-speaking [sic] tribes of North America and of California in particular. Most of the Goddard Collection came to the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology [now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology] in 1941-1942, through the generosity of Gladys Reichard, executrix of the Goddard estate. In the name of the Museum, A. L. Kroeber received the manuscripts and examined them in detail in 1957-1958. Kroeber prepared a report on the material, which was published after his death, under the editorship of Herbert Landar in 1967. A word of caution: the numbering system for the Goddard Collection has been reorganized. The system presented in the initial index in Kroeber and Valory 1967: 4-6 is no longer valid.

    Note

    Note 16. This appears to be residua of troublesome or superfluous items which Goddard found unsuitable to print in his Chilula Texts, 1914. Regarding tales 11-14, Goddard wrote in November 1905, "Told by Milla Ketz, Redwood Creek. No interpreter was present. They do not seem to be connected. Probably of no value except as indicating direction of further inquiry." For a detailed inventory of this item, cf. Kroeber and Valory 1967.

    Note

    Note 17. These are miscellaneous items which were somehow separated from 12.6. They appear to be taken from the Wailaki notebooks now in the possession of the American Philosophical Society (cf. Freeman 1966: 380), from which the mythology was published in Goddard's Wailaki Texts (1923).

    Note

    Note 18. Kroeber thought these were possibly Tolowa. They are not. The first of the myths, "Fisher," has been published (Goddard 1923).

    Note

    Note 19. Regarding problematic aspects of this item, cf. Kroeber and Valory 1967: 16, f. 18.

    Note

    Note 20. Texts numbered 1-3, 7-9, 13, 16, 29, and 37 have only been partially translated. The value of this manuscript seems obvious: neither Goddard nor anyone else ever published any Nongatl linguistic material. There is nothing in print concerning Nongatl mythology.

    Note

    Note 21. Goddard originally intended or hoped (letter of April 7, 1922) that Kroeber would publish Wailaki Texts in the University of California publication series, but he did not. The particular value of this item [12.6] is that while the greater part of the texts which accompanied the free translations was published, this original manuscript has ethnographic descriptions and explanations which greatly enhance the ethnological value of both texts and tales in translation.

    Note

    Note 22. This item contains some 45 myths and tales which this editor [D. V.] has re-examined, typed and researched with the intention of publishing them with an ethnographic introduction. This has been done in conjunction with his own field work on Tolowa ethnography, linguistics, and folklore. This work is presently in completed manuscript form.

    Note

    Note 23. These dates are taken from the notebooks now in the Boas Collection in the American Philosophical Society Library. Cf. Freeman 1966: 80, 185, 373.

    Note

    Note 24. This microfilm corresponds to the American Philosophical Society Library’s Boas Collection, item no. 30/Na20e.1-2137 (cf. Freeman 1966: 231), or a portion of it. It is the contents of two field notebooks, which also contain village sites, surveys, texts, and notes. The original notebooks were donated to the Society in 1946 by A. L. Kroeber, who made this microfilm in July, 1957.

    Note

    Note 25. This item was inspected by Baumhoff prior to the publication of his monograph (1958) on Northwest California Athapaskans. It is not certain whether all data in it has been published.

    Note

    Note 26. Also in this collection is a map (one of three) with a partial list of Yurok villages. This attempt at a Yurok geography was superseded by Waterman's (1920a) intensive study.

    Note

    Note 27. Some of this data was utilized in Goddard's (1928) study of pitch accent in the Hupa language.

    Note

    Note 28. Goddard, in his Kato Texts (1907: 68), acknowledges Sapir's assistance. Victor Golla kindly aided me in the identification of handwriting in this item.

    Note

    Note 29. For information on the historical background of these manuscripts, cf. Kroeber and Valory 1967: 17, f. 29.

    Note

    Note 30. Cf. (Kroeber 1967). This item was apparently designed to accompany a publication of the Nongatl texts (cf. 125).

    Note

    Note 31. Found with the original manuscript of Kato Texts (1907), but never published.

    Note

    Note 32. The Department of Linguistics Survey of California and Other American Indian Languages, has a quantity of Harrington's extant field notes on California Indian languages, including his Esselen material. They must, of course, be used with extreme caution, owing to the idiosyncracies of their author's peculiar mentality. This manuscript [Item 13] contains an historical overview and introduction to the material. If the linguistic data is ever published, the manuscript ought to accompany it, in some form.

    Note

    Note 33. Regarding Kroeber's personal view of this manuscript, cf. Kroeber and Valory 1967: 17, f. 31.

    Note

    Note 34. A note by A. L. Kroeber on the folder states, "Lent. . .to Prof. Madison Beeler, who made a copy of same, in connection with his study of S(anta) B(arbara) Chumash (June, 1958)."

    Note

    Note 35. This is essentially a letter, dated May 19, 1913, from Harrington, then in Santa Barbara, to E. W. Gifford at the Museum in San Francisco. It contains what appear to be linguistic items matching what informant Justo was supposed to have uttered on film. Whether or not it is the full text--or only what Harrington, in a hasty departure from San Francisco had omitted to leave with Gifford is uncertain.

    Note

    Note 36. This material was gathered for typing in this form about 1946. Later, much of it was incorporated into Kroeber and Gifford's joint monograph (1949) on world renewal ceremonialism in Northwestern California. Cf. also Items 63 64.

    Note

    Note 37. Dr. Hohenthal informed the editor that he anticipates reworking this material in the near future, and it should be a valuable addition to California ethnography. This item is not presently available to other scholars without the author's express, written permission. [This restriction no longer applies.]

    Note

    Note 38. For background information on this item, cf. Item 11; cf. also Kroeber and Valory 1967:15, ff. 10-11.

    Note

    Note 39. The maps that accompany this study were found much later after this collection had been archived (cf. Item 32). Respecting the background of this item, Kroeber records (Kroeber and Valory 1967: 18, f. 37) that Littlejohn was "once a graduate student in anthropology, but he died some years later (1930 Ed.)," and that his material "represents field work done by him in 1928. . .and with it goes no. 19 which is a. . .notebook containing vocabularies. I think the quality of the data is good. Littlejohn was conscientious and careful and an intelligent person with considerable educational background."

    Note

    Note 40. For an outline of contents, consult the collection itself, or cf. Kroeber and Valory 1967:7.

    Note

    Note 41. Includes 12 photographs of sites referred to in the text.

    Note

    Note 42. Comprises material towards completion of the manuscript in 18.1; cf. also Items 19, 32 and 69.

    Note

    Note 43. Cf. Item 18.

    Note

    Note 44. Sponsored by the National Museum of Canada. The data in this item and Item 21 are presently to be published by Dr. McClellan by contract with the Museum.

    Note

    Note 45. A more detailed inventory of the contents may be found in Kroeber and Valory 1967:19, ff. 42 44.

    Note

    Note 46. The original typed carbons of these data were returned to Dr. McClellan in October, 1968 at her request, and a photocopy was retained.

    Note

    Note 47. Cf. also Kroeber and Valory 1967:19, f. 45.

    Note

    Note 48. When found by Kroeber in 1957-1958, this item was incorrectly labeled. It contains, contrary to the old label, neither reports of visits to Vallejo, California, nor Suisun-Wintun vocabularies. This San Juan material is surely unpublished, as Mason's field trip of October 1961 [1916] occurred well after the publication of his work [April, 1916] on the Northern Mutsun dialect of Costanoan.

    Note

    Note 49. The identification of the dialect used in this tale was kindly made by Professor T. S. Kauffman of the University of Pittsburgh. The document was found or bought by Dieseldorff, a businessman of Copán, Guatemala, who donated it to the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology [now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology].

    Note

    Note 50. A photocopy of this has been retained for the Archives.

    Note

    Note 51. This material was part of Sparkman's personal effects, and was sent to Kroeber after the former's death. Early in his work, Sparkman, through Kroeber, was introduced to Alice Eastwood, a botanist at the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco. Sparkman worked conscientiously at identifying and supplying Luiseño names for hundreds of specimens, and Eastwood helped him via frequent correspondence. Presumably most or all of the materials gathered early burned in the old Academy building in the 1906 holocaust. The material in Part 2 is all that remains to the University of this endeavor, as far as is known. The linguistic data in Part 3 represents some of Sparkman's corrections to his early draft of the grammar and possibly of the "final" draft which Kroeber and Grace (1960) used. It is by no means certain that there is no additional useful data not consulted by Kroeber or Grace when their volume was in preparation. Parts 4 and 5 are the precursors of Sparkman's organized attempt at a systematic Luiseño grammar, and doubtless date back as far as 1898. The notebooks were not fully used and the estimate of pages represents only those actually used. Cf. Items 26 30.

    Note

    Note 52. This may actually be 8b; in any event, one part is missing.

    Note

    Note 53. Includes more paradigms, texts, and place names.

    Note

    Note 54. Sparkman inadvertently (?) marked two bundles "Part 11."

    Note

    Note 55. Typed.

    Note

    Note 56. Since the publication of the Kroeber and Grace edition (1960) of the Sparkman grammar, a dictionary of Luiseño has been published by Bright (1968), utilizing some of Sparkman's data, as well as Bright's own field data and that of J. P. Harrington and André Malécot.

    Note

    Note 57. The Luiseño portion indicates signs of Sparkman's corrections, particularly of the botanical species names as they were sent to him via Kroeber from university botanists (cf. Item 25).

    Note

    Note 58. There is apparently no extant English Luiseño counterpart to this version of the Dictionary.

    Note

    Note 59. A pencil note by Kroeber explains his treatment of the dictionary: "This is P. S. Sparkman's final version of his Luiseño English and English Luiseño Dictionary. The Luiseño-English part was gone over by ALK for orthographic restatement in pencil on margins. This was then put onto slips. It was these slips that were pencil checked and rewritten by Kroeber with Luiseño informant, Feliz Calac, in San Francisco around 1909, and they are the basis of [a] subsequent list (lost?--D. V.) typed by W. P. A. [United States Works Projects Administration], 8 23 48."

    Note

    Note 60. The English Luiseño also shows marginal notes in pencil by Kroeber, although they are nowhere as extensive as in the Luiseño English, which demonstrates his primary concern for the reconstitution of the Luiseño.

    Note

    Note 61. Although it is claimed by Kroeber that Items 29.1 and 29.2 represent the "final version(s)" of the two part dictionary, the contents of this version are identical to those of Item 28, which Kroeber marked with his own forms elicited from the informant Feliz Calacin 1909. Thus this version of the Dictionary and the Grammar with it cannot be much, if at all, earlier than Item 28. Item 28 did not contain a grammar, and this grammar is the only extant [one] which appears "final" in character. Possibly this grammar goes with the dictionaries in Item 28; the diacritics and corrections in both sets of dictionaries are identical. Cf. also Items 26 28.

    Note

    Note 62. The contents of Items 29.3.1-29.3.4 are arranged in accordance with the published version of The Sparkman Grammar of Luiseño.

    Note

    Note 63. This is a rough draft manuscript containing data subsequently published in monograph form (Pearsall 1950). It is not certain that the monograph represents all the data herein.

    Note

    Note 64. These maps go with Littlejohn's manuscript and field notes on Nisenan geography (cf. Items 18-19).

    Note

    Note 65. Kroeber (Kroeber and Valory 1967:19, f. 52) was under the impression that the date of this item appeared within. The presence of Yokuts (Penutian stock) material in the comparative vocabularies suggests that it predates the time when Yokuts' linguistic affliations were known to be Penutian (Dixon and Kroeber 1913). That is, the editor assumes Waterman had been attempting to compare Yokuts and Tubatulabal as possibly related genetically, but this is merely an educated guess. For more information on this item, cf. Kroeber and Valory (loc. cit.).

    Note

    Note 66. These recordings are the old Edison cylinders, in the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology [now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology], catalogue 14/1602 1684, which were transcribed onto magnetic tape in 1957 1958, under Kroeber's direction. One set of tapes is in the Museum, and a duplicate was deposited in the Department of Linguistics (tapes L 6 through L 9). How the old cylinders correspond (by catalogue number) to the notebooks (by number and page) is outlined in Kroeber and Valory 1967:20, f. 55.

    Note

    Note 67. Rest of notebook unused.

    Note

    Note 68. Yahi notions respecting the afterlife. The remainder of the items in this collection (Notebook 5) are reminiscences or ethnographic descriptions.

    Note

    Note 69. Not recorded on phonograph.

    Note

    Note 70. Only the Chico map is annotated. The Dillon Ranch village is indicated in the upper left-hand corner on Singer Creek.

    Note

    Note 71. Waterman must have typed out this list for "field" use, i.e. for interviewing the captive Ishi in the Oroville Jail. Batwi's remarks are marked with the notation "B…"

    Note

    Note 72. Recorded at Burns, Oregon (?).

    Note

    Note 73. Kroeber notes that this list originally was prepared by Marsden and revised by Juan Dolores. Cf. Item 38, also (Marsden 1923).

    Note

    Note 74. Cf. Item 27.

    Note

    Note 75. Cf. (Waterman 1911).

    Note

    Note 76. The authorship of this manuscript is conjectural (Kroeber and Valory 1967:21, f. 61); the originality [provenance] of the data cannot be presently established.

    Note

    Note 77. Cf. Item 41.

    Note

    Note 78. Kroeber notes that this item dates from a time when Tozzer was Dixon's field assistant and trainee (cf. Item 40).

    Note

    Note 79. This material was compiled during 1935 by State Emergency Relief Administration project #24 F2 62, under the supervision of Frank J. Essene. It comprises salvage ethnography taken down by hired interviewers and translators. These are carbon copies of the original notebooks, most of which are still retained by the Archives [now at The Bancroft Library]. The typescript is not complete for all the notebooks in the collection. [The typescript also contains variations when compared to the originals. These variations pertain to vocabulary, style, tone, and expression, including the omission and/or addition of text. In some instances, the stories have been re-ordered in the typescript and have vocabulary notes].

    Note

    Note 80. Essene's original field notebook numbers.

    Note

    Note 81. This manuscript must date from about 1906 (see note below), and parts or possibly all of it were incorporated into a monograph (1908) by Sparkman. Cf. also Items 25 30.

    Note

    Note 82. Sparkman, through Kroeber, had his botanical specimens identified by Alice Eastwood at the old California Academy of Sciences. Apparently a good number of the records concerning this collection's specimens was lost when the Academy building burned in 1906.

    Note

    Note 83. This microfilm was prepared through the generosity of Father John M. Cooper of the Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C., and was then donated, via A. L. Kroeber, to the Archives, about 1948. Cf. also Items 53, 144, and 147. [See Note 188 for a general background to the Garvan materials.]

    Note

    Note 84. About 1930. Most of the Garvan material is contained and explained in Item 144. Cf. also Item 52m. [See Note 188 for a general background to the Garvan materials.]

    Note

    Note 85. Garvan's title is "Moro Poetry: Lyric, Religious, Martial."

    Note

    Note 86. It is not known how these manuscripts came to the University of California. Perhaps they were originally given to A. L. Kroeber. In any event, this and the following items (Items 56 58) are all that remain here. Most [of the Washington Matthews Collection] was donated by Theodore Doney McCown, Chairman of the Department of Anthropology, to other more appropriate museums in 1951. [See Item 56.]

    Note

    Note 87. Sloluck, like the informant in Item 57, was a prisoner following the Modoc War at the federal penitentiary on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco.

    Note

    Note 88. Cf. Item 55. [See also BANC MSS 86/32p FILM. The published Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Washington Matthews Papers, The Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian, Santa Fe, New Mexico, is catalogued as Z6616.M363.W47 1985.]

    Note

    Note 89. For identification of the informant, cf. Note 87.

    Note

    Note 90. Matthews Manuscript Collection, No. 614. Item 58 appears to be No. 708 of the Matthews Manuscript Collection. [There are edges of 29 excised pages, showing text fragments.]

    Note

    Note 91. The date of this item is approximate, as the list was sent to Pliny E. Goddard on May 1, 1907. Kelsey was an Indian Agent at Large for Northern California.

    Note

    Note 92. While the date of this manuscript is unknown, the contents indicate that it is between 1903-1906. The numeral lists are dated individually.

    Note

    Note 93. Note by Gayton records that this item was deposited in the RHLMA [the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology, now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology] on December 5, 1941.

    Note

    Note 94. Note by Gayton on page i says: "Add to: Yokuts and Western Mono Ethnography MS," apparently indicating her intention to utilize this data in her own monograph (1948).

    Note

    Note 95. Note by Gifford: "These have been examined for longhand additions. There are none other than Kroeber's comments." This data was examined by Kroeber in conjunction with the preparation of Kroeber and Gifford's (1949) monograph.

    Note

    Note 96. With a letter of June 1, 1940 from Kroeber to Gifford.

    Note

    Note 97. This manuscript, doubtless part of the final version prior to the publication of the monograph (Kroeber and Gifford 1949), appears to be incomplete, as the material on "Comparison of Religion in the Three Groups and Conclusions as to Origin and Development" (Hupa, Yurok, Karok D.V.) listed in the table of contents is missing. The text stops somewhere in the middle of a discussion of the Karok. Cf. also Item 15, Item 62, and Item 63.

    Note

    Note 98. These dates were obtained from information on Tlingit field work by Olson, as noted in his paper on Chilkat Tlingit trading customs (Olson 1936, 211). Departmental correspondence records that, under Lowie's sponsorship, Olson applied for Social Science Research Council grants for Tlingit field work in February, 1933 and June, 1935. Evidently the Council did finance his work. Only Book II has the date of 1933 in it. This material was apparently donated to the Museum in 1957, as a note on the original parcel containing it bears the date of May 6, 1957. Cf. original field notebooks in Item 130. Photographs with the Olson Tlingit materials are now in RHLMA [the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology, now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology] catalogue, numbers 13/6694 6699.

    Note

    Note 99. This is the first of a number of items on Yana language and culture by Sapir (cf. also Items 68, 71, and 129). The likelihood that any of this material has been seen for many, many years is slim. In preparing the Yana Dictionary (Sapir and Swadesh 1960), Morris L. Swadesh and his assistants searched diligently for missing text material that would have added significant entries for the Dictionary, but apparently without success (cf. Swadesh in Sapir and Swadesh 1960: 20). Among the areas searched was the archive of the Department of Anthropology above the present Anthropology Library in Kroeber Hall. It was here that the writer uncovered the Sapir material in December, 1967. It is unknown to what extent this and the following collections might correspond to what Swadesh and his colleagues assumed were missing. Yet surely if what they were seeking had ever been in those archives, this and the following Items (68, 71, and 120) contain it. Readers interested in the historical and theoretical backdrop against which Sapir's work on Yana was undertaken will find useful Kroeber's preface to the Dictionary (Sapir and Swadesh 1960: v vi).

    Note

    Note 100. Regarding these texts, cf. (Sapir 1923).

    Note

    Note 101. Apparently Littlejohn's initial aim in the field--his work was in July and August of 1928--was to fill in gaps in data retrieved earlier by Gifford. Gifford, who is mentioned several places in these notebooks, must have been his sponsor [advisor] on the project. Cf. also Items 18 19, and 32.

    Note

    Note 102. A note in Sapir's hand on the cover of the packet containing these notebooks states: "Collected for the American Museum of Natural History in the late fall and early winter of 1900, from Sam Batwi (Central Yana informant D. V.) and Round Mountain Jack." Cf. Sapir 1910:4; also Item 71.

    Note

    Note 103. This material forms the backbone of Sapir's Yana Texts (1910).

    Note

    Note 104. Stamped with the number "104000."

    Note

    Note 105. Extremely fragile item; stamped with the number "103000."

    Note

    Note 106. Stamped with the number "13501."

    Note

    Note 107. Cf. also Item 138m.

    Note

    Note 108. This work represents largely unpublished field recordings. Many originally with texts (not in this item) were collected by Voegelin; the English versions were collected by Wheeler Voegelin between 1931 1933. Although many of the myths are available in native language texts in published form (Voegelin 1935a, 1935b), those solely in English have not, to the writer's [D. V.’s] knowledge, been published.

    Note

    Note 109. The dates are presumed to be 1931 1933, when the material in Item 73 was gathered.

    Note

    Note 110. Surely a good deal of this data was utilized in early publications on geography in Northwestern California (e.g. Waterman 1920a; Nomland and Kroeber 1936), but much of it has probably never been published.

    Note

    Note 111. This is a list of Spanish terms used to elicit the native terms in the vocabularies.

    Note

    Note 112. A Shasta mythology as such was never published by Holt, although her master's thesis in English at the University of California was written on the subject of folk narrative. Her ethnography (1946) contains no mythology.

    Note

    Note 113. It is possible to give an approximate date to this manuscript, as a cover note by Kroeber indicates that he sent Jacobs a copy in January, 1937.

    Note

    Note 114. The Distribution [sic] covers only Western North America.

    Note

    Note 115. This manuscript was originally proposed for publication in Anthropological Records [University of California Press] in 1939. A note by Lantis at the rear of this draft indicates that the author was not satisfied with the concluding chapter and felt that the paper ought not to be published as it was.

    Note

    Note 116. Cf. also Item 8 and Item 82.

    Note

    Note 117. Cf. Item 8.

    Note

    Note 118. None of the material in Item 81 is original field data; rather it represents refined and corrected copies of the original field notes taken down in 1919 1921 and 1927, which are in Item 82.9 14.

    Note

    Note 119. Kroeber numbered some pages when he inspected these notebooks in 1958; as elsewhere, the writer [D. V.] considers all used surfaces in notebooks to be pages.

    Note

    Note 120. Cf. original field material in 82.12 and 82.14.

    Note

    Note 121. Cf. typescript in 81.2.

    Note

    Note 122. Kroeber also attached 10 loose pages in pencil that comprise Faye's free translation of the Creation Myth (cf. 82.10). There are longhand copies of the songs in 82.10.4 in 81.5. Regarding the texts, cf. texts in 81.1, 81.3, and 81.4.

    Note

    Note 123. I.e., parole, not oration.

    Note

    Note 124. Notebooks XII and XIII are not dated, but they may date from 1921. Apparently they are not the original field notes, but reworked data from a later time.

    Note

    Note 125. The first three of these notebooks were copied, resulting either in the typescript in 81.3, 81.4, or 81.8. Faye apparently never got around to doing the same for the rest of the notebooks. Cf. 81.1, 81.3 4.

    Note

    Note 126. Lines drawn through some of the material in notebooks III IV, as well as other markings, indicate text that was copied out, possibly onto the slips in 82.1 2. Cf. also 81.4 and 81.7.

    Note

    Note 127. This was never published to the writer's [D. V.'s] knowledge, although some of the data on which it is based, particularly Steward's Nevada Shoshone(an) (Steward 1939, 1941), have been published (cf. also Item 96). This manuscript antedates 1939; it appears to have been a graduate seminar project, as it was found among Kroeber's papers after his death, as were the other CED [Culture Element Distributions] studies, Items 78 80, 83, 96 97, 124 126.

