A Guide to the The Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) Los Angeles Hearings Video Collection, 1981.



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Nikkei for Civil Rights and Redress and Visual Communications
Title: The Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) Los Angeles Hearings Video Collection
Dates: 1981
Language: Materials are in English and Japanese.
Accession No: 2012-03
Extent: 13 DVDs; digital files.

Creator Sketch

The Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) was created through the passage of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians Act in July 1980. The Commission explored the implementation of Executive Order 9066, its effects, and related actions of Japanese-American internment during World War II.
The Commission’s final report, entitled Personal Justice Denied, stated that the causes of the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans included wartime hysteria, racial prejudice, and the failure of political leadership. The commission proposed that monetary reparations be paid to those Japanese Americans who were interned. The report and conclusions of the CWRIC was critical to the passage of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 that granted monetary compensation to former internees and issued a government apology.

Scope and Contents

The Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) Los Angeles Hearings Video Collection,1981, consists of approximately 26 hours of video testimonies, transcripts, and summaries from the 1981 Los Angeles public hearings of the Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC). 157 participants, including historians, elected officials, Japanese Americans (including former internees), and community members testified during the three-day and one evening session at the Los Angeles State Building and the Little Tokyo Towers.
The testimonies cover personal stories of former internees and their children, in addition to the range of effects of Japanese American internment during World War II that cover property, business, and economic loss; psychological impact; health impact; mental health impact; impact of FBI activities; voluntary relocation experiences; educational impact; military and veteran experiences; search, seizure, and mistreatment; constitutional issues; and resettlement. These testimonies encouraged Japanese Americans to push for reparations.
Nikkei for Civil Rights and Redress (NCRR, then known as the National Coalition for Redress and Reparations) enlisted Visual Communications to videotape the 26 hours of Los Angeles hearings (just one of the two cities that had its hearings recorded). These digibeta tapes were later compiled into a 13-volume DVD set produced jointly by Visual Communications and NCRR entitled “Speak Out for Justice.” Digitization of these testimonies was funded in part by grants from the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program, Japanese American Community Services, the Aratani Foundation and with the help of many individual donors.

Organization and Arrangement

The holdings are organized into two series: I. Testimonies and II. Written materials. Materials are mostly in English; a select few are in Japanese.
Series I consists of the bulk of the collection and consists of video testimonies varying in length and detail. Series II contains short synopses of the testimonies, a Viewer’s Guide with summaries of the testimonies, and transcripts of the testimonies. Selected testimonies are available online at the Densho Digital Archive.

Alternate Format Available

Due to the fragility of the original magnetic tapes, the access DVDs should be viewed.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use. Advance notice required for access. Contact repository for appointment.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holders.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)

