Guide to the Colored Women's Clubs Associations Collection

Colored Women's Clubs Associations Collection
African American Museum and Library at Oakland
659 14th Street
Oakland, California 94612
Phone: (510) 637-0198
Fax: (510) 637-0204
Email: aamlo@oaklandlibrary.org
URL: http://www.oaklandlibrary.org/locations/african-american-museum-library-oakland
© 2013
African American Museum and Library at Oakland. All rights reserved.

Guide to the Colored Women's Clubs Associations Collection

Collection number: MS 1

African American Museum and Library at Oakland

Oakland, California
Processed by:
Marianne Carden
Date Completed:
2013-03-02
Encoded by:
Sean Heyliger
© 2013 African American Museum and Library at Oakland. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Colored Women's Clubs Associations collection
Dates: 1902-1994
Collection number: MS 1
Creator: Netherland, Mary C.
Creator: Dixon, Lillian
Collection Size: 2.5 ft. (5 boxes)
Repository: African American Museum and Library at Oakland (Oakland, Calif.)
Oakland, CA 94612
Abstract: The records included within this collection trace the histories of three different associations of colored women's clubs: the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs; the California State Association of Colored Women's Clubs; and the National Council of Negro Women. Records within this collection document the history, organization, and activities of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs, the California State Association of Colored Women's Clubs, and the National Council of Negro Women.
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English

Access

No access restrictions. Collection is open to the public.

Access Restrictions

Materials are for use in-library only, non-circulating.

Publication Rights

Permission to publish from the Colored Women's Clubs Associations Collection must be obtained from the African American Museum and Library at Oakland.

Preferred Citation

Colored Women's Clubs Associations collection, MS 1, African American Museum and Library at Oakland, Oakland Public Library. Oakland, California.

Acquisition Information

This is an artificial collection which was assembled over a period of time through the donations of various individuals, including Mary C. Netherland and Lillian Dixon. Many of the materials were originally part of the collections of the East Bay Negro Historical Society.

Processing Information

Processed by Marianne Carden, April 1, 1995. Finding aid updated by Sean Heyliger, March 2, 2013.

Biography / Administrative History

The records included within this collection trace the histories of three different associations of colored women's clubs: the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs; the California State Association of Colored Women's Clubs; and the National Council of Negro Women. These associations were all united by a common purpose of improving the welfare of African Americans and of providing service to the African-American community.
Most of the materials on the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs (NACWC) were gathered by Mary C. Netherland and document meetings and events she participated in as a delegate to national conventions. The NACWC was founded in 1896 through the merger of the Colored Women's League and the National Federation of African American Women. Its primary intent was to provide African American women with an avenue for making a greater contribution to society and for agitating for reform in the realms of health, education, social welfare, religion, and civil rights. In addition, it aimed to use social reform as a way to fight racism and discrimination. Since African- American women were excluded from white women's social reform clubs, they formed their own parallel organizations and united them under the umbrella of the NACWC. Participation in these clubs enabled intelligent and ambitious African American women to find a socially respectable outlet for their energies and social concerns.
California club women organized an affiliate association, the California State Association of Colored Women's Clubs (CSACWC), in Los Angeles in 1906. This state organization was founded by Eliza Warner and carried out the aims of the national association through the interests of local clubs. Departments formed within the CSACWC reflected the diverse interests and projects of club members, ranging from International Peace and World Affairs to Forestry and Prison and Parole work. Districts within the state existed to oversee club women within a particular geographic area. Women's clubs in the Bay Area belonged to the Northern District, which maintained a club house and held social events and meetings several times per year.
The Bay Area women also formed the Northern Federation of Colored Women's Clubs as an affiliate of the Northern District. This federation served as a corporation to oversee the operation of the Fannie Wall Children's Home and Day Nursery, a home for orphans and destitute working girls. Opened on November 20, 1918 at 1215 Peralta St., the Fannie Wall Home later moved to larger quarters at 815 Linden Street and remained under the operation of the Northern Federation until 1941.
On December 5,1935, Mary McLeod Bethune founded another association to organize women for constructive social action, the National Council of Negro Women (NCNW). A former president of NACWC (1924-28), Bethune wanted to create a coalition of national women's organizations which would have a greater commitment to women's issues and to working for the representation of African American women in public affairs. She established a national headquarters in Washington, D.C. and gained the participation of many diverse African American women's organizations around the country. Through regional councils and chapters, the NCNW worked to expose discriminatory practices and to educate the public about the status of minorities in the United States. In the Bay Area, the Northern California sections participated in advocacy projects for African American women and contributed to national projects focusing upon civil rights, hunger, employment, and housing.