    Note

    Note 128. For other Fort Independence Paiute notes, cf. Item 93.

    Note

    Note 129. For other Big Pine Paiute notes, cf. Item 92.

    Note

    Note 130. For other Bishop Paiute material, cf. Item 91 and Item 104.

    Note

    Note 131. Cf. Item. 84; note also Stewart (1939, 1941). This manuscript is marked by Kroeber as "not published."

    Note

    Note 132. A pencil note by Kroeber states "400 plus elements on which L U (?) 'tribal' intercorrelations were based."

    Note

    Note 133. "A version. . .told by Mamie Offield at Katimin in August, 1950. Recorded by William Bright." (Note by Kroeber.)

    Note

    Note 134. From other sources, we know that this data was gathered in collaboration with Kroeber between 1902 1903. For the most part, this item was superseded and made obsolete by Kroeber's chapter on the Yurok in his Handbook (1925). Yet probably quite a good deal of data remains that would be useful. This writer [D. V.] intends to use this and other Kroeber-Waterman Yurok data for a projected ethnography, uniting once and for all the scattered, unpublished sources as well as his own recent field data. Part of the data in this item went into the publication on the Kepel Fish Dam Ceremony (Waterman and Kroeber 1938).

    Note

    Note 135. Some of the geographical data was utilized in Waterman's publication (1925) on the Tolowa, which contains some errors. The writer [D. V.] is presently working on an ethnogeography of the Tolowa and a comparative ethnogeography of Northwestern California tribes.

    Note

    Note 136. Gathered under Hulse's supervision as part of State Emergency Relief Administration Project 16 1F 35, 1935 (cf. Items 88 95). Joe Lent, a Paiute, was formerly from Bishop, California. See also Note 79.

    Note

    Note 137. This manuscript must have been nearly ready for publication when it was abandoned due to the complications which occurred at the end of Waterman's career. The item was accompanied by numerous photographs, and these have been deposited in the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology [now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology] files, with the following catalogue numbers: negatives 15/24037 24082, positives 13/6405 6613; drawings 17/481 483. One paper (Waterman 1922) compared Puget Sound geography to that of Northwestern California.

    Note

    Note 138. Ballard published his Puget Sound mythology (1929) nearly a decade later. Waterman apparently never got around to doing the same with what he had gathered in conjunction with general ethnographic field investigations in that region.

    Note

    Note 139. Apparently after 1920.

    Note

    Note 140. Cf. Item 106; also (Waterman 1920a).

    Note

    Note 141. Cf. also Item 110.

    Note

    Note 142. Only pp. 1 5 and pp. 45 50 of this hardbound notebook were used.

    Note

    Note 143. Codex Magliabechi.

    Note

    Note 144. Apparently typed copies were made, since most of the notebooks are crossed through with red pencil. Cf. Item 66m, Items 114 116; cf. also Olson (1940).

    Note

    Note 145. Gardner Canal and Kitlope River, British Columbia.

    Note

    Note 146. Cf. also Item 66m; also Item 113, Item 115, Item 116.

    Note

    Note 147. Most of the data in these notebooks was copied out (cf. Item 66m), and published in Olson's monograph (1954); cf. also Item 113, Item 114, and Item 116.

    Note

    Note 148. Note attached: "All of #1 has been covered in MS," (in Olson 1954--D. V.).

    Note

    Note 149. Note attached: "Informant Henry Hanuse rather unreliable. Accordingly, this material used only when checked."

    Note

    Note 150. Cf. also Item 66m; also Item 113-115. These notebooks were copied out. Cf. (Olson 1955).

    Note

    Note 151. Note attached: "Completed (i.e., copied out D. V.) except for data on pp. 1 6, which has (sic) a Tlingit tale, and (pp.) 59 61 which are from Mrs. M. H. of Tlingit derivation (sic)."

    Note

    Note 152. Note attached: "Finished."

    Note

    Note 153. Marked "Finished," i.e. copied out. Apparently it was never published.

    Note

    Note 154. Dr. Elmendorf is presently (1969), preparing the narratives for publication. It was decided for this reason not to include a detailed inventory of the material here. However, an inventory, with corresponding page numbers in the original field notebooks, is filed with Item 118.11.

    Note

    Note 155. The ethnography is mostly published with comparative notes on the Yurok by Kroeber in Elmendorf 1960.

    Note

    Note 156. The myth in English translation appears in abstract form in Forde's ethnography (1931:177, 214 221). This is the only known complete version. This item includes some correspondence and informant lists (7 pp., longhand and typed).

    Note

    Note 157. This item represents a collection of seminar "field" notes on Nisenan language and ethnology from informant Tom Cleanso, brought to Berkeley by Kroeber in January February, 1925. The pages of all notebooks have lines through them, suggesting that they were eventually typed (or otherwise copied). Cf. Kroeber (1929).

    Note

    Note 158. The notebook was apparently disposed of by Kroeber. We do not have it now.

    Note

    Note 159. This notebook is tentatively attributed to Freeland by Kroeber in a note in the upper right hand corner of the first page.

    Note

    Note 160. Cf. (Waterman 1918).

    Note

    Note 161. Compiled by Halpern and field assistants under a State Emergency Relief Administration project. Cf. (Halpern 1946, 1946 1947).

    Note

    Note 162. Cf. (Waterman 1918).

    Note

    Note 163. This item was found with a collection of archaeological and CED [Culture Element Distributions] studies, in rough draft form, in Kroeber's office at the time of his death. Possibly it represents a collaboration between Omer C. Stewart and Philip Drucker, but this is a mere guess; possibly it is by Kroeber. The other papers accompanying it are dated 1940.

    Note

    Note 164. The identity of this otherwise unmarked item seems certain from the initials on each page: "JHP:SCC." The date is not certain, but as most of this was published in 1941 (Kroeber marked some of it "do not use"), it cannot be much earlier than 1940, the date of other materials found with it after Kroeber's death (e.g. Item 124). Mission Indians were included, except for the southernmost Shoshoneans, Hokans, and Yumans. Cf. (Harrington 1942).

    Note

    Note 165. Cf. (Stewart 1939, 1941).

    Note

    Note 166. The date of this document is difficult to pinpoint definitely, but probably it dates from 1916, when Thurnwald was at Berkeley. In 1917, he returned to Halle, Germany. Between 1931 1936, he taught at Yale University, then returned to the University of Berlin in 1937. From this point, his contacts with scholars in the United States were severely hampered by World War II.

    Note

    Note 167. Cf. Item 67.

    Note

    Note 168. Much of the material in these notebooks has been copied and published (Olson 1967).

    Note

    Note 169. Kroeber claims "net stems 237."

    Note

    Note 170. These tales were collected by Jared, presumably a white man, from an unnamed Mohave informant. How A. L. Kroeber obtained them is not known, but he turned them over to Edward Winslow Gifford, then Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology [now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology] director, as Accession no. 1947 B, presumably in 1947. Jared died in 1911.

    Note

    Note 171. Most of the Dolores Papago material was microfilmed (Item 134.2m) by A. L. Kroeber in 1951. Two copies were made. One went to Dolores' widow, Sylvia Beyer. The Department's copy was borrowed by Madeleine Mathiot in 1960, in order that the texts might be edited for the University of California Publications in Linguistics series (by arrangement with Mary R. Haas--this never materialized). Many of the notebooks have notes attached (apparently by Mathiot), comparing the microfilm (Item 134.2m) with John A. Mason's unpublished Papago texts.
    Book 1 corresponds to 134.2m, pp. 1-10, 11-34, according to the attached note. Book III's pagination continues from Book II. Note on cover of Book IV (by Mathiot?): "not in microfilmed copy; different version from (Mason?--Ed.) Text I, Part II." On Book XIV: "Microfilmed; see Part II, pp. 244-255." On Book VI: "See microfilmed text 3, Wars of the Desert People (identical)." On Book XVI: Kroeber's note on cover: "Mason also recorded these texts." On Book XIII: "See Creation, pp. 86-113, microfilm."

    Note

    Note 172. One other copy is in the possession of Sylvia Beyer, widow of Juan Dolores.

    Note

    Note 173. These are mostly song texts and myth texts, copied out from the original Dolores field notebooks (cf. 134.1) in order to be prepared for publication. The bundle of texts in 134.8 constitutes the final, pre publication draft of the Papago texts, apparently in their entirety. Item 134.3.1. corresponds to Dolores' Notebook IV (134.1.4); 134.3.2 has a note attached: "See microfilmed Ms., pp. 262 264." A note attached to 134.3.3: "See microfilmed Ms., pp. 244 255." On 134.3.4: "(Same as above), part II, pp. 213 232, identical." On 134.3.5, a note: "See microfilmed Ms., text II, part I, Shavan Uwe," to which Kroeber adds: "English only" (cf. 134.1.7). 134.6 corresponds to RHLMA [Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology, now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology] catalogue no. 14/2255-2257; 134.4.7 to no. 14/2205 2247; 134.4.8 to no. 14/2248 2251; 134.7.1-2 corresponds to Kroeber notebooks #91 92 (Papago "C D").

    Note

    Note 174. Texts on loose leaves, typed and in longhand. Note by Kroeber states: "No copies elsewhere of this lot."

    Note

    Note 175. Cf. 134.1.11 13 [Notebooks XII-XIII].

    Note

    Note 176. Part of this manuscript [134.8.2] was sent by Dolores to William Wallace for possible use in the International Journal of American Linguistics, and was returned after his [Dolores'] death to Kroeber by Charles F. Voegelin. The remainder [134.8.3] included texts which Dolores took with him on his final trip to Tucson, where he died. They were returned to Kroeber by Dolores' sister in August, 1948.

    Note

    Note 177. This material was mostly utilized in a paper on Papago verb stems (Dolores 1913), although a good deal of it was Kroeber's and was never published. Much of it is marked "not used" (presumably in the 1913 publication). Cf. also (Dolores 1923).

    Note

    Note 178. This doubtless represents material put onto slips originating in the Kroeber Papago field notes (134.7), possibly also the verb and noun stems utilized in Dolores (1913, 1923); cf.134.10 11.

    Note

    Note 179. The authorship of this item is unknown. It was thought possibly to be Pliny E. Goddard's, but this is unlikely. Molly Orton, known to have lived well into this century, was a Takelma informant of Sapir's, and the notebook appears to have been written in the 1920's. It just possibly may be Waterman's (who worked in the Northwest in 1921 1922), as some handwriting in it is similar to his.

    Note

    Note 180. Cf. no. 35.5. The date of this microfilm is unknown; the original field notebook dates from 1911.

    Note

    Note 181. RHLMA [Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology, now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology] catalogue, no. 15/12663.

    Note

    Note 182. Much of this material has already been published. It corresponds to the Kelly notebooks 17 23, 25 and 28, now in her possession.

    Note

    Note 183. Formerly Kelly Collection, no. 26. These notebooks have been copied, with copies presumably in Dr. Kelly's possession. Cf. Item 141 and Item 145m.

    Note

    Note 184. Formerly Kelly Collection, no. 27; copied. Cf. Item 142 and Item 145m.

    Note

    Note 185. No mythology or folk tales. This material corresponds to field notes in Item 140; Item 145m is a microfilm negative of this and Item 142.

    Note

    Note 186. This material corresponds to field notes in Item 139. Item 145m is a microfilm negative of this and Item 41.

    Note

    Note 187. After Barton's death, in 1948, Kroeber placed most of his unpublished materials in the care of Fred Eggan at the University of Chicago. They were mostly carbon copies. Dr. James N. Anderson has examined 143.1 and suggests that the published version (Barton 1949) may not represent the whole of this manuscript, especially the maps.

    Note

    Note 188. The history of the Garvan materials is more confusing and complex than that of perhaps any other item. Garvan's work represents voluminous research and considerable field work in the first two decades of the 20th Century, when he was employed in Manila with the U.S. Department of the Interior Ethnological Survey of the Philippines. His work resulted in at least twelve known manuscripts (A L), of which but A D, F, H, J, and L are extant. In addition to these, there are bundles of miscellany found at various times after the main part of Garvan's work was gathered together and typed (1928 1929, 1935, but mostly after his death in 1940).
    Several students, faculty, and staff, including John M. Cooper, Harold C. Conklin, Omer C. Stewart, A. L. Kroeber, Robert H. Lowie and L. L. Loud, aided in piecing together and identifying Garvan's peculiar disarray. This was complicated by his unfortunate annoying mental condition just prior to death. The Garvan correspondence is voluminous in itself, and the complexities of the history of this material are best avoided.
    The original notebooks for the typescript are no longer with the University; a microfilm was prepared of the Negrito notebooks (Item 52m), and much of the notebook material was typed in 1928-1929. In 1935, the university branch of the Works Projects Administration supported the typing of a good deal more.
    Most of the Garvan material was in the possession of the University and was turned over to it by Garvan before his trip to China in 1931. The remainder was found on the premises of Garvan's landlady prior to his death in the summer of 1940. A note of June 11, 1941 by Kroeber suggests that "apparently the landlady had destroyed more manuscripts than she saved." One additional bundle was found as late as 1952 by a friend of the landlady. In an anarchistic note to certain of the faculty in 1937, Garvan, under the paranoid illusion that the University had stolen his materials, threatened to "make a bonfire" of them. It is possible that the material found in the basement represents what Garvan, later rescinding the threat, had threatened to destroy.
    The original notebooks, corresponding to the typescript in 144.1-2 and 144.1.4 (as well as Manuscript "H"--apparently never typed out), are in Item 53. Note the comparative Negrito vocabularies in Item 147.

    Note

    Note 189. Found loose in the Garvan disarray; possibly this belongs with 144.2.2.

    Note

    Note 190. Note by Harold C. Conklin; texts in addition to letters.

    Note

    Note 191. This [microfilm] corresponds to Item 141 and Item 142. Dr. Kelly has a positive microfilm of this in her possession in Mexico.

    Note

    Note 192. A note on the cover: "Karok myths, formulas, and confessions. Original longhand, which has been checked against typescript." This item is, with the exception of Part III, unpublished (cf. Item 172).

    Note

    Note 193. Formulae for medicinal and purification uses, good luck in hunting, ritual, etc. Cf. Item 173.

    Note

    Note 194. This material (Gifford 1958) was published posthumously.

    Note

    Note 195. A description of the Karok shinny or stick game. [See also Item 42.]

    Note

    Note 196. Cf. also Item 44.

    Note

    Note 197. An undated note to Clara G. Chilcote, then department secretary, from Halpern states that two notebooks (VIII and XI) had been removed by him for personal use, that they would be returned, and that all the material therein had been copied. (Kroeber notes: "Where is typed copy?"). Halpern apparently never returned the two missing items. Note that I VII correspond to Books 1-7; IX to Book 8; X to Book 9.

    Note

    Note 198. Other linguistic data in field notebooks by Halpern on the Pomo is presently in the possession of the University of California at Berkeley Department of Linguistics, Survey of California and Other American Indian Languages. Presently they are in use by Dr. Julius Moshinsky, now in New York City. This collection, Item 148, is almost entirely Southeastern Pomo.

    Note

    Note 199. Notebook #36 could not be found in this collection. [See Notes to Items 205-213 and Item 205.2.]

    Note

    Note 200. Cf. Item 156.2 3. A quantity of this material (Wilson and Hills, ed. 1968) was published by the University of California Archaeological Research Facility, under the supervision of Robert Fleming Heizer and Elizabeth Colson.

    Note

    Note 201. The Wilson Collection came to the Archives as a gift of the Wilson Museum in Castine, Maine. The data was collected by Wilson in 1939-1941, under the aegis of the New York University Social Science Field Laboratory. Wilson died before its publication was possible, and data in Wilson and Hills (1968) does not fully represent his work.

    Note

    Note 202. The notes came to the Archives in four trays; the order of the contents was preserved: 1--old tray Ia; 2--Ib and IIa; 3--IIb; 4--IIIa; 5--IIIb; 6--IV. [Slips are currently arranged so that related subjects are filed together. There are now five boxes of slips.]

    Note

    Note 203. This material was sent to Kroeber in 1924 at Marsden's death by an acquaintance named C. E. Varney. Indirect clues may help to date the books. Book I contains a blank prescription form with a printed date "190_"; thus we may assume the date of this to be after 1900. Book II has one page of data to which a number of postage stamps became glued, partially covering it. This was the series of 1894 1895. The books are not in chronological order, but were labelled "I" and "II" by the finder. [Book II is no longer part of the collection.]

    Note

    Note 204. Not published with data in Schenck and Gifford (1952).

    Note

    Note 205. Kamia entries suggest this was done during or just after the completion of Gifford's Kamia field study in 1931.

    Note

    Note 206. Part of the data in the field notes collected for Gifford's (1932) monograph. Cf. also Items 168 170.

    Note

    Note 207. RHLMA [Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology, now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology] catalogue, no. 14/2123 2181.

    Note

    Note 208. Cf. Kroeber and Gifford (1949); cf. also Item 62.

    Note

    Note 209. No original typescript found; cf. Schenck and Gifford (1952).

    Note

    Note 210. Found in a file marked "short papers not submitted for publication."

    Note

    Note 211. Designed as a popular article. Unpublished. Cf. Item 176.

    Note

    Note 212. Plates for this paper were to be drawn from RHLMA [the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology, now the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology] catalogue nos. 13/1733, 1739, 1741, 1742 44, 1745; 15/8678, 8690 8691, 9172, 9173, 9183 9186, 9192, 9193, and 9211. The prints are in the Museum files.

    Note

    Note 213. Unpublished. Cf. Gifford (1916).

    Note

    Note 214. Unpublished. Evidently it was worked on for publication, but the typescript was not organized as such. It also contains transcriptions of phonograph recordings of songs and formulae gathered in 1914.

    Note

    Note 215. This item was sent to Goddard by the naturalist Grinnell, who collected it in 1898 1899 from Eskimos in the area of his camp on the upper Kowak River, opposite the confluence of the Hunt River. Nearly certain identification of the dialect was made by Nelson H. H. Graburn (April, 1969).

    Note

    Note 216. A note on original envelope reads, "This was drawn upon by R. B. Dixon in his paper on The Northern Maidu, but was not used in full." Cf. Dixon (1905).

    Note

    Note 217. This item in itself is not identified, but correspondence of October 7, 1905 indicates that Brewer was collecting tales from local Indians at Chico, California, in Northwestern Maidu territory, and sending information to Kroeber.

    Note

    Note 218. This material provides the data behind Waterman's publications on the Diegueño (1908, 1909, 1910). It is mostly on ceremonies, but includes myths, numerous songs and dance descriptions.

    Note

    Note 219. Prepared for comparative California kinship studies with A. L. Kroeber. A letter (January 26, 1916) from Kroeber was included. This letter can be found in Gifford's correspondence file in The Bancroft Library (BANC MSS C-B 768).

    Indices

    The following cross referenced indices are not meant to represent an exhaustive inventory of the (subject topic) contents of the collections. Collections which readily lent themselves to inspection have been carefully indexed in the Subject Topic Index. Some of the voluminous field notebook collections have not been as carefully inspected. It is felt that scholars utilizing such materials will be in a better position to appraise the contents for themselves; also, in some cases such collections are presently being typed by their authors (e.g. Essene 42 50). The other two [now three]guides, Area Ethnic and Author Persons, are exhaustive. To facilitate use of the Guide, readers are urged to consult suggested cross references in the indices following.
    [Dale Valory]

