Finding aid for the 1952 Steel Crisis pamphlets 6011

Finding aid prepared by Glenid Rivera-Cuevas
USC Libraries Special Collections
Doheny Memorial Library 206
3550 Trousdale Parkway
Los Angeles, California, 90089-0189
2012 September

Title: 1952 Steel Crisis pamplets
Collection number: 6011
Contributing Institution: USC Libraries Special Collections
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 0.21 Linear feet 1 box
Date: 1947-1952, 1967 (bulk 1952)
Abstract: Collection of pamphlets from various unions and the United States government about the conflicts and strikes in the first administration of President Harry S. Truman.

Historical note

In the United States the end of World War II was followed by an uneasy transition from war to a peacetime economy. President Truman was faced with the renewal of labor disputes that had remained in a dormant state during the war years, severe shortages in housing and consumer products, and widespread dissatisfaction with inflation, which at one point rose by 6% in a single month. In this polarized environment, a wave of strikes destabilized major industries, and Truman's response to them was generally seen as ineffective. In the spring of 1946, a national railway strike, which had never happened in the country, led virtually all passengers and their luggage to remain at a standstill for over a month. When the railway workers and coal miners turned down a proposed settlement, Truman seized control of the railways and threatened to deal with the issue of striking workers with use of the armed forces. While delivering a speech before Congress requesting authority for this plan, Truman received the news that the strike had been settled.
In the 1950s the administration of President Truman experienced additional strikes that provoked a number of national crises. The steel strike of 1952 was organized by the United Steel Workers of America against the steel industry. The strike was set to begin on April 9, 1952, but Truman nationalized the American steel industry hours before it began. In response to bitter disagreements over wage and price controls between the union membership and leadership, Truman instructed his Secretary of Commerce, Charles W. Sawyer, to take control of a number of steel mills. Truman cited his authority as Commander in Chief and the need to maintain an uninterrupted supply of steel for munitions for use in the Korean War. The Supreme Court found Truman's actions unconstitutional and reversed the order in a major separation of powers, Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer. The 6-3 decision stated that Truman's assertion of authority was too vague and was not rooted in congressional legislative action.

Conditions Governing Access

COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. Advance notice required for access.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Manuscripts Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

[Box/folder# or item name], 1952 Steel Crisis pamphlets, Collection no. 6011, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

Scope and Content

Pamphlets from unions and the United States goverment advocating for and/or condemning the seizure of the steel industry in 1952. Also included in the collection is a copy of the New York State Labor Law of 1927, a magazine of the 11th Convention of the UAW-CIO, and a pamphlet published by the Telephone workers union about their strike.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Inland Steel Company. -- Archives
International Union, United Automobile Workers of America (CIO). -- Archives
Jones & Laughlin Steel Company. -- Archives
Marshall, Walter P. -- Archives
Procter & Gamble Company. -- Archives
Randall, Clarence B. (Clarence Belden), 1891-1967 -- Archives
Republic Steel Corporation. -- Archives
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 -- Archives
United Steel Workers of America. -- Archives
Labor unions--United States--History--20th century--Archival resources
Steel industry and trade--United States--History--20th century--Archival resources
United States--History--20th century--Archival resources
United States--Politics and government--20th century--Archival resources

Box 1, Folder 1

A Senseless Strike 1952 April 22

Scope and Content

Leaflet with the speech given on April 22, 1952 by Walter P. Marshall, President of The Western Union Telegraph Company over the Columbia Broadcasting System radio network in which he discusses the strike and the consequences for the general public.
Box 1, Folder 2

Seizure... the New Push Button Warfare on Business 1952 April 25

Scope and Content

Booklet with the address of Clarence B. Randall, President of Inland Steel Company, made before the National Press Club about the decision of President Truman to seize the steel industry.
Box 1, Folder 3

President Truman Discusses the Steel Crisis 1952 April 8

Language of Material: English

Scope and Content

Booklet with the radio and television address given by the President of the United States, Harry S. Truman, about the steel crisis. He explains the government's positon about the imminent strike and the crisis in the steel industry. In his address to the American people, the President explains the problems for the nation of this shut down, and why he decided to seize control of the steel industry.
Box 1, Folder 4

