Overview of the Maerose J. Evans papers

Finding aid prepared by Hoover Institution Archives Staff.
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
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© 2008


Title: Maerose J. Evans papers
Collection Number: 95049
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 13 manuscript boxes (5.2 linear feet)
Date (bulk): Bulk, 1969-1975
Date (inclusive): 1969-1994
Abstract: Correspondence, minutes, reports, financial records, bulletins, newsletters, serial issues, clippings, and photographs, relating to efforts to secure the release of American prisoners of war in Vietnam, efforts to secure information on American servicemen reported missing in action, and the families of those servicemen.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Evans, Maerose J.

Access

Collection is open for research.
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Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Maerose J. Evans papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1995.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical/Historical Note

Maerose J. Evans was the wife of Commander James J. Evans, United States Navy, who went missing in action in 1965. Commander Evans was a naval aviator whose aircraft was lost during a reconnaissance mission over Laos. Maerose was originally from New Jersey and James was originally from Kansas. They were living in Alameda, California with two children, Monica and James, when Evans left for Laos. Evans was later presumed killed in action in 1974. Remains were returned in 1977 that were positively identified as Commander Evans.
Maerose was involved with the National League of Families of American Prisoners and Missing in Southeast Asia during its founding and incorporation in 1969 and 1970. She eventually became the Western Regional coordinator which overseeas California, Oregon, Washington, Arizona, Nevada, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico, Idaho, Montana, Alaska, and Hawaii. She was heavily involved in the Prisoner of War/Missing in Action issue in the United States and gave many speeches and talks about the inhumane treatment of prisoners and the need for a full accounting of the missing men. She even travelled to Laos in 1972 in an attempt to gain more information about her missing husband. She eventually left the position of the Regional Coordinator and the National League of Families over a disagreement about the direction of the organization since she believed that her values no longer aligned with those of the League.
Maerose eventually remarried George Humphreys in 1984. She was buried in Arlington National Cemetary with her first husband, James J. Evans, in 1995.

Scope and Content of Collection

Correspondence, minutes, reports, financial records, bulletins, and newsletters from the National League of Families, supporting committees, and the Prisoner of War/Missing in Action League of Santa Clara County. The materials are related to efforts to secure the release of American prisoners of war in Vietnam, efforts to secure information on American servicemen reported missing in action, and the families of those servicemen. A small amount of serial issues, clippings, and photographs related to the POW/MIA issue are also included.
The creator was the wife of a Navy Commander who went missing in action in 1965 and became the Western Regional Coordinator for the National League of Families. Most of the materials focus on the Western Region or California families of servicemen who were prisoners of war or missing in action. There is also some focus on the issue at a national and international level. Personal correspondence is the primary type of documents kept in the collection.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

National League of Families of American Prisoners and Missing in Southeast Asia.
Navy wives.
Prisoners of war.
United States--Armed Forces.
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Missing in action.
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Prisoners and prisons, North Vietnamese.

 

Correspondence, 1965-1989

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence between Maerose Evans and various others ordered alphabetically by last name. The creator's original order was kept when available. The 'Miscellaneous' folder contains correspondence from people other than the creator.
Box-folder 1 : 1