    I. Index of Authors [and Compilers]

    Except for cases in which they are co authors, names of native informants have not been included in order to conserve space. The sign 'f' denotes minor mention, or mention in footnotes to the entries. The letter ‘m’ indicates that the item is [only represented on] microfilm. [The 2002 version of this index has been expanded to include individuals not listed in the 1971 index, including the collectors of Items 204-213. See also the newly created Index of Informants (II), which is primarily comprised of Native American informants.]
    Allen, Lawrence
    204.4
    Anderson, James N.
    187f
    Angulo, Jaime de
    128.4, 200
    Anonymous
    124, 135, 147.5.3, 147.5.5-147.5.8
    August, Helen
    207.1-207.2
    Baker, Isaac J.
    210.3
    Ballard, Arthur C.
    107.2
    Bancroft, Hubert Howe
    128.14, 128.20-128.21, 128.25
    Barrett, Samuel Alfred
    7, 128.17, 184, 214
    Barrows, David Prescott
    147.5.1
    Barton, Roy Franklin
    143
    Beals, Ralph Leon
    128.1
    Beeler, Madison Scott
    3f, 14f
    Bell, Albert
    204.42-204.46
    Bellas, Roy
    210.4, 212.1-212.6
    Benedict, Ruth
    128.15
    Berkov, Bernard
    128.21
    Bermudez, R. D.
    147.5.12
    Beyer, Sylvia
    134f
    Bolton, Herbert Eugene
    3
    Brewer, W. A.
    185
    Bright, William
    27f, 98
    Britton, Frank W.
    204.27-204.33
    Brooks, Sheilagh
    33.2
    Brown, I. C.
    144.1.6
    Buff, Philip
    208.4, 209.4
    Butcher, Evelyn
    205.1
    Cabello, Jose
    147.5.10
    Campbell, Clarence
    204.1.2-204.2
    Castelo, Julio
    147.5.13
    Checo, Ester
    212.9-212.11
    Chever, Edward E.
    182
    Chilcote, Clara G.
    148f
    Colby, Frederick Vernon
    128.11
    Colson, Elizabeth
    156f
    Conklin, Harold C.
    54m, 144f
    Cooper, John
    144f
    Cooper, John M.
    52m
    Crone, F. L.
    147.5.4
    Dangberg, Grace
    4
    Dazey, Betty
    31
    Dewey, Edith
    206.5-206.7, 213.5.2
    D'Harnoncourt, René
    137m
    Dieseldorff, Erwin P.
    24
    Diwa, Thomas
    128.4, 200-147.5.11
    Dixon, Roland Burrage
    40, 41f, 70, 95, 128.4, 128.8, 128.19, 184f
    Dolores, Juan
    37f, 38, 132, 134
    Doudiet, N., Mrs.
    156f
    Driver, Harold Edson
    5
    Drucker, Philip
    124f
    Du Bois, Cora Alice
    6
    DuBois, Constance Goddard
    30, 164
    Dumlao, Zacarias
    147.5.14
    Duncan, Roy
    204.41
    Dutcher, B. H.
    128.11
    Earl, Alfred
    208.9
    Eastwood, Alice
    25f, 51f
    Eckman, K.
    33.2
    Eggan, Fred
    143f
    Elmendorf, William Welcome
    118
    Essene, Frank J.
    42-50, 85, 86, 87, 149f, 204-213
    Faye, Paul Louis
    8, 81, 82, 128.9
    Forde, Cyril Daryll
    119
    Frank, William
    204.4
    Freeland, Lucy Shepard
    9.3, 9.4, 120.5
    Gamboa, Isayas
    147.5.15
    Garvan, John M.
    10f, 52m, 53, 144, 147
    Gayton, Anna Hadwick
    61, 120.4
    Gerow, Bert A.
    11, 17
    Gifford, Edward Winslow
    10, 14f, 15, 62-64, 69f, 133f, 146, 160-181, 187-199, 201-203, 215
    Goddard, Pliny Earle
    12, 24.2, 59f, 135f, 183, 197
    Golla, Victor
    12f
    Graburn, Nelson H. H.
    183f
    Greiner, Ruth Helen
    9
    Grinnell, Joseph
    183
    Gunther, Erna
    83
    Haas, Mary Rosamond
    134f
    Hackett, Mrs.
    212.8
    Halpern, Abraham Meyer
    122, 148
    Harrington, John Peabody
    13, 14, 27f, 125
    Harrison, Sam
    206.1, 207.4
    Heizer, Robert Fleming
    156.1
    Hewes, Gordon Winant
    214
    Hohenthal, William Dalton
    16
    Holt, Catharine
    77
    Hooper, Lucille
    128.5
    Howard, Cline
    208.2-208.3
    Hulse, Frederick Seymour
    88-94, 104, 149-155, 205.2
    Jackson, Edgar
    204.5-204.7
    Jacobs, Melville
    78
    Jared, Charles E.
    133
    Johnson, Hank
    204.2
    Johnson, Jean Bassett
    76
    Jose, Teofilo
    147.5.9
    Kauffman, T. S.
    24f
    Kelly, Isabel Truesdell
    72, 128.11, 138-142, 145m
    Kelsey, C. E.
    59, 60
    King, Arden R.
    216
    Kostromitinov, Petr
    10f
    Langley, Miriam J.
    204.16-204.18
    Lantis, Margaret
    79
    Libby, Dorothy R.
    20, 21
    Littlejohn, Hugh W.
    18, 19, 32, 69
    Loeb, Edwin Meyer
    128.13
    Loud, Llewellyn L.
    128.16, 144f
    Lowie, Robert Harry
    65f, 144f
    Lyon, D. B.
    199
    Magliabechi Codex
    112
    Malécot, André
    27f
    Maloney, Joseph
    22
    Marsden, W. L.
    37, 159
    Mason, John Alden
    23, 134.1f
    Mason, Merciel
    128.21, 128.23, 128.25, 128.35
    Mathiot, Madeleine
    134f
    Matthews, Washington
    55-58
    McClellan, Catharine
    20, 21
    McCown, Theodore Doney
    55f, 56
    McKern, Will Carleton
    126.12, 197
    McLane, Wilsey
    204.21-204.22, 204.36-204.38
    Merone, Tom
    208.1
    Milton, Guy
    209.6, 210.5
    Mitchell, Taylor
    204.8.2-204.9
    Moshinsky, Julius
    148f
    Naboisek, Herbert
    128.4, 128.6, 128.17
    Naylor, Louis
    209.1, 209.5
    Norick, Frank Albert
    216
    Olson, Ronald Leroy
    65, 66m, 113-117, 130
    O'Neale, Lila Morris
    1
    Parker, L.
    147.5.2
    Parrish, J. L.
    22
    Pearsall, Marion
    31
    Post, R. H.
    156.1
    Radin, Paul
    128
    Richards, Arthur
    207.5, 208.7-208.8, 209.2-209.3
    Riddell, Francis Allen
    33
    Riggins, Elizabeth
    204.13-204.15
    Sapir, Edward
    12f, 67, 68, 70f, 71, 129, 135f, 197
    Saulque, Adaline
    205.3
    Schaffer
    128.8
    Schenck, Sara Moffatt
    174
    Scholgen
    128.8
    Scott, O. J. W.
    144.1.6
    Shutler, Mary Elizabeth
    33.3
    Smith, Martin R.
    80
    Sparkman, Philip Stedman
    25-30, 51, 128.7
    Spier, Leslie
    128.6
    Steward, Julian Haynes
    84, 96, 128.11
    Stewart, Omer Call
    84, 124f, 126, 144f
    Story, H. H.
    9.2
    Sultan of Sulu
    144.2.2
    Swadesh, Morris
    67f
    Symmes, John
    208.6, 209.7-209.10, 210.1-210.2
    Thrall, Barbara
    61
    Thurnwald, Richard
    127
    Tozzer, Alfred Marston
    24.2f, 41
    Valory, Dale
    12.5f, 12.6f, 12.7f, 73
    Varney, C. E.
    159f
    Voegelin, Charles Frederick
    73, 134f
    Walker, Harriet A.
    123
    Wallace, William
    134f
    Walsh, Marie T.
    3
    Ward, Wilda
    204.24
    Warlie, Lee
    206.3-206.4, 213.1
    Washburn, Sherwood Larned
    156.1
    Waterman, Thomas Talbot
    2, 12f, 34-36, 75, 99-103, 105-112, 121, 123, 128.17, 135f, 136m,
    Weymouth, W. D.
    39
    Wheeler Voegelin, Erminie
    73, 74, 216
    White, Ella
    204.13
    Williams, Billy
    211.1-211.4
    Williams, Rollin
    208.5
    Wilsey, Eleanor
    204.34-204.35
    Wilson, Birbeck
    156
    Young, Sam
    204.23

