GLEN SCHWENDEMANN MANUSCRIPT - U.S. MOB VIOLENCE, 1839-1892

Finding aid prepared by Patricia Mannix
California State University, Dominguez Hills
Archives & Special Collections
University Library, Room G-145
1000 E. Victoria Street
Carson, California 90747
Phone: (310) 243-3895
URL: http://www.csudh.edu/archives/csudh/index.html
©2010


Descriptive Summary

Title: Mob Violence in America, 1839-1892 [Schwendemann Manuscript],
Dates: 1839-1892
Collection Number: DHS.049
Creator: Schwendemann, Glen
Collector: Schwendemann, Glen
Extent: 3 boxes (1.25 linear ft)
Repository: California State University, Dominguez Hills Archives and Special Collections
Archives & Special Collection
University Library, Room G-145
1000 E. Victoria Street
Carson, California 90747
Phone: (310) 243-3013
URL: http://www.csudh.edu/archives/csudh/index.html
Abstract: A compilation of primary source accounts of mob violence (lynchings and murder) of “Whites” and “Blacks” in the United States from the 1840s to 1890s. Intended as the basis of a manuscript, the material was researched and compiled by Glen Schwendemann.
Language: Collection material is in English

Administration Information

Access

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

[Title of item], GLEN SCHWENDEMANN MANUSCRIPT - U.S. MOB VIOLENCE,1839-1892, Courtesy of the Department of Archives and Special Collections. University Library. California State University, Dominguez Hills

Acquisition Information

The materials were donated to the California State University Archives at California State University, Dominquez Hills, by Glenn Schwendemann in 2008.

Processing Information

Materials processed by Patricia Mannix, 2010.

History

Intended as the basis of a manuscript on U.S. mob violence from the 1840s to 1890s but unpublished, the material was researched, collected, and edited by Glen Schwendemann over four decades (ca. 1960-2000). The data was collected from newspapers, dating from the mid to late nineteenth century, in the form of microfilm and then transcribed by Schwendemann. The intended title of the manuscript was: Mob Violence in America, 1839 – 1892. Schwendemann’s interest in and committed research on the subject was inspired by his Master’s thesis (University of Oklahoma, 1957) on nineteenth century African-American migration from the South.

Scope and Content

The manuscript consists of primary source accounts of mob violence in the United States from 1840 to 1899. “Lynching” is understood as an event in which a person alleged to have committed a crime or offense is arrested and murdered (typically, hanged) by a mob; when the person is not arrested, but hanged or executed in some other manner by a mob, it is considered “murder.” Mob violence of the latter sort is often associated with the western part of the United States in the post-Civil War period. The events of mob violence documented largely took place in the mid-West and the South, and to less degree, in the West and Southwest. The material is divided into two main categories of persons (primarily men) lynched or murdered: “Blacks” and “Whites.” Latino, Native American, and Asian men are included in the sections on Whites lynched or murdered. There are also several accounts of the lynching of women in the two main categories. Notes indicate that two sections on mob violence – titled “Lynching of Black People” and “Murder of Black People” - were meant to be part of the material; these are not included in the collection, although an index of names titled “Blacks not Arrested but Killed by Mobs” is. The bulk of the material therefore is centered on “lynching” and “murder” of “Whites.”
The manuscript material comprises three series. Series I consists of the Introduction where the terms and methodology employed in the research and collection of data are laid out. It also contains the primary and secondary sources of the data and the numbers of persons lynched and murdered by mob actions by race and by year, intended as appendices of the manuscript. Series II includes documented accounts of the lynchings of and the murder of Whites (1840-1892). Series III consists of three indices: Whites murdered by mob violence (1840-1892), Blacks murdered by mob violence (1840-1892), and names of the dead (1866-1965).

Arrangement

Arranged in three series:
  • Series I. Introduction, Sources, and Persons Lynched/Killed by Mobs by Race and Number.
  • Series II. Lynchings of Whites, and Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs.
  • Series III. Indices.