A, 1972-1976

Box-folder 1 : 2

B, 1972-1977

Box-folder 1 : 3

C, 1971-1976

Box-folder 1 : 4

Canaan, G. C., 1971-1974

Box-folder 1 : 5

Change of Command Invitations, 1965-1973

Box-folder 1 : 6

Christmas Cards, 1967-1972

Box-folder 1 : 7

Clum, Sadie, 1973-1976

Box-folder 1 : 8

Colgan, Jack, 1975-1976

Box-folder 1 : 9

Correspondence from Bracelet Wearers, 1972-1976

Box-folder 2 : 1

Cranston, Alan, 1972-1975

Box-folder 2 : 2

D, 1972-1978

Box-folder 2 : 3

E, 1972-1975

Box-folder 2 : 4

F, 1972-1976

Box-folder 2 : 5

Families for Immediate Release, 1972

Box-folder 2 : 6

G, 1972-1976

Box-folder 2 : 7

Goldsmith, John A., 1976-1978

Box-folder 2 : 8-9

Gratch, Archie William, 1972-1979

Box-folder 2 : 10

H, 1971-1977

Box-folder 2 : 11

Hillman, Jo, 1973-1974

Box-folder 2 : 12

I, 1974-1975

Box-folder 3 : 1

J, 1972-1975

Box-folder 3 : 2

K, 1972-1977

Box-folder 3 : 3

Ketchum, William M., 1974

Box-folder 3 : 4

L, 1972-1977

Box-folder 3 : 5

Lawson, Richard L., 1974-1975

Box-folder 3 : 6

M, 1971-1989

Box-folder 3 : 7

Mauldin, Dick, 1971-1976

Box-folder 3 : 8

McCloskey, Paul, 1976-1978

Box-folder 3 : 9

Miscellaneous, 1972-1974

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence that was written and sent to people other than the creator and not related to any of the organizations represented in the collection.
Box-folder 3 : 10

N, 1972-1976

Box-folder 3 : 11

Navy Department, 1968-1973

Box-folder 3 : 12

O, 1972-1974

Box-folder 3 : 13

P, 1971-1976

Box-folder 3 : 14

Percy, Charles H., 1973-1975

Box-folder 3 : 15

Pursell, Dan, 1969-1973

Box-folder 4 : 1

Q, 1974

Box-folder 4 : 2

R, 1971-1977

Box-folder 4 : 3

S, 1971-1975

Box-folder 4 : 4

Schlesinger, James, 1974

Box-folder 4 : 5

Scott, James H., 1971-1974

Box-folder 4 : 6

Shields, Roger, 1972-1976

Box-folder 4 : 7, Text 4 : 7

Sieverts, Frank, 1973-1975

Box-folder 4 : 8

Smith, Bernice, 1974-1977

Box-folder 4 : 9

Stark, Pete, 1973-1977

Box-folder 4 : 10

Stratton, Richard A., 1974-1979

Box-folder 4 : 11

T, 1974-1976

Box-folder 4 : 12

Tenoso, Ed and Kathy, 1972

Box-folder 4 : 13

Thorsness, Leo, 1974

Box-folder 4 : 14

V, 1972-1973

Box-folder 4 : 15

W, 1972-1975

Box-folder 4 : 16

Williams, Jerry A., 1972-1974

Box-folder 4 : 17

Y, 1975

Box-folder 4 : 18

Z, 1976

Box-folder 4 : 19

Zacharies, J. M., 1972-1975

Box-folder 4 : 20

Zumwalt, E. R., 1970-1973

 

National League of Prisoners of War/Missing in Action Families, 1969-1976

Scope and Contents note

The National League of Families of Prisoners of War/Missing in Action (NLF) is an organization that began in the late 1960's and was formally incorporated in 1970. Membership is for family or close relatives of military personnel that are listed as a Prisoner of War (POW) or Missing in Action (MIA). The organization was headed by a National Board of Directors and was divided into four regions headed by a Regional Coordinator. Each state within the region elected a State Coordinator that would work with the Regional Coordinator and Board of Directors to raise awareness about the POW/MIA issue in America.
The NLF members believed that the American government was too complacent in their negotiations for the humane treatment and release of POW's during the Vietnam War. Indochinese countries were accused of violating the Geneva Convention by not issuing a complete list of POW's captured, not providing adequate food or medical treatment, refusing the Red Cross to inspect POW camps, and not allowing mail to reach POW's. The NLF was organized to raise awareness of these issues and pressure both the American government and foreign governments to account for the missing men.
This series contains correspondence, meeting minutes, mailings and promotional material, printed matter, and organizational documents for the NLF during its founding and early years. There is more emphasis on the Western Region and California state chapter than any other part of the organization.
 

