Scope and Content
Title: Papers of Harold Wayland,
Date (inclusive): 1948-2001
Collection number: 10251-MS
Creator: Wayland, Harold 1909-2000
1 linear ft.
California Institute of Technology. Caltech Archives
Pasadena, California 91125
Abstract: The Papers of Harold Wayland (1909-2000), Caltech Professor of Engineering Science, 1949-1979, are a small collection of personal,
scientific, and institutionally related documents. They cover aspects of Wayland's scientific work on microcirculation, his
invention of the intravital microscope, and Caltech's support in the late 1960s-early 1970s for a biomedical engineering program
and discussion of a medical school in Pasadena.
Physical location: Archives, California Institute of Technology.
Languages represented in the collection: English
The collection is open for research. Researchers must apply in writing for access.
Copyright may not have been assigned to the California Institute of Technology Archives. All requests for permission to publish
or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Caltech Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf
of the California Institute of Technology Archives as the owner of the physical items and, unless explicitly stated otherwise,
is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.
[Identification of item], Papers of Harold Wayland, 10251-MS, Caltech Archives, California Institute of Technology.
The Wayland papers were acquired from different sources. The original accession in 1988 does not document the donor, which
in all likelihood was the Caltech Division of Engineering and Applied Science (EAS). The materials on Caltech's biomedical
engineering program were donated in 2001 by EAS. The biographical and personal material was donated in August 2010 by Elizabeth
Wayland Barber, Harold Wayland's daughter.
Harold Wayland was born in Boise, Idaho, on July 2, 1909. His first name was James, but apart from the occasional appearance
of the initial J. before his name, he typically dropped his first name or initial on his scientific publications.
Wayland received his BS in physics and mathematics from the University of Idaho in 1931; he then earned his MS and PhD degrees
in the same subjects at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in 1935 and 1937 respectively. At Caltech, Wayland
studied under Robert Millkan, Morgan Ward, and Harry Bateman. After teaching physics at the University of Redlands (1938-1941)
and following a period of service for the US navy on torpedo research (1941-1948), he returned to Caltech, where he taught
Applied Mechanics. In 1963 he was named Professor of Engineering Science. Wayland retired from Caltech in 1979 but stayed
active as a scientist, lecturer, and consultant for many years. He died on October 10, 2000.
Trained as a physicist, Wayland's scientific interest lay in the interdisciplinary area between the physical and engineering
sciences and the biomedical sciences. In collaboration with Wallace Frasher, MD, of the University of Southern California
(USC) School of Medicine, Wayland developed the intravital microscope to measure and study blood flow in living animals at
the microcirculatory level. His work in the fields of microcirculation and blood rheology represent a pioneer phase in biomedical
Wayland was an enthusiastic traveler, gastronome, and wine connoisseur. Beginning with a fellowship from the American Scandinavian
Foundation, 1936-1937, for a year at the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Wayland regularly traveled and lectured in Europe
and Japan. In 1953-1954 he was a Guggenheim Fellow in Strasbourg, France. Wayland was the founder of the Athenaeum Apicians,
a gourmet dining club that met at Caltech's Athenaeum beginning in 1964. Among his honors and awards was an honorary doctorate
from the University of Idaho in 1977.
Scope and Content
The Papers of Harold Wayland are divided into two equal-sized series: Technical Files, and Personal and Biographical Materials.
The first series covers only highlights of his scientific career, from a postwar underwater ballistics report to material
on the intravital microscope, to a more substantial set of files on the biomedical engineering program at Caltech, 1963-1975,
of which Wayland was the head. This was an early interdisciplinary program between physics, engineering, and biomedical science.
These papers include internal memos on the matter of the establishment of a medical school in Pasadena. (No medical school
was founded, but Caltech did establish a research relationship with Pasadena's Huntington Memorial Hospital.) The Caltech
papers contain files of correspondence on the subject of a medical school between Prof. Francis Clauser of Caltech and Dr.
Elie Schneour of the then newly created City of Hope cancer hospital and research center.
Series 2 contains a personal and biographical miscellany, which includes Wayland's PhD thesis and some published technical
papers, along with awards, honors, and family memorabilia.
The collection is organized into the following series:
- Series 1. Technical Files
- Series 2. Personal and Biographical Material
Oral history interview of J. Harold Wayland by John L. Greenberg and Ann Peters, 1983-1985.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
California Institute of Technology