These are the facts, Mr. President 1952 April 9

Language of Material: English

Scope and Content

Booklet with the radio and television address by Clarence B. Randall, President of the Inland Steel Company, about his position on the steel crisis, in response to President Truman's intent to seize control of the steel industry.
Box 1, Folder 5

One step leads to another... circa 1952

Scope and Content

Mini comic booklet stating the position of the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America demanding repeal of the McCarran law.
Box 1, Folder 6

Michigan Labor Mediation Act 1947

Scope and Content

Copy of the Michigan Labor Mediation Act. Act No. 176 of the Public Acts of 1939 as emended by Act No. 318 of the Public Acts of 1947. This law created a board for the mediation of labor disputes, and to prescribe its powers and duties; to provide for the mediation and arbitration of labor disputes, and the holding of elections there on; to provide for the creation of arbitration boards; to regulate the conduct of parties to labor disputes and to require the parties to follow certain procedures; to regulate and limit the right to strike and picket; to protect the rights and privileges of employees, including the right to organize and engage in lawful concerted activities.
Box 1, Folder 7

Telephone workers seek only justice 1952

Box 1, Folder 8

These are the facts in the steel controversy 1952

Scope and Content

Booklet published by the steel companies explaining their position on the steel industry situation in 1952. In a group of arguments that they called "the facts of the steel industry", they explained how steel profits have declined since 1951.
Box 1, Folder 9

Side by Side... circa 1952

Scope and Content

Pamphet published by UE Publications explaining the position of the union in favor of equal treatment for all, and elimination of discrimination by sex or color of skin.
Box 1, Folder 10

Editorial judgment on the steel wage demands 1952 January 7

Scope and Content

Booklet published by Steel Companies in the Wage Case. In this publication there are a group of editorials and articles from different newspapers with the position of these companies against the position of the government. The items are from November 13, 1951 to December 29, 1951.
Box 1, Folder 11

Facts... about Union Shop 1952

Scope and Content

Booklet published by the United Steel Workers of America, CIO. A statement by the union about the benefits of maintaining a union shop contrary to continuing with a closed shop. In this booklet the union explains one by one why union shops bring benefits to union workers.
Box 1, Folder 12

The freeman lessons of the steel strike 1952 September 22

Scope and Content

Pamphlet written by Leo Wolman giving his opinions on the results of the steel strike.
Box 1, Folder 13

Charles E. Wilson's own story of break with Truman 1952 May 2

Scope and Content

Pamphlet with the interview given to the U.S. News & World Report by Charles E. Wilson, who was the Director of Defense Mobilization in charge of inflation control. Mr. Wilson resigned his position and broke with President Truman.
Box 1, Folder 14

A steelmaker discusses the issues 1952 January 11

Scope and Content

Pamphlet with the radio transcript of the address by Admiral Ben Moreell, Chairman of the Board and President of Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation.
Box 1, Folder 15

In the Great Tradition 11th Convention, UAW-CIO 1947

Scope and Content

Magazine of the 11th Convention of UAW-CIO.
Box 1, Folder 16

These are the facts Mr. President as viewed by the press 1952 April 14

Scope and Content

Booklet with items from differents newspapers stating the positions and opinions of the steel companies.
Box 1, Folder 17

The union shop?... Yes, but there are other major issues in the steel dispute 1952 June 13

Scope and Content

Report made by Philip Murray, President of United Steel Workers of America, about the union shops and the other issues in the steel strike.
Box 1, Folder 18

Remarks by Kempton Dunn, Chairman, and William T. Kelly, Jr., President, ABEX Corporation to the St. Louis Society of Financial Analysts 1967 May 1

Box 1, Folder 19

Printers' Ink. The weekly magazine of Advertising, Management and Sales. Case History: Labor Relations 1948 January 2

Scope and Content

Describes Procter and Gamble's history of avoiding serious labor trouble for 60 years.
Box 1, Folder 20

Our National Soul Erosion Problem. A talk by C.M. White, President Republic Steel Corporation 1952 January 24

Box 1, Folder 21

New York State Labor Law 1927 August 1

Box 1, Folder 22

Employee communications for better understanding 1950 February

Scope and Content

Published by the National Association of Manufacturers.