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Finding Aid for the Ravi Kalia Collection Relating to the Planning of Chandigarh, Punjab, India, ca. 1967-1983
1364  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content
  • Organization and Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Ravi Kalia Collection Relating to the Planning of Chandigarh, Punjab, India,
    Date (inclusive): ca. 1967-1983
    Collection number: 1364
    Creator: Kalia, Ravi
    Extent: 6 boxes (3 linear ft.)
    Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Dept. of Special Collections.
    Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
    Abstract: With the partition of India in 1947, Lahore, the ancient capital of the Indian state of Punjab, became part of Pakistan. As other towns served as the temporary capital, a site at the center of the Indian state was chosen to create an entirely new capital city. The first Chandigarh plan was prepared by Albert Mayer, a New York architect who had spent time in India in World War II. From his basic plan, the French architect Le Corbusier continued, assisted by his cousin, Pierre Jeanneret, and the English couple E. Maxwell Fry and Jane B. Drew, in turn assisted by various Indian professionals. Meyer's plan incorporated neighborhood sector concepts and green belts. The collection consists of government publications and photocopies of memos, documents, contracts, correspondence, and articles from journals relating to the development of Chandigarh and the theory of urban planning.
    Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

    Property rights to the physical object belong to the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

    Restrictions on Access

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Advance notice required for access.

    Provenance/Source of Acquisition

    Ravi Kalia, purchase, 1984.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Ravi Kalia Collection Relating to the Planning of Chandigarh, Punjab, India (Collection 1364). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles.

    Biography

    With the partition of India in 1947, Lahore, the ancient capital of the Indian state of Punjab, became part of Pakistan. As other towns served as the temporary capital, a site at the center of the Indian state was chosen to create an entirely new capital city. The first Chandigarh plan was prepared by Albert Mayer, a New York architect who had spent time in India in World War II. From his basic plan, the French architect Le Corbusier continued, assisted by his cousin, Pierre Jeanneret, and the English couple E. Maxwell Fry and Jane B. Drew, in turn assisted by various Indian professionals. Meyer's plan incorporated neighborhood sector concepts and green belts.

    Biographical Narrative

    With the partition of India in 1947, Lahore, the ancient capital of the state of Punjab, went to Pakistan. After temporary capitals, a site at the center of the state was chosen - for its central location, natural features, and inspiring setting - to create an entirely new city. This offered various planners and architects the opportunity to put into practice their theories of urban planning and prived later theorists with a project for study. The first Chandigarh plan was prepared by Albert Mayer, a New York architect who had spent time in India in World War II. From his basic plan, the French architect Le Corbusier continued, assisted by his cousin, Piere Jeanneret, and the English couple E. Maxwell Fry and Jane B. Drew, in turn assisted by various Indian professionals.

    Scope and Content

    Collection consists of government publications and photocopies of memos, documents, contracts, correspondence, and articles from journals relating to the development of Chandigarh and the theory of urban planning. Includes blueprints, maps, brochures, audiotape interviews with planners, and publications relating to political problems and conflicts of Chandigarh and the Punjab.

    Expanded Scope and Content

    These materials were assembled by Ravi Kalia for his dissertation, completed in the UCLA Department of History, 1984. The materials consist of government publications and photocopies of memos, documents, contracts, correspondence, and articles from journals relating to the development of Chandigarh and the theory of urban planning. There is a small amount of correspondence iniitiated by Mr. Kalia, notably a letter from Maxwell Fry, detailing his attitudes toward the work of Le Corbusier. The papers document the reality of this city which Jawaharlal Nehru saw as “symbolic of the freedom of India unfettered by the traditions of the past.” Mayer's plan incorporated neighborhood sector concepts and green belts and the architects sought (in Drew's words) to “combine something of the philosophic detachment of the east with the industrialization of the west.” later items in the collection give details of the present-day political difficulties.

    Organization and Arrangement

    Arranged in the following series:
    1. Albert Mayer, E. Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew, and Jeet Malhotra (Box 1).
    2. Le Corbusier, Jawaharlal Nehru, M.S. Randhawa (Box 2).
    3. Articles, clippings, blueprints, maps, brochures, and cassette interviews of city planning and Chandigarh (Box 3).
    4. Government publications (Boxes 4-5).
    5. Draft of Chandigarh regional plan and publications relating to Chandigarh and the Punjab (Box 6).

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Kalia, Ravi--Archives.
    City planning--India--Chandigarh--Archival resources.
    Punjab (India)--History--Sources.