Inventory of the Gerard William Kelley papers

Finding aid prepared by Natasha Porfirenko.
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2009, 2014

Title: Gerard William Kelley papers
Date (inclusive): 1942-1944
Collection Number: 70009
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 2 manuscript boxes, 1 envelope, 1 album box (1.3 linear feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, diary, orders, memoranda, and photographs, relating to American military operations on Saipan, the Marianas, Makin Atoll, and elsewhere in the Pacific Theater during World War II.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Kelley, Gerard William


Collection is open for research.
Access to audiovisual materials requires at least two weeks advance notice. Audiovisual materials include sound recordings, video recordings, and motion picture film. Hoover staff will determine whether use copies of the materials requested can be made available. Some materials may not be accessible even with advance notice. Please contact the Hoover Institution Archives for further information.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Gerard William Kelley papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1970.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical/Historical Note

Gerard William Kelley, 1903-1969. Brigadier general in the United States Army. Commanding officer, 165th Infantry Regiment, 1943-1945.

Scope and Content of Collection

Colonel Gerard W. Kelley, Infantry, United States Army. For Meritorious service in connection with military operations against the enemy at Saipan*, Marianas Island, during the period 16-28 June 1944. Colonel Kelley accompanied the landing of the two battalions. The attack was launched despite heavy mortar and artillery fire, and due to sound planning and able leadership. After Colonel Kelley attacked and secured the strategically important airport, he then continued across the island and reached the east coast, south of Magicienne Bay, trapping a large number of Japanese on Nafutan Peninsula. His swift and relentless attack demoralized the enemy and rendered useless well-prepared plans for the defense of the airfield. Colonel Kelley was wounded 28 June 1944, and was evacuated several days later.
[Citation, Headquarters 27th Infantry Division, 1945 January 17]
Collection includes correspondence, diary, orders, memoranda, and photographs, relating to American military operations on Saipan, the Marianas, Makin Atoll, and elsewhere in the Pacific Theater during World War II.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 165th.
Makin Atoll, Battle of, Kiribati, 1943.
World War, 1939-1945--Amphibious operations.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Mariana Islands.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean.


165th Infantry, 1942-1945

Box: 1

Orders, special orders, memorandum, and other restricted materials regarding information covering the island of Hawaii, 1942-1945. Headquarters, Hawaiian Department, Office of the Department of Engineer, 1942-1945

Box: 1

Correspondence, Headquarters 165th Infantry, APO 27, San Francisco, California, 1944-1945

Box: 1

Record of Operation FORAGER. Unit Journal, 1944 January16-August 16


Controversial publications (dealing with battle of Saipan, concerning the 27th Division), 1944-1945

Box: 1

Campaign in the Marianas manuscript, by Dr. Philip A. Crowl, 1954-1955

Box: 1

Review of the muscript by author, Dr. Philip A. Crowl,

Box: 1

Resume of Gerard Kelley's experience as a member of the review panel to discuss the manuscript, 1955

Box: 1

Correspondence with extensive comments, 1954-1955

Box: 1

The General Smiths article, Time magazine, 1944 September 18, 1944-1945

Box: 1

Gerard Kelley review of the article, 1944 Ocotober 21

Box: 1

Refutation of article, 1944-1945

Box: 1

Secret special operations map, Saipan area, 1944 March


Colonel Gerard W. Kelley file, 1942-1945

Box: 1

Notes and diaries, 1942-1944

Box: 1

1942 Diary

Box: 1

1943 Diary

Box: 1

1943-1944 (Makin and Saipan), notes and diary, 1943-1944

Box: 1

Citation, to accompany General Orders. Headquarters, 165th Infantry, 1945 January 17


Printed matter, 1943-1946

Box: 2

"Saipan: Eyewitness Tells of Island Fight," by Robert Sherrod, magazine article, undated,

Box: 2

Clippings, 1943

Box: 2

Capture of Makin (20 November-24 November 1943) Historical Division, War Department, Washington, D. C., 1946



Envelope mA

21 prints depicting activities of the 165th Infantry in the Pacific area in World War II, 1943

Photographs f

Album depicting the battle of Makin Atoll, Butaritari, and the Gilbert Islands fought by the 165th Infantry, Nov. 20-23, 1943