Allard, Dean C., 1933-
Amemiya, Chizu
Amemiya, Enosuke
Antonovich, Michael D.
Baker, Lillian
Boss, Larry
Bradley, Tom, 1917-1998
Chikahisa, Paul
Chuman, Frank F., 1917-
DeLoyd, Akiyo
Edelman, Edmund D.
Embrey, Sue Kunitomi
Farrell, Robert C.
Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006
Fujii, James T.
Fujikawa, Fred
Fujimoto, M. Jack, 1928-
Fujimura, Bunʾyū, 1910-
Fukai, Mas
Fujita, Katsuichi
Fukushima, Jun
Furutani, Warren
Goldberg, Arthur J.
Goto, James
Hamasaki, Charles
Hara, Ben
Hashimoto, Elsie
Hashimoto, Harry S.
Hayamizu, Robert
Hayakawa, S. I. (Samuel Ichiyé), 1906-1992
Hayashi, Ken
Himeno, Edward Terao
Cheng, Lucie
Hironaka, Masaaki
Holmes, Hannah Tomiko
Honda, Francis L.
Horiuchi, Akira
Ichioka, Yuji
Ikemoto, Yoshio
Imahara, David
Imai, Judy
Imoshita, Mas
Inouye, Daniel K., 1924-2012
Ishizuka, Mary
Iwasaki, Mary
Kadomatsu, Marian
Kaji, Bruce
Kamei, Hiroshi
Kawahara, Harry
Kawaminami, Jim
Kawamoto, Harry
Kight, Morris, 1919-2003
Kikumura-Yano, Akemi, 1944-
Kinada, Thomas
King, Ernest Joseph, 1878-1956
Kitagawa, Frances C.
Kizu, June
Knox, Frank, 1874-1944
Kumamoto, Junji
Kuramoto, Ford Hajime
Kurihara, Mary F.
Lundgren, Daniel
Machida, Michiko
Marumoto, Barbara
Masaoka, Kathryn Nishimoto
Masaoka, Mark
Mass, Amy Iwasaki, 1935-
Matsuda, Ann
Matsuo, Dave Toru
Matsuoka, Jim
Matsushita, Marjorie
McGrath, H. Read
Meyer, Dillon S.
Miyamura, Hiroshi, 1925-
Miyashiro, Sheri
Mori, Kazuo
Morimoto, George
Morimoto, Linda
Morita, Carole Sei
Murakami, Henry
Murase, Ichiro Mike
Myers, Elsie Akita
Nabeta, Alfred
Nakagawa, Bill
Nakamura, Grace
Nakamura, Yoshio
Nakano, Roy
Nehira, Alice Tanabe
Nicholson, Herbert
Nishida, Mo
Nishikawa, Elizabeth
Nishio, Alan
Nishio, Esther Takei
Nishio, Jane
Nishizu, Clarence
Nozawa, Tsuye
O’Brien, Robert
Ochi, Rose Matsui, 1938-
Oda, Mary S.
Oda, Paul
Odagiri, Mary Fusako
Odoi, Mas
Ohara, Veronica K.
Ota, Mabel T.
Oekawa, Katsuyo
Ogata, Mamoru
Okamoto, Martha
Okrand, Fred
Okubo, Ruby
Ono, Yayoi Arakawa
Osaki, Rei
Ota, John J.
Ota, Peter K.
Reschke, Babe Toshiko
Ringle, K.D.
Roberts, John G.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
Roth, George K.
Roth, Irma Brudbaker
Sagawa, Paul
Saito, John J.
Saito, Tetsu
Sakai, Henry
Sanchez, Gilbert
Sasahara, Mitsuru
Sasaki, Chiyoko
Sasaki, Hideko
Sato, Gerald M.
Sato, Kuniko Okumura
Seki, Sumio
Senzaki, Miyo
Shigekuni, Phil
Shigeta, William
Shinkai, Bill
Shironaka, Beth
Sonoda, Kiyoshi
Sugita, Saburō, 1921-
Takei, George, 1937-
Tamai, Joyce S.
Tamaki, Henry S.
Tanibata, Masaharu
Taniwaki, Marge
Terakawa, Alan
Tomach, Morry
Tsuboi, Mr.
Tsuji, Jeff
Tsuneishi, Selly
Tsuneishi, Arthur
Uchiyama, Hiro
Usi, Mitsuo
Watanabe, Hector
Watanabe, Teru
Watanabe, Tom
Wiedman, Raymond
Yagura, Katsumi
Yamada, Henry S.
Yamamoto, Joe
Yamashita, Kiyo
Yamashita, Stanley
Yoshida, Ewan
Yoshioka, Vernon

Subjects (Organizations)

American Civil Liberties Union
American Friends Service Committee
Japanese American Citizens’ League
Life Magazine
Little Tokyo Peoples’ Rights Organization
Little Tokyo Service Center
Nikkei for Civil Rights and Redress
Rafu shinpō
San Francisco chronicle
United States. Army. Infantry Battalion, 100th
United States. Army. Regimental Combat Team, 442nd
United States. Army. Signal Corps
United States. Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation
United States. Joint Chiefs of Staff
United States. Selective Service System
United States. Supreme Court
United States. War Relocation Authority
Veterans' hospitals--California, Southern.
Visual Communications/Asian American Studies Central -- Archives.