    (II). Index of Informants

    This newly compiled Index of Informants is not exhaustive, because it includes only those names which have been identified as informants in the documents. (There are also names of Native Americans throughout the collection who may have been informants, although they were not identified as such.) The names of informants were compiled from the title and description of the item in the Container Listing and from the documents themselves, which in some cases include a list. The informants' names are recorded as they are spelled in the manuscripts. Thus the same informant may appear on more than one occasion in the index under different names and spellings.
    When looking for a particular individual, it is important to look under all possible variations of that person's name, including both their Native American and English names, nicknames, and titles, as well as first and last names. Where it was clear from the document itself that two or three names belonged to the same individual, the names have been cross-referenced or placed in parentheses. In other cases, a cross-reference is made where such a relationship appeared probable. When there are two different individuals with the same name, the linguistic tribal name is given in parentheses to distinguish between them, if this information is known.
    Abe
    157. See also rä kä s.
    Acibida, Alejandro
    54
    Ackerman, Curtis
    12.9
    Ackerman, Evelyn
    12.9
    Ada
    12.14
    Adams, Abrello
    16
    Adams, George
    106
    Adams, Jack
    100, 106, 109
    Adams, Jack, Mrs.
    100, 106, 107.1
    Adams, John
    101.2, 106
    Adams, John
    16 (Diegueño) See also Adams, Juan.
    Adams, Juan
    16. See also Adams, John.
    Adams, Mary
    83
    Adams, Pamela
    120.4
    Adolph
    186.1
    Agnes
    156.3
    Aguilar, José
    16
    Albert
    12.1
    Albert, John
    106
    Alberta
    156.3
    Aldama, Pedro
    16
    Aldama, Rosa (Jesús)
    16
    Alec, Martha
    163
    Alexander, Ed
    163
    Alfred
    12.9
    Allan
    21
    Allan, Albert, Mrs.
    21
    Allan, Genevieve
    156.3
    Allan, Harry
    21
    Allan, Jessie, Mrs.
    20, 21
    Allan (Allen), Kitty
    20
    Allen (?), Arthur
    60
    Allen, Ellen
    15, 63, 64, 215.1-.2
    Allen, Elsie
    156.3
    Allen, Frank
    83, 118.5-.11
    Allen, Henry
    118.1-.4, 118.9-.10
    Allen, John, Mrs.
    1.2, 1.8
    Allen, Lawrence
    156.3
    Allen, Marcie
    156.3
    Allen, Sam
    163
    Allen, Virginia
    156.3
    Alonzo, Josi
    163
    Alston, John
    88, 151
    Alvarez, Nestor
    16
    Ambrosio
    60
    Amits
    99.4.5. See also Umits.
    Amos, Heber
    113.1-.2
    Ampter, Rose
    163
    Anderson, Cora
    163
    Anderson, John
    106 (Makah)
    Anderson, John
    163 (Mono)
    Anderson, Mary, Mrs.
    163
    Anderson, Mrs.
    20
    Anderson, Polly
    163, 204.34, 216
    Andrea
    60
    Andreas, Willie, Sr.
    74
    Andrews, Mrs.
    60
    Angel Island Laurel
    57
    Angela
    186.2, 186.4, 194.2
    Angeles, Isabelo de los
    54
    Anias, Arcenio
    54
    Anias, Melanio
    54
    Anita
    186.1
    Ann
    99.4.15
    Annie
    138m
    Annin, R. A.
    22
    Anton, Dave
    163
    Anton, John
    163
    Antonio
    186.1, 186.2, 186.4
    Apachi
    15, 146.2, 163. See also Tom, Ben.
    Apperson, Billy
    69.5
    Apperson, John
    19, 69.5
    Apperson, Tom
    60, 69.5
    Arnet, Jo
    7
    Arnet (?), Sally
    7. See also Sally.
    Arrichea, José
    16
    Arrichea, Lugarda
    16
    Asbell, Mrs.
    60
    Asfall, Mary
    163, 216
    Atwell, William
    60
    Aubrey, Henry
    214
    Augustine, Joe
    156.3
    Augustine, Weston
    156.3
    Auhai (?), Ike
    106
    Aulingivis (?), Juan
    194.5
    Austin, Annie
    20
    Austin, Mr.
    22
    Austin, Mrs.
    22
    Austin, Mrs.
    20 (Yukon)
    Auwiyao
    143.1
    Ayal, Captain Jacinto
    60. See also Captain Jacinto Ayal.
    B., Chappo
    122.1
    Bacon, L. H.
    60
    Bailey, Frank, Mrs.
    21
    Bailey, Pansy
    21
    Ba'im:u'tE'kam
    134.1
    Baker, Ione, Mrs.
    22
    Baker, Mrs.
    101.2
    Baker, Sullivan
    210.3
    Baker, Susie
    88, 152.4
    Ball, Elva
    31
    Ball, Mrs.
    60
    Ballat, Captain Crispin
    60
    Banjo, Frank
    178
    Baptiste, Jimmy
    101.2, 106
    Barnhard, Albert
    163
    Barnhard, Andrew
    163
    Barnhard, Jim
    163
    Barnhard, William
    163
    Barrett, Mr.
    20, 26 (?)
    Barrett, Mrs.
    20, 26 (?)
    Barrios, Francisco
    16
    Bartlett, Zella
    156.3
    Barton, Mrs.
    22
    Batbát, Lidyak
    54
    bat'dolo
    134.7. See also Ugly Bull.
    Bateman, Lennie
    156.3
    Bateman, Mabel
    15
    Batwi, Sam
    36.4, 60, 70, 71.3-.5, 163
    Baum, Charlie, Mrs.
    170
    Bechtol, Mrs.
    156.3
    Beebe, Maggie
    45.2, 204.13
    Beecher, Henry Ward
    163
    Beechkin, Mr.
    102
    Begg, Sulivan
    86.2
    Belisario, Pacifico
    13
    Bell
    163
    Bell, Johnny
    163. See also Stewart, John.
    Bell, Martinza
    50, 204.42
    Bell, Sam
    5
    Bell, Tom
    163
    Bell, Tony
    163
    Belly Rock, Mrs.
    101.2. See also Billy, Rock.
    Bender, Dick
    163
    Bender, Jim
    60
    Bender, Jim, Mrs.
    60
    Bender, Joseph
    60
    Benjamin, Pete
    60
    Benjamin, William
    163
    Bennett, Tom
    163
    Benson
    156.3
    Benson, Billie (Billy)
    65.9, 130.7, 130.10
    Benson, John, Mrs.
    65.2, 130.1-.3, 130.12
    Benson, Mrs.
    163
    Benson, William
    9.1-.5, 59.2.2, 60, 163
    Bernal, Margarita
    60
    Bernard, D., Mrs.
    115.1
    Bernard, David
    113.1, 115.1, 115.3-.4, 116.1
    Berry, Mrs.
    195
    Berrychild, Mrs.
    137m
    Bessie
    101.2
    Bethel, Annona
    128.37
    Big Charlie
    163, 216
    Big Frank Queahpama
    163
    Big John
    106, 107.2
    Big John, Mrs.
    106. See also Nancy.
    Bill
    12.1, 12.9 (Kato)
    Bill
    156.3 (Pomo)
    Bill, Dandy
    75. See also Dandy.
    Bill, George
    163
    Bill, Halsie
    163. See also Halsey, Bill.
    Bill, Joe
    106
    Bill, Kim
    70
    Bill, Old Baker
    19, 69.5. See also Old Bill Baker.
    Bill, Tony
    163
    Billie, Alec
    163
    Billie, Ben
    163
    Billy, Cruise
    156.3
    Billy, Cruz
    163
    Billy, Eliza
    1.8. See also Dowd, Willie, Mrs.
    Billy, Rock
    60. See also Belly Rock, Mrs.
    Bishop, Fram
    181
    Bishop, Frank
    163
    Bishop, Ida
    163
    Bishop, Molly
    181
    Blake, George
    65.5, 130.5-.6
    Blake, Robert
    65.6
    Blane, Lewis
    134.1. See also Plane, Lewis.
    Blind Charley
    99.4
    Blind Henry
    101.2
    Blind Mike
    163
    Block, Rolly
    12.9
    Blue, Alec
    190. See also Blue, Elick.
    Blue, Elick
    19, 69. See also Blue, Alec.
    Blue, Jenny
    163
    Bob
    99.4, 157
    Bob, Doctor
    163. See also Doctor Bob.
    Bob, Julia
    163
    Bob, Julie
    163
    Bobb, Hazel
    128.37
    Bokita
    163
    Bolin, John
    138m
    Bolónan, Clementí
    54
    Bone, Charlie
    163, 216
    Bone, Li
    163
    Bone, Mi
    163
    Bonn, Louisa
    19, 69, 69.3-.5
    Boone, Charley
    59.2.2, 60
    Borbon, Emiliano
    76.2
    Boskey, Sonia
    1.1-.2, 1.8
    Bowen, Charley
    156.3. See also Bowen, Charlie.
    Bowen, Charlie
    163, 180. See also Bowen, Charley.
    Bowen, Lorenzo H.
    156.3
    Bowen, Maggie
    163
    Branson, Harvey
    156.3.
    Brennet, Mrs.
    195
    Bridge, Ben
    163
    Bridge, Ben, Mrs.
    163
    Bridgeport Tom
    88, 90.1, 90.3, 150.1
    Briely, George
    206.5-.7, 213.5. See also Brierly, George; Briley, George.
    Brierly, George
    87.2, 88, 91.7, 154.2, 205.2, 206.5-.7. See also Briely, George; Briley, George.
    Briley, George
    88, 154.2. See also Briely, George; Brierly, George.
    Brindis, Pedro
    76.3
    Brock, Jim
    75
    Brook, Tildy
    163
    Brooks, Bill
    99.4.17
    Brown, Annie
    163, 201
    Brown, Betty (?)
    71.1-.2
    Brown, David
    163, 216
    Brown, Deb
    163
    Brown, Fannie
    163
    Brown, Harrison
    163
    Brown, Jim
    156.3
    Brown, John
    113.1
    Brown, Joshua
    113.1, 163
    Brown, Leonard
    156.3
    Brown, Leonard G., Mrs.
    156.3
    Brown, Luke
    117
    Brown, Manuel
    201
    Brown, Manuel, Mrs.
    201
    Brown, Oscar
    163, 214
    Brown, Sally
    12.9
    Brown, Sam
    62.1-.2, 64, 146.2, 171, 214
    Brown, Susie
    61.1
    Brown, Tom
    75
    Brown, Virginia
    163
    Bruner
    156.3
    Bruno, Jerry
    163
    Bryan, Tom
    201
    Bucknell, Jim
    59.2.2
    Buff, Philip
    88
    Buff, Truman
    153.4
    Bulpitt, Mary
    207.4. See also Bulpitt, Mattie.
    Bulpitt, Mattie
    88, 91.8, 154.3, 154.5-.7, 206.1, 207.4. See also Bulpitt, Mary.
    Bunder, Julius
    163
    Burgess, Lena
    163
    Burke, Annie
    156.2-.3, 163
    Burkhead, Mary
    170
    Burns, Fox
    204.44
    Burns, Michael (Mike)
    187, 188
    Burnside, Mabel
    137m
    Bush, George
    60
    Butcher, Susie
    88, 152.2, 205.1
    Butler, Lincoln
    31
    Cabse, Captain Bonafacio
    60
    Calac, Feliz
    28.1-.2, 29.1-.9
    Calac, Leonidas
    29.6-.7
    Calac, Willy
    29.6-.7
    Calles, Alejandro
    16
    Calles, Leonora
    16. See also Mesa, Leonora.
    Calles, Ricardo
    16
    Calpella Pete
    156.3
    Cameron, Don
    65.3-.5, 130.3-.5
    Cameron, Mrs.
    65.4-.5, 130.4-.5
    Camino, Jose D.
    194.1
    Camp Grant Charlie
    12.9. See also Charlie.
    Campbell, Alex, Mrs.
    117
    Campbell, Angela
    156.3
    Campbell, Brenda
    116.1
    Campbell, Dora
    156.3
    Campbell, Doris
    156.3
    Campbell, E. D. C.
    163
    Campbell, Henry
    156.3, 163 (Pomo)
    Campbell, Henry
    99.4.1 (Yurok)
    Campbell, Ira
    156.3
    Campbell, Josephine Smoker
    1.4, 1.8
    Campbell, Josie
    163
    Canim, Jerry
    106, 109. See also Kenum, Jerry.
    Canuta
    180, 194.5
    Capitan Hermogenes
    52m
    Capitan Ibon
    52m
    Capitan Juan
    52m
    Capitan Sadán
    52m
    Capitan Talio
    52m
    Capitan Tonio
    52m
    Captain Anselmo Cuitac
    60. See also Cuitac, Captain Anselmo.
    Captain Bonafacio Cabse
    60. See also Cabse, Captain Bonafacio.
    Captain Crispin Ballat
    60. See also Ballat, Captain Crispin.
    Captain Dave (Numana)
    37.1-.4, 132. See also Numana, Captain Dave.
    Captain Ed Sweetser
    59.2.2, 60. See also Sweetser, Captain Ed.
    Captain Jacinto Ayal
    60. See also Ayal, Captain Jacinto.
    Captain Jack
    59.2.2, 60 (Pomo)
    Captain Jack
    59.2.2, 60 (Yurok)
    Captain Jim
    12.6, 12.9, 197
    Captain Jim, Mrs.
    12.9
    Captain John
    19, 69. See also Oite, Captain John.
    Captain Johnson
    115.1
    Captain Juan Maccaro
    60
    Captain Lafonso
    60
    Captain Nayo
    60
    Captain Pete
    163
    Captain Santiago Roselle (Pipar)
    60. See also Roselle (Pipar), Captain Santiago.
    Captain Santos Manuel
    60. See also Manuel, Captain Santos.
    Captain Shulte
    60
    Captain Spot
    99.4
    Captain Tack
    56, 59.2.2, 60
    Captain Tom
    101.2
    Captain Wallope Williams
    60. See also Williams, Captain Wallope.
    Captain Yellowjacket
    60
    Carme, Josie
    163
    Carmelita, Josephine
    111
    Carmichael, Molly
    106
    Carpenter, Dick
    116.1
    Carpenter, John
    163
    Carpenter, Molly
    62.1-.2, 64, 171, 215.4
    Carpenter, Tom
    62.2
    Carrezales, Emiliano
    16
    Carson, A. J.
    60
    Carter, Williams
    163. See also Graves, Bill.
    Cashbaugh, Jennie
    88, 91.2, 154.1
    Casoose, Joaquin
    60
    Casoose, Olliver
    60
    Castagna (Costagna), Ed
    156.3
    Castaño, Sr.
    52m
    Catfish, Alec
    101.2, 106
    Catfish, Alec, Mrs.
    101.2
    Caton, Malcolm
    163
    Caugh, Fred
    106
    Cawley, Ellen M.
    163
    Cayton, A. G.
    163
    Cayton, Malcolm
    180
    Cayuse, Susue Hunt
    163
    Chamberlain, Joe
    115.1
    Chamberlain, Peter
    115.1
    Chambers Family
    20
    Chappo, B.
    122.1. See also B., Chappo.
    Chappo, Maggie
    138m
    Chappo, Salvador
    163
    Charles, Fred
    163, 214
    Charles, Henry
    83
    Charles, Jo
    163
    Charles, Martha
    215.2
    Charles, Philip
    163. See also Kalama.
    Charley
    106 (Puget Sound)
    Charley
    99.4.1, 99.4.5, 157 (Yurok)
    Charley, Freddy
    101.1
    Charley, Isabella
    186.1-.2. See also Isabella.
    Charley, John
    60
    Charley, Madeline (?)
    1.2-.3, 1.8
    Charley, Maggie
    1.2-.3, 1.8
    Charley, Raphael
    186.1. See also Raphael.
    Charley (Charlie), Tina
    88, 90.2, 207.1-.2
    Charley, Tiny
    149
    Charlie
    12.1, 12.9. See also Camp Grant Charlie.
    Charlie, Henry
    163
    Charlie, Lucy
    163
    Charlie, Maggie
    163, 175, 215.4
    Charlie, Martha
    215.2
    Charlie, Mrs.
    163, 146.1
    Charlie, Susie
    170
    Charlton, Henry
    69, 194.1
    Charvez, Jack
    128.37
    Chavez, Mrs.
    82.13
    Cheepo
    170. See also Chipo; Chi'-po.
    Chi chi
    19. See also Reeves, Mrs.
    Chicago Dick
    61.1, 178. See also Dick, Chicago; Kiwelis.
    Chicken, Juan
    122.1, 122.4, 122.6
    Chico, Bill
    111
    Chico Jim
    19, 69.5
    Chico, Little Bill
    74
    Chico, Lottie
    34.2, 34.4
    Chico, Mariana
    34.2, 34.4
    Chief Abel
    106
    Chief Johnson
    113.2, 130.5. See also gitwen.
    Chief Rodgers
    109
    Childs, Dick
    18, 19, 69, 69.2-.4
    Chiloquin, Albert, Mrs.
    163
    China, Bill
    138m
    Chino, George
    122.1, 122.3
    Chino, Henry
    122.5
    Chipo
    180. See also Cheepo; Chi’po.
    Chi'-po
    163. See also Cheepo; Chipo.
    Clark, Flora
    163, 216
    Clark, Frank
    163, 216
    Clark, John
    163, 216
    Clark, Mrs.
    130.12
    Clark, W. C.
    19, 69.2
    Claudina (?)
    163
    Clayton
    163
    Cleanso, Tom
    19, 120.1-.5, 163
    Clemens, Susie
    163
    Cleveland, James
    122.1, 122.6
    Cleveland, Jimmy
    157
    Clinton, Jennie
    31, 163
    Coachella, Jim, Captain
    194.4
    Cober, B. A.
    156.3
    Colby, A.
    163
    Colegrove, Francis
    163
    Coleman, Daisy
    170
    Coleman, Henry
    170
    Collins, Ada
    6
    Collins, Pete
    106 (Yurok)
    Collins, Peter
    6 (Rogue River Athapaskan)
    Collins, Tecumseh
    130.7
    Collinson, Charles
    117
    Collinson, Jackson
    117
    Colonel Thompson
    163
    Colos, Angela
    60
    Commischalla, John
    156.3
    Conner, Gilbert
    163
    Conner, Pedro
    203
    Cooper, Emma
    163
    Cooper, James
    163
    Cooper, Jim
    163
    Cooper, Lucy
    156.3, 163
    Cooper, Nellie, Mrs.
    1.2, 1.7-1.8, 163
    Cooper, Nora (?)
    156.3
    Coos, Bob
    163
    Copa, Maria
    139, 142
    Cornbread, Bill
    163
    Corner, Pedro
    163
    Cornish, Jake
    163
    Cornwell, Mary
    87.1-.2, 88, 90.2, 90.4, 150.3, 155, 207.3 (?), 213.2
    Costa, Raphael
    163. See also Raphael; Postal, Rafael.
    Cox, Lena
    163
    Cox, Mallie
    203
    Coyote
    34.3-.4. See also Miguel, José.
    Coyote Jim
    157
    Crabtree, Jim
    156.3
    Crabtree, Loretta
    128.37
    Crosswhite, Jesús
    16
    Crouch, James
    194.5
    Crow
    157. See also Gro (Grove).
    Crutchfield, Susie
    157
    Cruz, Daisy
    153.4
    Cruz, Peter
    19, 69.4
    Cuero, Jesús
    16
    Cuero, Tomás
    16
    Cuitac, Captain Anselmo
    60
    Cully, Charlie
    60
    Cummings, Eph
    60
    Curl, Bill
    163
    Curl, Jennie
    163
    Curl, Will
    163
    Curtner, Raymond Martin
    156.3
    Cush, Charley
    118.4
    D., Jesse
    69, 163
    Daisy
    138m, 163. See also Smith, Daisy.
    Daisy, Elliot
    156.3
    Dakauwag, Filon
    143.1
    Dalagánan
    54
    Dan, Lucy
    101.2. See also Smith, Lucy.
    Danao, Pedro
    54
    Danawa'k, John
    65.1, 130.1
    Dandy
    99.4.1, 99.4.5. See also Bill, Dandy.
    Daniela, Charlie
    163
    Daniels, James
    106
    Darrow, John
    65.9-.10, 130.9-.10
    Dave
    138m (Moapa Paiute?)
    Dave
    156.3 (Pomo)
    Dave
    157 (Yurok)
    Dave, Fanny
    163
    David, Frank
    163, 216
    David, George
    156.3
    David, Robert
    163
    Davis, Bill
    156.3
    Davis, Christine
    156.3
    Davis, Dora
    1.2-.4, 1.8, 15, 63. See also Davis, Shan, Mrs.
    Davis, Francis
    15, 174
    Davis, Francis, Sr.
    63. See also Davis, Shan; Davis, Shan, Sr.
    Davis, Jack
    100, 106, 107.1, 109, 110
    Davis, Jack, Mrs.
    106
    Davis, Jeff
    203
    Davis, Jeff, Mrs.
    163. See also Jeff, Mrs.
    Davis, Joe
    60
    Davis, John, Mrs.
    1.4. See also Davis, Sarah.
    Davis, Julia
    163
    Davis, Sam
    130.9
    Davis, Sarah
    1.4. See also Davis, John, Mrs.
    Davis, Shan
    15, 146.1-.2, 172, 173, 175, 180, 214, 215.1-.2. See also Davis, Francis, Sr.; Davis, Shan, Sr.
    Davis, Shan, Mrs.
    1.8. See also Davis, Dora.
    Davis, Shan, Sr.
    63, 174. See also Davis, Francis, Sr.; Davis, Shan.
    Dawson, Mrs.
    156.3
    Daylight, Jack
    163. See also Jack, Daylight.
    Denman, Weaver
    163
    Dennison, Frances
    156.3
    Dennison, John
    59.2.2
    Dennison, Maxine
    156.3
    Denny, Andrew
    130.4
    Denny, Bessie
    130.1, 130.4
    Denny, Elizabeth
    130.1. See also Denny, Joe, Mrs.
    Denny, Joe, Mrs.
    130.1. See also Denny, Elizabeth.
    Denny, Regnan (?)
    130.4
    Denny, Reynold
    130.1
    Denny, Reynold, Mrs.
    130.1
    Dewey, Edith
    87.2, 88, 91.4, 154.1-.2, 213.5
    Dick, Chicago
    61.1, 178. See also Chicago Dick; Kiwelis.
    Dick, Harry
    19, 69.3-.4
    Dick, Jim
    18, 19, 60, 69, 69.2, 163, 216
    Dick, Lucy
    163
    Dick, Molly
    6, 163
    Dick, Sampson
    60
    Dick, Sampson, Mrs.
    60
    Dickson, Tom
    106
    Dixon, Alf
    20, 21
    Dixon, Rosie
    163
    Dobey, Nancy
    47, 49, 204.20-204.22
    Doc Sam
    163. See also Sam, Doc.
    Doctor Bob
    163
    Doctor Frank of Pekwan
    99.4.1, 99.4.5.
    Doctor Henry Jo
    163. See also Jo, Doctor Henry.
    Doctor Tom
    95
    Dolores, Juan
    38.1, 134
    Domingo
    99.4.1, 99.4.6
    Dominick, Jerry
    109
    Doña Josefa
    23. See also Velasquez, Josefa.
    Donahoe, Philip
    99.4.17
    Donahue, Emily
    1.2-.3, 1.8, 15, 146.1-.2, 174, 175
    Donahue, Jennice (?)
    1.8
    Donahue, Lafayette
    174
    Donelly, Mrs.
    99.4.5, 99.4.10
    Dorsey, Charley
    7
    Douglas, William, Mrs.
    106
    Dowd, Willie, Mrs.
    1.1-.2, 1.8. See also Billy, Eliza.
    Drew
    156.3
    Drew, Frank
    163
    Drury, Mr.
    21
    Duck Creek John
    106
    Dugyang, Pangat Max
    143.1. See also Dugyang, Pangats.
    Dugyang, Pangats
    143.1. See also Dugyang, Pangat Max.
    Dumlao, Zacarias
    147.5
    Duncan, Dick
    60
    Duncan, Dixie
    204.41
    Duncan, Ella
    19, 69
    Duncan, Grandma
    69
    Duncan, Ike
    214
    Duncan, Joe
    12.1, 12.8m-.9
    Duncan, John
    204.25
    Duniway, Alice
    1.8
    Duro, Antonio
    186.1
    Duro, Manuel
    186.1
    Dushey, Emma
    1.4, 1.8. See also Frank, Emma Dushey.
    Dyer, Mrs.
    95
    Eaph, John
    203
    Eaph, Mrs.
    203
    Earl, Maggie
    85.3, 88, 153.2-.4, 208.5
    Eaton, Sam
    130.4
    Ecysk, John
    163
    Edwards, Harry
    18, 19, 69.4, 216
    Edwards, Henry
    20
    Edwards, Henry, Mrs.
    18 (Maidu)
    Edwards, Henry, Mrs.
    20 (Yukon)
    Edwards, Jim
    19, 69.4, 163, 216
    Edwards, Kathleen
    106
    Edwards, Pete
    19
    Effman, Emma
    1.8
    Eli, Mary
    163
    Ellick, John
    163
    Elliot, Daisy
    156.3
    Elliott, Eliza
    1.2-.3, 1.8
    Elliot, Mrs.
    163
    Elliott, Molly
    156.3
    Elliott, Patricia
    156.3. See also Patricia.
    Elliott, Raphael (Rafe, Rayfield)
    156.3
    Elliott, William
    60
    Encinales, Dolores
    60
    Enos, Ed
    19, 69.2, 163
    Enos, Lizzie
    18, 19, 69.2
    Eskimo Thomas
    110
    Estrada, Teodoro
    16
    Estrella, Francisco (and family)
    76.1
    Eugene, Bertha
    163
    Eugene, Mary
    163
    Eugene, Wilbin
    163
    Eulalia
    13
    e'um'ihtE se'paliwen:imME (?)
    134.1
    Evanhoff, Aleck
    22
    Evanhoff, Lottie
    22
    Evans, George
    163
    Evans, Louis, Mrs.
    60
    Eversall (Eversole, Eversoll)
    156.3
    F. P.
    74
    Fairchild, Annie
    6, 163
    Fairchild, Baldwin
    101.2
    Fairchiles, Mrs.
    22
    Faithful, Anderson
    163
    Fan, Sarah
    163
    Fan, Wash
    163
    Faunie (Faundee, Faunee), Josie
    18, 19, 69.2
    Felipe
    34.2
    Feliz, Annie
    204.30-.33, 163, 216
    Fernando, Mary
    178
    Ferris, Harry
    163
    Ferry, Milo
    163
    Ferry, Milo, Mrs.
    163
    Filipo
    198.1
    Filpa, Moses
    163. See also Philpott, Moses.
    Finnell, Rorgne
    22
    Fisher, Frank
    163, 203
    Fitzhenry, George, Mrs.
    106, 107.1, 109. See also Fitzhenry, Rebecca.
    Fitzhenry, Rebecca
    106, 109. See also Fitzhenry, George, Mrs.
    Flannery, Donald
    101.2
    Fletcher, Stuart
    163
    Flynn, Henry
    18, 19, 69.3-.4, 163, 216
    Folsom, Jack
    163, 200
    Folsom, Sam
    163
    Foreman, Mose
    163, 216
    Forty, Lucy
    101.2, 106
    Fowler, Mrs.
    163
    Fox, Old Man
    21. See also Old Man Fox.
    Fox, Sam
    163
    Francisco, Alberta
    156.3
    Francisco, Elizzie (Lizzy)
    156.3
    Francisco, Gladys
    156.3
    Francisco, Tony
    204.8-.9
    Frank, Emma Dushey
    1.4, 1.8. See also Dushey, Emma.
    Frank, Fraser
    1.3
    Frank, Georgely
    180
    Frank, Jack
    19, 69, 69.4
    Frank, Jim, Mrs.
    99.4.1
    Frank, Robert
    99.4.8
    Frank, Walter
    130.7
    Frank of Weitchpec
    99.4. See also Weitchpec Frank.
    Fraser, Chief John
    20
    Fraser, John, Mrs.
    20, 21
    Fraser, Polly
    20, 21
    Frazer
    163
    Freder, Frank
    163
    Freeman, Anita
    156.3
    Freeman, Billy
    163
    Freeman, Joe
    163
    Freeman, Mark
    113.1
    Freeman, Mr.
    156.3
    Fred, Bob
    156.3
    Fred, Bob, Mrs.
    156.3
    Frey, Mrs.
    99.4.16-.17
    "Friday"
    95
    Frye, Marshall
    106
    Fuller, Lewis
    163
    Fuller, William
    163
    Fulweider (Fulweiders, Fulwiders), Leland
    204.19
    Fulwider (Fulwyder), Doc
    156.3
    Fundman, Mr.
    22
    Gainer, Dan
    203
    Gainor, Sam
    163
    Gallaher, H. V.
    156.3
    Galamoy
    143.1
    Galangi
    143.4
    Gambát, Tambon
    54
    Gamboa, Isayas
    147.5
    Gamiz, Silvestre
    29.5, 29.8-.9
    Gana't (Gannette), Paddy, Mrs.
    65.3
    Ganu
    143.4
    Garcia, George
    189
    Garcia, Miguel
    134.1
    Gardner (?), Mrs.
    7
    Gardner (?), Robert
    7
    Garfield, Sam
    59.2.2
    Garrison, Jane
    100, 109
    Garrison, Jennie
    106
    Garry, Old Lady
    163
    Gasatan
    143.1
    Gastélune, Rafael
    16
    Geddes, Mrs.
    21
    Genshaw, Jimmy
    214
    Genzel, Ila
    163
    George
    55.1-.3, 58. (Modoc) See also Sloluck.
    George
    138m (Shoshoni or Paiute)
    George, Brig
    138m
    George, David
    156.3
    George, Doctor
    203
    George, Harry
    163
    George, Irene
    215.2
    George, Joe
    105, 109
    George, Kittie (Kitty)
    1.1-.2
    George, Maggie
    163
    George, Norman
    163, 214
    George, Old Mrs.
    163
    George, Usie
    163
    George, William
    163. See also Whiskey Bill.
    Georgeley, Francisco
    60
    Georgely, Frank
    181
    Georgely, Susie
    178
    Gerand, Lucy
    100, 106, 109
    Gericke, Dr.
    156.3
    Giannoni, Bob
    156.3. See also Gionnoni, Bob.
    Gibbons, Dick
    170
    Gibson, Craig
    163
    Gibson, Craig, Mrs.
    163
    "Gilbert," Avran
    16
    Gilbert, Billy
    163
    Gilbert, Jake
    88, 149, 207.1
    Gilbert, Rube
    19, 69.2
    Gionnoni, Bob
    156.3. See also Giannoni, Bob.
    gitwen
    130.5. See also Chief Johnson.
    Given, George
    86.2
    Gobelet, Al
    156.3
    Gobelet, Ruby
    156.3
    Golding, Alfred
    122.1
    Goldstein, Frank
    156.3.
    Golsh, Ami
    60
    Gomer (?), L.
    122.2. See also Homer, Luke.
    Gomes (?), Charley
    7
    Gomez, Antonio
    202
    Gomez, Jigo
    54
    Gomez, Maria
    23
    Gonzalez, Juana
    16
    González, Virginio
    16
    Good, John
    20
    Good, John, Mrs.
    20, 21
    Goodale, Lula
    60
    Goodale, Willie
    209.6, 210.5
    Goodwin, Ben
    63
    Goodwin, Mrs.
    99.4.2, 99.4.6
    Gooseman, Ben, Mrs.
    60
    Gordon, Dick
    21
    Gordon, Emily
    1.1-.2, 1.8
    Goudy, Jas.
    106
    Gracia (Gracio), Ramon
    194.5
    Graham, Jim
    106, 109
    Graham, Jim, Mrs.
    106
    Graham, Levi
    178
    Graham, Willy
    61.1
    Grandma Duncan
    69
    Grant
    163
    Grant, Ellen
    175, 215.2
    Grant, Etta Patch
    163
    Grant, Jake
    156.3, 163
    Grant, Jeff
    19, 69.4
    Grant, Johnson
    113.2
    Grant, Johnson, Mrs.
    113.3
    Grant, Sally
    163
    Grant, Sampson
    191
    Grant, Samson
    163
    Grant, William, Mrs.
    116.2
    Grapevine (Grape Vine), Thomas
    70, 163, 191
    Graut, Nannie
    101.2
    Graves, Bill
    156.3, 163. See also Carter, William.
    Graves, Penn
    60
    Gray, Charles
    163, 204.39
    Green, Andrew
    113.1-.2
    Green, Bob
    48.2, 163, 204.35, 216
    Green, Charley (Charlie)
    163
    Green, Charlie
    197 (Achomawi)
    Greeott, Wesley
    156.3
    Gregory, George
    212.11
    Griffen, Tillie
    163
    Griffet, Cindy
    163
    Griffin, Mrs.
    157
    Griffin, Nellie
    1.1-.2, 1.8
    Griffith, Manuela
    180
    Griggs, Fanny
    99.4.2-.3
    Gro (Grove)