Correspondence, 1970-1974

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence related to the functions of the National League of Families (NLF). Letters Sent and Received is correspondence between or on behalf of members of the governing board of NLF. Coordinator and Regional letters are between the numerous State and Region Coordinators.
Box-folder 5 : 1

Regional Letters, 1971-1973

Box-folder 5 : 2

Letters Sent, 1971-1974

Box-folder 5 : 3

Letters Received, 1971-1974

Box-folder 5 : 4

Coordinator Letters, 1970-1974

Box-folder 5 : 5

Newsletters, 1973-1976

Box-folder 5 : 6

Western Coordinator Expenses, 1971-1974

Box-folder 5 : 7

Member Mailings, 1970-1974

Box-folder 5 : 8

National Conventions, 1971-1973

Box-folder 5 : 9

Special Reports and League Mailings, 1969-1974

 

Board Meetings, 1971-1974

Scope and Contents note

Meeting minutes, agendas, and special reports prepared for the Board of Directors meetings of the National League of Families.
Box-folder 5 : 10

May, 1971

Box-folder 5 : 11

January, 1972

Box-folder 5 : 12

March, 1972

Box-folder 5 : 13

October, 1972

Box-folder 5 : 14

November, 1972

Box-folder 5 : 15

January, 1973

Box-folder 6 : 1

February, 1973

Box-folder 6 : 2

June, 1973

Box-folder 6 : 3

July, 1973

Box-folder 6 : 4

August, 1973

Box-folder 6 : 5

October, 1973

Box-folder 6 : 6

December, 1973

Box-folder 6 : 7

February, 1974

Box-folder 6 : 8

March, 1974

Box-folder 6 : 9

April, 1974

Box-folder 6 : 10

June, 1974

Box-folder 6 : 11

August, 1974

Box-folder 6 : 12

Promotional Material, 1970-1975

Box-folder 6 : 13

House of Representatives 16520, 1974

Box-folder 6 : 14

Support Our Prisoners of War Campaign, 1974-1976

Box-folder 6 : 15

Western Region, 1971-1974

 

State Folders, 1971-1975

Scope and Contents note

Materials related to the various state chapters of the National League of Families.
Box-folder 6 : 16

Alaska, 1972-1973

Box-folder 6 : 17

Arizona, 1971-1973

Box-folder 6 : 18

Colorado, 1973-1975

Box-folder 7 : 1

Northern California, 1970-1974

Box-folder 7 : 2

Southern California, 1971-1974

Box-folder 7 : 3

Connecticut, 1974

Box-folder 7 : 4

Hawaii, 1973

Box-folder 7 : 5

Idaho, 1972-1974

Box-folder 7 : 6

Maryland, 1972-1974

Box-folder 7 : 7

Mississippi, 1972-1973

Box-folder 7 : 8

Montana, 1971-1973

Box-folder 7 : 9

Nevada, 1972-1973

Box-folder 7 : 10

Ohio, 1970-1975

Box-folder 7 : 11

Oregon, 1973-1975

Box-folder 7 : 12

Utah, 1971-1974

Box-folder 7 : 13

Virginia, 1972

Box-folder 7 : 14

Washington, 1971-1975

Box-folder 7 : 15

Wyoming, 1972-1973

Box-folder 7 : 16

West Virginia, 1973

Box-folder 7 : 17

Printed Matter, 1971-1974

Scope and Contents note

Informational brochures and pamphlets of Freedom Tree Dedications and luncheons.
 

Committees, 1972-1974

Scope and Contents note

This series contains materials from different committees and groups that were involved with the Prisoners of War/Missing in Action issue and with the National League of Families.
Box-folder 7 : 18

Forgotten Americans Committee of Kansas, 1972-1974

Box-folder 7 : 19

Forgotten Americans Committee, 1972-1973

Box-folder 8 : 1-2

Voices in Vital America, 1972-1974

Box-folder 8 : 3

Freedom Tree Dedication, 1972-1974

Box-folder 8 : 4

Concern for Prisoners of War, 1972

Box-folder 8 : 5

Repatriation, Rehabilitation, and Readjustment Committee, 1972

Box-folder 8 : 6

Northern California Peace Action Coalition, 1972-1973

Box-folder 8 : 7

Committee of Liaison with Families of Servicemen Detained in North Vietnam, 1973

Box-folder 8 : 8

Remember the Pueblo Committee, 1973

Box-folder 8 : 9

Americans Who Care, 1973

Box-folder 8 : 10

Dallas Cares, 1974

Box-folder 8 : 11

Help Hospitalized Veterans, 1973

 