Subjects

Atomic bomb
Bronze Star Medal (U.S.)
Buddhist priests
Discrimination
Emigration and immigration
Equality before the law-- United States.
Executive orders
Hostility (Psychology)
Interrogations
Japanese Americans
Japanese American soldiers
Japanese American veterans
Japanese Americans--Civil rights.
Japanese Americans--Economic conditions--20th century.
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945.
Japanese Americans--Hawaii.
Japanese--Peru
Loyalty oaths--United States
Martial law--United States.
Medal of Honor.
Mental illness--United States.
Military life
Minorities--Political activity.
Model minority stereotype
Nationalism and education--Japan
Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Attack on, 1941
Personal property--United States.
Pledge of Allegiance
Poor--Health and hygiene.
Propaganda, Anti-Japanese
Race discrimination
Reparations for historical injustices
Sensationalism in journalism
Social justice--United States.
United States. Constitution. 1st-10th Amendments
United States. Immigration Act of 1924. Japanese
United States. War Powers Resolution.
War propaganda--United States.
World War II

Places

Bainbridge Island (Wash.)
Camp Joseph T. Robinson (Ark.)
Camp Livingston (La.)
Central Utah Relocation Center
Chicago (Ill.)
Crystal City Internment Camp (Crystal City, Tex.)
Denver (Colo.)
Fort Collins (Colo.)
Fort Lincoln (Washington, D.C.)
Fresno County (Calif.)
Gardena (Calif.)
Gila River Relocation Center
Heart Mountain Relocation Center (Wyo.)
Kodiak (Alaska)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
Little Tokyo (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Manzanar War Relocation Center
Minidoka Relocation Center
Missoula County (Mont.)
New Orleans (La.)
Petaluma (Calif.)
Portland Livestock Center
Rohwer Relocation Center (Ark.)
Sand Island (Oahu, Hawaii)
Santa Anita (Calif.)
Stockton Assembly Center
Tacoma (Wash.)
Telluride (Colo.)
Terminal Island (Calif.)
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Arizona--Poston.

Preferred Citation

The Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) Los Angeles Hearings Video Collection, 1981. Nikkei for Civil Rights and Redress and Visual Communications Archives.

Related Material

See also Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) Redress Video Collection, 1988-1991, undated (2012-01).

Processing Information

This collection was digitized in 2008. Processed and arranged by Helen Kim in October 2012. Finding aid written in October 2012 and encoded in February 2013 by Helen Kim.

Detailed Description of the Materials

 

Inventory

 

Testimonies

dvd 2012-03/12129

Volume 1

 

S.I. Hayakawa, U.S. Senator

 

Barbara Marumoto, Hawaii House of Representatives

 

Edmund Edelman, L.A. County Supervisor

 

Tom Bradley, Mayor of Los Angeles

 

Mas Fukai, Gardena (CA) City Councilman

 

Frank Chuman

 

Enosuke and Chizu Amemiya

 

Katsuichi Fujita

dvd 2012-03/12130

Volume 2

 

Clarence Nishizu

 

Veronica K. Ohara

 

Akiyo DeLoyd

 

Joyce S. Tamai

 

Mary S. Oda

 

Mary F. Kurihara

 

Mabel T. Ota

 

Katsuyo Oekawa

 

Sally Tsuneishi

 

Henry S. Yamada

 

Alfred Nabeta

 

Robert O’Brien

 

Morris Kight

 

Harry Kawahara

 

Phil Shigekuni

dvd 2012-03/12131

Volume 3

 

Hannah Tomiko Holmes

 

Raymond Wiedman

 

Roy Nakano

 

Alan Nishio

 

Mike Murase

 

George Takei

 

William Shigeta

 

Elizabeth Nishikawa

 

Irma Brudbaker Roth

 

Ken Hayashi

 

Katsumi Yagura

dvd 2012-03/12140

Volume 4

 

Mary Kurihara

 

Tom Watanabe

 

Henry Sakai

 

Joe Yamamoto

 

Dillon Meyer

 

Robert Farrell, L.A. City Councilman

 

Thomas Kinada

 