    157. See also Crow.
    Gunter, Charlie
    163
    Gunyer, Frank
    163
    Gurtig, Dick
    70
    Guzeman
    163
    Hail (Hale), Sally
    170. See also Hutun.
    Hale, Henry
    156.3
    Hale, Mrs.
    170. See also Hail, Sally; Hutun.
    Halfmoon, Otis
    163
    Halkub, Little John
    106
    Hall, Billy
    20
    Hall, Billy, Mrs.
    20
    Hall, Clarence
    16. See also Rávago, "Clarencio."
    Hall, Louis
    117
    Hall, Sam
    117
    Halsey, Mrs.
    163
    Halsey (Halsie), William (Bill)
    163
    Hamburg, Polly Ann
    163
    Hamchitt, Bertie
    117
    Hammonds, David
    20
    Hanson, William
    60
    Hanuse, Harry
    115.2
    Hanuse, Henry
    149
    Happy Jack
    175
    Harm, Ida
    163
    Harmon, James
    163
    Harney, Elizabeth
    135
    Harris, Alice
    130.1, 130.4
    Harris, Hoffman
    116.1
    Harris, Molly
    163
    Harris, Robert
    130.4
    Harrison, Mike
    156.3
    Harry, Hazel White
    1.2-.3, 1.8
    Harry, Mary
    86.3, 86.5, 88, 90.2, 92.4, 152.1, 205.1, 213.3
    Harshel, Mrs.
    101.2
    Hart, Augustus
    130.4
    Hart, Ronnie
    163
    Hartgrave, Celia
    69.5
    Hassler, Charlie
    201
    Hauck, Mrs.
    156.3
    Hazel
    21
    Hearn, Miss
    163
    Heath, Fee
    12.9
    Heddrick, Mrs.
    163
    Hedrick, Bob
    69.5
    Hedrick, Maria
    18, 19, 69.5, 163, 216
    Heenan, John C.
    204.45-.46
    Hellon, Charlie
    163
    Henderson, Ned
    214
    Henderson, Patsy
    20, 21
    Henderson, Peter
    138m
    Henry, Bob
    163, 216
    Henry, Jack
    163, 216
    Henry, Jim
    109
    Henry, Joe, Mrs.
    21
    Herford (Heryford), Mr.
    156.3.
    Hetmeil, Jose Largo
    180
    Hetmiel, James McCarty
    166, 180
    Hickox, Lizzie
    1.2-.3, 1.8. See also Mrs. Luther.
    Hickox, Louisa
    1.2-.3, 1.8
    Hill, Dan
    214
    Hill, Hr [sic]
    60
    Hill, Sam, Jr.
    122.1
    Hilliard, Louisa
    163. See also Westphal, Louisa.
    Hiram, James
    163. See also Harmon, James.
    Holbrook, Bertha
    163
    Holiday, Ben
    163
    Holmes, Harry
    156.3
    Holmes, Viola
    156.3
    Home, Harris
    163
    Homer, Joseph
    119.1-.2.
    Homer, Luke
    122.2. See also Gomer, L.
    Hoodley (?), Mrs.
    1.3, 1.8
    Hooper, Mr.
    156.3
    Hopkins, David
    117
    Hopkins, Johnny
    113.1
    Hopper, Alvina
    156.3
    Hopper, Joe
    156.3
    Horopop, Francis
    1.1-.2. See also Wicks, Edward, Mrs.
    Horton, Molly
    163
    Hosler, Frank
    214
    Hostler, Ellen
    1.4, 1.8. See also Quimby, Ellen.
    Hostler, Lily
    1.8
    Hotch, Dan
    65.3, 130.3
    Hotch (?), Old Man
    130.3. See also Old Man Hotch (?).
    Howard, Frank
    130.1
    Howard, Jonah
    113.1-.2
    Howdy, Isaac
    163
    Hudson, Abe
    163
    Hudson, John B. (Moses)
    163
    Hughes, Billy
    19, 69.3-.4
    Hughes, Lizzie
    163, 216
    Hughes, Sis
    19, 69.3
    Hukahkam (?)
    134.1
    Humchitt, Moody, Mrs.
    116.1, 117. See also Sakdehain.
    Hume, Lily
    20, 21
    Hunt, Jim
    163
    Hunt, Jo (Joe)
    163
    Hunter, Burnie
    19, 69
    Hunter, Hank
    85.4, 88, 153.4-.5, 208.4
    Hunter Jim
    60
    Hunter, Johnnie
    86.2
    Hunter, Mary
    18, 19, 69
    Hunter, Suwanni
    163
    Hunter, Will
    19, 69
    Hutchings, Jeff
    60
    Hutchins, William
    180
    Hutchinson, Roy
    60
    Hutun
    170. See also Hail, Sally.
    Ida
    106
    Iiga
    198.1
    Ike, Mary
    1.2-.3, 1.8, 15, 63, 64, 146.1-.2, 163, 172, 173, 174, 175, 180, 215.1-.4
    Ike, Oscar
    163
    Indian Bob
    107.2
    Indian Henry
    34.3-.4, 111. See also Joaquin, Henry.
    Indian Jake
    163. See also Smith, Jake and Mather Creek Jake.
    Inman, Mrs.
    130.4
    Ironholder, Bill
    163. See also Larry, Bill.
    Isaac
    138m
    Isaac, Jenny
    20
    Isabella
    186.1. See also Charley, Isabella.
    Ischuco, Manuel
    186.1
    Ishi
    35.1-.5, 36.1-.5, 67, 68, 129, 199
    Iswiripigeshxav (?)
    215.2
    Jack (?), Abraham, Mrs.
    1.4. See also Jack, Lucinda; Jake, Lucinda.
    Jack, Alex
    60
    Jack, Ann
    106, 107.1-.2
    Jack, Daylight
    163. See also Daylight, Jack.
    Jack, Fox
    163
    Jack, Happy
    215.2
    Jack, Jimmy
    163
    Jack, Joe
    63, 64. See also Sandy Bar Joe.
    Jack, John
    163
    Jack, Lucinda
    1.4, 1.8. See also Jack, Abraham, Mrs.; Jake, Lucinda.
    Jack, Rosie
    88
    Jack, Sherwood
    59.2.2
    Jack, Tupai
    69.4
    Jacks, May
    69.5
    Jacks, Rosy
    1.1-.2, 1.8
    Jackson, Amos
    1.8
    Jackson, Andrew
    163, 216
    Jackson, Bobby, Mrs.
    20
    Jackson, Bright
    19
    Jackson, Carrie
    31
    Jackson, Dorothy
    21
    Jackson, Emma
    191
    Jackson, George
    22
    Jackson, Greenleaf
    214
    Jackson, Henry
    106
    Jackson, Jake
    21
    Jackson, Jake, Mrs.
    20, 21
    Jackson, James, Sr.
    163
    Jackson, Jim
    163
    Jackson, Kitty
    214
    Jackson, Maggie
    21
    Jackson, Mary
    19, 69.5
    Jackson, Mrs.
    106
    Jackson, Moses, Mrs.
    20
    Jackson, Sally
    106, 109
    Jackson, Selma
    163, 216
    Jackson, Sophy
    109
    Jackson, Stonewall
    71.5, 163
    Jackson, Susan
    19, 69 (Maidu)
    Jackson, Susie
    130.12 (Tlingit)
    Jacob
    163
    Jacob, Mrs.
    106
    Jacobs, Ruth
    163
    Jacobs-Young (?), Elsie
    1.8
    Jacops, Daisy
    1.3, 1.8, 15, 163
    Jacops Family
    1.2-.3
    Jacops, Mary
    1.3
    Jacops, Sally
    15, 63, 64, 163, 215.1-.4
    Jacops, Sara
    1.3
    Jacquet, Jean
    20. See also Jacquet, Pete, Mrs.
    Jacquet, Mary Joe
    20
    Jacquet, Pete, Mrs.
    20. See also Jacquet, Jean.
    Jaime, Dick
    18, 19, 69.2-.4
    Jaime, Dick, Mrs.
    18
    Jake
    138m
    Jake, George, Mrs.
    1.2-.3, 1.8
    Jake, Lucinda
    1.2-.3, 1.8. See also Jack, Abraham, Mrs.; Jack, Lucinda.
    James, Bennie
    60
    James, Bob
    106, 109
    James, Charles
    15, 63, 64 (Karok)
    James, Charlie
    19, 69, 69.4, 175 (Maidu)
    James, Harmon (?)
    163
    James, Harvey
    45.3-.4, 204.14-.15
    James, Herman
    180
    James, Ida
    157
    James, Ike
    157
    James, Jerry
    99.4.17
    James, Jimmy
    20
    James, Jimmy, Mrs.
    20
    James, Lottie
    1.1-1.2. See also Markussen, Allie.
    James, Mammie
    20
    James, Marie
    180
    James, Mary
    163
    James, Riley
    101.2
    James, Romer
    163
    James, Rosie
    156.3
    James, Scotty
    21. See also Scotty, Jimmy.
    James, Warden
    156.3
    Jamieson (Jamison), James
    204.36-.37.
    Jamieson, Mrs.
    156.3
    Jansaw (?), Kitty
    1.8
    Jarvis, Annie
    163
    Jarvis, Frank
    163
    Jeff, John
    203
    Jeff, Mike
    163, 216. See also Jeffers, Mike.
    Jeff, Mrs.
    163. See also Davis, Jeff, Mrs.
    Jeffers, Mike
    163, 216. See also Jeff, Mike.
    Jefferson, Mike
    122.1
    Jefferson, Ray
    122.1
    Jenny
    19
    Jerry, Bernard
    163, 215.2
    Jesse D.
    69
    Jim
    57
    Jim
    12.1 (Wailaki)
    Jim, Antoine
    156.3
    Jim, Carrie
    1.8. See also Robert, Carrie.
    Jim, Frank
    170
    Jim, Jacket
    60
    Jim, Jacumba
    60
    Jim, Jerry
    60
    Jim, Joaquin
    7
    Jim, Little
    138m
    Jim, Lucy
    163
    Jim, Mrs.
    99.4
    Jim of Pekwan
    75, 99.4. See also Peckwan, Jim of.
    Jim, Poker
    163. See also Poker Jim.
    Jim, Richard, Mrs.
    1.8
    Jim, Sally
    163
    Jim, Slim
    194.5
    Jim, Susie
    88, 89, 104.1-.4
    Jim, Thomas
    163
    Jimerson, Tom
    180
    Jo, Columbia, Mrs.
    163
    Jo, Doctor Henry
    163. See also Doctor Henry Jo.
    Jo, Minnie
    163
    Joanson (?), Henry
    69.2
    Joaquin, Henry
    34.3-.4, 111. See also Indian Henry.
    Joaquin, Jeff
    46, 156.2-156.3, 163, 180, 204.16-204.18
    Joaquin, Old Man
    163. See also Old Man Joaquin.
    Joe, Johnny
    21
    John, Alec
    69.4, 163. See also Ellick, John.
    John, Ellick
    216. See also John, Alec.
    John, Johnnie (Johnny)
    20
    John, Kanosh
    138m
    John, Melia, Mrs.
    20
    John, Mose
    163
    Johnny, Mary
    215.2
    Johns, Carolyn Angela Dora
    20
    Johns, John, Mrs.
    20
    Johns, Maria
    20
    Johnson
    187
    Johnson
    156.3 (Pomo)
    Johnson, Abro
    60
    Johnson, Alice
    20
    Johnson, Billy
    65.9, 130.7, 130.9
    Johnson, Charley
    130.7
    Johnson, Daisy
    216
    Johnson, Dan
    20
    Johnson, Dixie
    163, 216
    Johnson, Frank
    21
    Johnson, Frank, Mrs.
    21
    Johnson, Fred
    163, 216
    Johnson, Hank
    163 (Tolowa)
    Johnson, Hank
    163 (Wailaki)
    Johnson, Henry
    83, 163
    Johnson, Henry
    163 (Pomo)
    Johnson, Henry
    163 (Tolowa)
    Johnson, Henry, Mrs.
    83
    Johnson, Jack
    115.2
    Johnson, Jennie
    83
    Johnson, Jerry
    20
    Johnson, Joe
    130.4
    Johnson, Johnny
    216
    Johnson, Kathleen
    20
    Johnson, Kenneth
    20
    Johnson, Lincoln
    194.5
    Johnson, Lizzie Steve
    163
    Johnson, Lulu
    47, 204.20
    Johnson, Maggie Smith
    163
    Johnson, Martha
    65.3, 130.3
    Johnson, Martha
    20 (Yukon)
    Johnson, Matthew
    130.1
    Johnson, Maud
    216
    Johnson, Maud, Mrs.
    163
    Johnson, Mike
    170
    Johnson, Minnie
    111
    Johnson, Mrs.
    170
    Johnson, Ned
    163
    Johnson, Nellie
    1.2-.3, 1.8
    Johnson, Old Man
    130.3. See also Old Man Johnson.
    Johnson, Sally
    12.9
    Johnson, T.
    148.6-.7
    Johnston, Freddy, Mrs.
    21
    Johnston, George
    20, 21
    Jolleff, Henry
    16
    Jones, Charley
    65.5, 130.4-.5, 130.11, 130.13
    Jones, Daisy
    1.2, 1.8, 163
    Jones, Dolly
    1.8
    Jones, Jeff
    163
    Jones, Jim Tom
    88, 150.3, 211.1-.4. See also Jones, Tom; Yonnie Pah'k.
    Jones, Mary
    178
    Jones, Nora
    1.8
    Jones, Polly Roan
    61.1. See also Roan, Polly.
    Jones, Sarah Weeks
    31
    Jones, T. E.
    60
    Jones, Tom
    88, 90, 90.5, 150.3. See also Jones, Jim Tom; Yonnie Pah'k.
    Jordan, Nancy
    163
    Jose, Teofilo
    147.5
    Josefa, Doña
    23. See also Velasquez, Josefa.
    Joseph, Henry
    1.8
    Joseph, Henry, Mrs.
    1.8
    Joseph, P. H.
    156.3
    Joseph, William
    19, 69, 163, 216
    Joy, Charles Polk
    163
    Juaquin, Jose
    134.1
    Judson, Mrs.
    106
    Junior, Sam
    216
    Justo, Juan de Jesus
    14
    Kabúdlai, Tanásyo
    54
    Kachia, Billy
    163
    Kakasagwats, Jonah J.
    106
    Kakasagwats, Morris Dan
    106
    Kalama
    163. See also Charles, Philip.
    Kalamuan (?), Manuel
    54
    Kane, Betty (Mrs. Bobby)
    20, 21
    Kane, Bobby
    20
    Kane, Jimmy
    20
    Kane, Kenneth
    21
    Kane, Parten (Pardon)
    20, 21
    Kanine, Jim
    163
    Kashkash, Jim
    163
    Katzeek, Dan
    65.3, 130.3
    Kayan, Peter
    130.4
    Kearney, Fred
    163
    Keaton (?)
    163
    Keaton, Malcolm
    163
    Kegan, George
    130.4
    Keith, Johnny
    205.4
    Kekos
    163
    Kelley, Louis
    163
    Kelley, Louis, Mrs.
    163
    Kelly, Jim
    163
    Kelly, John
    179
    Kelly, Steve
    122.5
    Kelsey, Effie Thomas
    163
    Kelsey, Johnnie
    163
    Kelsey, Steve
    156.3
    Kennedy, John
    19, 69.3
    Kentuck, John
    22
    Kenu
    138m
    Kenum, Jerry
    109. See also Canim, Jerry.
    Kepel Joe
    157
    Kermorets, Charley
    99.4.1. See also Kimonets, Charley.
    Kershaw, Dr.
    22
    Kesler, Mrs.
    18, 69
    Kesler, Sam
    18, 19, 69.
    Kessler, Sam
    163
    Kessler, Sam, Mrs.
    163
    Ketz, Milla
    12.2. See also Millaketz.
    Khot, John
    106. See also Xot, John.
    Kibbe, Minnie
    203
    Kichaia, Nelly (?)
    102
    Kichaia, Willy (?)
    106
    Kilás, Aplaya
    54
    Kimonets, Charley
    99.4.1. See also Kermorets, Charley.
    Kingston (?), Bob
    69
    Kinney, John
    163, 216
    Kinsman, Annie
    170
    Kinsman, Mrs.
    170
    Kirby, George
    60
    Kishawa, Elisha
    163
    Kiwelis
    178. See also Chicago Dick; Dick, Chicago.
    Klaney (?), Gus
    130.3
    Klukshan, Moses
    130.3
    Klutchie, Charlie
    163
    Knight, Bill
    156.3
    Knight, Fanny
    163
    Knight, Isabel
    156.3
    Knight, Jake
    148.5
    Knight, Jim
    156.3
    Knight, Marjorie
    156.3
    Knight, Melinda
    156.3
    Knight, Moses
    116.2
    Knight, Moses, Mrs.
    116.2
    Knight, Philburn
    156.3
    Knight, Rhoda
    156.2-.3
    Knight, Steve
    43.1, 156.3, 163, 204.3
    Kolle, Josie
    19
    Kopasur
    186.2
    Krohns, C. A.
    60
    Kruse, Mrs.
    163
    Kruse, Rose
    216
    Kuchup, Joe
    163
    Kül lü lü
    69.4. See also Kululu.
    Kululu
    19, 163, 216. See also Kül lü lü.
    Kunanesty (?), Mrs.
    130.5
    Kunorets
    99.4
    Kwitutc
    166. See also Nejo, Jose.
    Kwiumps, Bessie
    163
    Kwiumps, Laushlie Hunt
    163
    Kwoikwoi, Jim
    106
    Kwoikwoi, Maggie
    106
    Kyselka (?), George
    60
    Lacey, Dee
    210.7, 212.7-.8
    Lachapa, Pablo
    186.2, 186.4. See also Luchapa, Pablo; Maikwot'ukwûs (?); Obispo, Pablo.
    La Chapo, Antonio
    186.1
    Lachuga, Ida, Mrs.
    163
    Lachuso, Manuel
    186.1-.2
    Lachuso, Pablo
    186.2
    Lackart, Lorraine
    156.3. See also Lockhart, Lorraine.
    Lafonso, Elmer
    163, 216
    Lagoon Ben
    101.2
    Lala, Francisca
    194.5
    Lambertson, Mary
    62.2
    Lammawin, Camilo
    143.1
    LaMore, Donny
    163
    LaMore, John
    16
    Lancaster, Molly
    16
    Lane, Jerry
    60
    Lane, Mary V.
    163
    Lang, Tom
    31, 163
    Lang, Tom, Mrs.
    31
    Langford, Carl
    163
    Langley, Marion
    156.3
    Lareson, Old Bill
    19
    Larry, Bill
    163. See also Ironholder, Bill.
    Lathrobe
    163
    Lavell (?), Nellie
    170
    Law, Mamie
    163
    Lawrence, Mrs.
    106
    Lawrer, Dolly, Mrs.
    163
    Lawson, Tom
    163
    Lea (?), Nellie
    163
    Leana
    7
    Leauanae
    198.1
    Lee, Henry H.
    19, 69, 69.3-.4
    Leeson, Charles
    130.4
    Lemay, Martha
    163, 216
    Lemay, Mrs.
    163
    Lena
    7
    Lent, Joe
    88, 91.1, 91.5, 104.1-.4
    Leon, Bob
    60
    Leon, Jesus Vega
    16
    Leon, Lena
    163
    Leon, Mayfield
    163
    Leon, T.
    148.4-.7
    Leon, Thomas
    163
    Lewis, Jane
    19, 69.2, 163
    Lewis, Lucy
    156.3, 204.8. See also Louis, Lucy.
    Lewis, Susie
    163
    Lewis, William
    163
    Lewis, Wilsey
    163
    Liborio
    186.1
    Libby, John
    19, 69.4
    Lilly, Tom
    60
    Linares, Mercedes
    34.1, 34.3
    Linares-Gomez
    74
    Lincoln, Francis
    163
    Lindsay, Elizabeth
    163
    Lino Family
    128.37
    Lippen, Bessie
    215.2
    Lisandro, Eli
    216
    Lisandro, Elin
    163
    Little, Amos
    62.2, 163
    Little Jim
    138m
    Little John (Halkub)
    106
    Little, Mrs.
    163
    Little Tobey (Toby)
    204.36, 204.38
    Livingstone, Johnny
    113.1
    Liza
    101.2
    Lochess, Byron
    31. See also Lotchez, Byron.
    Lochrie, Rose
    86.2
    Lockhart, Clarence
    156.3
    Lockhart, Lorraine
    156.3. See also Lackart, Lorraine.
    Lockhart, Mrs.
    163
    Logan, Abe
    6, 163
    Logan, Billy
    19, 69.4
    Loloma, Charles
    137m
    Lolorias, Juan
    134.7
    Long Dick
    7
    Lópes, Martina
    16
    Lopez, Antonio
    134.1, 134.3, 134.8
    Lopez, Frank
    209.4
    Lopez, John
    214
    Lopez, John, Sr.
    163
    Lopez, Nettie
    85.5, 209.4
    Lorenzo, Daisy
    148.7, 148.9
    Lorenzo, Harry
    148.8-.9
    Losada, Juan
    60
    Los Santos, Jo, Mrs.
    163
    Lotchez, Byron
    31. See also Lochess, Byron.
    Louis, Lucy
    156.3. See also Lewis, Lucy.
    Louisa
    186.1
    Low, Cabel
    12.9
    Lowell, Daisy
    163
    Lowell, Howison (?)
    170
    Lowry
    106
    Lucas, Jack
    60
    Luchapa, Pablo
    186.2, 186.4. See also Lachapa, Pablo; Maikwot'ukwûs (?); Obispo, Pablo.
    Lucky, Kate
    163
    Lucky of Merip
    99.4.1, 99.4.5, 157. See also oloki; Merip, Lucky of.
    Lugo, Remigio
    60
    Lui
    198.1
    Luluk, Steve
    163
    Luna, Polonia
    194.4
    Lundy, Jack
    88, 104.2 (Paiute?)
    Lundy, Jim (Jack)
    88, 104.2 (Miwok?)
    Luz, José de
    16
    Lynch, Jenny
    130.4
    Lyon, D. B.
    199
    M. G.
    130.7
    M., Margaret
    156.3
    Maccaro, Captain Juan
    60
    MacDonald, Harold
    21
    Maces, Antonio
    186.2
    MacGaughlin
    1.2-.3
    Macgregor, Gordon
    156.3
    Machado, Angelina
    16
    Mack, Bessie
    157
    Mack, Charlie
    193
    Mack, John
    163
    MacKay, Peter
    130.7
    MacKibben, Mrs.
    163
    MacKintosh, Mrs.
    20
    Maclise, Miguel
    16
    Maddux, Fred
    174
    Maderios, Carroll
    128.37
    Mage, Mary
    163
    Magee, Jakie
    88, 94
    Maggie of Weitchpec
    See Turk, William, Mrs.
    Maggison, Mrs.
    101.2
    Maikwot'ukwûs (?)
    186.2. See also Lachapa, Pablo; Luchapa, Pablo; Obispo, Pablo.
    Majoi, Fred
    163
    Major, Fred
    204.20, 204.22
    Major, Mary
    163, 204.24
    Major, Peter
    130.7
    Malone, Lucy Ruffy
    215.2
    Man Lker'L (?)
    157
    Manamish, Manuel
    180
    Manuel, Captain Santos
    60
    Manuel, Frank
    59.2.2
    Manuel, Julia
    194.5
    Manwell, Jack
    60
    Manwell, James
    60
    Maranda, James
    156.3. See also Mirando, James.
    Marcy
    156.3
    Marden, Pete
    60
    Margaret
    21
    Maria
    34.2
    Maria, Juan
    194.5
    Maris, William
    60
    Mariyah, Jose
    134.1
    Markishtum, Ada
    83
    Markishtum, Luke
    83
    Marks, Horace
    130.11
    Marks, Josie
    99.4, 99.4.17
    Markussen, Allie
    1.1-.2, 1.8. See also James, Lottie.
    Marone
    86.2
    Marret, Antone
    163
    Marsh, Sadie
    163
    Marshall, James
    12.10, 12.14
    Marshall, James, Sr.
    163 (Hupa)
    Marshall, Jim, Mrs.
    75
    Marshall, Julius
    12.10, 12.14
    Marshall, Mary
    1.8
    Marshall, Mrs.
    99.4.2
    Marteo
    163
    Martin, Charley
    12.9
    Martin Family
    163
    Martin, George
    19, 69.4, 163, 216
    Martin, Jack
    216
    Martin, Mr.
    156.3
    Martin, Sadie
    216. See also Martinez, Sadie.
    Martin, Sary
    163
    Martinez, Sadie
    18, 69.5. See also Martin, Sadie.
    Marty, Mr.
    156.3
    Mary
    106
    Mary Ann
    138m
    Masadia
    163
    Mason, Ernest
    117
    Masten, David
    214
    Masten (?), Jim
    1.8
    Masten (?), Jim, Mrs.
    1.8
    Maston, Bill, Mrs.
    99.4.5, 99.4.10
    Maston, Dave
    99.4.2
    Maston, Jimmy
    99.4.17
    Mata, Juan
    16
    Mata, Loreta
    16
    Mata, Louisa
    16
    Mata, Zeferino
    16
    Mataitini, Etuate (Edward)
    198.2
    Mataitini, Ratu Joni
    198.2
    Matcall, Jim
    12.9
    Mather, Caspar
    130.4
    Mather Creek Jake
    163. See also Indian Jake; Smith, Jake.
    Mather, George
    130.4
    Matilton, Louis
    163
    Mattockson, Phoebe
    163
    Mattuson (?), Phoebe
    1.8
    Maud
    138m
    Maximillian, Henry, Sr.
    163
    Maximo, Charley
    203
    Maxwell, Annie
    170
    Maxwell, Frank
    163, 216
    Maxwell, Jennie
    170. See also Yuagua.
    McCall, Nony (?)
    69.5
    McCash
    163
    McCash, George
    163
    McCauley, Ella
    19, 69, 69.3-.4
    McClellan, Alice
    175, 215.2
    McClellan, Pete, Mrs.
    175, 215.2
    McCloud, Jo
    163
    McCloud, Margaret
    20
    McCloud, Martha
    163
    McCloud, Sally
    163
    McCorkle, Sally
    163
    McDaniel, Oscar
    163
    McDaniel, Santiago
    163
    McDonald, Mrs.
    157
    McDonald, Tom
    163
    McDowell, Johnny
    29.5-.7
    McFarlane, Blanche
    106
    McGarity, Cecil
    215.2
    McGimsey, J.
    153.3
    McKay, George
    65.9, 130.7-.9
    McKesick, Fred
    60
    McKinley, Charles
    163
    McKinley, Isaac
    163
    McLaine, Austin
    48.1, 163, 204.27-.30, 204.32, 204.36, 216
    McLane, Albert
    204.36
    McLane, Carrie
    204.36
    McLaughlin, Elsie
    1.8, 215.2
    McWhinney, John
    43.1-.2, 156.2-.3, 204.3-.4
    McWhorter, Dr.
    106
    Meachans, Henry
    163
    Mechach (?), Bill
    163
    Meek, Jack
    21
    Melendrez, Onofre
    16
    Mercer, Robert
    22
    Merip, Lucky of
    See Lucky of Merip.
    Mesa, Benito
    16
    Mesa, Leonora
    16. See also Calles, Leonora.
    Mesa, Manuel
    16
    Meta, Jim
    157
    Metalugo, Jim
    99.4.1
    Metcalf, Billy
    6
    Metcalf, Lucy
    6, 163
    Metemshequarow (?), Steven
    119.2
    Metock, Tony
    59.2.2, 60
    Miguel, Frank
    59.2.2
    Miguel, George
    178
    Miguel, José
    34.3-34.4, 194.4. See also Coyote.
    Miguel, Joseph
    59.2.2
    Miguel, Patrick
    119.2, 194.5
    Mike, Davis
    163
    Mike, Frank
    163
    Millaketz
    12.2. See also Ketz, Milla.
    Miller, A. C.
    31
    Miller, Daisy
    215.2
    Miller, Duwayne
    175, 215.2
    Miller, Elijah
    163
    Miller, Frank
    156.3, 204.5-.7 (Ukiah Pomo)
    Miller, Frank
    69.5 (of Quincy)
    Miller, Harry
    86.2, 163
    Miller, Lucinda
    175, 215.2
    Milroy, Tom
    107.2
    Milton, Guy
    153.4, 209.6
    Minnow, Jimmy
    1.8
    Minnow, Jimmy, Mrs.
    1.8
    Mirabal, Vincenti
    137m
    Miranda, Mike
    73
    Miranda, Nicolas
    34.3-.4
    Miranda, Pedra (Petra)
    34.1, 34.3-.4, 74
    Miranda, Steban
    73, 74. See also Miranda, Stephen.
    Miranda, Stephen
    34.4. See also Miranda, Steban.
    Mirando, James
    156.3. See also Maranda, James.
    Mirando, Teresa
    156.3
    Mitchell
    163. See also Neechock, Bill.
    Mitchell, Ada
    156.3
    Mitchell, John
    106
    Mitchell, Margaret
    156.3
    Mitchell, Mrs.
    106, 109
    Mitchell, Mr.
    156.3
    Modesto, Luis
    111
    Mojado, Soledad
    2
    Mollie (Molly)
    99.4.
    Moline, Tony
    19, 69
    Monohan, Charley
    109
    Montgomery, George
    163
    Montgomery, Lucy
    5
    Montgomery, Scott
    163
    Moody, Walter
    163
    Moore, Billy
    31
    Moore, George
    163, 204.36, 204.38
    Moore, Jim
    170
    Moore, Jim, Mrs.
    111
    Moore, Mrs.
    163
    Moore, Ralph
    163
    Mooretown, Dr. Jim
    60
    Morales, Catarina
    13
    Moranda, Marion
    163
    Morando, Butler
    156.3
    Morby, Miss
    156.3
    Morgan, Beecham
    163
    Morgan, Dave
    19, 69.4
    Morgan, Miss
    156.3
    Moro, Domingo
    60, 82.11-.12
    Morongo, Benjamin
    180, 194.4
    Morongo, Rosie
    194.5
    Morris, Aleck
    106
    Morris, David
    130.9
    Morrison, Louisa
    113.1
    Morriston, Edward, Mrs.
    130.7
    Mose, Isaac
    31
    Mose, Isaac, Mrs.
    31
    Mose, Mrs.
    216
    Moses, Albert
    106
    Moses, Andy
    130.4
    Moses, Joe
    109
    Moses, Jimmy, Mrs.
    100
    Mountain Sal (?)
    19
    Moustache
    138m
    Mullen, Jack
    60 (Pomo)
    Mullin, B. T.
    163, 216
    Mullin, Jack
    19, 69.4 (Maidu)
    Mullin, John
    163, 216. See also Mullin, "Little" John.
    Mullin, "Little" John
    216. See also Mullin, John.
    Murillo, Marcus
    128.37
    Murillo, Miss
    128.37
    Murphy, Ellen
    178
    Murphy, Miss
    156.3
    Murphy, Mrs.
    163
    Murphy, R.
    156.3
    Murry, K. D.
    69.5
    Musalakon, Pedro Mariano
    163, 180
    Nancy
    106. See also Big John, Mrs.
    Narcisso
    186.1
    Natchez
    132
    Naylor, Louis
    153.4
    Neal, Dick
    178
    Neal, Matilda
    61.1
    Neechock, Bill
    163. See also Mitchell.
    Neil (?), Dick
    7
    Nejo, Dolores
    60
    Nejo, Felicidad
    166
    Nejo, Francisco
    166
    Nejo, Isidro
    186.5
    Nejo, Jose
    166. See also Kwitutc.
    Nejo, Leandro
    60
    Nejo, Rosalia
    186.3
    Nejo, Rosalie
    60, 186.5
    Nejo, Ysidro
    60
    Nellie
    157
    Nelson, Adeline
    163, 216
    Nelson, George, Mrs.
    1.8
    Nelson, Herbert
    31
    Nelson, Minnie
    163
    Nelson, Mrs.
    19, 69.4, 130.12
    Newlan (?), Jake
    88, 152.2, 205.2
    Newlan (?), Jennie
    87.3, 90.2, 206.3-.4. See also Newland, Jennie.
    Newland, Jennie
    213.1. See also Newlan, Jennie.
    Newlin, Jessie
    196
    Nichols, Petra
    74
    Nigh, George
    163, 216
    Nikis, Ed
    163
    Nils, Charles
    163
    Nisloss (?), Peter
    117
    Nolasquez (?), Carolina
    81.1, 81.4, 82.13
    Nomest (?), Frank
    163
    Nona
    138m
    Norman, Charley
    60
    Norte, Julio
    60
    North Folk (Fork?) Jim
    12.9
    Northrup, Frank (?)
    60
    Norton, Charles
    163
    Norton, Minnie
    119.2, 122.1-.2, 122.4
    Nowidot (?), Francisco
    194.5
    Nuiloa (?), Kena
    198.1
    Numana, Captain Dave
    37.1-37.4, 132. See also Captain Dave (Numana).
    Nye, Bertha
    163
    Nye, George
    163
    Nye, Josie
    163
    Obi
    157
    Obispo, Pablo
    186.2, 186.4. See also Lachapa, Pablo; Luchapa, Pablo; Maikwot'ukwûs (?).
    O'day, Mike
    60
    Odock, Thomas
    60
    Offield, Frank, Mrs.
    1.8. See also Offield, Mamie.
    Offield, Mamie
    1.2-.3, 1.8, 15, 98, 146.1-.2, 174, 215.1. See also Offield, Frank, Mrs.
    Oite, Captain John
    19, 69. See also Captain John.
    Okä'te'yek (?)
    157
    Old Baker Bill
    19, 69.5. See also Bill, Old Baker.
    Old Charley
    157
    Old Dan
    157
    Old Ellen
    163
    Old George
    106
    Old Henry
    157
    Old Jack
    170
    Old Joaquin
    170. See also Tugayan.
    Old Lady Garry
    163. See also Garry, Old Lady.
    Old Lady Skirk
    99.4.15. See also Skirk, Old Lady.
    Old Maggie
    163
    Old Man Fox
    21. See also Fox, Old Man.
    Old Man Hotch (?)
    130.3. See also Hotch (?), Old Man.
    Old Man Joaquin
    163. See also Joaquin, Old Man.
    Old Man Johnson
