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Overview of the Wang Yue-che Papers
2013C33  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biographical/Historical note
  • Scope and Contents note

  • Title: Wang Yue-che papers
    Date (inclusive): 1969-2009
    Collection Number: 2013C33
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: Chinese
    Physical Description: 2 manuscript boxes (0.8 linear feet)
    Abstract: Memoirs, correspondence, reports, military documents, personal documents, and photographs, relating to West German military assistance to Taiwan.
    Location note: Hoover Institution Archives.
    Creator: Wang, Yue-che, 1944-

    Access

    The collection is open for research. The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2013.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Wang Yue-che papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives

    Biographical/Historical note

    Yue-che Wang was a colonel in the Republic of China army, an aide-de-camp to General Oskar Munzel, and a military adviser to Chiang Kai-shek.
    For decades after his defeat by the Chinese Communists in 1949, Chiang Kai-shek relied heavily and almost exclusively on the United States to defend and consolidate his island redoubt, Taiwan, against the communist invasion. Under the facade of an ostensibly formidable US-Taiwan alliance during the cold war, however, Chiang would, from time to time, turn to his erstwhile enemies in World War II for military advice. In the early 1950s, he covertly employed former Japanese officers to educate his army officers. Beginning in the early 1960s, Chiang hired former German officers as his "personal advisers" to train, lecture, and assess the Taiwanese military forces; Wang was an aide-de-camp to one of them. Led by Oskar Munzel, a highly decorated Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and General der Kampftruppen of the Bundeswehr, who commanded all German army combat troops after the war, as well as Paul Jordan and Kurt Kauffmann, the "personal advisers" played a crucial role in reforming Taiwan's armored forces, bridging military cooperation between Bonn and Taipei, and transforming the mind-set of Chiang's military echelons. The German group was still at work well into the mid-1970s, after Taiwan was expelled from the United Nations and Bonn normalized its relations with the People's Republic of China. It came to a stop only after Chiang Kai-shek died in April 1975.

    Scope and Contents note

    The papers include correspondence, reports, memoranda, and minutes of the German military advisers and their meetings, as well as photos depicting their underground activities in Taiwan. Also in this collection are dozens of rare photos depicting the naval activities from the late Qing dynasty to the 1950s in the Republic of China, when Wang's grandfather was serving in the Chinese Navy.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Munzel, Oskar.
    Germany (West)--Military relations--Taiwan.
    Taiwan--Armed Forces.
    Taiwan--Military relations--Germany (West)