Rudolf Laban was born December 15, 1879, in Bratislava, Slovakia. After studying architecture at the École des beaux arts
in Paris, Laban moved to Munich at age 30 and began his research on Bewegungskunst, or the movement arts. In 1915 Laban established
the Choreographic Institute in Zürich and later founded branches in Italy, France, and Europe. His greatest contribution to
dance was his 1928 publication of Kinetographie Laban, a dance notation system that came to be called Labanotation. It is
still used as one of the primary notation systems for movement in dance. In 1930 Laban became the director of the Allied State
Theatres in Berlin but left in 1938 for Great Britain, where he turned to the study of human movement in the workplace. In
1947 he published a book related to his research entitled Effort. He continued to teach and do research in Britain until his
death in 1958.
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