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The Finding Aid of the Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. records 0234
0234  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Preferred Citation
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Organization
  • Historical note
  • Scope and Content
  • Acquisition note
  • Related Archival Materials

  • Title: Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. records
    Collection number: 0234
    Contributing Institution: USC Libraries Special Collections
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 4.0 Linear feet 4 boxes
    Date: 1976-1980
    Abstract: Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. was a case in which the California Supreme Court ordered the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) to formulate a feasible plan to desegregate its schools. In 1977, the LAUSD came up with a plan that was later deemed one of, if not the most, drastic plans of mandatory student reassignment in the nation. The collection consists of court case transcripts, court exhibits, depositions, reports, office memos, correspondence, articles clippings, notes, files from the superintendent's office, plans considered in desegregating schools, and other miscellaneous documents from the time the defense was being prepared. The collection dates from 1976-1980.
    creator: Los Angeles Unified School District.

    Conditions Governing Access

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. Advance notice required for access.

    Preferred Citation

    [Box/folder# or item name], Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. records, Collection no. 0234, Regional History Collections, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

    Conditions Governing Use

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Regional History Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Organization

    The records are organized into six series: Court Records, Reports Entered in Case, Office of Superintendent, Aguilar v. Board of Education, Phillip B. Jordan Memos, and William J. Johnston Memos. Original order was kept in organizing the collection and for the most part, original folder titles and series names were used in describing the materials.

    Historical note

    Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. was a case in which the California Supreme Court ordered the Los Angeles Unified School District to formulate a feasible plan to desegregate its schools. In 1977 the LAUSD came up with a plan that was later deemed one of if not the most drastic plans of mandatory student reassignment in the nation. The board proposed a desegregation busing plan which would be implemented in 1978. In response to the proposal the group Bustop Inc. filed two lawsuits which were petitioned to the United States Supreme Court to stop the enforced busing plan. Both lawsuits were titled Bustop, Inc. v. Los Angeles Board of Education and the Supreme Court denied both petitions.
    Following the proposed busing plan, California voters ratified California Constitutional Proposition 1 to stop mandatory pupil reassignment and busing within the LAUSD unless the reassignment was mandated by a federal court to remedy a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Federal Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment. The proposition passed in 1979 with 70% of the vote. In 1982, the Supreme Court heard the case and the Court agreed that Proposition 1 did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment.
    Wikipedia contributors, "Desegregation busing in the United States," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desegregation_busing_in_the_United_States (accessed December 21, 2010).

    Scope and Content

    The collection consists of court case transcripts, court exhibits, depositions, reports, office memos, correspondence, article clippings, notes, files from the superintendent's office, plans considered in desegregating schools, and other miscellaneous documents from the time the defense was being prepared, 1976-1980.

    Acquisition note

    The collection was transferred from USC's Education Library to Special Collections in December, 1991.

    Related Archival Materials

    Paul Egly Papers (Collection 1282). Available at Department of Special Collections, UCLA.
    The Desegregation Collection 1976-1983 (Collection 56). Available at the Chicano Studies Research Center, UCLA.
    Los Angeles School Monitoring Committee Records (Collection 1291). Available at Department of Special Collections, UCLA.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Arias, M. Beatriz
    Bustop (Organization).
    Carillo, Jess M.
    Crawford, Mary Ellen
    Farley, Reynolds, 1938-
    Johnston, William J.
    Jordan, Phillip B.
    Los Angeles (Calif.). Board of Education.
    Los Angeles Unified School District. Office of Government Relations.
    Orfield, Gary
    Pettigrew, Thomas F.
    Rabinovitz, Francine F.
    Correspondence
    Education--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
    Law reporting--Archival resources
    Los Angeles (Calif.)--Archival resources
    Reports
    School integration--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
    School integration--Law and legislation--Archival resources
    Segregation in education--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
    Transcripts