Prisoners of War/Missing in Action League of Santa Clara, 1970-1975

Scope and Contents note

The Prisoners of War/Missing in Action (POW/MIA) League of Santa Clara County is a now defunct organization with similar goals to the National League of Families. They represented the servicemen of Santa Clara County who were POW/MIA. The organization sold POW/MIA bracelets, sponsered a letter writing campaign, hosted talks and support groups, and coordinated with the National League of Families on events. Their two goals were to get all American POWs released and to get a full accounting of all the MIA servicemen. By the time the organization closed in 1974 they believed only the first goal had been completed.
The series contains correspondence, board meeting minutes and reports, newsletters, and member mailings related to the League. Comprised mostly of correspondence, the minutes and newsletters have gaps in their coverage of the three year life of the organization. The rest of the materials are related to the larger POW/MIA community in America.
Box-folder 9 : 1-3

Correspondence, 1971-1974

Box-folder 9 : 4

Board Meeting Minutes, 1971-1974

Box-folder 9 : 5

Newsletters, 1970-1975

Box-folder 9 : 6

Mailings, 1971-1973

Box-folder 9 : 7

Presidio Action League, 1973

Box-folder 9 : 8

Prisoners of War/Missing In Action International, 1972-1973

Scope and Contents note

This folder contains mailings distributed by Prisoners of War/Missing in Action International, an organizaiton dedicated to POW/MIAs in America and abroad.
Box-folder 9 : 9

Poster, undated

 

Subject Files, 1970-1974

Box-folder 11 : 2

City Proclamations, 1970

Scope and Contents note

Official procolomations from various American cities that call for the accounting of missing men and humane treatment of prisoners of war.
Box-folder 10 : 4

Congress, 1969-1975

Scope and Contents note

A small number of Congressional publications and reports related to the POW/MIA issue.
Box-folder 11 : 1

Department of Defense, 1971-1973

Scope and Contents note

Publications and statistic sheets produced by the Department of Defense about American servicemen that were prisoners of war or missing in action.
Box-folder 11 : 3

Evans, James J., 1965-1977

Scope and Contents note

Documents related to Commander James J. Evans, who went missing in action in 1965. Includes a copy of the telegram sent to his wife informing her of his status.
Box-folder 10 : 7

Laos Meeting, 1973

Scope and Contents note

Transcript, clippings, and written report on a meeting in Laos with members of the National League of Families and a Laos official. The meeting was meant to gain more information about American servicemen believed to be POWs or who were unaccounted for.
Box-folder 10 : 5-6

Military Social Events, 1969-1972

Scope and Contents note

Invitations and announcements to lunches and other social events at military bases in Northern California.
Box-folder 11 : 4

Peace Movements, 1971

Scope and Contents note

Materials related to American citizen peace efforts in order to stop the war in Vietnam.
Box-folder 10 : 1-3

Prisoners of War/ Missing in Action, 1970-1974

Scope and Contents note

Materials related to the Prisoner of War/Missing in Action movement in the United States but not directly related to the National League of Families or the POW/MIA League of Santa Clara County.
 

Photographs, 1966-1972

Box-folder 11 : 5

Prisoners of War Photographs, 1966-1970

Scope and Contents note

Photographs include Lieutenant Commander H. A. Stafford, Lieutenant Commander John S. McCain, Lieutenant James J. Connell, Lieutenant D. G. Rehman, D. B. Hegdahl, Captain M. N. Jones, Lieutenant Robert F. Frishman, and Lieutenant Colonel J. L. Hughes as prisoners of war. Folder also contains four negatives and two slides.
Box-folder 11 : 6

Unidentified Images, 1969

Scope and Contents note

Two images of unidentified servicemen, one image of an unidentified group of people, an image with accompanying letter from an Open House at the California Air Station in 1969, and a photohraph of a political cartoon with accompanying letter from 1974.
Box-folder 11 : 7

Navy Times Photograph, 2 April 1972

Scope and Contents note

A photo contact sheet of nine images from a POW/MIA event. One of the images was then developed and pasted to a photograph of the Golden Gate Bridge to create a new altered image. The pasted photograph, an 8 x 10 inch negative of the altered image, and three prints of the altered image are all contained in the folder.
Box-folder 11 : 8

Family Day, undated

Scope and Contents note

Six photographs from a Family day at the Naval Air Station in Alameda, California. The photographs are undated but most likely between the years of 1968 and 1977.
 

