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Register of the Chinese National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Photographs
48024  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content Note
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Chinese National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration photographs,
    Date (inclusive): ca. 1945-1947
    Collection number: 48024
    Creator: Chinese National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
    Extent: 7 manuscript boxes (2.9 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Depicts scenes of daily life in China and activities of the Chinese National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: English, and Chinese.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Chinese National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Photographs, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired.

    Accruals

    Increments may have been received since this finding aid was prepared. Please check Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat  to find the full extent of the collection.

    Related Material

    Larry Gahn photographs, Hoover Institution Archives

    Historical Note

    The Chinese Nationalist Government created the Chinese National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (CNRRA) in January 1945. CNRRA was a temporary organization charged with administering and coordinating the China-based operations of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), which had been established at a 44-nation conference in 1943 to carry out global reconstruction in the wake of the Second World War. Dr. T. F. Tsiang, CNRRA's Director-General, and T. V. Soong, who chaired the Special Cabinet Committee on Relief and Rehabilitation, oversaw the organization. Its functions included administering emergency relief, returning refugees to their homes, rehabilitating China's agricultural and industrial sectors and establishing a public health program. Initially, CNRRA was headquartered in Chongqing (Chunking), China's wartime capital. In December 1945, however, it relocated its operations center to Shanghai and created a headquarters in Nanjing (Nanking). The agency distributed UNRRA supplies through free relief and direct sales at regional offices in Guangzhou (Canton), Changsha, Zhenjiang (Chinkiang), Hangzhou (Hangchow), Wuhan (Hankow), Kaifeng, Guilin (Kweilin), Shenyang (Mukden), Nanchang, Shanghai, Taipei, Taiyuan, Tianjin (Tientsin), Qingdao (Tsingtao), Wuhu.
    CNRRA's efforts were hampered by the breakdown in interparty peace negotiations between the Nationalists and Chinese Communists in 1946. China's northern provinces, which had been under a long occupation by the Japanese, were also areas of Chinese Communist guerilla activity. After the Japanese surrender these territories fell under Chinese Communist control. Difficulties arose in the distribution of aid due to the realities of civil war. The official history of the CNRRA estimates that 2-3 percent (by weight) or 4-5 percent (by value) of all UNRRA supplies were distributed to Communist-held territories.
    CNRRA was disbanded in 1948, after the mandate of UNRRA expired in 1947. UNRRA's programs were assumed by agencies within the new United Nations, particularly the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), and the International Refugee Organization (IRO).
    Sources: UNRRA: The History of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, George Woodbridge (NY: Columbia University Press, 1950) 3 vol.; UNRRA: A Case Study in Financial Assistance for Economic Development, Irving Barnett, Ph.D. Thesis, Columbia University, 1955; UNRRA Microfilms, 1943-1949, Joshua Lupkin, Finding aid, published in electronic form, January 2003, available from the World Wide Web: (http://www.columbia.edu/cu/libra ries/indiv/rare/guides/UNRRA/index.html); and CNRRA: Its Purpose, Functions and Organization, (Shanghai: Department of Public Relations, CNRRA, 1946).

    Scope and Content Note

    The collection depicts scenes of daily life in China and the activities of the CNRRA between 1945 and 1947. It consists of four manuscript boxes containing 2179 4 x 5 inch and 2.5 x 2.5 inch safety negatives, and 33-mm nitrate negatives; and three boxes holding the original paper sleeves in which the negatives were housed.
    The Hoover Institution acquired these photographic negatives, and other records of UNRRA's China office, from the Shanghai office prior to its closing. Most of the CNRRA's records, measuring 8,500 linear feet, are located in the United Nations Archives in New York City.
    CNRRA used the U.S. Postal Service Geographic Names to romanize Chinese place names. The following container list reflects both the original romanization, placed in parentheses, as well as the current conventional romanization of Chinese place names established by the United States Board on Geographic Names and the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    International relief.
    Reconstruction (1939-1951)--China--Pictorial works.
    China.
    China--Pictorial works.