    130.3. See also Johnson, Old Man.
    Old Man Sampson
    163. See also Sampson, Old Man.
    Old Man Simpson
    163. See also Simpson, Old Man.
    Old Man Stanley
    163. See also Stanley, Old Man.
    Old Man White
    130.3. See also White, Old Man.
    Old Mrs. George
    163. See also George, Old Mrs.
    Old Mrs. Starish
    130.6. See also Starish, Old Mrs.
    Old Ned
    175, 215.2-.3. See also Rasper, Ned.
    Old Pete
    106
    Old Roger
    106
    Old Sally
    163
    Old Susie
    109
    Old Wool
    60
    Ole Salem
    216. See also Salem, Ole.
    Oliver, Annie
    170
    Olliver, Casoose
    60
    oloki
    See Lucky of Merip.
    Olsen, Clarence
    122.5
    Olter, Pete
    163
    Om blu ni
    19
    Omesia
    13
    o'ohkaman:a'de'tah
    134.1
    Orcutt, Georgia Henry
    1.2, 1.8, 15, 63, 64, 146.1-.2, 163, 172, 173, 174, 175, 214, 215.1-.4
    Orick, Bob
    99.4.17
    Ortega, Julio
    186.1
    Ortez, Althea Campbell
    156.3
    Orton, Bensell
    163
    Orton, Molly
    135
    Oscar, Louis
    99.4.17
    Osuna, Maria
    16
    Osuna, Rosa
    16
    Otea, Tim
    74
    Owhai, Ike
    163
    Pablo, Jose
    60
    Pablo, William
    194.5
    Padawa, Allen
    163
    Paddock, Ben
    138m
    Paddock, Kate
    138m
    Padilla, Charlie
    18, 19, 69.1-.2
    Page, Joseph
    214
    Painter, T.
    138m
    Paipar, Vicente
    60
    Papi, Tat
    54
    Parasant, Tom
    138m
    Parker, Lewis
    19, 69.3-.4
    Parrish, Steve
    45.1, 156.3, 204.12
    Passador, Joe
    59.2.2
    Patch, Carmelita
    163
    Patch, Eliza
    163
    Patch, Elvira
    163
    Patch, George
    60, 148.1-.3
    Patch, Josephine
    163
    Patch, Raphael
    163
    Patch, Rebecca
    163
    Patricia
    156.3. See also Elliott, Patricia.
    Patterson, Martha
    163, 215.2
    Paul, Annie
    116.1
    Paul, Joe
    113.1, 116.1, 117
    Pauline
    138m
    Peckwan Jim
    75, 99.4.2
    Peel, Mr.
    130.7
    Peña, Charles
    166
    Peña, Nicholas
    194.5
    Peña, Romana
    166
    Pender, Ed
    60
    Pepper, Dumphrey
    163, 215.2
    Pepper, John
    1.3, 163
    Pepper, Susie Jane
    1.8. See also Pepper, Susy Jane.
    Pepper, Susy Jane
    1.2-.3. See also Pepper, Susie Jane.
    Perchmi, Johnny
    101.2
    Perez, Jose
    111
    Perkins, Mrs. Kenneth
    22
    Pete
    99.4.1, 99.4.10
    Pete
    12.1, 12.9 (Nongatl)
    Pete, Ann
    101.1-.2
    Pete, Mrs.
    156.3
    Peter
    12.1
    Peter, Bertha
    1.1-1.2. See also Peter, Tommy, Mrs.
    Peter, Tom
    20
    Peter, Tommy, Mrs.
    1.1-.2, 1.8. See also Peter, Bertha.
    Peters, Louisa
    109
    Peters, Pete
    99.4.17
    Peters, William, Mrs.
    106
    Peterson, Mrs.
    163
    Peyota, Mr.
    156.3
    Philip, Jack
    60
    Philip, Pete
    69.3. See also Phillips, Pete.
    Phillips, Cecilia
    106
    Phillips, Charlie
    163
    Phillips, Henry
    65.2, 130.2-.3
    Phillips, Mary
    201
    Phillips, Pete
    19. See also Philip, Pete.
    Phillips, Sally
    201
    Philpott, Moses
    163. See also Filpa, Moses.
    Pica, Nicolas, Sr.
    52m
    Picayune, Alik (Alec)
    19, 69.3-.4
    Pierce, Charles
    163
    Pierce, Ella
    215.2
    Pimona, Dick
    170
    Pimona, Mollie
    170
    Pine, Jim
    194.5
    Pinkie, Jack
    163, 216
    Pinkie, Jack, Mrs.
    163
    Pinkie, Liza
    216
    Pinky, John
    19, 69.4
    Pinola, Bob
    163
    Piper, William
    86.1, 86.6, 88, 92.2, 92.4, 152.2-.3, 207.6, 213.4
    Pipesha, Jessie
    106
    Plane, Lewis
    134.1. See also Blane, Lewis.
    Plum, Mrs.
    69.4
    Poker, Bob
    157
    Poker, Jim
    163. See also Jim, Poker.
    Polk, John
    163
    Pollick, Mrs.
    156.3
    Polly
    19, 60, 69, 69.3-.4
    Pondolly, George
    163. See also Towndolly, George.
    Pondolly, John
    163. See also Towndolly, John.
    Pony
    60
    Pope, Tom
    111
    Posch, Roger
    156.3
    Posh, Edward
    59.2.2
    Postal, Mr.
    106
    Postal, Raphael
    163. See also Raphael; Costa, Raphael.
    Potter, Mrs.
    156.3
    Potter, Van
    156.3
    Poulos, Tom
    156.3
    Powawit, Johnnie
    163
    Powell, Frank
    163, 203
    Powell, John
    203
    Powers, Dick
    163
    Pratt, Ed
    163
    Prince, Theodore
    214
    Pringle, Mrs.
    20
    Prout, Jane
    18, 19, 69.2-.3
    Pugh, Mr.
    156.3
    Pumpkin, Charley
    60
    Pumpkin, Jim
    180
    Punch, Henry
    19, 60
    Punkin, Emma
    61.1
    Purdy, Carl
    156.3
    Purich (?), Henry
    69.4
    Quail, John
    138m
    Quero, Juanillo
    186.1
    Quilp, Angel
    180
    Quinby (?), Ellen
    1.8. See also Hostler, Ellen.
    Quinn, Father
    156.3
    Quinn, Mac
    163
    Quisto, Juan
    52m
    R., Lewis
    106
    rä kä s
    157. See also Abe.
    Ramses
    163, 216
    Ramshaw, James
    86.2
    Ran, Mrs.
    163, 216
    Raphael
    186.1. See also Charley, Raphael.
    Raphael
    163. See also Costa, Raphael; Postal, Raphael.
    Rappaport, Dr.
    156.3
    Rasper, Ned
    See Old Ned.
    Rávago, "Clarencio"
    16. See also Hall, Clarence.
    Ray, Beatrice
    156.3
    Ray, Gill
    50, 163, 204.42-204.43
    Red Cap Tom
    1.7, 172. See also Tom, Red Cap.
    Red Cap Tom, Mrs.
    1.2, 1.8, 163. See also Tom, Mrs.; Tom, Red Cap, Mrs.
    Redwood Sam, Mrs.
    1.4, 1.8
    Reebe, Maggie
    204.13
    Reece, Frank, Mrs.
    1.2-.3, 1.8
    Rees, Hoksie (?)
    19
    Rees, Tony
    163, 216
    Reeves, Mrs.
    19. See also Chi chi.
    Rena
    138m
    Renomay
    54
    Reuben, Dick
    170
    Reynolds, James
    86.2, 208.9
    Rhodes, Mrs.
    195
    Rice, Billy
    204.5-.7
    Richard, Nick
    214
    Richards, Arthur
    153.4
    Richards, Mrs.
    86.2
    Riddle, Jim
    163
    Riggs, Jennie
    163
    Riley, Amos
    214
    Riley, Mr.
    184
    Rip
    138m
    Rivers, Robert
    163
    Roan, Jack
    61.1-.2
    Roan, Jim
    181
    Roan, Polly
    61.1. See also Jones, Polly Roan.
    Roar, Pedie
    163
    Robert, Carrie
    1.8. See also Robert, (Sandy Bar) Jim, Mrs.
    Robert, Jim
    1.8, 163. See also Sandy Bar Jim.
    Robert, (Sandy Bar) Jim, Mrs.
    1.8. See also Robert, Carrie.
    Roberts, Annie
    1.7. See also Roberts, Frank, Mrs.
    Roberts, Carrie
    175, 215.2
    Roberts, Dave
    19, 69, 163
    Roberts, Emma
    156.3
    Roberts, Frank, Mrs.
    1.1-.2, 1.7. See also Roberts, Annie.
    Roberts, Joe
    157
    Roberts, Sadie
    216
    Robinson, Andrew
    117
    Robinson, George
    85.2, 86.2, 88, 153.3-.4, 207.5, 208.7-.8, 209.2-.3 (Paiute)
    Robinson, George
    113.1 (Tsimshian?)
    Robinson, James
    117
    Robinson, Jane
    113.1
    Rock Creek Jim
    163, 216
    Rocker, Ellen
    163
    Rodgers, Chief
    109
    Rodgers, William
    106, 107.1, 109
    Rodgers, William, Mrs.
    109
    Rogers (Rodgers), Peter
    106, 107.1, 109
    Romasanta, Manuel
    54
    Romero, Florentina
    16
    Rooker, Mary
    88, 93, 153.4, 209.5
    Rooney, Stewart
    106
    Roosbury, Bill
    163
    Roosevelt, H., Mrs.
    119.2
    Root, Mrs.
    101.2
    Rosalia
    186.2
    Rosalie
    186.1, 186.3
    Rosemyre, James, Mrs.
    60
    Ross, Walter
    109
    Rotuma, Simi
    198.1
    Round Mountain Jack
    70, 71
    Rowland, Floyd
    156.3
    Ruben (Rubens), Nellie (Nettie)
    1.2-.3, 1.7-.8., 163, 175, 215
    Rudolph, Charley
    65.2, 130.1
    Rudolph, Mrs.
    21
    Sa'a'kyoim:e'te'tam
    134.1
    Sabatco, Miguel
    194.5
    Saigo, Johnny, Mrs.
    106
    Sakaban, Pilis
    54
    Sakdehain
    116.1. See also Humchitt, Moody, Mrs.
    Salem, Ole
    163, 216. See also Ole Salem.
    Sally
    101.2
    Sally
    7. See also Arnet (?), Sally. (Washo)
    Sally of Weitchpec
    99.4. See also Weitchpec, Sally of.
    Salmon, Bill
    163
    Salvador
    186.1-.2
    Salvador, C.
    148.3-.4 (Diegueño)
    Salvador, Clifford
    163 (Pomo)
    Sam
    12.1, 12.9, 12.14 (Sinkyone)
    Sam
    7 (Paiute)
    Sam
    163 (Achomawi)
    Sam, Aleck
    75
    Sam, Doc
    163. See also Doc Sam.
    Sam, Lizzie
    12.9
    Sam, Mary
    106, 109
    Sam, Redwood, Mrs.
    1.4
    Sam, Steve
    107.2
    Sambo, Sargent
    163. See also Sargent Sambo; Sergeant Sambo.
    Sampson, Mary (Mrs. Dick)
    163
    Sampson, Old Man
    163. See also Old Man Sampson.
    Samson, Billy
    106
    Samson, Dick
    163
    Samson, Lucy
    106
    Samuels, Mary
    180
    San Juan, Toribio
    54
    Sanderson, Mrs.
    156.3
    Sandy Bar Jenny
    215.2
    Sandy Bar Jim
    1.8. See also Robert, Jim.
    Sandy Bar Joe
    15, 62.2, 64, 215.1-.4. See also Jack, Joe.
    Sanford, Mary
    156.3
    Sarása, Primitivo (?)
    54
    Sargent Sambo
    163. See also Sambo, Sargent; Sergeant Sambo.
    Sartwell, Jim
    101.2
    Saulque, Adaline L.
    94
    Saulque, Mary
    205.3
    Sawe NnuhWE (ShaweNnuhWE, SaweniuhWE, ShavanuWE and ShavanuhWE)
    134.1, 134.3, 134.8
    Saxon, Charles
    163
    Schonchin, Evaline
    163
    Schonchin, Peter
    163
    Schrypes (?), Henry
    163
    Schulte, Frank
    170
    Schultz, Ken
    156.3
    Scott, Dan
    156.3
    Scott, Dick
    19, 69.3-.4
    Scott, Dorine
    156.3
    Scott, Dorothy Phelps
    20
    Scott, Elmer
    163
    Scott, Jennie
    163, 101.2
    Scott, Maud
    156.3
    Scott, Mrs.
    29.6
    Scott, Mr.
    29.6
    Scott, Salome
    156.3
    Scott, Tellestine
    163
    Scotty, Jimmy
    21. See also James, Scotty.
    Seattle, John
    106, 109
    Seegel, Emily
    44, 204.10-.11
    Sehaiyuni
    170. See also Sihaiyuni.
    Sengstacken, Mrs.
    22
    Sergeant, Sambo
    77, 214. See also Sargent Sambo; Sambo, Sargent.
    Serrano, Dolores
    17
    Seymour, Joe
    163
    Seymour, Jose
    101.2
    Seymour, Maggie
    101.1-.2
    Seymoure, Eva
    163
    Sergeant Sambo
    77, 214. See also Sargent Sambo; Sambo, Sargent.
    Serrano, Dolores
    17
    Sharkey, Adrian, Reverend
    156.3
    Shaw, David
    113.1-.2
    Shaw, Jake
    88, 91.6, 154.3-.4
    Shaw, Jennie
    196
    Sheard, Rosie
    163
    Sheldon, Daisy
    21
    Sheldon, Nancy
    163
    Shelton, William
    109
    Shepard, John T.
    210.4, 212.1-.3
    Shepard, Susie
    212.1, 212.4-.6
    Sherman, John
    163
    Sherman, Polly
    170
    Sherwood, Jack
    59.2.2
    Sherwood Jim
    59.2.2, 60
    Shipes, Henry
    216. See also Shypes, Henry.
    Shoemaker, John
    62.1, 171
    Shorty, Kaleb
    163
    Shotridge, Ed
    65.2, 130.2
    Shutiva Family
    128.37
    Shypes, Henry
    216. See also Shipes, Henry.
    Siatkhton, Charles
    106, 107.2, 109
    Siddell, Julia
    83
    Sihaiyuni
    170. See also Sehaiyuni.
    Silversmith, Angun (?)
    130.4
    Simmons, Bill
    163
    Simmons, Emma
    106, 109
    Simmons, Hoxie (Hoksie)
    6, 163
    Simmons, Leah Johnson
    163, 216
    Simon
    60
    Simon, Joe
    163
    Simon, John
    106, 107.2
    Simon, Marie
    163
    Simonet, R. B.
    156.3
    Simpson
    106
    Simpson, Old Man
    163. See also Old Man Simpson.
    Singing Jack
    170
    Sister Benedicta
    156.3
    Sister Rafina
    156.3
    Siva, Annie
    194.5
    Siwite
    99.4.15
    Skelly, Mr.
    21
    Skirk
    99.4.15
    Skirk, Johnny
    99.4.17, 214
    Skirk, Old Lady
    99.4.15
    Skoits
    157
    Sloan (Sloane), Edna
    156.3
    Sloane, Edna Campbell
    163
    Sloane, Lester
    156.3
    Sloknich
    61.1
    slolek
    157
    Sloluck ("George")
    55.1-.3, 58
    Slyke, Bessie
    163, 216
    Smarch, Jack
    20
    Smarch, Jack, Mrs.
    20
    Smarch, Virginia
    21
    Smith, Agnes Grant
    163
    Smith, Albert
    101.2
    Smith, Andrew
    21, 163
    Smith, Charly (?)
    21
    Smith, Daisy
    138m. See also Daisy.
    Smith, Dick
    163, 216
    Smith, Dr.
    156.3
    Smith Family
    163
    Smith, Frank
    20, 21
    Smith, George
    60, 69, 163, 216
    Smith, Hood
    216
    Smith, Ike
    163
    Smith, Jack
    19, 69.5, 163
    Smith, Jake
    163. See also Indian Jake; Mather Creek Jake.
    Smith, Jennie
    1.8
    Smith, Jess
    22
    Smith, Jim
    163
    Smith, Jim (Thomas)
    163
    Smith, John
    122.3
    Smith, John, Jr.
    163
    Smith, Katie
    216
    Smith, Louis
    163
    Smith, Lucy
    101.2, 163. See also Dan, Lucy. (Tolowa)
    Smith, Lucy
    6 (Rogue River Athapaskan)
    Smith, Mary
    101.2, 106 (Pacific Northwest)
    Smith, Mary
    156.3 (Pomo)
    Smith, Peter
    156.3
    Smith, Rodney
    163
    Smith, Sam
    99.4.1
    Smith, Silas B.
    88, 89, 104.1-.2
    Smith, Tom
    140, 141
    Smith, Wild Jack
    163, 216
    Smohala, Jack
    107.1
    Smoke
    138m
    Smoker, Amy McCarthy
    1.1-.2, 1.8. See also Smoker, Willie, Mrs.
    Smoker, Fanny
    1.1-.2, 1.8
    Smoker, Henry, Mrs.
    1.8. See also Smoker, Maggie.
    Smoker, Maggie
    1.8. See also Smoker, Henry, Mrs.
    Smoker, Willie, Mrs.
    1.1-.2, 1.8. See also Smoker, Amy McCarthy.
    Smythe, Dr.
    156.3
    Sneider, Sam
    106, 109
    Snelling, Emma
    163
    Snitlam, George
    100
    Snook, John
    163
    Snook, Lucy
    163
    Snooks, George
    163
    Snooks, Jackson
    163
    Snooks, John
    191
    Snooks, Mrs.
    191
    Snoqualmie Charly
    107.2
    Snow, Annie
    156.3
    Snow, Martina
    156.3
    Snow, Rodney
    156.3
    Snow, William
    163
    Snyder, Jack
    69.4
    Socktish, Mary
    62.1-.2, 64, 171
    Solorsan, Acension
    23
    Spanish, Nora
    137m
    Spanish, William
    137m
    Sparkman, J. O.
    60
    Spence, D. L.
    184
    Spidish, Martin, Jr.
    163
    Spink, Lucy
    215.2
    Spot, Robert
    163
    Spott (?), Kitty
    1.8
    Spott, Robert
    214
    Squalley, Dave
    106, 109
    Squally (?), Dave, Mrs.
    109
    Squimkin, Tommy
    163
    Sregon Jim
    157
    Sregon Jim, Mrs.
    157
    Stacey, John B.
    163
    Stacono, Charlie
    163
    Stanley, Old Man
    163. See also Old Man Stanley.
    Star, Charlie
    117
    Star, Emma
    116.1-.2. See also Star, Sam, Mrs.
    Star, Jim
    106
    Star, Joseph
    130.7
    Star, Peter
    116.2
    Star, Sam
    116.2
    Star, Sam, Mrs.
    116.1-.2. See also Star, Emma.
    Star, Sampson
    117
    Starish, Old Mrs.
    130.7
    Starkey, Ida, Mrs.
    163
    Starr, Philip
    106
    Steel, Fedon
    163
    Steele, Johnnie
    60
    Steenberg, Frank
    22
    Stella
    138m
    Stephan, Annie
    20
    Stephen
    111
    Steve, Charlie
    138m
    Steve, Hattie
    163
    Steve, Henry
    109
    Steven, Annie
    163, 216
    Steven, Carrie
    1.4
    Steven, Jim
    216
    Stevens, Jim
    163
    Stevens, John
    75
    Stevens, William, Mrs.
    1.8
    Stevenson, Mrs.
    156.3
    Stewart, Alec
    156.3
    Stewart, Ethel
    156.3
    Stewart, John
    163. See also Bell, Johnny.
    Stoden, Mrs.
    156.3
    Stone, Emma
    1.8
    Stone, Thomas
    152.2. See also Stone, Tom.
    Stone, Tom
    86.7, 88, 92.1, 206.2 (?), 207.6, 210.6, 213.4. See also Stone, Thomas.
    Stonecoal, Samson
    163
    Stoughton, Mrs.
    156.3
    Stowen, Bill
    75, 99.4.10, 99.4.16
    Strader, Gene
    156.3
    Strand, Logan
    86.2
    Street, Tom
    163, 216
    Suehead, Frank
    18, 19, 69.2-.3, 163
    Suehead, Jessie
    19, 69.2
    Suehead, Thompson
    19, 69, 69.2-.3
    Sunset Billy
    101.2
    Super, Annie
    1.2-.3, 1.8
    Susie
    7
    Sutton, Billy
    106
    Sweetser, Captain Ed
    59.2.2, 60. See also Captain Ed Sweetser.
    Switzler, Will
    163
    Sydney, Angela
    20, 21 (?). See also Sydney, George, Mrs.
    Sydney, Betty
    21
    Sydney, Edgar
    20, 21
    Sydney, George, Mrs.
    20, 21. See also Sydney, Angela.
    Sydney, Minnie
    21
    Sydney, Pete
    21
    Sylvers, Pablo
    216
    Symmes, Emma
    85.1, 88, 153.4, 208.6, 209.7-.10, 210.1-.2 (?)
    Symmes, John
    85.1
    Talyo
    52m
    Tamery, Mrs.
    130.4
    Tangre
    138m
    ta'owa (?)
    157
    Taylor, Jo
    19, 69.4
    Taylor, Lilly
    163
    Taylor, Rose
    19, 69, 69.3-.4, 163
    Tawal
    186.3
    Tciwal
    186.3
    Teaford, George, Mrs.
    60, 170
    Tecolote de Bauza, Estefana
    76.3
    Tecolote, Manuel
    76.3
    Tehana, Frank
    194.5
    Teiwal
    186.3
    Telles, Lucy
    163
    Temple, Mrs.
    106
    Teperosa, Cecelio
    180
    Tibbits, Ben
    86.4, 88, 152.3
    Tillotson, Lizzie Franks
    204.4
    Tilluks, Mrs.
    106
    Thomas
    110
    Thomas, Albert
    163
    Thomas, Cecil
    163
    Thomas, Hattie
    163
    Thomas, Jennie
    130.6
    Thomas, Jo
    163
    Thomas, Juana Patch
    163
    Thomas, Lil
    163
    Thomas, Manuel
    119.2
    Thomas, Mattie
    216
    Thomas, Morgan
    189
    Thomas, Nattie
    69
    Thomas, Rafael
    59.2.2
    Thomas, Sam
    178, 189
    Thompson
    106. See also Thompson, Henry. (Puget Sound)
    Thompson
    156.3 (Pomo)
    Thompson, Alfred
    115.3
    Thompson, Anna
    163, 216
    Thompson, Coquille
    6, 163
    Thompson, Elmer
    163
    Thompson, Henry
    106, 107.1. See also Thompson (Puget Sound)
    Thompson, Henry
    18, 19, 69.2-.4 (Maidu)
    Thompson, Henry, Mrs.
    106 (Puget Sound)
    Thompson, Henry, Mrs.
    18 (Maidu)
    Thompson, Howard
    60
    Thompson, Jim
    107.1, 109
    Thompson, Lucy, Mrs.
    163
    Thompson, Patricia
    115.1
    Thompson, Sophie
    180
    Thompson, Tommy
    163
    Thomson, Henry
    163
    Tibo
    54
    Tillotson, Lizzie
    163
    Tiny Charley
    149
    Tipe, John
    163
    Tipton, Cephus
    163
    Tobin, Julia
    138m
    Toby, Tillie
    163
    Todokozie, Hastine
    137m
    Tom
    138m (Southwest?)
    Tom
    110
    Tom
    180. See also Wokox.
    Tom, Ben
    15, 146.2, 163. See also Apachi.
    Tom, Billy
    19
    Tom, Hattie
    18, 19, 69
    Tom, Imagone (?)
    8.1
    Tom, John, Mrs.
    20
    Tom, Liard
    21
    Tom, Minnie
    138m
    Tom, Mrs.
    1.2, 1.8. See also Red Cap Tom, Mrs.
    Tom, Red Cap
    1.7. See also Red Cap Tom.
    Tom, Red Cap, Mrs.
    1.2, 1.8. See also Red Cap Tom, Mrs.
    Tom, William
    130.7
    Tomasa
    194.4
    Tootsie
    138m
    Toplish
    163
    Toten, Miss
    163
    Tou ya nu ke
    91.9. See also Watterson, Tom.
    Towndolly, George
    163. See also Pondolly, George.
    Towndolly, John
    163. See also Pondolly, John.
    Tripp, Bessie
    63, 146.2
    Trippo, John
    163
    Tsuraoten (?)
    157
    Tugayan
    180. See also Old Joaquin.
    Tühübina
    170
    Tuley Creek Jim
    157
    Tungate, Legora
    73
    Tupai Jack
    19, 69.4
    Turk, William, Mrs.
    1.1-.2, 1.8. See also Maggie of Weitchpec.
    Turner, George
    88, 154.6, 206.1
    Turner, Sally Jackson
    163
    Tustruko
    163
    Uchoa, María
    16
    Ugly Bull
    134.7. See also bat'dolo.
    Umits
    99.4. See also Amits.
    Underwood, Isabelle
    163
    Urbana, Pachannga
    194.5
    Valenzuela, Enrique
    16
    Valenzuela, Fortino
    16
    Valenzuella (?), Salvadora
    81.1, 81.3-.4, 81.8, 82.13
    Valle, Anita
    16. See also Valles, Anita.
    Valle, Jesus
    16
    Vallejo, Dr.
    23
    Valles, Anita
    16. See also Valle, Anita.
    Van Alstin, Mrs.
    106
    Van Pelt, John
    214
    Van Pelt, Mrs.
    101.1-.2
    Van Pelt, Tom
    101.2
    Varriel (Veriol), Manuel
    156.3
    Vasquez, Raphael
    111
    Vasquez, Sebastiano
    111
    Vega, Secondino
    16
    Velasquez, Josefa
    23. See also Doña Josefa.
    Ventura
    13
    Vic
    20
    Vickers, George
    116.1, 117
    Veriol (Variol, Varrial, Varriel, Verrial, Verriel), Belle
    156.3
    Viejo, Bill
    74
    Vilastra, Emma
    163
    Vincente, George
    59.2.2
    Virtrice, Josephine
    19, 69
    Wacheño, Angela
    186.4
    Wager, John
    163
    Wagner, George
    19
    Wagner, Lew
    19
    Waikes (?), Chief Simon
    113.2
    Wainamawit, Tom
    106
    Walker
    19
    Walker, Alec
    215.2
    Walker, Chris
    113.2-.3, 116.2
    Walker, W. L.
    22
    Wall, George
    163
    Wallace, Andrew
    116.1, 117
    Wallace, Fred
    137m
    Wallace, John
    130.7
    Wallace, John
    137m (Haida)
    Wallace, Mrs. George
    19, 69.3-.4. See also Wallace, Susie.
    Wallace, Susie
    69. See also Wallace, George, Mrs.
    Wallone, Bill
    69
    Wallupe, Bill
    19
    Walson, Kate
    163, 180
    Walton, Rudolph
    65.3, 130.3
    Ward, Cornelia
    29.6-.7
    Ward, Rolly
    12.9
    Warren, Ed
    65.3, 130.3
    Warren, John
    163
    Washington, Emma
    205.3
    Washoe, Chaslie
    163
    Wata, Sam
    163
    Watchino, Johnny
    163
    Watclini, Johnny
    163
    Watcuwatc
    180
    Waters, Jo
    186.2
    Waters, Joe
    186.1
    Waters, José
    186.1-.2, 186.4
    Wathen (Wathem), Charles
    42, 204.1, 204.47
    Wathen (Wathem), Susie
    42, 156.3, 204.1-.2
    Watkins, Mrs.
    186.1
    Watt, Sophie
    20
    Watterson, Lee
    205.2
    Watterson, Tom
    88, 90.2, 154.5, 154.7, 91.9. See also Tou ya nu ke.
    Wayland, Mose
    88, 91.3, 154.5. See also Wayland, Rose.
    Wayland, Rose
    91. See also Wayland, Mose.
    Webb, Ed
    163
    Weber, Mr.
    156.3
    Webster, Rile
    163
    Webster, Susie
    163
    Weeks, Bessie
    163
    Weeks, Charley
    60
    Weeks, Charlie
    163 (Shasta)
    wehtcovahkyo'kE
    134.1
    Weitchpec Frank
    99.4.1, 99.4.10
    Weitchpec Johnny
    157
    Welch, Frank
    163
    Welko, Johnny
    99.4.1, 99.4.17
    Wellman, George
    19, 69.2
    Wells, Cora
    1.2-.3, 1.8
    Wells, Joe
    73
    Welmas, C.
    81.1, 82.13
    Wesley, Ed
    113.1
    Westbrook, C. E. L., Mrs.
    198.1
    Westerville, Susie
    85.6, 88, 153.1, 153.4, 208.1-.3, 209.1
    Westfall, Louisa
    163. See also Hilliard, Louisa.
    Westiphal, Peter
    181
    Wheaton, Tom
    59.2.2
    Whiskey Bill
    163. See also George, William.
    White, Andrew
    45.2-.4, 204.13-.15
    White, George
    101.1, 163
    White, Henry
    101.2
    White, Isaac
    117
    White, Jacob
    117
    White, Jennie
    101.1
    White, Mrs.
    157 (Yurok)
    White, Mrs.
    20 (Yukon)
    White, Mr.
    65.3, 130.3
    White, Old Man
    130.3. See also Old Man White.
    White, Redman
    12.9
    White, Wilson
    163
    Wicks, Edward, Mrs.
    1.1-.2, 1.8. See also Horopop, Francis.
    Widgit, Sally
    163
    Wigg, Frederick, Mrs.
    65.10, 130.10
    Wiley, Anton (Tony)
    19, 69.2
    Wilkes, Frank
    60
    Wilkinson, Frank
    70
    Willard, David, Mrs.
    65.1, 130.1
    Willard, John, Mrs.
    65.3, 134.3
    Williams, Annie
    1.1-.2, 1.8
    Williams, Billy
    150.2, 156.3
    Williams, Billy, Mrs.
    20, 21
    Williams, Caleb
    116.1 (Tlingit)
    Williams, Caleb
    163 (Atsugewi)
    Williams, Captain Wallope
    60. See also Captain Wallope Williams.
    Williams, Charles
    214 (Yurok)
    Williams, Charley (Charlie)
    60, 156.3 (Pomo)
    Williams, Clara
    156.3
    Williams, Dan
    216
    Williams, Fanny
    21
    Williams, George
    130.4
    Williams, Guy
    113.1-.2
    Williams, John
    106
    Williams, Joe, Mrs.
    130.4
    Williams, Kitty
    163, 216
    Williams, Mack
    163
    Williams, Mary
    106, 109 (Puget Sound)
    Williams, Mary
    201 (Paiute)
    Williams, Nanny
    156.3
    Williams, Rufugia
    201
    Williams, Sam
    163
    Williams, Sis, Mrs.
    180
    Williams, Susan
    106, 107.1 (Puget Sound)
    Williams, Susie
    179 (Central Miwok)
    Williams, Theresa
    163
    Williams, Tom
    163, 179, 180, 203
    Williams, William G.
    156.3
    Wills, Johnny
    130.7
    Willy, Joe
    69
    Wilsey, Harry
    163
    Wilsey, John
    163
    Wilsey, Lewis
    163
    Wilson, Amanda
    19, 69, 69.4, 163, 216
    Wilson, Charlie
    101.2
    Wilson, Frank
    181
    Wilson, Fred
    163
    Wilson, George
    117
    Wilson, Jim
    163
    Wilson, John
    163
    Wilson, Joseph
    191
    Wilson, Levi
    163, 216
    Wilson, Lucy
    117
    Wilson, Mandy
    163
    Wilson, Nathan, Mrs.
    116.1, 117
    Wilson, Sam
    106, 109
    Wilson, William
    122.1, 122.7
    Wilson, Woody
    130.4
    Wimshit, Frank
    106. See also Winnesheet (?), Frank.
    Windsor, Charlie, Mrs.
    116.1
    Winishut, Frank
    163
    Winkler, Andrew
    163
    Winkler, Jack
    163
    Winnesheet (?), Frank
    102, 106. See also Wimshit, Frank.
    Winyard, Charlie
    163
    Witcawa, Mrs.
    99.4.1
    Witico, Bob (?)
    163
    Wiunu
    170, 180
    Wohot, Jake
    163
    Wokox
    180. See also Tom.
    Wood, Isaac
    113.1
    Wood, Sally
    101.2, 106
    Woodchuck
    19
    Woodworth, Ned
    60
    Work, Billy
    99.4.1, 99.4.11
    Worthington, Chester
    130.4
    Wright, A.
    185
    Wright, Charles
    163, 204.26, 216 (Concow)
    Wright, Charley
    60 (Wintu, Patwin)
    Wright, Joe
    65.1-.2, 130.1-.2
    Wright, Pedro
    163
    Wright, Stella
    156.3
    Wright, Steve
    156.3
    Wrinkle, Charlie
    212.9-.10
    Wyatt, Lillian
    61.1-.2
    Wyatt, Marian
    61.1-.2
    Wyatt, Mike
    61.1-.2
    Wyatt, Mr.
    163
    Wyatt, Nancy
    61.1-.2
    Wyatt, Nancy, Mrs.
    163
    Xot, John
    106, 107.1. See also Khot, John.
    Yaime (?), Dick
    69.2-.4
    Yandell, David
    87.2, 88, 154.6, 213.5
    Yarmo, Lizzie
    163
    Yellow Sky
    186.2
    Yokam, John
    22
    Yonnie Pah'k
    211.1-.4. See also Jones, Jim Tom; Jones, Tom.
    Young, Elsie
    1.1-.2
    Young, Laura
    19, 69, 69.4
    Young, Lucy
    204.23
    Young, P. L., Mrs.
    1.3, 1.8, 163
    Young, Sam
    163
    Young, Sam, Mrs.
    163
    Younger, Margaret
    163
    Ysabel
    186.4
    Ysidro
    186.4
    Yuagua
    170. See also Maxwell, Jennie.
    Zakuse, Amelia
    106, 109
    Zúñiga, Rivas
    16