Printed Matter, 1965-1994

Scope and Contents note

A large portion of this series is pamphlets related to the Prisoner of War/Missing in Action issue or the conflict in Southeast Asia from 1960 through 1975. Pamphlets are mostly informational, however there are a few that are meant as guides for people to get involved. Notably the Snapshots of Life of Captured United States Pilots in the Detention Camps of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam is a piece of propoganda published by the Vietnam Committee for Solidarity with the American People contesting accusations of inhumane treatment of prisoners. Additionally, there are a few periodicals and unpublished fact sheets.
 

Clippings, 1969-1994

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains newspaper clippings collected by the creator. The original folder titles have been retained when possible and loose clippings were put into a general folder.
Box-folder 11 : 9-12

General, 1970-1994

Box-folder 12 : 1

1990,

Box-folder 12 : 2

1993,

Box-folder 12 : 3

Bracelets, 1971-1973

Box-folder 12 : 4

Laos, 1972-1982

Box-folder 12 : 5-6

Lockhart, 1969-1970

Box-folder 12 : 7

McGovern, 1972

Box-folder 12 : 8

Missing in Action, 1973-1982

Box-folder 12 : 9-10

Prisoners of War, 1971-1982

Box-folder 12 : 11

United States and Nixon, 1972-1981

Box-folder 13 : 1-2

Vietnam, 1972-1982

Box-folder 13 : 3

Wives and Families, 1972-1981

Box-folder 13 : 4

Air Force and Space Digest, 1969-1970

Box-folder 13 : 5

Cal-Vet Newsletter, 1972-1973

Box-folder 13 : 6

Newsweek, 26 February 1973

Box-folder 13 : 7

In Brief for the P.O.W., A Catch-up on News from Missing Years, 1965-1972

Box-folder 13 : 8

Commanders Digest, 1972-1974

Box-folder 13 : 9

Navy Wifeline, Fall 1971

Box-folder 13 : 10

Ladycom, February 1973

Box-folder 13 : 11

The Oak Leaf, 23 February 1973

Box-folder 13 : 12

Medical Service Digest, November 1973

Box-folder 13 : 13

Missing in Action, Prisoner of War: A Primer, 1971

Box-folder 13 : 14

Hanoi, Release the Prisoners, 1971-1972

Box-folder 13 : 15

Aerospace Speech Series: Prisoner of War/Missing in Action, September 1971

Box-folder 13 : 16

Snapshots of Life of Captured United States Pilots in the Detention Camps of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, 1969-1974

Box-folder 13 : 17

Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Fact Sheets, 1970-1972

Box-folder 13 : 18

Department of Defense Information Pamphlet for Families of United States Servicemen Who are Prisoners of War or are Missing in Action in Southeast Asia , 22 September 1972

Box-folder 13 : 19

Miscellaneous, 1969-1973

Scope and Contents note

This folder contains four pamphlets unrelated to the overall topic of Prisoners of War/Missing in Action. The titles include the Fremont Rotary Opinion from 17 January 1973, If You Want Air Time: A Handbook for Publicity Chairmen, Alameda Meals-On-Wheels, and How to Display and Respect the Flag of the United States.
Box-folder 13 : 20

Gist: A Quick Reference Aid on United States Foreign Relations Primarily for Government Use, September 1971

Box-folder 13 : 21

Citizens Prisoner of War and Missing in Action Assistance Program, March 1970

Box-folder 13 : 22

In the Name of Humanity...Write On!, March 1971

Box-folder 13 : 23

Birth of a Cause: Colorado Springs and the American Prisoner of War, 1970-1973

Box-folder 13 : 24

Ten Myths About Vietnam, December 1969

Box-folder 13 : 25

Legislative Guide for the Military, January 1971

Box-folder 13 : 26

National Guard Association of the United States: 24th Annual Conference, Septemeber 1972