Scope and Content of Collection

Records within this collection document the history, organization, and activities of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs, the California State Association of Colored Women's Clubs, and the National Council of Negro Women. Documentation available on the NACWC is confined primarily to souvenir programs, publications, and press coverage relating to annual conventions between 1945 and the 1960s. A few miscellaneous items are present relating to more recent activities in the 1980s. NACWC history and governance is recorded in a selection of papers relating to executive committee meetings, such as minutes, reports, and correspondence. The records also include one file on NACWC president Hallie Quinn Brown.
The records relating to the California State Association of Colored Women's Clubs are more thorough in scope, documenting the organization and activities of the executive committee, as well as of the Northern District, the Northern Federation, and individual affiliate clubs. Thirty-one women's clubs in the Bay Area are included in the files on affiliate clubs. The records on these clubs range from a few flyers or programs to information on by-laws, finances, and projects. Local clubs which are most thoroughly documented include the Fanny Jackson Coppin Club, the first African American women's club in Oakland; the Rhododendron Club; Mother's Charity Club; and the Imperial Art and Literary Club. The CSACWC records also encompass meeting minutes, reports, correspondence, and by-laws of the state office and the Northern District office, along with documentation of the Northern Federation's sponsorship of the Fannie Wall Home. Information on state presidents and officers, such as Lillian Dixon, Bertha Wysinger Allen, Mary Netherland, and Margaret Nottage is also present.
Documentation of local chapters' involvement in the National Council of Negro Women is available in files on the structure of the national organization, as well as on the activities of the Northern California Sections of NCNW. Along with files on NCNW presidents Mary McLeod Bethune and Dorothy Height, the records encompass miscellaneous reports and conference programs relating to such national projects as the Bethune Memorial Museum. The files also include a few records dating from the 1960s-1980s on the San Francisco Chapter, the Berkeley Chapter, the East Oakland-Hayward Section, and the East Bay Section.

Arrangement

Series I. National Association of Colored Women's Clubs Series II. California State Association of Colored Women's Clubs Series III. National Council of Negro Women

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
California State Association of Colored Women's Clubs.
National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs (U.S.).
National Council of Negro Women.
African American women--California--History.
African American women--Societies and clubs.
National Association of Colored Women's Clubs (U.S.)--Archives.
National Association of Colored Women's Clubs (U.S.)--History.

Other Finding Aids

Fannie Wall Children's Home and Day Nursery, Inc. Records, MS 162, African American Museum and Library at Oakland. Leisure Arts Club Records, African American Museum and Library at Oakland. Berkeley Civic Study Club Records, African American Museum and Library at Oakland.

Collection Contents

 

National Association of Colored Women's Clubs

Box 1:1

History 1932; 1980

Box 1:2

Constitution and by-laws circa 1930s

Box 1:3

Minutes 1945; 1952; 1972

Box 1:4

Reports 1945-1952

Box 1:5

President Hallie Quinn Brown undated

Box 1:6

Correspondence 1948-1983

Box 1:7

Newsletters 1946; 1984

Box 1:8-9

National Notes 1941-1967

Box 1:10

Programs 1946-1972

Box 1:11

Newspaper clippings 1954-1983

Box 1:12

Southwest Region program and minutes 1963; 1969

Box 1:13

Thank you letter 1994

 

California State Association of Colored Women's Clubs

 

Executive Committee

Box 1 : 14

History undated

Box 1 : 15

Constitution and by-laws 1947; 1962

Box 1 : 16

Executive board 1902-1983

 

Annual convention

Box 2 : 1

Minutes and resolutions 1957-1983

Box 2 : 2-3

Annual convention programs 1942-1983

Box 2 : 4

Annual convention articles 1915; 1954-1981

Box 2 : 5

Finances 1982

Box 2 : 6-7

Yearly Journal 1945-1982

Box 2 : 8

Departments 1938-1971

Box 2 : 9

Social event programs 1931-1983

Box 2 : 10

Memorabilia 1915-1966

Box 2 : 11

Spreading Joy 1937

 

President photographs

Box 2 : 12

Assorted 1906-1989

Box 3 : 1

Dixon, Lillian 1939

Box 3 : 2

Jones, Esther Lee 1960

 