Indexing Terms

Subjects

Hangings--Arizona--1880-1890.
Lynching--California—History.
Lynching—Georgia.
Lynching--Kentucky--History.
Lynching--Louisiana--New Orleans.
Lynching--Mississippi.
Lynching--Missouri--History.
Lynching--Montana--History--19th century.
Lynching--North Carolina.
Lynching--Oklahoma.
Lynching--South Carolina--History--19th century.
Lynching Southern States.
Lynching--Southern States--History.
Lynching--Tennessee.
Lynching--Texas--History--19th century.
Lynching--United States.
Lynching--Virginia--History.
Lynchings--1850-1860.
Hangings--1860-1870.
Alabama--History--19th century.
Arkansas History 19th century.
Colorado--History--19th century.
Delaware--History.
Florida--History--19th century.
Idaho--History.
Indiana--History--19th century.
Illinois--History--19th century.
Kansas--History--19th century.
Maine--History--19th century.
Maryland--History.
Michigan--History--19th century.
Minnesota--History--19th century.
Nebraska--History--19th century.
Nevada--History.
New Mexico--History--19th century.
Ohio--History--19th century.
Oklahoma--History--19th century.
Oregon--History--19th century.
Pennsylvania--History.
Utah--History--19th century.
West Virginia--History.
Wisconsin--History--19th century.
Wyoming--History--19th century.


Container List

 

Introduction

Physical Description: folders

Scope and Content Note

Box 1, Folder 1

Manuscript Terms and Methodology

Box 1, Folder 2

Sources - primary and secondary

Box 1, Folder 3

Numbers by Race and Year - U.S. Lynchings/Murder of Whites & of Blacks 1839 - 1892

Box 1, Folder 4

Additional Lynchings and Instances of Mob Actions 1891

 

Lynchings

Physical Description: folders

Scope and Content Note

Box 1, Folder 5

White Lynchings 1839-1859

Box 1, Folder 6

White Lynchings 1860-1862

Box 1, Folder 7

White Lynchings 1865

Box 1, Folder 8

White Lynchings 1866

Box 1, Folder 9

White Lynchings 1867

Box 1, Folder 10

White Lynchings 1868

Box 1, Folder 11

White Lynchings 1869

Box 1, Folder 12

White Lynchings 1870

Box 1, Folder 13

White Lynchings 1871

Box 1, Folder 14

White Lynchings 1872

Box 1, Folder 15

White Lynchings 1873

Box 1, Folder 16

White Lynchings 1874

Box 1, Folder 17

White Lynchings 1875

Box 1, Folder 18

White Lynchings 1876

Box 1, Folder 19

White Lynchings 1877

Box 1, Folder 20

White Lynchings 1878

Box 1, Folder 21

White Lynchings 1879

Box 1, Folder 22

White Lynchings 1880

Box 2, Folder 23

White Lynchings 1881

Box 2, Folder 24

White Lynchings 1882

Box 2, Folder 25

White Lynchings 1883

Box 2, Folder 26

White Lynchings 1884

Box 2, Folder 27

White Lynchings 1885

Box 2, Folder 28

White Lynchings 1886

Box 2, Folder 29

White Lynchings 1887

Box 2, Folder 30

White Lynchings 1888

Box 2, Folder 31

White Lynchings 1889

Box 2, Folder 32

White Lynchings 1890

Box 2, Folder 33

White Lynchings 1891

Box 2, Folder 34

White Lynchings 1892

Box 2, Folder 35

White Lynchings 1893 plus

Box 2, Folder 36

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1840s-1850s

Box 2, Folder 37

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1860-1865

Box 2, Folder 38

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1866, 1867

Box 2, Folder 39

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1868

Box 2, Folder 40

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1869, 1870

Box 2, Folder 41

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1871, 1872

Box 3, Folder 42

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1873, 1874

Box 3, Folder 43

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1875, 1876

Box 3, Folder 44

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1877, 1878

Box 3, Folder 45

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1879, 1880

Box 3, Folder 46

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1881, 1882

Box 3, Folder 47

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1883, 1884

Box 3, Folder 48

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1885, 1886

Box 3, Folder 49

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1887, 1888

Box 3, Folder 50

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1889, 1890

Box 3, Folder 51

Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1891, 1892

 

Indices

Physical Description: folders

Scope and Content Note

Box 3, Folder 52

Index of Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1840-1880

Box 3, Folder 53

Index of Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1881-1892

Box 3, Folder 54

Index of Blacks not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1840-1883

Box 3, Folder 55

Index of Blacks not Arrested but Killed by Mobs 1884-1892

Box 3, Folder 56

Names of the Dead 1866-1899

Box 3, Folder 57

Names of the Dead 1900-1939

Box 3, Folder 58

Names of the Dead 1940-1965