Hiroshi Miyamura

 

Paul Oda

 

Jim Kawaminami

 

Jun Fukushima

 

Mitsuo Usi

 

Paul Sagawa

 

Robert Hayamizu

 

Tsuye Nozawa

dvd 2012-03/12133

Volume 5

 

Reverend Bunyu Fujimura

 

Jack Fujimoto

 

Fred Fujikawa

 

Bill Nakagawa

 

Sumio Seki

 

Arthur Tsuneishi

 

Mitsuru Sasahara

 

Ewan Yoshida

dvd 2012-03/12134

Volume 6

 

Dave Toru Matsuo

 

June Kizu

 

Sue Embrey

 

Beth Shironaka

 

Masaaki Hironaka

 

Akira Horiuchi

 

Harry Kawamoto

 

Elsie Hashimoto

 

Harry Hashimoto

 

Francis L. Honda

 

David Imahara

dvd 2012-03/12137

Volume 7

 

Miyo Senzaki

 

George Morimoto

 

Warren Furutani

 

Gilbert Sanchez

 

Elsie Akita Myers

 

Charles Hamasaki

 

Ben Hara

 

Mark Masaoka

 

Marjorie Matsushita

 

Alice Tanabe Nehira

 

James Goto

dvd 2012-03/12135

Volume 8

 

Kiyoshi Sonoda

 

Larry Boss

 

Mary Ishizuka

 

Ann Matsuda

 

Jim Matsuoka

 

Noboru Nakamoto

 

Kathryn Nishimoto Masaoka

 

Kuniko Okumura Sato

 

Yayoi Arakawa Ono

 

Hector Watanabe

 

Dean C. Allard

 

Tetsu Saito (Japanese)

 

Kiyo Yamashita (Japanese)

dvd 2012-03/12288

Volume 9

 

Saburo Sugita

 

Mamoru Ogata

 

Masaharu Tanibata

 

Henry Murakami

 

Stanley Yamashita

 

Amy Iwasaki Mass

 

Paul Chikahisa

 

Babe Toshiko Reschke

 

Morry Tomach

 

Edward Terao Himeno

 

Ford Hajime Kuramoto

 

James T. Fujii

dvd 2012-03/12268

Volume 10

 

Michiko Machida

 

Chiyoko Sasaki

 

Rei Osaki

 

Peter K. Ota

 

John J. Ota

 

John J. Saito

 

Linda Morimoto

 

Vernon Yoshioka

 

Esther Takei Nishio

 

Frances C. Kitagawa

 

Mary Fusako Odagiri

 

Hideko Sasaki

 

Henry S. Tamaki

 

Hiro Uchiyama

 

Michael Antonovich, L.A. County Supervisor

 

Fred Okrand

dvd 2012-03/12269

Volume 11

 

Junji Kumamoto

 

Alan Terakawa

 

Carole Sei Morita

 

Rose Matsui Ochi

 

Gerald M. Sato

 

H. Read McGrath

 

George K. Roth

 

Reverend Herbert Nicholson

 

Lucie Cheng Hirata

 

Yuji Ichioka

dvd 2012-03/12138

Volume 12

 

Akemi Kikumura

 

Sheri Miyashiro

 

Yoshio Ikemoto

 

Mas Imoshita

 

Hiroshi Kamei

 

Teru Watanabe

 

Yoshio Nakamura

 

Grace Nakamura

 

Mas Odoi

 

Jeff Tsuji

 

Bruce Kaji

 

Kazuo Mori

 

Marian Kadomatsu

 

Ruby Okubo

 

Judy Imai

dvd 2012-03/12139

Volume 13 (Evening Session)

 

Larry Boss

 

Mary Iwasaki

 

Frank Endo

 

Martha Okamoto

 

Marge Taniwaki

 

Mo Nishida

 

Jane Nishio

 

Bill Shinkai

 

Ewan Yoshida

 

Mary Oda

 

Linda Morimoto

 

Mr. Tsuboi

 

Written Documents

 

Transcripts

 

Summaries

 

Viewer's Companion