    (III). Index of Linguistic and Tribal Names

    Achomawi [Achumawi] (California; Hokan)
    60, 128.4, 191, 197, 200
    Pit River
    204.45, 204.46
    Apache (Southwestern United States; Na Dené)
    12.4, 23, 188
    Atsugewi (California; Hokan)
    191
    Aztec (Mexico; Uto-Aztecan)
    112
    Bankalachi (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    Toloim
    34.2
    Beaver (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.7m
    Bella Bella (British Columbia; Wakashan)
    116
    Cahuilla (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    11, 60, 128.5, 161, 194.5
    California Indians (General)
    17, 59, 60, 128, 163, 180
    Chemehueve [Chemehuevi] (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    11, 138.1m
    Cheyenne, Northern (Wyoming; Algonquian)
    126
    Chilula (California; Na Dené)
    5.1, 12.2, 60, 75
    Chimariko (California; Hokan)
    5.4, 95, 124
    Chinook (Oregon, Washington; Penutian)
    124
    Chumash (California; Hokan?)
    11, 60, 125
    Barbareño
    3, 14, 128.14
    Inezeño
    3
    Costanoan (California; Utian)
    23, 60, 125, 194.2
    Comanche (Texas; Uto-Aztecan)
    126
    Cook Islands (Oceania)
    198.1
    Coos (Oregon; Penutian)
    22, 124 (?)
    Crow (Montana; Siouan)
    58, 126
    Cupeño (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    8, 60, 81, 82
    Dakota (Great Plains; Siouan)
    57
    Delaware (Eastern United States; Algonquian)
    126
    Diegueño (California, Baja California; Hokan)
    11, 186
    Kamia [Kumeyaay]
    164
    Northern [Ipai]
    164, 166
    Southern [Tipai]
    16, 164
    Duwamish (Washington; Salishan)
    83, 107, 109, 124
    Eskimo (Alaska, Canada; Na Dené)
    110
    Kowak River
    183
    Esselen (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    13
    Fakaofo (Oceania)
    198.1
    Fiji (Oceania)
    198.2
    Gabrileño [Gabrielino, Tongva] (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    11, 125
    Gilbert Islands (Oceania)
    198.1
    Gosiute (Nevada, Utah; Uto-Aztecan)
    126
    Great Basin Indians (General)
    84, 124, 126
    Green River (British Columbia; Cowichan, Salishan)
    107
    Gros Ventre [Atsina] (Great Plains; Siouan)
    57
    Gunlock (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.5m
    Haihais (Alaska; Penutian)
    117
    Haisla (British Columbia; Wakashan)
    113, 124
    Hidatsa (Minnesota; Siouan)
    57, 58
    Hupa (California; Na Dené)
    1.4, 1.7, 1.8, 12.10, 12.14, 60, 62, 64, 75, 161, 171
    Ifugao (Philippine Islands)
    143.2, 143.3, 143.8
    Indian Peak (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.7m
    Jacumba (Mexico)
    60
    Juaneño [Ajachmem] (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    11
    Kaibixats (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.4m
    Kalapuya (Oregon; Penutian)
    78
    Kalinga (Philippine Islands)
    143.1
    Kankanai (Philippine Islands)
    143.7
    Karok [Karuk] (California; Hokan)
    1.2-1.3, 1.6, 1.7, 15, 60, 63, 64, 98, 99.4.17, 146, 160, 172-175,
    Kato [Cahto] (California; Na Dené)
    12.11, 12.15, 50, 60, 204.42, 204.44
    Kawaiisu (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    201
    Kickapoo (Midwestern United States; Algonquian)
    126
    Kiowa (Oklahoma; Aztec-Tanoan)
    126
    Kiowa-Apache (Oklahoma; Aztec-Tanoan)
    126
    Kitlope-Keemano (British Columbia; Wakashan)
    114
    Klallam (Washington; Salishan)
    83
    Klamath (California, Oregon; Penutian)
    31, 128.6, 128.17
    Klikitat (Washington; Shahaptian)
    124
    Kutenai (Western Canada)
    102
    Kwakiutl (British Columbia; Wakashan)
    66m, 113-116, 124. Cf. also Bella Bella, Haisla, Kitlope-Keemano, Owikeno
    Lassik (California; Na Dené)
    49
    Letogo (Oceania)
    198.1
    Ligauwe (Philippine Islands)
    143.4
    Luiseño (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    2, 11, 25-30, 51, 128.7, 161
    Maidun (California; Penutian)
    161, 204.47
    Mountain
    216
    Nisenan (Southern)
    18, 19, 32, 69, 120, 124?, 128.9, 128.10, 190, 194.1
    Northeastern (Concow) [Konkow]
    19, 48, 204.26-204.36
    Northern
    128.8, 194.4
    Northwestern
    19, 184, 185
    Northwestern (Tutudi)
    60
    Northwestern (Yubum)
    182
    Makah (British Columbia; Wakashan)
    83, 103, 106
    Malay
    147.5.1, 147.5.2
    Mandan (Minnesota; Siouan)
    58
    Mattole (California; Na Dené)
    5.1, 12.8m, 12.9.1, 12.9.2
    Mayan (Guatemala; Mayan)
    Kekchi [Quiché]
    24
    Mission Indians, California (General)
    11, 128.21, 128.22
    Miwokan (California; Penutian)
    7.2, 60, 88
    Bodega [Bay]
    140, 141, 145m
    Plains
    194.3
    San Rafael [Coast]
    139, 142, 145m
    Sierra
    19, 40, 41, 161, 165, 179, 181, 203
    Moapa (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.6m
    Modoc (California; Utian)
    55, 57, 128.17
    Mohave [Mojave] (California; Hokan)
    133
    Mono (California; Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    60, 111.3
    Eastern
    196
    North Fork
    167-170
    Moro (Philippine Islands)
    144.1.5, 144.1.6
    Nahuatl (Mexico; Uto-Aztecan)
    111.1
    Negrito (Philippine Islands)
    52m, 53, 147
    New Guinea, Highland
    127
    Niue (Oceania)
    198.1
    Nomlaki (California; Penutian)
    42, 204.1.1
    Nongatl (California; Na Dené)
    5.1, 12.5, 12.9.2, 12.13
    North American Indians (General)
    79, 80, 161
    Northwestern California Indians (General)
    64, 75, 162, 214
    Northwestern Coast of North America Indians (General)
    78, 83, 100, 124
    Oceania (General)
    198
    Opata (Tonichi, Sonora, Mexico)
    76.3
    Otomí (Mexico)
    111.1
    Owikeno (British Columbia; Wakashan)
    115
    Paiute (California, Great Basin; Uto-Aztecan)
    60, 128.11, 161, 213
    Benton
    94
    Big Pine
    86, 92, 152, 205, 207, 213
    Bishop
    87, 91, 104, 154, 206, 211, 213
    Bridgeport
    89, 104
    Fort Independence
    85, 93, 153
    Independence
    208-210
    Kaibab
    124, 138.9m
    Laws-Deep Springs
    151
    Lee Vining
    149
    Mono Lake
    7.3, 207
    Northern
    37, 38, 84, 126, 132, 159
    Owens Valley
    196
    Round Valley
    90, 150, 155, 207, 213
    Shivwits
    138.8m
    Southern
    72, 84, 138m
    Surprise Valley
    57, 161
    Panaca (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.7m
    Papago [Tohono O'Odham] (Arizona; Uto-Aztecan)
    134
    Paranigat (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.3m, 138.7m
    Paraxum (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.4m
    Patwin (California; Penutian)
    60, 124?, 128.12, 148
    Paxib (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.4m
    Philippine Islands (General)
    52-54m, 143, 144, 147
    Pima Baja (Onabas, Sonora, Mexico)
    76.1
    Pomo (California; Hokan)
    60, 128.13, 161
    Eastern
    9, 33, 44, 46, 204.16-204.18
    Lake
    204.8-204.11
    Northern
    42, 43, 47, 156, 204.1.2-204.8, 204.19-204.20
    Southeastern (Lower Lake)
    148
    Southwestern [Kashaya]
    10, 45, 204.12-204.15
    Puget Sound Indians (General)
    100, 106-110, 124, 158
    Puyallup (Washington; Salishan)
    107
    Quilleute (Washington; Chimskuan)
    124
    Quinault (Washington; Salishan)
    124
    Rotuma (Oceania)
    198.1
    Saint George (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.5m
    Salinan (California; Hokan)
    60, 125
    Samoa (Oceania)
    198.1
    Serrano (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    11, 34.2, 125, 128.15
    Shawnee, Absentee (Midwestern United States; Algonquian)
    126
    Shasta (California; Hokan)
    60, 77, 161, 197
    Apwaraki
    60
    Shoshonean [Shoshoni] (California, Great Basin; Uto-Aztecan)
    60, 86.2
    Lone Pine
    212
    Nevada Shoshonean
    84, 96
    Panamint
    60, 128.11, 161
    Wind River
    126
    Siletz Indian Reservation (Oregon)
    102
    Sinkyone (California; Na Dené)
    5.1, 5.2, 12.9.1, 12.9.2
    Skokomish (Washington; Salishan)
    83, 107, 118, 124
    Snuqualmi (Washington; Salishan)
    107
    Squamish (British Columbia; Salishan)
    107
    Subano (Philippine Islands)
    144.1.5
    Sulu (Philippine Islands)
    53, 144.1.1, 144.1.5, 144.1.7, 144.2.2, 144.2.4
    Tagalog (Philippine Islands)
    147.5.1
    Takelma, Upper (Oregon; Penutian)
    135
    Taos (New Mexico; Aztec-Tanoan)
    126
    Tillamook (Oregon; Salishan)
    124
    Tirurai (Philippine Islands)
    144.1.5, 144.2.3
    Tlingit (Northwestern Coast of North America; Na Dené)
    65, 116.1, 130
    Tolowa (California, Oregon; Na Dené)
    5.1, 12.7, 60, 99.4.17, 101
    Tonga (Oceania)
    198.1
    Tsimshian (British Columbia; Penutian)
    117
    Tualatin (Oregon; Penutian)
    78
    Tubatulabal (California; Uto-Aztecan)
    34, 73, 74, 111.2, 161
    Kanekana
    34.2
    Tututni (Oregon; Na Dené)
    6, 22, 102
    Twana (Washington; Salishan)
    118
    Ute (Great Basin; Uto-Aztecan)
    84, 126
    Southern
    124
    Uintah
    193
    Varahio (San Bernardo, Sonora, Mexico)
    76.2
    Vegas (Nevada; Uto-Aztecan)
    138.2m
    Wailaki (California; Na Dené)
    12.3, 12.6, 49, 59, 161, 197, 204.20.2-204.25
    Wallis Islands (Oceania)
    198.1
    Warm Springs Indian Reservation (Oregon)
    102
    Washo (California; Hokan)
    4, 7.2, 60, 126, 197
    Whilkut (California; Na Dené)
    12.9.1
    Winnebago (Plains; Siouan)
    126
    Wintu (California; Penutian)
    60, 197
    Wiyot (California; Algic)
    59.1.3, 60, 75, 128.16, 195
    Yakima (Washington; Shahaptian)
    105
    Yanan (California; Hokan)
    70, 71, 121, 123, 128.17, 129.1, 136m, 197
    Central
    36.4, 60, 70, 129.3
    Northern
    129.2, 197
    Yahi
    35, 36, 67, 68, 129.3, 199
    Yokuts (California; Utian)
    7.1, 23, 34.2, 60, 99.4.17, 178
    Chukchansi
    61
    Tachi
    189
    Yuki (California; Yukian)
    5.3, 39, 60, 161, 192, 204.36, 204.38-204.41
    Yukon (Alaska, Canada; Na Dené)
    20, 21
    Yuman (California, Arizona; Hokan)
    60, 164
    Yavapai
    177, 187
    Yuma [Quechan]
    119, 122, 202
    Yurok (California; Algic)
    1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 1.7, 59.4, 60, 64, 75, 99, 108, 157
    Zuñi (New Mexico; Penutian)
    124, 131

