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Inventory of the Hamid Shawkat collection, 1952-2001
2002C11  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Collection Summary

    Title: Hamid Shawkat collection
    Dates: 1952-2001
    Collection Number: 2002C11
    Creator: Shawkat, H?ami¯d
    Collection Size: 38 manuscript boxes (15.2 linear feet linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: This collection is comprised of newsletters, newspapers, journals, pamphlets, booklets, reports, and other writings issued by the Confederation of Iranian Students National Union (CISNU) and other Iranian student groups in Europe and abroad. These materials relate to political conditions and civil liberties in Iran, focusing primarily on the campaign for the rights of political prisoners; political opposition to the Pahlavi monarchy; the spread of Marxist-Leninist thought in Iran and among Iranian students abroad; the aftermath of the coup d'état against Mohammed Mosaddeq.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: Persian, German, and English

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Hamid Shawkat collection, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2002.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    Hamid Shawkat was born in Tehran, Iran in 1949. At the age of 20, Shawkat moved to the United States and became involved in the student activist movement, which was united in opposition to the Pahlavi monarchy and the actions of its secret police, the SAVAK. He returned to Iran in 1978, amidst the turbulence of the Iranian Revolution. Soon after his return, Shawkat helped create the National Democratic Front of Iran and worked as an editor for the group?s central publication, Azadi. In addition to the National Democratic Front, several other groups, including the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan, National Republicans of Iran, and the Left United Council for Democracy and Independence, joined the struggle for democracy in Iran. Since his time as a student activist, Shawkat has written heavily on the topic of Marxist theory and the rise and fall of the Iranian student movement, as embodied by the Confederation of Iranian Students, National Union.
    Source: Hamid Shokat (2010). http://www.shokat.com/english.html.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection is comprised of newsletters, newspapers, journals, pamphlets, booklets, reports, and other writings issued by the Confederation of Iranian Students National Union (CISNU) and other Iranian student groups in Europe and abroad. The materials relate to political conditions and civil liberties in Iran, focusing primarily on the campaign for the rights of political prisoners; political opposition to the Pahlavi monarchy; the spread of Marxist-Leninist thought in Iran and among Iranian students abroad; and the aftermath of the coup d'état against Mohammed Mosaddeq in 1953.
    Hamid Shawkat (or Hamid Shokat, as his name appears in published works) collected materials issued by CISNU and dozens of other Iranian student groups in Europe and the United States. Although primarily comprised of circulated newsletters, bulletins, and memoranda, the CISNU issuances provide insight into how Iranian students abroad were able to communicate, organize and, consequentially, create a united ideological front for defending the political and human rights of Iranian citizens.
    Largely operating out of West Germany, between the 1960s to late 1970s, CISNU and its many chapters played a role in the proliferation of propaganda and demonstrations denouncing Reza Shah Pahlavi and his secret police, the SAVAK, for their violent suppression of political activists. To illustrate this violence, a number of articles and news bulletins included in the collection discuss the murder of German student Benno Ohnesorg in a 1967 protest organized by CISNU.
    Although CISNU lost much of its student membership in the early 1980s, other revolutionary and student groups, including the National Front of Iran, Tudeh Party, Association of Iranian Writers in Exile, and People's Fedaii Guerillas of Iran continued to operate abroad, spreading awareness of their respective political views throughout Europe, Iran, and the surrounding Middle East.
    Aside from publishing serial newsletters and circulating memoranda, Iranian Marxist, Communist, and Socialist parties, such as the United Communist Fighters, Party of Labour of Iran, and the People's Mujaheddin, distributed Farsi translations of notable works by Lenin, Lunacharsky, and Guevara. In addition to these works, 8 complete publications of writer and activist Mostafa Sho'aiyan are included in the collection.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized into 7 series: CISNU Administrative Materials, CISNU Issuances, German CISNU Administrative Materials and Issuances, Other Revolutionary Groups' Issuances, Printed Materials, Clippings, and Miscellany.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Kunfiderāsīyun-i Jahān-ī Muhāssilīn va Dānishjuyān-i (Ittihād-i Millī)
    Iran--Politics and government--1941-1979
    Iran--Politics and government--1979-1997
    Civil rights--Iran
    Communism--Iran
    Iranians--Europe
    Iranian students