Scope and Contents
Organization and Arrangement
Alternate Format Available
Nikkei for Civil Rights and Redress and Visual Communications
Title: The Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) Los Angeles Hearings Video Collection
Language: Materials are in English and Japanese.
Accession No: 2012-03
Extent: 13 DVDs; digital files.
The Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) was created through the passage of the
Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians Act in July 1980. The Commission explored the implementation
of Executive Order 9066, its effects, and related actions of Japanese-American internment during World War II.
The Commission’s final report, entitled
Personal Justice Denied, stated that the
causes of the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans included wartime hysteria, racial prejudice, and the failure
leadership. The commission proposed that monetary reparations be paid to those Japanese Americans who were interned.
report and conclusions of the CWRIC was critical to the passage of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 that granted monetary
compensation to former internees and issued a government apology.
Scope and Contents
The Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) Los Angeles Hearings Video Collection,1981,
consists of approximately 26 hours of video testimonies, transcripts, and summaries from the 1981 Los Angeles public hearings
of the Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC). 157 participants, including historians,
elected officials, Japanese Americans (including former internees), and community members testified during the three-day
and one evening session at the Los Angeles State Building and the Little Tokyo Towers.
The testimonies cover personal stories of former internees and their children, in addition to the range of effects
of Japanese American internment during World War II that cover property, business, and economic loss; psychological
impact; health impact; mental health impact; impact of FBI activities; voluntary relocation experiences; educational
impact; military and veteran experiences; search, seizure, and mistreatment; constitutional issues; and resettlement.
These testimonies encouraged Japanese Americans to push for reparations.
Nikkei for Civil Rights and Redress (NCRR, then known as the National Coalition for Redress and Reparations) enlisted
Visual Communications to videotape the 26 hours of Los Angeles hearings (just one of the two cities that had its hearings
recorded). These digibeta tapes were later compiled into a 13-volume DVD set produced jointly by Visual Communications
and NCRR entitled “Speak Out for Justice.” Digitization of these testimonies was funded in part by grants from the
California Civil Liberties Public Education Program, Japanese American Community Services, the Aratani Foundation and
the help of many individual donors.
Organization and Arrangement
The holdings are organized into two series: I. Testimonies and II. Written materials.
Materials are mostly in English; a select few are in Japanese.
Series I consists of the bulk of the collection and consists of video testimonies varying in length and detail. Series II
contains short synopses of the testimonies, a Viewer’s Guide with summaries of the testimonies, and transcripts of the
Selected testimonies are available online at the Densho Digital Archive.
Alternate Format Available
Due to the fragility of the original magnetic tapes, the access DVDs should be viewed.
This collection is open for research use. Advance notice required for access. Contact repository for appointment.
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holders.
Allard, Dean C., 1933-
Antonovich, Michael D.
Bradley, Tom, 1917-1998
Chuman, Frank F., 1917-
Edelman, Edmund D.
Embrey, Sue Kunitomi
Farrell, Robert C.
Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006
Fujii, James T.
Fujimoto, M. Jack, 1928-
Fujimura, Bunʾyū, 1910-
Goldberg, Arthur J.
Hashimoto, Harry S.
Hayakawa, S. I. (Samuel Ichiyé), 1906-1992
Himeno, Edward Terao
Holmes, Hannah Tomiko
Honda, Francis L.
Inouye, Daniel K., 1924-2012
Kight, Morris, 1919-2003
Kikumura-Yano, Akemi, 1944-
King, Ernest Joseph, 1878-1956
Kitagawa, Frances C.
Knox, Frank, 1874-1944
Kuramoto, Ford Hajime
Kurihara, Mary F.
Masaoka, Kathryn Nishimoto
Mass, Amy Iwasaki, 1935-
Matsuo, Dave Toru
McGrath, H. Read
Meyer, Dillon S.
Miyamura, Hiroshi, 1925-
Morita, Carole Sei
Murase, Ichiro Mike
Myers, Elsie Akita
Nehira, Alice Tanabe
Nishio, Esther Takei
Ochi, Rose Matsui, 1938-
Oda, Mary S.
Odagiri, Mary Fusako
Ohara, Veronica K.
Ota, Mabel T.
Ono, Yayoi Arakawa
Ota, John J.
Ota, Peter K.
Reschke, Babe Toshiko
Roberts, John G.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
Roth, George K.
Roth, Irma Brudbaker
Saito, John J.
Sato, Gerald M.
Sato, Kuniko Okumura
Sugita, Saburō, 1921-
Takei, George, 1937-
Tamai, Joyce S.
Tamaki, Henry S.
Yamada, Henry S.
American Civil Liberties Union
American Friends Service Committee
Japanese American Citizens’ League
Little Tokyo Peoples’ Rights Organization
Little Tokyo Service Center
Nikkei for Civil Rights and Redress
San Francisco chronicle
United States. Army. Infantry Battalion, 100th
United States. Army. Regimental Combat Team, 442nd
United States. Army. Signal Corps
United States. Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation
United States. Joint Chiefs of Staff
United States. Selective Service System
United States. Supreme Court
United States. War Relocation Authority
Veterans' hospitals--California, Southern.
Visual Communications/Asian American Studies Central -- Archives.
Bronze Star Medal (U.S.)
Emigration and immigration
Equality before the law-- United States.
Japanese American soldiers
Japanese American veterans
Japanese Americans--Civil rights.
Japanese Americans--Economic conditions--20th century.
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945.
Loyalty oaths--United States
Martial law--United States.
Medal of Honor.
Mental illness--United States.
Model minority stereotype
Nationalism and education--Japan
Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Attack on, 1941
Personal property--United States.
Pledge of Allegiance
Poor--Health and hygiene.
Reparations for historical injustices
Sensationalism in journalism
Social justice--United States.
United States. Constitution. 1st-10th Amendments
United States. Immigration Act of 1924. Japanese
United States. War Powers Resolution.
War propaganda--United States.
World War II
Bainbridge Island (Wash.)
Camp Joseph T. Robinson (Ark.)
Camp Livingston (La.)
Central Utah Relocation Center
Crystal City Internment Camp (Crystal City, Tex.)
Fort Collins (Colo.)
Fort Lincoln (Washington, D.C.)
Fresno County (Calif.)
Gila River Relocation Center
Heart Mountain Relocation Center (Wyo.)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
Little Tokyo (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Manzanar War Relocation Center
Minidoka Relocation Center
Missoula County (Mont.)
New Orleans (La.)
Portland Livestock Center
Rohwer Relocation Center (Ark.)
Sand Island (Oahu, Hawaii)
Santa Anita (Calif.)
Stockton Assembly Center
Terminal Island (Calif.)
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Arizona--Poston.
The Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) Los Angeles Hearings Video Collection, 1981.
Nikkei for Civil Rights and Redress and Visual Communications Archives.
See also Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) Redress Video Collection, 1988-1991, undated (2012-01).
This collection was digitized in 2008. Processed and arranged by Helen Kim in October 2012.
Finding aid written in October 2012 and encoded in February 2013 by Helen Kim.