Officers

Box 3 : 3

Allen, Bertha Wysinger 1930-1985

Box 3 : 4

Jackson, Lydia Flood undated

Box 3 : 5

Gillete, Lucy F. 1965

Box 3 : 6

Netherland, Mary C. 1945-1976

Box 3 : 7

Nottage, Margaret 1954-1972

 

Districts and federations

 

Northern Federation

Box 3 : 8

Constitution and by-laws 1914; 1964

Box 3 : 9

Fanny Wall Children's Home 1938-1957

 

Northern District

Box 3 : 10

Clubhouse 1959-1962

Box 3 : 11

Newsletters 1965-1984

Box 3 : 12

Budget reports 1958-1982

Box 3 : 13

Meetings 1947-1984

Box 3 : 14

Social events 1946-1977

Box 3 : 15

Central District 1969

Box 3 : 16

California Association of Girl's Clubs 1981

 

Affiliate clubs

Box 3 : 17

Ada Hawkins Jackson Club 1960-1973

Box 3 : 18

Aurora Club of Vallejo 1962

Box 3 : 19

Berkeley Civic Study Club 1960-1968

Box 3 : 20

California Native Daughter's Club 1959

Box 3 : 21

Carpe Diem Club undated

Box 3 : 22

Carver Garden Club 1956-1966

Box 3 : 23

Chlora Hayes Sledge Club circa 1940

Box 3 : 24

Christian Duty Club 1969

Box 3 : 25

Colored Women's Exchange Club undated

Box 3 : 26

Community Get-Acquainted Club 1964

Box 3 : 27

Coreopsis 1967

Box 3 : 28

Criterions Club 1966

Box 3 : 29

Duennas Social Club 1960

Box 3 : 30

East Bay Women's Welfare League 1930

Box 3 : 31

Elizabeth Brown Six and Over Club 1946-1975

Box 4 : 1

Fanny Jackson Coppin Club 1902-1977

Box 4 : 2

Garden City Women's Club San Jose 1965; 1977

Box 4 : 3

Imperial Art and Literary Club 1961-1963

Box 4 : 4

Mary Church Terrell Club 1971

Box 4 : 5

Matron's Civic Welfare Club 1970

Box 4 : 6

Modern Matron Progressive Club undated

Box 4 : 7

Mother's Charity Club 1914-1960

Box 4 : 8

Needle Art Guild Club 1971

Box 4 : 9

Phyllis Wheatley Club 1936-1981

Box 4 : 10

Rhododendron Club 1929-1962

Box 4 : 11

Roseate Civic and Social Club 1982 and undated

Box 4 : 12

Thirteen Charms 1972

Box 4 : 13

Western Division King's Daughters 1973

Box 4 : 14

Women's Art and Industrial Club 1922-1983

Box 4 : 15

Women's Civic Improvement Club 1972

 

National Council of Negro Women

Box 4:16

Brochures 1976 and undated

Box 4:17

Reports 1953-1957

Box 4:18

President Mary McLeod Bethune 1955-1973

Box 4:19

President Dorothy Height 1972-1980

Box 4:20

Conferences 1945; 1971-1994

Box 4:21

Bethune Memorial Museum 1945-1982

Box 4:22

Northern California Sections 1975-1990

Box 5:1

East Oakland-Hayward Section 1981-1989

Box 5:2

San Francisco Section 1958-1979

Box 5:3

Berkeley Chapter 1975-1983

Box 5:4

East Bay Section 1963-1981

 

Ephemera

 

Ribbons

Box 5:5

House of Ruth, no. 458 G.U.O., Oakland, California undated

Box 5:5

23rd biennial session of the National Association of Colored Women, Washington D.C. 1946

Box 5:5

Display for Mayme Netherlands, Governor's Conference for Educational Television 1952

Box 5:5

24rd Congress of the National Association of Colored Women, Seattle Washington 1948

Box 5:5

28th biennial convention of the National Association of Colored Women, Los Angeles, California 1952

Box 5:5

44th annual convention of the California State Association of Colored Women 1950

Box 5:5

63rd annual convention of the California State Association of Colored Women, San Mateo, California 1969

Box 5:5

59th annual convention of the California State Association of Colored Women, San Jose, California 1965

Box 5:5

67rd annual convention of the California State Association of Colored Women, San Francisco, California 1973

Box 5:5

44rd annual convention of the California State Association of Colored Women, San Mateo, California 1950

Box 5:5

A.M.E. Church San Francisco District Conference 1939

Box 5:5

Convention name tags undated

Box 5:5

Scrapbook, Francis J. Coppin Club, National Association of Colored Women, and Rhododendron Club 1941-1970