    (IV). Subject Index

    [The Subject-based Index was compiled by Dale Valory for the 1971 edition, where it appears as the second index. It is reproduced here with only slight editorial changes. The subject headings selected by Valory do not correspond to standard Library of Congress Subject Headings. The index was prepared for Items 1-203 only.]
    Adoption Practices
    148.6, 148.7
    Angelica
    156.3.2
    Apostles’ Creed
    3
    Art
    137m, 192Cf. also Pictograph
    Astronomy
    Cf. Star Lore
    Autobiography
    37.3.1, 86.4, 88, 90.5, 91.2, 91.8, 93, 104.3, 128.37, 134.3.5, 146.3, 148-156.3.3. Cf. also Dream, Ethnohistory
    Basketry
    1, 11, 17, 36.5, 81.1, 109, 111.2, 154.6, 156.3.2. Cf. also Material Culture, Technology
    Beads
    148.7. Cf. also Art, Material Culture
    Bear Ceremonialism
    148.5, 156.2, 156.3.5
    Bibliography
    128.38, 158
    Birth Customs
    151, 152.2, 153.5
    Boats and Navigation
    103, 109, 143.7. Cf. also Whaling
    Bole Cult
    148.7, 148.8. Cf. also Dream, Kuksu Cult, Maru Cult
    Botany
    25.2, 51.6, 81.1, 86.2, 87.3, 91.2, 92.2, 104.1, 122.1.1, 122.2, 122.3, 123, 148.3, 148.6, 148.8, 150.1, 152.1, 152.3, 153.5, 154.1, 160, 161, 174Cf. also Economics, Ethnobiology, Medicine, Technology
    Burial and Mourning
    104.4, 151, 152.4, 153.5, 154.6, 154.8, 156.3.1, 156.3.2. Cf. also Dance, Ceremonial, Religion
    California Indian Land Claims Commission
    180
    Catholic Church
    148.5, 148.6, 156.3.1
    Census (American Indian)
    22, 59
    Ceremonial
    9.4, 15, 33, 62, 64, 81.1, 81.3, 81.8, 86.7, 91.9, 92.1, 104.2, 104.4, 122.4.2, 122.5.2, 122.7, 126, 134.1, 134.4, 139, 141-145m, 148, 151-154, 156.2, 156.3, 166, 171, 181, 184, 186, 203Cf. also Dance, Religion
    Child Training
    Cf. Education
    Cordage
    80
    Cosmogony/Cosmology
    122.5, 134.4, 139, 141-143, 144.1.2, 145m, 149, 150.3, 153.3, 153.4, 153.5, 154.5, 155
    Crafts
    Cf. Art, Material Culture, Technology
    Culture Element Distribution
    78-80, 83, 84, 96, 97, 124-126, 164
    Dance
    91.9, 122.5.2, 122.7, 134.1.9, 134.4, 139, 141, 142.2.3, 145m, 148, 152.3, 152.4, 154.6, 154.8, 156.2, 156.3, 166, 171, 181, 186, 203Cf. also Ceremonial, Religion
    Death
    Cf. Burial and Mourning, Ceremonial, Cosmogony/ Cosmology
    Divination
    Cf. Magic; also, Shamanism
    Doctors/Doctoring
    Cf. Medicine, Shamanism; also, Botany, Ceremonial
    Dream
    91.6, 122.5.1, 122.5.3, 139, 141, 142, 145m, 148.5, 148.7, 148.8, 156.3.1. Cf. also Autobiography, Bole Cult, Maru Cult.
    Economics
    9.2, 39, 81.1, 86, 87, 89.2, 91.2, 92.2, 92.4, 103, 104.1, 104.4, 122.1, 122.2, 122.3, 139, 142.2, 143.1, 144.1.5, 144.1.6, 145m, 148, 150.1, 152.1, 152.3, 153.5, 154.1, 156.3.1, 156.3.3. Cf. also Material Culture
    Education
    31, 35.5, 81.1, 122.4.2, 122.4.3, 122.5.3, 156.3.2. Cf. also Birth Customs, Ceremonial
    English Vowels
    12.12
    Ethnobiology
    161
    Ethnography, General
    6, 7.2, 9.1, 12.9, 16, 20-22, 34.3, 35, 36, 39-55, 57, 61-63, 65, 66m, 69-72, 78, 83, 84, 86, 87.1, 88-92, 95, 96, 99, 101.1, 102, 104, 105, 107.2, 109, 112-118, 119.2, 120, 122, 124, 128, 130, 134.2m, 134.7, 135, 138m, 139, 140-142, 143.1, 144.1.2, 144.1.3, 145m, 148, 150-155, 166, 170, 171, 174-177, 186, 188, 191, 195, 196
    Ethnohistory
    10, 58, 73, 74, 81.1, 81.4, 86.3, 86.4, 86.5, 87.1, 88, 91.2, 91.8, 93, 100, 104, 118, 121, 122.1.2, 122.1.3, 122.2, 128, 134.8, 142.2.6, 144.2.1, 144.2.2, 144.2.3, 145m, 150.1, 150.2, 151, 152.3, 152.4, 153.3, 153.5, 154.1, 154.2, 154.5, 154.6, 187, 199Cf. also Autobiography, Mythology
    Folklore
    Cf. Birth Customs, Botany, Burial and Mourning, Ceremonial, Cosmogony/Cosmology, Dance, Education, Ethnohistory, Gambling Songs, Games, Geography, Magic and Divination, Medicine, Mythology, Poetry, Prayers and Formulae, Proverbs and Sayings, Religion, Riddles, Shamanism, Songs, Star-lore, Superstition
    Folk Narrative
    Cf. Ethnohistory, Mythology, Autobiography, Dream
    Gambling Songs
    23.2, 35.5. Cf. also Games, Songs
    Games
    89.1, 91.1, 122.1.1, 146.4. Cf. also Gambling Songs
    Genealogy
    74, 100, 119.2, 130.6, 130.11, 157, 166, 169, 187, 189, 193, 196Cf. also Kinship
    Geography
    6, 12.9, 18, 22, 32, 34.4, 36.2, 41, 69, 75, 101.2, 102, 106, 108, 111.2, 120.4, 122.5.5, 127, 143.7, 152.2, 168, 187, 190
    Ghost Dance
    156.3.3
    Grammar/Grammars
    4, 25.3, 25.4, 25.5, 26, 29, 37, 38, 68, 70, 82, 95, 111, 120, 122, 134.1.1, 134.7, 134.9, 134.1, 147, 148.2, 148.9. Cf. also Language/Linguistics, Texts, Vocabulary
    History
    Cf. Cosmogony/Cosmology, Ethnohistory
    Houses
    109Cf. also Material Culture, Technology
    Hunting
    104.4. Cf. also Economics, Material Culture, Technology
    Kinship
    20.2, 122.5.3, 142.2.2, 143.1, 145m, 166, 169, 187, 189, 193, 194, 196, 198, 200-202. Cf. also Genealogy
    Kuksu Cult
    9.4, 148, 156.2. Cf. also Bole Cult, Maru Cult
    Kymograph
    12.1, 12.11, 12.12
    Language/Linguistics
    8-Feb, 14-Dec, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24.1, 25.3-25.5, 26-30, 34.1, 34.3, 34.5, 35-38, 41, 55, 57, 60, 67-71, 76, 81, 82, 86.1, 95, 102, 107.1, 111.1, 111.2, 118, 120, 122, 129, 131, 132, 134, 143.2-143.6, 144.1, 144.2.1, 144.2.2, 144.2.4, 147, 148, 153.2, 159, 160.2, 165, 167, 183, 186, 190, 194, 195, 198, 199Cf. also Grammar/Grammars, Texts, Vocabulary; also English Vowels
    Law
    143.1, 144.1.2, 144.1.3, 144.1.5, 144 1.6, 156.3.3, 156.3.4. Cf. also Political Documents
    Linguistics
    Cf. Language/Linguistics; also, Grammar/ Grammars, Texts, Vocabulary, English Vowels
    Magic and Divination
    79, 109, 122.4.2, 134.4, 139, 142.2.4, 143.5, 143.6?, 143.8, 144.1.2, 148, 152, 153, 155Cf. also Ceremonial, Religion, Shamanism
    Marriage Practices
    148.3, 148.7, 152.1, 153.5, 154.6, 154.7. Cf. also Ceremonial, Law, Political Organization
    Material Culture
    1, 9.5, 11, 17, 21.4, 36.5, 61, 78, 80, 81, 83, 84, 87.1, 89.2, 91.2, 92.4, 101.1, 103, 104, 109, 124, 126, 130, 135, 137m, 138m, 139, 142.2.1, 145m, 148.3, 148.5, 148.7, 150.1, 152.1, 152.3, 153-156.3. Cf. also Art, Basketry, Technology
    Maru Cult
    33, 156.3. Cf. also Bole Cult, Kuksu Cult, Dreams, Ceremonial
    Medicine
    25.2, 79, 81.1, 86.2, 87.3, 109, 122.4.2, 134.1.2, 139, 141, 142, 143.5, 144.1.2, 145m, 155, 156.2, 156.3, 173, 179Cf. also Botany, Ceremonial, Shamanism
    Missionaries
    148.2, 148.5, 148.6. Cf. also Missions, California, Catholic Church, Pentecostal Church,
    Missions, California
    128.2, 128.21, 128.22, 128.23, 128.24, 128.25, 142.2.6, 145m. Cf. also Missionaries
    Mourning Practices
    Cf. Burial and Mourning
    Music
    Cf. Dance, Ceremonial, Song
    Mythology
    8, 9.3, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7.1, 12.15, 15, 20.2, 21.3, 21.4, 25.1, 34.1, 35, 61, 67, 69-71, 73, 77, 81.1, 81.2, 81.4, 81.6, 81.7, 82.14.1, 85, 86.3, 86.6, 87.2, 89.1, 89.2, 90, 91.1, 91.3-91.5, 91.7, 91.8, 92.3, 93-95, 98, 104, 107, 118.2-118.4, 119, 122.1.2, 128, 133, 134.1-134.6, 134.8, 134.9, 142.2.7, 145m, 143.5-143.8, 146.1, 148.2, 148.5, 148.9, 149, 150, 152.1
    Names/Naming
    148.2, 148.6, 148.7, 167, 197
    Navigation
    Cf. Boats and Navigation, Whaling
    Numerals
    122.4.1, 122.7. Cf. also Language/Linguistics, Vocabulary/Vocabularies
    Pentecostal Church
    148.2, 148.6
    Peyotism
    126
    Pictograph
    69
    Poetry
    144.1.1, 144.1.4.1. Cf. also Prayers and Formulae, Song
    Poison/Poisoners
    148, 156.3.5. , 179Cf. also Botany, Medicine, Shamanism
    Political Documents
    144.1.2, 144.1.5, 144.1.6, 144.2.1, 144.2.2, 142.2.3. Cf. also Law
    Political Organization
    148.2, 148.3, 148.5, 148.6, 148.7, 148.9, 178Cf. also Economics, Political Documents, Warfare
    Potlatch
    20.2, 109
    Prayers and Formulae/Oratory
    134.1, 134.4, 139, 141, 142, 143.5, 143.6, 144.1, 145m, 146.2, 148, 156.3.1, 171, 173, 181Cf. also Poetry, Song, Ceremonial, Religion
    Property Exchange
    148.5, 148.7, 148.9. Cf. also Economics, Potlatch
    Proverbs/Sayings
    82.14.1, 144.1.3
    Religion
    30, 81, 90.1, 92.2, 109, 122.1.2, 122.4.2, 122.5, 126, 128, 133.3, 134.1, 134.4, 139, 141-143, 144.1, 145m, 148, 150, 152-154, 156.2, 156.3, 171, 181, 184Cf. also Ceremonial, Cosmogony/Cosmology, Dance, Medicine, Mythology, Shamanism, World Renewal
    Riddles
    144.1.3
    Rousselot Machine
    Cf. Kymograph
    Shamans and Shamanism
    61, 79, 81.1, 104.4, 122.3.2, 134.1, 134.4, 139, 141, 142.2.4, 143.5, 144.1.2, 145m, 146.2, 146.3, 148, 151, 152.4, 153.5, 155, 156.2, 156.3, 179Cf. also Botany, Ceremonial, Medicine, Poison/ Poisoners, Religion
    Shell mounds (San Francisco, Bay Region)
    128.3
    Song
    20.3, 23.2, 35.5, 81.5, 81.6, 82.10.4, 122.7, 134.1, 134.4, 134.7, 136m, 143.6, 143.8, 144.1.4, 144.2.4, 148.3, 148.4, 148.9, 153.2, 153.5, 156.3, 171, 181, 186Cf. also Poetry, Prayers and Formulae, Ceremonial, Dance, Religion, Shamanism
    Star Lore
    122.6
    Subsistence
    Cf. Economics, Material Culture, Technology
    Superstition
    51.5, 109, 122.1.2, 122.4.2, 122.5, 139, 142.2.5, 143.5, 145m, 148, 150, 151, 152.2, 152.4, 153.4, 153.5, 154.6, 154.8 (?), 155, 156.2, 156.3. Cf. also Cosmogony/Cosmology, Mythology, Religion
    Sweathouses/Sweating
    148.1, 148.5, 148.6, 148.1, 156.3.2
    Tattoo
    192
    Technology
    51.4, 104.1, 150.1, 152.1, 152.3, 153.5, 154.6. Cf. also Economics, Material Culture
    Texts (Linguistic)
    3, 8, 12.2, 12.4, 12.5, 12.7.2-12.7.4, 12.15, 14.1, 23.2, 24.1, 34.1, 37.3, 37.4, 67, 68, 71, 81, 95, 107.1, 118, 122.2, 122.4.2, 122.4.3, 134, 136m, 143.4-143.6, 143.8, 144.1, 144.2.1, 144.2.2, 144.2.4, 148.2, 153.2, 159, 186Cf. also Grammar/Grammars, Language/Linguistics, Vocabulary
    Tobacco, New Dance
    148.5, 148.6
    Vocabulary/Vocabularies
    2, 3, 5, 7, 12.8m, 12.11, 12.14, 13, 14.2, 19, 20.3, 20.4, 20.7, 20.8, 21.3, 21.4, 23.2, 26-30, 34.2, 34.3, 36.1, 36.3, 36.4, 36.5, 37.1, 37.2, 38.1, 55, 57, 60, 68-70, 76, 82, 86.1, 95, 102, 111, 118, 120, 122, 129, 131, 132, 134.1.5, 134.1.6, 134.7, 143.3, 143.8, 144.1.3, 147, 148, 159, 160.2, 165, 167, 182, 183, 190, 194, 195, 198
    Warfare
    104.2, 122.5.2, 134.4.3, 143.1, 148.3, 148.4, 154.8, 155Cf. also Economics, Law, Political Organization, Witchcraft
    Whaling (Makah)
    103
    Witchcraft
    Cf. Poison/Poisoners, Shamanism
    World Renewal Ceremonial
    15, 64, 162
    World's Fair, 1939
    137m

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    Bright, William. 1968. A Luiseño Dictionary. University of California Publications in Linguistics . 51.

    Dixon, Roland Burrage. 1905. The Northern Maidu. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History . 17:119-346.

    ________. 1910. The Chimariko Indians and Language. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology . 5:295-380.

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    ________. 1923. Papago Nominal Stems. Ibid. 20:19-31.

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    ________. 1908. The Religion of the Luiseño Indians. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology . 8:69-186.

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    ________. 1967. Ethnographic Notes on the Southwestern Pomo. Anthropological Records, University of California Press. 25.

    Goddard, Pliny Earle. 1907. Kato Texts. University of California Publications in American Archaelogy and Ethnology . 5:65-238.

    ________. 1914. Chilula Texts. Ibid. 10:289-379.

    ________. 1918. Myths and Tales from the San Carlos Apache. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History. 24:1-86.

    ________. 1919. San Carlos Apache Texts. Ibid. 24:141-367.

    ________. 1923. Wailaki Texts. International Journal of American Linguistics. 2:77-135.

    ________. 1928. Pitch Accent in Hupa. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. 23:333-338.

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    ________. 1929. The Valley Nisenan. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. 24:252-290.

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    ________. 1940. The Social Organization of the Haisla. Anthropological Records, University of California Press. 2:169-200.

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    ________. 1955. Notes on the Bella Bella Kwakiutl. Ibid. 319-348.

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    Schenck, Sara M., and Edward Winslow Gifford. 1952. Karok Ethnobotany. Anthropological Records, University of California Press. 13:377-392.

    Sparkman, Philip Stedman. 1908. The Culture of the Luiseño Indians. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. 8:187-234.

    Steward, Julian Haynes. 1939. Some Observations on Shoshonean Distributions. American Anthropologist. 41:261-265.

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    Stewart, Omer Call. 1939. Washo-Northern Paiute Peyotism. Proceedings of the Sixth Pacific Science Congress. 4:65-68.

    ________. 1941. Washo-Northern Paiute Peyotism. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. 40:63-142.

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    ________. 1911. The Phonetic Elements of the Northern Paiute Language. Ibid. 10:13-44.

    ________. 1918. The Yana Indians. Ibid. 13:35-102.

    ________. 1920a. Yurok Geography. Ibid. 16:174-314.

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    ________. 1938. The Kepel Fish Dam. Ibid. 49-80.

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